Main definitions of scarf in US English:

: scarf1scarf2scarf3

scarf1

noun

  • A length or square of fabric worn around the neck or head.

    ‘she tucked her woolly scarf around her neck’
    ‘a silk scarf’
    • ‘Her current work focuses on the controversy over Islamic head scarves in French public schools.’
    • ‘McFadden then went on the road to assess market demand in Ireland for coloured hats and scarves.’
    • ‘The pashmina scarf he wants for his mother is not in stock at the government shops.’
    • ‘The cold also brought on another bout of shopping, namely for warmer hats, scarves, gloves and coats.’
    • ‘The sight-impaired pensioner has busy needles knitting hats and scarves to send to the country's needy children.’
    • ‘After dinner, bundled up in scarves and hats we take the Lantern Tour of Stowe.’
    • ‘Lydie and Emily sat knitting new socks, scarves, and mittens for the children, for winter was only a few months away.’
    • ‘Women wear dresses and scarves made from the printed cloth popular in East Africa.’
    • ‘They are in evening dress, splashes of colour provided by the bright purple scarves the women are wearing.’
    • ‘The microphone stands were draped with flowing white scarves that swept the stage floor.’
    • ‘There was a bright closet with many different styles of red dresses overflowing from it and five white angora scarves.’
    • ‘Some of the protesters concealed their identity from security force cameras by covering their faces with scarves or hoods.’
    • ‘Many wore their faithful maroon scarves while some were draped in Jambo flags and others had their faces painted.’
    • ‘Sweaty by the time I reached the top, I had to unknot my scarves and unzip my parka.’
    • ‘Most of the group were young men wearing bomber jackets and football scarves and bobble hats to cover up their shaved heads.’
    • ‘The village was full of stern men in indigo robes, swathed in scarves against the cold and riding small donkeys.’
    • ‘One or two of the soldiers even went as far as to remove their Alliance neck scarves.’
    • ‘They had dark scarves across their faces and wore dark sweatshirts with the hoods up.’
    • ‘Football scarves and shirts, cards and messages of condolence were also left by people wanting to pay their respects.’
    • ‘Each of the girls, as well as Ethan, wore their thickest coats and warmest mittens, as well as scarves and hats and earmuffs.’

Origin

Mid 16th century (in the sense ‘sash (around the waist or over the shoulder)’): probably based on Old Northern French escarpe, probably identical with Old French escharpe ‘pilgrim's scrip’.

Pronunciation

scarf

/skɑrf//skärf/

Main definitions of scarf in US English:

: scarf1scarf2scarf3

scarf2

verb

[with object]
  • 1Join the ends of (two pieces of timber or metal) by beveling or notching them so that they fit over or into each other.

    ‘he forced me to scarf the keel timbers in watertight sections’
    ‘the scarfing follows the natural grain of the wood’
  • 2Make an incision in the blubber of (a whale).

noun

  • 1also scarf jointA joint connecting two pieces of timber or metal in which the ends are beveled or notched so that they fit over or into each other.

    • ‘The two arcs were joined at the Crown by a sophisticated scarf joint, which was secured by three large nuts and bolts.’
    • ‘It could be argued that the great array of different scarf joints encountered in timber-framed buildings should make the author's point about complexity.’
  • 2An incision made in the blubber of a whale.

Origin

Middle English (as a noun): probably via Old French from Old Norse. The verb dates from the early 17th century.

Pronunciation

scarf

/skärf//skɑrf/

Main definitions of scarf in US English:

: scarf1scarf2scarf3

scarf3

verb

[with object]North American
informal
  • Eat or drink (something) hungrily or enthusiastically.

    ‘he scarfed down the waffles’
    • ‘I scrambled to get in the shower, towel dried my hair, scarfed down some breakfast, found some clothes on the floor that smelled clean, and ran out the door.’
    • ‘I also scarfed a plate of charcuterie which featured decent chorizo, a peppered salami and some sort of good cured pork loin.’
    • ‘I'm giving a talk to the local section of the American Chemical Society, so I'll be off scarfing up a free meal and enlightening whoever shows up.’
    • ‘Morning at the girls apartment came with a hurried rush of alarm clocks going off, hair being dried, and granola bars being scarfed down.’
    • ‘If you've missed a workout or scarfed down an entire pizza, think about what led you to do this and what it would take to stop you from doing so next time.’
    • ‘If you feel sluggish before hitting the softball field, scarf an energy-boosting bagel or banana.’
    • ‘Tony sat down and scarfed down his waffles, then he got up and grabbed his backpack.’
    • ‘She absently twirled noodles for about ten minutes as Dave scarfed his.’
    • ‘‘This is really good, thanks Rachel,’ Danielle said as she began scarfing her eggs and bacon, then downing the orange juice.’
    • ‘The crew scarfed down the pies and loafs of bread.’
    • ‘Seventy-five miles and 6.5 hours from the start and we are scarfing some hot food and sucking down cold beers, legs a bit sore but the soul quenched.’
    • ‘Luke sat down in his sleeping bag, scarfed the apple down, and laid down to sleep.’
    • ‘The visual of kids scarfing down grilled-cheese sandwiches communicated the great taste of Kraft Singles, moms in focus groups agreed.’
    • ‘Everyone else was already up, and scarfing down the breakfast that Kay had prepared.’
    • ‘We sat there, the guys talking as Zach and I scarfed our food.’
    • ‘She felt sick to her stomach and instantly regretted scarfing down the chocolate chip muffin.’
    • ‘Amber scarfed down her eggs and fumbled with her chopsticks as she tried to eat her rice.’
    • ‘You crave steak because you need protein, scarf up sardines for the salt, and pig out on potatoes because they are energy-dense.’
    • ‘Having made up my mind, I quickly scarfed down a piece of pizza, took a deep breath, and headed to the table where he was sitting.’
    • ‘Tossing the salami onto the ground, the man held back a satisfied snicker as the animal darted towards the meat, scarfing it up quickly.’

Origin

1960s: variant of scoff.

Pronunciation

scarf

/skärf//skɑrf/