Definition of scar in English:

scar

noun

  • 1A mark left on the skin or within body tissue where a wound, burn, or sore has not healed completely and fibrous connective tissue has developed.

    ‘a faint scar ran the length of his left cheek’
    • ‘Remodeling processes appear to be important in the evolution of the fibrous scar.’
    • ‘Her burns were slowly healing and turning into scars, the skin on the back her neck was still a little black and her skin was still peeling.’
    • ‘Pulse dye lasers have been used to treat spider veins on the face and legs, port wine birthmarks, warts, rosacea, stretch marks and scars.’
    • ‘No intelligent words from the President or anyone else, can breathe life into the dead, or erase the burn scars on the bodies of people who were injured in the blasts.’
    • ‘Signs of torture may be subtle and include occult fractures from beatings or 1-2 mm clustered scars from electrical burns.’
    • ‘When those scars are well healed they are located in positions that are difficult to see.’
    • ‘Other treatments for burn scars can include massage therapy and steroid drugs.’
    • ‘After her examination, but by this time armed with remorse and guilt, I asked for the meaning of the multiple burn scars on her skin.’
    • ‘She called back, her pale yellow skin full of scars from old wounds.’
    • ‘Additionally, the interviewers examined any scars of lesions.’
    • ‘Cutting-edge equipment will mean that those with burns, lesions and other skin scars can now have their cases reviewed on a computer.’
    • ‘Excessive fibrous tissue formation in a healing skin wound may form a raised and ugly scar, known as keloid, especially if the edges of a wound have not been held together effectively.’
    • ‘Nodules - hard lumps under the skin that can be very painful, go deep into the skin and often cause scars.’
    • ‘They may also occur at skin graft harvest sites and stoma placement sites or at surgical wounds or scars.’
    • ‘The fix includes snipping underneath the skin to sever the connective tissue, causing the scar to spring up.’
    • ‘Occasionally, there may be some excess skin left around the scars, if this does not drop off after a few months it will need to be surgically removed.’
    • ‘The problems corrected ranged from leakage and wrinkling to deflation of the implant and tightening of the scar tissue around the implant.’
    • ‘Skin involvement occurs in one third of patients and is focused around the scalp, face, and upper trunk, and heals with scars.’
    • ‘This enables doctors to look for scars, sores, and other problems inside the bladder, and is usually done under general or epidural anaesthetic.’
    • ‘After healing, a depressed scar remains that is usually round but can be irregular.’
    1. 1.1 A lasting effect of grief, fear, or other emotion left on a person's character by a traumatic experience.
      ‘the attack has left mental scars on Terry and his family’
      • ‘A blood transfusion and 52 stitches saved her life but she still bears the mental scars 25 years later.’
      • ‘As for the supposed trauma… almost every talented psychic has mental scars.’
      • ‘It's happy music, but it comes from our souls, from our emotional scars.’
      • ‘But it also left emotional scars, and bitterness that Hull's suffering was never properly recognised.’
      • ‘After confronting mum and dad, I have been able to get on with my life but I still bare the emotional scars and visual torments of dreams and visions.’
      • ‘Those years I lived so close to death had left their emotional scars upon me.’
      • ‘The original Essex geezers of electro-pop have a tremendous new album, an impressive array of emotional scars and a re-invigorated lust for life to discuss.’
      • ‘Her honesty helped me realize that my mental and emotional scars were far more disfiguring than my physical ones.’
      • ‘It did leave emotional scars and it still hurts.’
      • ‘The mental scars were harder to bear than the physical, and it took Janine many months to recover from the trauma of the crash.’
      • ‘Physically he was back to his best, but Jackson still insists the mental scars of that summer robbed him of a metre.’
      • ‘We will carry the mental scars from Italy, but not one of those players died from them.’
      • ‘Twenty years later in Winnipeg, he will meet Judith, a runaway who saves him from his emotional scars as he saves her from the streets.’
      • ‘Many experience ostracism from their own families during formative years, with deep emotional scars resulting.’
      • ‘She has since made a full recovery but still bears the mental scars from the accident.’
      • ‘The driver, who lives in Chiseldon but doesn't want to be identified, says the incident has left mental scars.’
      • ‘Some have witnessed the full atrocities of war, family break-ups or bereavement and they still carry the emotional scars.’
      • ‘But he said the mental scars have proved more difficult to overcome.’
      • ‘Their traumatic experiences have left deep emotional scars and impacted on their lives enormously.’
      • ‘I generally haven't played characters that have deep emotional scars and trauma, and I loved diving into the mind of a troubled character.’
      trauma, damage, shock, injury, suffering, upset
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A mark left on something following damage of some kind.
      ‘Max could see scars of the blast’
      • ‘And the crew left no telltale scars on the fragile hillsides where they had been intensely working, she says.’
      • ‘Channeled and rip-rapped, the creek bears similar scars from ill-conceived attempts at pruning.’
      • ‘Some scars, such as a ramp towards the summit in the south-west, were perhaps cut by the 1776 miners.’
      • ‘The result will be a raw scar through blasted rocks that we will have to live with for generations.’
      • ‘As you would expect from a new film, there are no nicks, scars, or other defects that migrated from the source print to the digital realm.’
      • ‘This is the sharp end of practical conservation work, literally healing the mountain of unsightly erosion scars and gullies.’
      • ‘He worries that the mule track would leave a scar on the hillside.’
      • ‘The obvious place to look was at scars in rocks which had been etched by the radioactive decay process.’
      • ‘They are paint patches covering rocket blast scars from the political violence of mid-1997.’
      • ‘Beyond the first wells, roads and land scars gouged by tracked vehicles began accumulating.’
      • ‘Sadly, that's not the case, as is shown by the scars of clearcuts and logging roads on our 191 million acres of national forests.’
      • ‘Early in the year, around the time when petals fall, the overwintered beetles cut semicircular scars in fruit as they feed.’
      • ‘A programme of full restoration work was then undertaken to ensure that the exterior of the quarry would not show up as a scar on the hillside.’
      • ‘The scar created by quarrying the hillside below the Nab is visible from a wide area, but excavations are now going downwards below the level of the surrounding land.’
      • ‘Charlie sat down at the table, and traced its scars and stains with her eyes.’
      • ‘Each stroke of the blade sent branches crashing into the undergrowth and gouged deep scars into the old oaks.’
      • ‘Under nearly every square mile of the swamp lie these ducts, though water and vegetation have hidden their scars.’
      • ‘I followed scars posing as roads and faded tracks not shown on any map yet drawn.’
      • ‘Many of the scars on the summit and slopes are the result of past excavations.’
      • ‘Capt White apparently walked away unharmed, but the hanger still bears the scar, a deep indentation above its heavy iron doors.’
    3. 1.3 A mark left at the point of separation of a leaf, frond, or other part from a plant.
      • ‘These two parts should snap apart easily by hand and leave a clean scar on the new corm.’
      • ‘Leaf scars, which resemble suction cups, are found on the winter twigs when the leaves fall.’
      • ‘The ‘root’ is not a true root but the swollen base of the stem, and these marks are leaf scars.’
  • 2A steep high cliff or rock outcrop, especially of limestone.

    • ‘They bring a mad burst of colour to the silver and green countryside of the Peak, with its superlush pastures, twinkly trout streams and shining limestone scars.’
    • ‘It's great here, short turf, long views, scree, caves and stream, and parallel and looming 300 feet above, a twisted limestone scar.’
    • ‘The scars we moved past are striking, the limestone is angled at 45 degrees and popular with crows, patched with lichens and softened by mosses.’
    • ‘Loose rock along the scars and beaches is the best place to look - though never go too near the base of the cliffs.’
    • ‘There were white geese by the water, there's a pale scar of limestone if you look back, no snow but snowdrops, and then Rievaulx.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Mark with a scar or scars.

    ‘he is likely to be scarred for life after injuries to his face, arms, and legs’
    [as adjective, in combination] ‘battle-scarred troops’
    • ‘Earl is in his sixties, black, and scarred on his arms and I would assume the rest of him.’
    • ‘Some of them were truly scary, I think I've been mentally scarred.’
    • ‘As you can see, I wasn't scarred by the experience at all.’
    • ‘One lasted barely 10 hours; some of the others seemed deeply scarred by their experiences.’
    • ‘The surface is covered with layers of nitrogen and water ice that are scarred by meteor craters.’
    • ‘She said her students do not seem psychologically scarred by how she wields her pen.’
    • ‘Hence, it is obvious that she will be forever scarred by it.’
    • ‘Her face was badly scarred and she struggled to move her injured legs and arms.’
    • ‘You've scarred my psyche.’
    • ‘In doing so, she was dreadfully burned and her face was permanently scarred.’
    • ‘There were heart-wrenching tales from families whose innocent lives he had ruined and scarred forever.’
    • ‘She has confided in me that she's afraid her son has been scarred for life by his father's treatment.’
    • ‘But the ones who survive risk being scarred for life.’
    • ‘She's slowly working through it, but mentally she will be scarred for the rest of her life.’
    • ‘Huge craters scarred the streets and Clifton airfield.’
    • ‘Among those who returned from the war physically intact, many had been psychologically scarred.’
    • ‘My lungs are so badly scarred that the smallest irritant can cause me to have trouble breathing.’
    • ‘Laurence has a cool question for you: What movie scenes have horribly warped and scarred your psyche?’
    • ‘Wrinkled and scarred though they were, she could tell these arms were his own and that in reality he wanted them to stay that way.’
    • ‘When he was eight years old, his heart tissue was permanently scarred by a serious bout with rheumatic fever.’
    damage, spoil, mar, deface, injure
    traumatize, damage, injure, wound
    disfigure, mark, blemish, blotch, discolour
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[no object] Form or be marked with a scar.
      • ‘These babies develop fluid in the lungs, scarring and lung damage, which can be seen on an X-ray.’
      • ‘His arm felt - and looked, except for some minor scarring - perfectly fine.’
      • ‘All of these can cause the inflammation and scarring associated with BPD, even in a full-term newborn, or very rarely, in older infants and children.’
      • ‘The disease involves scarring of the lung, which causes an irreversible loss of the tissue's ability to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream.’
      • ‘Less common causes of breathing problems are lung cancer, a blood clot in the lungs, air leakage around the lungs, and scarring of the lung tissue.’
      • ‘Use of the new product had significantly improved the level of healing and reduced the unsightly scarring associated with bad burn injuries.’
      • ‘When asbestos fibers enter the lung, they cause the tissue to harden and scar around them.’
      • ‘This may lead to scarring of the lungs (pulmonary fibrosis).’
      • ‘None had lung disease such as emphysema, lung scarring or asthma.’
      • ‘The case centred around pleural plaques, a benign condition which causes scarring to the lung lining and which is caused by exposure to asbestos.’
      • ‘After we leave our skin problems behind in adolescence, a new set follows in adulthood: wrinkles, mild scarring and blemishes, and conditions caused by sun exposure, smoking and heredity traits.’
      • ‘She needed surgery, and, nearly a decade later, still takes painkillers for the injury, which also left her with severe scarring on her right arm.’
      • ‘The warning follows a High Court test case involving ten people from around the country who suffered pleural plaques - scarring of the lungs - through exposure to asbestos dust.’
      • ‘The scarring on my left arm was so severe that I had to wear an elastic burn sleeve for more than a year to help repair it.’
      • ‘This leads to a continual inflammatory process causing scarring of the lung tissue.’
      • ‘He has scarring from burns on his face, chest, and arms, but those have healed quite well, and certainly aren't the cause of his problems now.’
      • ‘You have been diagnosed by your physician as having one of the many diseases which can cause interstitial pulmonary fibrosis or what we call lung scarring.’
      • ‘Examination of other organs, including the brain, showed only old scarring of the middle lobe of the right lung.’
      • ‘Three main diseases are related to asbestos: asbestosis, or lung scarring, lung cancer and mesothelioma, or cancer of the lining of the chest or abdomen.’
      • ‘Sometimes called chronic lung disease or CLD, it's a disease in infants characterized by inflammation and scarring in the lungs.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French escharre, via late Latin from Greek eskhara scab.

Pronunciation:

scar

/skär/