Definition of say in English:

say

verb

  • 1reporting verb Utter words so as to convey information, an opinion, a feeling or intention, or an instruction.

    with direct speech ‘“Thank you,” he said’
    with clause ‘he said the fund stood at $100,000’
    with object ‘our parents wouldn't believe a word we said’
    with infinitive ‘he said to come early’
    • ‘He puts more feeling into the few words he says than he has ever done on screen before.’
    • ‘The other cases were still under investigation with several suspects being charged, a police spokesperson said on Thursday.’
    • ‘I don't trust my boyfriend, I don't believe a word he says, and I honestly believe he is cheating on me.’
    • ‘Most parents today would say that their kids have greater opportunities than they did.’
    • ‘It's quiet enough that she can hear every word Jared says back to me.’
    • ‘Yet despite reassuring figures, respondents said in interviews that big concerns remained.’
    • ‘He said that the most likely diagnosis of her condition was chronic tenosynoritis or tendonitis.’
    • ‘She says that her parents have always been supportive of her and offer advice that is always seriously considered.’
    • ‘Every word of what Natwar says in praise of Indira Gandhi is absolutely true.’
    • ‘The opposition is pending before the trademark office's trial and appeal board, a spokeswoman said on Thursday.’
    • ‘Ask an average person in Mumbai their opinion on this issue, and they are likely to say that it is a non-issue.’
    • ‘Farrell says that many single parents welcome being able to share the work of caring for a child.’
    • ‘The requirement was stipulated in his bail conditions, a top prosecutor said on Tuesday.’
    • ‘At 28, Hussain now feels the pressure to marry, but stalls his parents by saying that he is not ready.’
    • ‘However, she was confident he would be found innocent, her spokesperson said on Thursday.’
    • ‘He struggled to recall clearly the words the priest had said to him almost a year earlier.’
    • ‘She's sitting on the floor, seeming more and more downcast at every word John says.’
    • ‘"Nice shot, " Kristin said sarcastically with a grin.’
    • ‘All of us at some time in our lives have to stand up and say a few words in public, whether to give away a bride, move a vote of thanks or make a presentation.’
    • ‘Only now as I stood in the airport did I realise that she really had not understood a word I was saying.’
    speak, utter, voice, pronounce, give utterance to, give voice to, vocalize
    declare, state, announce
    claim, maintain, assert, hold, insist, contend, aver, affirm, avow
    express, put into words, phrase, articulate, communicate, make known, get across, put across, convey, verbalize, render, tell
    adduce, propose, advance, bring forward, offer, plead
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a text or a symbolic representation) convey specified information or instructions.
      with clause ‘the law says such behavior is an offense’
      • ‘I got a text saying I had won £1000 and all I had to do was claim it by calling a number.’
      • ‘She left a note saying she was going to the house that night to kill her father.’
      • ‘Think about all the articles in magazines saying guys care as much about their appearance as girls do.’
      • ‘One of my notes here says that you're recognized in public a lot now?’
      • ‘He could not say anything beyond what the letter said when I sought more information from him.’
      • ‘Write them a letter saying you want all your information removed from their system.’
      • ‘Even though the liner notes may say otherwise, very few of the songs feature him alone.’
      • ‘The textbook says that there should be perfect information for the market to equilibrate.’
      • ‘The last time I heard from you was years ago when I got a letter saying you were stopping publication.’
      • ‘The text of the affidavit says that it was completed and signed by her.’
      • ‘When I got the letter in the mail saying they wanted me to join the cast, there was no doubt in my mind.’
      • ‘Chris, in a murder case we know the black and white letter of the law says the state does not have to prove motive.’
      • ‘The book says nothing about relations between the government and Aborigines in New South Wales.’
      • ‘The article says that Eric will help educate children about the dangers of the internet.’
      • ‘Over the weekend the Sunday Times wrote an article saying people shouldn't rely on buy-to-let to finance their old age.’
      • ‘His personal website says that he succeeded in having previous plans for an incinerator scrapped.’
      • ‘One New Zealand guide book says that there is little at Hororata but a fine stone church.’
      • ‘Then I paid for my ticket a week and a half late, and I got a letter in the mail saying that I had to pay another fee for being late.’
      • ‘The only clue he can find is a newspaper headline saying that the city has been evacuated.’
      • ‘Within one month of receiving the hike notice, send your landlord a letter saying you do not intend to renew your lease and then move out.’
    2. 1.2with object Enable a listener or reader to learn or understand something by conveying or revealing (information or ideas)
      ‘I don't want to say too much’
      figurative ‘the movie's title says it all’
      • ‘However, the film also says that it is possible to find hope, if we have the courage to find it.’
      • ‘She says more in twenty-five words than many writers do in a thousand.’
      • ‘This chapter will say more about it, though it won't go into great detail.’
      • ‘There is something privileged about the author's understanding of what the text says.’
      • ‘Our politicians just use nicer words to say essentially the same things.’
      • ‘The title says it all, because this is certainly a lot less dangerous.’
      • ‘This is arguably the most persuasive riposte to the erroneous notion that Western cinema says it all.’
    3. 1.3with object (of a clock or watch) indicate (a specified time)
      ‘the clock says ten past two’
      • ‘She turns and looks at her alarm clock which says eight o'clock.’
      • ‘The sun was still behind a mountain, but his watch said seven minutes past official sunup.’
      • ‘My back was damp from the moss and my watch said four hours had passed.’
      indicate, show, read
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4be said Be asserted or reported (often used to avoid committing the speaker or writer to the truth of the assertion)
      with infinitive ‘they were said to be training freedom fighters’
      with clause ‘it is said that she lived to be over a hundred’
      • ‘The author of the report that was said to be prejudicial was called as a witness.’
      • ‘A few months ago it was said that putting milk into black tea voids any health benefits.’
      • ‘I do not think that the conduct of the Inspectors towards Mr Clegg taken as a whole can be said to be unfair.’
      • ‘This winged beast with the body of a lion and the head of an eagle is said to watch over hidden treasures.’
      • ‘Our constitution is said to enshrine the idea of Parliamentary Government.’
      • ‘They also adduced what was said to be a report from the local Meteorological Station.’
      • ‘Under domestication, it may be truly said that the whole organisation becomes in some degree plastic.’
      • ‘It is your life as a whole which is said to be happy or not, and so discussions of happiness are discussions of the happy life.’
      • ‘Thus, do you think it can be said that their speech is not free at all?’
      • ‘It is said that your life flashes before your eyes just before you die.’
      • ‘This sovereign power is attributed to hate speech when it is said to deprive us of rights and liberties.’
      • ‘His failure, it is said, calls into question his motives in serving as a juror in the trial.’
      be reported, be thought, be believed, be alleged, be rumoured, be reputed, be put about
      View synonyms
    5. 1.5say something forwith object Present a consideration in favor of or excusing (someone or something)
      ‘all I can say for him is that he's a better writer than some’
      • ‘Well, there is something to be said for watching a film on a 30 foot tall screen with surround sound.’
      • ‘Well, it says a lot for a man in his early twenties to be able to give a voice to that indescribable pain that every adolescent girl experiences.’
      • ‘Looking forward, he hopes the weather improves but says the prospects for milk prices don't look good.’
    6. 1.6with object Utter the whole of (a speech or other set of words, typically one learned in advance)
      ‘we say the Pledge of Allegiance each morning’
      • ‘See, the difference between saying a speech in class and acting with my group is a really big one.’
      • ‘He was talking to me, and I was trying to say my speech, but he wasn't paying attention.’
      • ‘I stand motionless and distant as the priest says his speech.’
      • ‘The Friday sermon is said by a khatib, many of whom are trained in religious institutes.’
      • ‘The funeral goes as planned, everyone says their speeches memorializing this woman to whom they now say goodbye forever.’
      • ‘Cameron had to say his speech in front of the class and he basically freaked out.’
      recite, repeat, utter, deliver, perform, declaim, orate
      View synonyms
  • 2with clause Assume something in order to work out what its consequences would be; make a hypothesis.

    ‘let's say we pay five thousand dollars in the first year’
    suppose, assume, imagine, presume, take as a hypothesis, hypothesize, postulate, posit
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Used parenthetically to indicate that something is being suggested as possible or likely but not certain.
      ‘the form might include, say, a dozen questions’
      • ‘Mr. Lander's inconsistency between this item and, say, the cupboards, is noteworthy.’
      • ‘I don't expect to keep all five vows but, say, three out of five would be good enough.’
      • ‘In this system, the taoiseach would be elected for a fixed term - say, four years.’
      • ‘Then go find someone else in a different line of work - say, someone with a home office.’
      • ‘The delving is sometimes made easier by not taking much food along - say, only a bag of almonds and a bottle of rum.’
      • ‘How would you feel if you slipped up and, say, wiped out half of your pot just a few years before you planned to retire?’
      • ‘This scheme lends itself to the use of coins as scoring tokens; say, a nickel per point perhaps.’

exclamation

North American
informal
  • Used to express surprise or to draw attention to a remark or question.

    ‘say, did you notice any blood?’

noun

  • 1An opportunity for stating one's opinion or feelings.

    ‘the voters are entitled to have their say on the treaty’
    • ‘Hushed chatter becomes louder as everyone wants to have their say at the same time.’
    • ‘During the show, Radio Phoenix will be giving a chance to fans to have their say on the show.’
    • ‘We realize that more and more, artists are there to have their say, and we saw it during the American election.’
    • ‘With her brother or without him, she was going to see Robert Harvey and she was going to have her say.’
    • ‘Listeners to radio will also be given an opportunity to have their say through phone-ins.’
    • ‘And if you want to have your say, exchange ideas, opinions and experiences, it's the only place to be.’
    • ‘You probably don't think so right now but getting to have your say with your Dad will make you feel better in the long run.’
    • ‘I wanted to cast her that second, but had to wait for some of the other producers to have their say.’
    • ‘That means readers have less two months to have their say on which hotels in the region are the best.’
    • ‘The purpose of the debate is to give local people a chance to have their say on how the money should be spent.’
    • ‘There will be a chance for listeners to have their say on the big match by texting or emailing the show.’
    • ‘Speaking as a politician at any venue is merely an opportunity for that man to have his say.’
    • ‘She was just happy to have the last say after another round of arguing with Matt.’
    • ‘Voters can also have their say by email, via post or in face to face meetings with local politicians.’
    • ‘Presumably he had responded to the programme and asked to have his say.’
    • ‘Today the Bolton Evening News gives the party leaders their say on the issues.’
    • ‘Kara decided just to sit there nursing her cold tea and just let him have his say first.’
    • ‘The TV programme is offering Berkshire people the chance to have their say on camera.’
    • ‘Viewers who want to have their say or put a question to the studio guests can call in.’
    • ‘Why not have your say over on the discussion board?’
    chance to speak, right to speak, turn to speak, chance to express one's opinion, right to express one's opinion, turn to express one's opinion, vote, opinion, view, voice
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 An opportunity to influence developments and policy.
      ‘the assessor will have a say in how the money is spent’
      ‘the households concerned would still have some say in what happened’
      • ‘It is French law that if you are the author then you have the final say in what the finished article will look like.’
      • ‘Most other nations have a form of proportional representation, which attempts to give everyone a say.’
      • ‘But the problem is, we give these people a say in the running of our country.’
      • ‘And local residents should have a bigger say in government decision making and in planning the city's future.’
      • ‘Illness took men in such numbers that luck had a great say in who was successful.’
      • ‘Government should not have a say in the way we raise our children or dust our shelves.’
      • ‘In the small, slave-owning and warlike Greek republics, all free men had a say in government.’
      • ‘It is now sinking in that we will lose a degree of sovereignty and that our partners will have a say in our internal affairs.’
      • ‘The funding cuts to education are to make it easier for private companies to have a say in public education.’
      • ‘Well, surely equal worth means an equal say in the decisions that affect the entire human race.’
      • ‘Can you also explain why Industry has a say in policy development.’
      • ‘The US Federal Aviation Authority would have a final say on the matter in the US.’
      • ‘This implies that national central banks have an important say in monetary policy decisions.’
      • ‘The Garda press office said the Garda authorities had no say in deciding where the case was to be dealt with.’
      • ‘How will dollarized nations react to a U.S. monetary policy over which they have no say?’
      • ‘Whatever the results of the consultation, politicians will still have the final say on policy formation.’
      • ‘I mean, do you really want the government to have a say in how the internet is run?’
      • ‘Lastly, keep in mind that children like variation and to have a say in what they do.’
      • ‘Real partnership means all participants benefit and all have a say in developments.’
      • ‘The government believed that the army had too much say in politics and determined to reduce its influence.’
      influence, sway, weight, authority, voice, input, share, part
      View synonyms

Phrases

  • go without saying

    • Be obvious.

      ‘it goes without saying that teachers must be selected with care’
      • ‘It goes without saying that medicine has also seen some fantastic innovation during the last 20 years.’
      • ‘It goes without saying that, should this bill pass, the rate of organ donation will skyrocket in our province.’
      • ‘It goes without saying that the sub-genre of rock opera lies uneasily within the larger categories of opera and rock music.’
      • ‘It goes without saying that we must maintain the solid defensive standard that we set last season.’
      • ‘It goes without saying that very few of these people have any specialized knowledge of African art history.’
      • ‘It goes without saying that sampling some foie gras is practically mandatory.’
      • ‘And, of course, it goes without saying that you don't have to get drunk to enjoy the games.’
      • ‘It goes without saying that eating these foods to replace every meal is not a good idea.’
      • ‘But it goes without saying that bridges can be conduits of benign or malignant cargoes.’
      • ‘It goes without saying that there is zero tolerance for public drunkenness at this show.’
  • have something to say for oneself

    • Contribute to a conversation or discussion, especially as an explanation for one's behavior or actions.

      ‘haven't you anything to say for yourself?’
      • ‘He'll have something to say for himself, I can tell you.’
      • ‘Like thousands of other people across webland, I've fancied starting a weblog for a while now, but only held back due to not really having a lot to say for myself.’
      • ‘They have well-paid careers, are more in charge and have a lot to say for themselves.’
  • how say you?

    • How do you find? (addressed to the jury when requesting its verdict).

  • I (or he , she , etc.) cannot (or could not) say

    • I (or he, she, etc.) do not know.

      • ‘She did not test the stain so she could not say what the material was.’
      • ‘When Anne had left that day, Catherine had felt like sobbing, and she could not say why.’
      • ‘He said the four doors of the ill-fated coach were bolted though he could not say whether they were closed from inside or outside.’
      • ‘She had won in the end, although she could not say how.’
      • ‘He thinks he got a touch of the ball but everything was happening in a blur and he cannot say for certain.’
      • ‘Yes, well I cannot say whether the method was correct, I'm not a law enforcement expert.’
      • ‘At this stage he cannot say if he will produce any more music, but if inspiration strikes, who knows.’
      • ‘Ashley suddenly felt herself tense, though she could not say why.’
      • ‘Whether this is a good or bad thing, I cannot say.’
      • ‘Whether the EU matches its efforts in that direction with a concomitant effort towards educating its own peoples I cannot say.’
  • I'll say

    • informal Used to express emphatic agreement.

      ‘“That was a good landing.” “I'll say!”’
  • I must (or have to) say

    • I cannot refrain from saying (used to emphasize an opinion)

      ‘you have a nerve, I must say!’
      • ‘I have to say that in general, the English do a much better job of translating books to film.’
      • ‘However, I must say all the actors did a superb job in bringing their characters to life.’
      • ‘Although he makes some very good points, I must say that I disagree with a few things he said.’
      • ‘Having just seen the preview for the extended version, I have to say that it looks very cool indeed.’
      • ‘I have to say, though, that their album is the most appropriately titled album that I can think of.’
      • ‘They taste a bit funny, I must say, but still the sensation of real vitamins flowing through my system is welcome.’
      • ‘I have to say that the level of feedback over the course of the show was a bit excessive.’
      • ‘I really enjoyed this movie and would have to say that it was one of the best I have ever seen.’
      • ‘Again, I have to say that such evidence obtained in this way is, in my judgment, of little or no value.’
      • ‘I have to say, though, that as fond as I am of the show, I've not seen it for a while.’
  • I say

    • 1Used to offer a suggestion or opinion.

      ‘I say we go back down together’
      • ‘I say it's nothing more than desperate attempts for votes this election year season.’
      • ‘Some of you sales folks out there will probably swear up and down that this works, but I say it doesn't.’
      • ‘I say she is being silly and is only complaining because she did not really want to come to Bath in the first place.’
      • ‘I say we begin with what we know are the positive purposes of the day.’
      • ‘I say it doesn't matter what type of voting apparatus is used here or in any other state.’
      • ‘I say we made some real blunders.’
      • ‘I say we split up and somebody stays here with the sick one and somebody comes with me to the bank.’
    • 2Used to express surprise or to draw attention to a remark.

      ‘I say, that's a bit much!’
  • I wouldn't say no

    • informal Used to indicate that one would like something.

      • ‘I wouldn't say no to chocolate, especially in brownie form, right now either.’
      • ‘All I said was that, if the he was hit with an injury crisis that robbed him of all his strikers and so came to me to fill-in for one game, I wouldn't say no.’
      • ‘The diet industry is, after all, worth many billions of pounds every year and I wouldn't say no to a slice of that, for want of a better word, pie.’
      • ‘All I'm saying is that I wouldn't say no to a piece of chocolate cake.’
      • ‘Of course, if someone wanted to give me a book contract, I wouldn't say no.’
      • ‘I wouldn't say no if someone wanted to bake me this cake.’
      • ‘Well I've had a few rums, but I wouldn't say no.’
      • ‘Over all the team looks tired and I wouldn't say no to a complete generational change.’
      • ‘Although right now, if someone were to offer me a plump chicken breast stuffed with prosciutto and smokey fontina cheese smothered in a crimini and heavy cream sauce, I wouldn't say no.’
  • not to say

    • Used to introduce a stronger alternative or addition to something already said.

      ‘it is easy to become sensitive, not to say paranoid’
      • ‘Indeed, that trade improves welfare is practically a truism, not to say an article of faith.’
      • ‘In the United States each system had its determined, not to say bigoted, supporters.’
      • ‘That is a very common term, is it not, Mr Garling , not to say almost universal.’
      • ‘It seems very uncomfortable , not to say distressing.’
      • ‘Both these features seem to be reflected , not to say magnified, by Kierkegaard's own account of the moral point of view.’
      • ‘Writing a history for this Photograph is obviously a crucial, not to say daunting, task.’
      • ‘Emma is content, not to say downright pleased with herself.’
      • ‘This was a stroke of extraordinary boldness, not to say foolhardiness.’
      • ‘Were anyone to make such claims nowadays, they would be treated with considerable reserve, not to say great scepticism.’
      • ‘This kind of thinking seems totally wrong, not to say idiotic.’
  • say no more

    • informal Used to indicate that one understands what someone is trying to imply.

  • says you!

    • informal Used in speech to express disagreement or disbelief.

      ‘“He's guilty.” “Says you! I think he's innocent.”’
  • say when

    • informal Said when helping someone to food or drink to instruct them to indicate when they have enough.

      • ‘When it comes to work, a lot of us have a little problem: we don't know when to say when.’
  • say the word

    • Give permission or instructions to do something.

      • ‘I'll ignore my father's wishes for you, Tristan - just say the word and I won't marry Philip.’
      • ‘When you feel it's the right time to go home, just say the word.’
      • ‘Look, Trista, if you don't want me to be here then just say the word.’
      • ‘All you have to do is say the word, Alan, and you'll have the party's support.’
      • ‘‘It's not far from here, but if you get tired, just say the word and I can carry you!’’
      • ‘Just say the word and I'll open this door, beginning an incredible journey full of mystery, excitement, ninjas, laser guns, and sights that no man has ever seen.’
      • ‘The minute he says the word, the throne is yours.’
      • ‘And if there is anything else I can help you with, just say the word.’
      • ‘Well, I suppose they were waiting for you to say the word, but it seems like they're already willing to go.’
      • ‘Whenever you have had enough, just say the word.’
  • there is no saying

    • It is impossible to know.

      • ‘And although Scotland occasionally leads in negotiations in Brussels, there is no saying how well recognised that is by partner countries which can exploit the UK's ambiguous position.’
      • ‘There is no saying what the effects might be: they might conceivably transform the world.’
      • ‘But as France on Friday expertly outflanked the British on agriculture reform, to protect its subsidised farming sector, there is no saying it will not do so again on fish.’
      • ‘And if she finds our hospitals Victorian, there is no saying what she might make of the atmosphere in some of England's most respected public schools, where discipline is often as heavily emphasised as education.’
  • they say

    • It is rumored.

      • ‘Well you know what they say about some people having more money than sense.’
      • ‘Both have company pensions, but buying abroad is something anyone can do, they say.’
      • ‘Like they say, there are stranger things in heaven and earth than we can imagine.’
      • ‘But all good things come to those who wait, so they say, and now that wait is over.’
      • ‘It's true what they say, a little adversity can turn a city of strangers into a small town.’
      • ‘Cultural neglect, they say, reflects social neglect, and it becomes a vicious circle.’
      • ‘Somewhere in the world, so they say, there's a perfect love match for everyone.’
      • ‘Undoubtedly, they say, new technology will mean big changes in the ways films are watched and made.’
      • ‘As they say, you can take the girl out of India but you can't take India out of the girl.’
      • ‘A room either has style or it doesn't and they say you either have style or you don't.’
      be reported, be thought, be believed, be alleged, be rumoured, be reputed, be put about
      View synonyms
  • to say nothing of

    • Used to introduce an additional fact or point that reinforces the point being made.

      ‘they were left with this ridiculously inadequate amount for food, to say nothing of other necessaries’
  • what do (or would) you say

    • Used to make a suggestion or offer.

      ‘what do you say to a glass of wine?’
      • ‘What would you say to a new record from the band?’
      • ‘What would you say to a glass of beer, Norm?’
      • ‘Liza, what would you say to leaving this business behind?’
      • ‘What would you say to a nice cup of tea?’
  • when all is said and done

    • When everything is taken into account (used to indicate that one is making a generalized judgment about a situation).

      • ‘The punters understand that when all is said and done, it doesn't really matter who wins or loses.’
      • ‘But, when all is said and done, if even a hint of doubt remains about your offering, your audience will go somewhere that eliminates that doubt.’
      • ‘The death of someone at the age of 101 is, when all is said and done, hardly a tragedy, and hardly unexpected.’
      • ‘But when all is said and done, Moore is a millionaire, and the success of this movie will move him even further up the ladder.’
      • ‘Through her experiences, the main character realises that when all is said and done, she can only rely on herself.’
      • ‘It's at a point like this when the author poses himself the question: when all is said and done what good has come from this tragedy?’
      • ‘It's kind of hard when you have to look and watch every dime that you make and difficult knowing that when all is said and done at the end of the day, you're just not going to have enough money.’
      • ‘But when all is said and done, so long as the couple care for each other, and are committed to making their partnership work, then the question of whether to marry or not should be entirely up to them.’
      • ‘But when all is said and done, we have been blessed with one great big and beautiful country of which we can all be proud.’
      • ‘Of course, there are lots of other minor arguments on the issue, but when all is said and done, it all comes back to the issue of progressive cultures vs. primitive cultures.’
      fundamentally, primarily, principally, chiefly, essentially, elementally, firstly, predominantly
      View synonyms
  • you can say that again!

    • informal Used in spoken English to express emphatic agreement.

      • ‘He said of his book that it is ‘philosophy as it has never been seen before’ - to which the only possible short reply is ‘man, you can say that again’.’
      • ‘‘It is unbelievable that we won’ - yeah, you can say that again.’
      • ‘It's not something we can predict too far in advance. You can say that again.’
      • ‘Jesse cocked his head to one side, muttering, ‘you can say that again’.’
      • ‘‘Are you guys all right? I know that wasn't the smoothest car ride.’ ‘You can say that again,‘I said, my toe still throbbing.’
  • you don't say!

    • informal Used to express amazement or disbelief.

      really?, is that so? is that a fact? you're joking! well i never, well i never did, go on, you don't say
      View synonyms
  • you (or you've) said it!

    • informal Used to express the feeling that someone's words are true or appropriate.

Origin

Old English secgan, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch zeggen and German sagen.

Pronunciation

say

/sā//seɪ/