Definition of saturate in English:

saturate

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Cause (something) to become thoroughly soaked with liquid so that no more can be absorbed.

    ‘the soil is saturated’
    • ‘Some of it splattered on to the ground, some of it soaked the scaffolding but the most of it ran flowed thickly down Peter's back, saturating his clothes.’
    • ‘When using a spray hose, spray low and hold it closely against your pet's coat so water saturates the coat and skin.’
    • ‘She grabbed a towel by the sink and turned on the cold water, saturating the towel thoroughly.’
    • ‘Foaming bathroom cleaner does a wonderful job on soot, but first saturate the bricks with an all-purpose cleaner and allow to soak a few minutes.’
    • ‘As the frigid water saturates his jacket and pants, his first instinct is to let out a loud gasp.’
    • ‘Wiley gasped from exertion, feeling the cold rain saturating her clothes.’
    • ‘Once the Shih Tzu is thoroughly soaked, saturate the sponge with shampoo and from the rear to front, shampoo every part of the Shih Tzu.’
    • ‘Should a white-spotted film appear it probably results from minerals in the water and can be removed by saturating a soft cloth with lemon juice or vinegar and rubbing over the finish.’
    • ‘Rub into the stain for a minute, brush off the powder with a clean brush and sponge immediately with warm water, being careful not to saturate the carpet backing.’
    • ‘As always, it is important to thoroughly saturate a brick wall before application of any cleaning solution.’
    • ‘If it is a fast drying area, then xeriscape-type plants would do well, and if the area is always saturated with water, then bog-type of plants are needed.’
    • ‘One theory holds that rainstorm runoff saturates the ground, making it slippery and allowing heavy gales to push the rocks.’
    • ‘No-till soils remain wetter longer in the spring and less precipitation is required to saturate them compared with plowed soil during the early stages of crop development.’
    • ‘Uncorking it, she took out a small rag and saturated it with the liquid.’
    • ‘We believe it's unlikely that water will saturate the slab, seeping through to the wooden framing, it is quite possible, and even likely, that small cracks have developed over the years.’
    • ‘You will be surprised at how much paint rollers hold, so don't be concerned about thoroughly saturating the roller.’
    • ‘Use a lot of water and saturate the deck and the surrounding covered plants.’
    • ‘You should also be careful that watering systems for your lawn or flower beds do not spray water on the side of your house or saturate the ground near the house.’
    • ‘He closed his eyes and let the warm water saturate his skin.’
    • ‘Work the soil only when it is dry enough to crumble easily after squeezing never when it is saturated with water.’
    soak, drench, waterlog, wet through, wet
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Cause (a substance) to combine with, dissolve, or hold the greatest possible quantity of another substance.
      ‘the groundwater is saturated with calcium hydroxide’
      • ‘When the resin becomes saturated with calcium and magnesium, it must be recharged.’
      • ‘The liqueur is saturated with sugar, so I expected the viscosity to be high, but it also contains 43% alcohol.’
      • ‘If the surface film of water is saturated with oxygen there will be no further diffusion until oxygen diffuses from the surface film into the overall body of water.’
      • ‘You also should know that charcoal filters may become saturated with the chemical impurities they remove, and, for that reason, they have a limited lifetime.’
      • ‘In the Pacific Northwest, for example, apple growers adorn their trees with dispensers that saturate the air with the chemical sex attractant, or pheromone, of female codling moths.’
      • ‘Polyethylene pellets, saturated with melted paraffin, then mixed with wet gypsum and compressed in sheet form, also yield production quality drywall.’
      • ‘To be fully active, osteocalcin must be saturated with carboxyl groups, and that's vitamin K's job.’
      • ‘Although the core materials are saturated in resins, the planks can still swell from excessive amounts of moisture.’
      • ‘However, bacterial decomposition had saturated the Vasa's oaken beams with hydrogen sulfide, which eventually created a huge reservoir of sulfur.’
      • ‘This water emerges saturated with oxygen that is able to kill germs, build bodily strength and support the immune system.’
      • ‘And because the pleats have more area it takes three times longer for the filter to become saturated with dust and dirt.’
      • ‘The drug is most commonly taken by mouth, and only rarely injected, but occasionally tobacco is saturated with LSD and then smoked.’
      • ‘Eventually, the surface of the activated charcoal will be saturated with absorbed pollutants and no further purification will occur.’
      • ‘After 5 days of eating broccoli or oil fortified with vitamin K, says Booth, more osteocalcin was saturated with carboxyl groups.’
    2. 1.2Magnetize or charge (a substance or device) fully.
    3. 1.3Electronics
      Put (a device) into a state in which no further increase in current is achievable.
    4. 1.4Fill (something or someone) with something until no more can be held or absorbed.
      ‘they've become thoroughly saturated with powerful and seductive messages from the media’
      • ‘What was once dairy farms and dirt roads is now one of the city's most vibrant and cohesive communities, saturated with stylish shops and bars so popular that patrons spill out onto the street.’
      • ‘The editorial is there to deliver readers to the advertisers and most of it is utterly saturated with the concerns and values of the advertising that surrounds it.’
      • ‘As a result, the Arabic food vocabulary is as saturated with Persian words as English is with French.’
      • ‘Our culture is saturated with stereotypical expectations for both girls and boys.’
      • ‘The choice of material is excellent and the performance is saturated with soul.’
      • ‘After 45 solid minutes I was totally saturated with information and all sorts of flashing images.’
      • ‘Gran opens one of the containers and immediately the dog's nostrils are saturated with a powerful chemical smell.’
      • ‘Today's media is saturated with images of male physiques that cannot be achieved without the help of steroids.’
      • ‘The film is shot on grainy stock: some scenes are saturated in white; a few have a cold blue tint; others a homely yellow or brown.’
      • ‘It's everywhere, saturating airwaves and club sound systems at an epidemic rate.’
      • ‘Although it may seem like we're saturated with credit cards these days, the bank claims we are woefully inadequate with our plastic when compared to the United States.’
      • ‘Recently, the popular music sector was saturated with boy bands, girl groups and choreographed vocalists in the wake of the fall of grunge.’
      • ‘Do you then saturate yourself in source materials and then write, or do you have the materials out in front of you when you're writing?’
      • ‘What's worse, agribusiness is saturating the media with misleading reports of the purported ecological risks of organic and other environmentally sustainable agricultural practices.’
      • ‘His books are saturated with mirrors, windows, diaries, memories, travels, dreams, narcissism, and gazing.’
      • ‘The discourse of all major speakers is saturated with religious ideas, sometimes explicitly.’
      • ‘The Western world, particularly the U.S., is saturated with information technology.’
      • ‘If you've seen the commercials, you already know that the film is an aesthetic marvel, saturated with color and light and visual decadence.’
      • ‘Interest in amateur blogs may fade once the medium becomes saturated with professional content.’
      • ‘These songs are by no means depressing, instead they are sensual and saturated with lush instrumentation and brass percussion.’
    5. 1.5Supply (a market) beyond the point at which the demand for a product is satisfied.
      ‘Japan's electronics industry began to saturate the world markets’
      • ‘‘I'll go into a city in advance and saturate the market,’ he says.’
      • ‘Industry observers say the Swiss market is saturated with too many banks chasing too few Swiss francs.’
      • ‘It's assumed both stores operate at a loss, staying in business to saturate the market and not give up the edge.’
      • ‘In Europe where the car market was already saturated with global players, the company concentrated on car sales rather than production.’
      • ‘You saturate the market, and you have to move to another location and open another store.’
      • ‘If that number's shrinking, how can you predict a larger sales number when we saturate most of the market already?’
      • ‘The market is saturated with this sort of heavy, but melodic guitar-based rock, and there isn't really a wrinkle or gimmick to help attract listeners.’
      • ‘The market is soon saturated with imported automobiles, electronic gadgetry, luxurious home appliances and name-brand whisky.’
      • ‘Pat was doing all her business in New York City, and it looked as though she might have saturated the market there.’
      • ‘Once the large industrial distilleries saturated the market with a better product at a lower cost this drove the little distilleries out of business but there were taste preferences persisting in consumers.’
      • ‘He sees expansion beyond Singapore's boundaries as the only way to avoid the slow profit growth that comes to a company that has saturated its home market.’
      • ‘It's the nature of business to take a profitable idea and exploit it until the market is utterly saturated with similar product and demand dries up as a result.’
      • ‘It also illustrates how they successfully penetrated the European car market which was already saturated with a large number of competitors.’
      • ‘Indeed, some analysts give the company only two years at most before it saturates the U.S. market.’
      • ‘With 508 stores in the U.S. and 114 in Canada, the company is perilously close to saturating the market.’
      • ‘The PC market is saturated with hard disk drives.’
      • ‘After they open there, they will probably have saturated the Boston region.’
      • ‘The comic book itself has changed since the days when the market was saturated with mass-produced comics.’
      • ‘For instance, the company built on its early success by saturating a local market with multiple locations.’
    6. 1.6Overwhelm (an enemy target area) by concentrated bombing.
      • ‘The target area would be saturated, that was certain, but Erik doubted whether it would work or not.’
      • ‘The grenades burst out from the warhead at 150m from the target, saturating a large area with deadly explosive power.’

noun

  • A saturated fat.

    • ‘Biscuits, buns, cakes and pastries, puddings, and ice cream could be taxed if they raised cholesterol concentrations but exempt if the ratio of polyunsaturates to saturates were more favourable.’
    • ‘For a lot of women, the last thing in the world they need to do is lower their HDL, so an appropriate blend of fat would include some saturates.’
    • ‘These foods also contribute 27% of the total saturates, and are often a source of industrial trans fats.’
    • ‘According to the manufacturer, a 34.5g bag of salt and vinegar crisps contains 11.4g of fat, of which 5.2g are the more harmful saturates.’

adjective

literary
  • Saturated with moisture.

Origin

Late Middle English (as an adjective in the sense satisfied): from Latin saturat- filled, glutted from the verb saturare, from satur full The early sense of the verb (mid 16th century) was satisfy; the noun dates from the 1950s.