1A lower-class Parisian republican in the French Revolution.
- ‘These were the sans-culottes, men who defined themselves not only by their trade but also by the clothes they wore.’
- ‘Deputies writing to their constituents describing the threat posed by Jacobins and sans-culottes may have been genuine in their fears.’
- ‘Proposals were initially made to revise the Constitution of 1793 but, in the wake of abortive uprisings by the Parisian sans-culottes in the spring of 1795, a fresh document was devised instead.’
- ‘While Rousseau is frequently cited with approval by numerous leaders of the sans-culottes, or by Robespierre or Gracchus Babeuf, Rousseau was more a prophet of radical individualism than he was of cooperation.’
- ‘The sans-culottes demanded that the revolutionary government immediately increase wages, fix prices, end food shortages, punish hoarders and most important, deal with the existence of counter-revolutionaries.’
- ‘Tomes have been written on how, in late 18 th-century France, an effete and ineffectual monarchy was replaced by the tyranny of the sans-culottes and the bloodlust of the Committee for Public Safety.’
- ‘The author also found small similarities between the ‘forces of order’ of 1791 and the sans-culottes movement of 1793, more evidence that crowds of the era were not all cut from the same cloth.’
- ‘For the urban poor and even respectable tradesmen, hunger was never far away and during the French Revolution the Parisian sans-culottes had a national maximum for prices as one of their principal political goals.’
- ‘While the French Revolution politicized the sans-culottes, the Industrial Revolution industrialized them.’
- ‘Not only that, numerous French Jacobins and sans-culottes were aware of this in the 1790s as were many of their democratic radical brethren across the English Channel.’
- ‘The sans-culottes had played a role in revolutionary events since 1789, but they had, as a class, received few gains.’
- ‘This influx of citizen-soldiers, many of them active sans-culottes, intensified radicalism within the army, and many officers were expelled or guillotined.’
- 1.1 An extreme republican or revolutionary.
- ‘Along with sans-culotte politics came revolutionary tactics.’
- ‘Neither was it a Rousseauist abstraction, but a body of angry sans-culottes protesting against the recession and tax increases.’
- ‘If Rousseau had been alive today, the arch-sentimentalist would have been spilling his guts to Oprah and excusing the excesses of present-day sans-culottes like a Guardian leader.’
- ‘The statement's adoption was in line with the republican movement's calculated agenda to get into power on both sides of the border as an electoral avenue towards a united Ireland with a Sinn Féin sans-culotte hue.’
- ‘Are not these charitable people - these sans-culottes - very generous to you?’
French, literally ‘without knee breeches’.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.