Definition of sanitarium in US English:


nounPlural sanitariums, Plural sanitaria

  • An establishment for the medical treatment of people who are convalescing or have a chronic illness.

    Also called sanatorium
    • ‘At first, her research centered on how ideas about nature and disease influenced the development of sanitariums in the nineteenth century as pastoral retreats from the bad air of cities.’
    • ‘In 1876, after having been confined as insane in a sanitarium in Batavia, Illinois, at the instigation of her son Robert and subsequently declared sane, Mary decided to put an ocean between herself and Robert and moved to Pau, France.’
    • ‘Alice suffered what was probably a nervous breakdown and spent the next few years in and out of sanitariums.’
    • ‘There has been little progress in provision of permanent housing for RVSN servicemen or employment for their family members or conditions for their recreation, health improvement, and treatment at sanitariums or resort facilities.’
    • ‘Ottawa is being urged to investigate the growing tales of horror from former patients regarding three tuberculosis sanitariums which were operating in Manitoba up until 30 years ago.’
    • ‘From the reconfigured condos that hide a secret shame to the stark settings of police stations and sanitariums, Rose keeps his apprehension pressing, never once letting the audience breathe.’
    • ‘Nuns also provided cheap personnel for preschools, infirmaries, sanitariums, asylums, soup kitchens, and orphanages, especially in the North.’
    • ‘In the 1930s, TB was a lethal plague and people infected by the contagious bacterium were isolated in TB sanitariums - far from any city.’
    • ‘It was given in recognition of her dedicated service to the establishment of the sanitarium and the people it would serve.’
    • ‘The disease became stigmatized around that time, and its victims were isolated or placed in sanitariums.’
    • ‘Hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, sanitariums, and orphanages were all a part of the network of care for the immigrants.’
    • ‘America's first breakfast cereal was developed by John Kellogg in 1895 as a way to help patients at his sanitarium increase their intake of fiber.’
    • ‘As the director of the sanitarium and a priest, the Abbe is torn between his administrative duties, his empathy for de Sade, and, in the end, his overflowing physical desire for Madeleine.’
    • ‘She then came to Vancouver and attended Intern Classes at Vancouver General Hospital for one year, before returning to Saskatchewan as the dietician for one year at the Saskatoon sanitarium.’
    • ‘During the mass migration, there were so many immigrants returning to die that several villages in Sicily set up sanitariums to receive them.’
    • ‘Some thought it to be such a bizarre design for a residential neighborhood, it was mistaken for a sanitarium or hospital.’
    • ‘But she had been punished enough for that one mistake - the summer in the sanitarium, the ongoing weekly sessions with her shrink, and the constant fear that the kids at school would find out about it.’
    • ‘He spent a year in a sanitarium and then had another year off work.’
    • ‘The ladies of the sanitarium were gathered on the veranda.’
    • ‘He died in his forties in a sanitarium, unvisited by Eugene, who, twenty years later, wrote this expiatory play.’


Mid 19th century: pseudo-Latin, from Latin sanitas ‘health’.