Definition of sandfly in English:

sandfly

noun

  • 1A small hairy biting fly of tropical and subtropical regions, which transmits a number of diseases including leishmaniasis.

    • ‘In World War II, there was a high incidence of leishmaniasis and sandfly fever in troops deployed to the Persian Gulf region.’
    • ‘Residual spraying with DDT and use of mosquito nets during sleep are recommended to stop transmission by sandflies.’
    • ‘Human infections with Leishmania protozoan parasites, transmitted via the bite of a sandfly, cause visceral, cutaneous, or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.’
    • ‘Elisabeth found herself with a straggle of colonists in a mosquito-ridden, uncleared jungle where sandflies bored into the skin of the feet and the clay soil was so intractable that nothing would grow.’
    • ‘Kala-azar, transmitted by sandflies was endemic in Assam until 1950, with three major epidemics between 1875 and 1950.’
    • ‘Examples include the protozoan Leishmania in sandflies, the plague bacterium Yersinia pestis transmitted by the tropical rat flea Xenopsylla cheopis, and trypanosomes in tse-tse flies.’
    • ‘Leishmaniasis, a globally prevalent parasitic disease occurs in three forms viz., visceral, cutaneous and mucocutaneous, transmitted by the bite of infected female Phlebotomus sandflies.’
    • ‘Recently a protein isolated from the salivary gland of a biting sandfly was shown to have a very powerful vasodilation effect (this facilitates blood feeding by the insect when it is injected into the host).’
    • ‘But the sandflies, which carry diseases including leishmaniasis - an infection which can cause blood poisoning - cannot be vaccinated against.’
    • ‘Various forms of leishmaniasis are spread by the sandfly and are endemic in 88 countries on five continents.’
    • ‘Bundaberg is blessed with its very own biting midges, also known as sandflies, that are indigenous to the Burnett River and breed in the river mud.’
    • ‘There are about 20 different species, which are transmitted by local sandflies.’
    • ‘American cutaneous leishmaniasis is transmitted by sandflies in rain forest areas mainly among mammals and occasionally humans.’
    • ‘Haemoproteus is transmitted by sandflies, or biting midges, of the genus Culicoides, and by louse-flies, both of which occur in the Lesser Antilles.’
    • ‘The organism is transmitted to humans by the bite of the sandfly.’
    • ‘Leishmania are protozoal parasites that are transmitted to humans by Phlebotomus sandflies.’
    • ‘Leishmania donovani, the etiologic agent of visceral leishmaniasis is transmitted by the bite of a sandfly.’
    • ‘The disease is transmitted to humans by the bite of female sandflies (Phlebotomus or Lutzomyia).’
    • ‘Similarly, the Mosquito Magnet mimics a human by emitting a plume of carbon dioxide, heat and moisture, and an attractant, octenol, which targets mosquitoes, biting midges, black flies and sandflies.’
    • ‘Fatal epidemics of visceral leishmaniasis - an ancient disease spread by sandflies and known in some places as dumdum - periodically flare up in southern Sudan.’
  • 2NZ Australian

    another term for black fly (sense 2 of the noun)
    • ‘The highway takes you through native bush known at Fergusons Bush and then at Pukekura 25 km south of Ross, your attention will be caught by the model of the giant sandfly on the front wall of the Bushman's Centre.’
    • ‘The only change I would love to see would be the end of the sandfly.’
    • ‘They were also not bothered by the troublesome fly but by the sandfly instead.’
    • ‘Rosemary says go for the vitamin B and that B1 is also good to repel sandflies - take 2 100 mg tablets a day for a month before you head into sandfly affected areas.’
    • ‘Despite the ferocious sandflies and equally voracious mosquitoes, entrepreneurs see Okarito as a town of opportunity.’

Pronunciation

sandfly

/ˈsan(d)flī//ˈsæn(d)flaɪ/