Definition of salmonella in US English:

salmonella

noun

  • 1A bacterium that occurs mainly in the intestine, especially a serotype causing food poisoning.

    Genus "Salmonella": numerous serotypes; Gram-negative rods

    • ‘It is possible for cold spots to harbor harmful bacteria such as salmonella, which is a particular concern for baby bottles.’
    • ‘Large bone infarcts may become secondarily infected with various bacteria, including salmonellae, resulting in osteomyelitis.’
    • ‘Droppings carry potentially dangerous bacteria like listeria and salmonella that can cause a range of illnesses including meningitis.’
    • ‘Bacilli and salmonellae were also found to be sensitive to dicyclomine.’
    • ‘Results of infection by common bacteria such as salmonella, campylobacter and listeria can include vomiting, stomach cramps, diarrhoea, or even death.’
    1. 1.1 Food poisoning caused by infection with the salmonella bacterium.
      ‘an outbreak of salmonella’
      • ‘Inadequate hand hygiene also contributes to food-related illnesses, such as salmonella and E. coli infection.’
      • ‘Brian Henson, 35, pleaded guilty to 14 counts of breaking food safety regulations, leading to an outbreak of salmonella at The Bacon Joint, in Bolton.’
      • ‘According to the CSPI, in recent years there have been several outbreaks of both salmonella and E. coli caused by non-pasteurized juices.’
      • ‘Human waste is likely to result in such diseases as e-coli and salmonella and increase the rat population in these areas.’
      • ‘However, a series of crises in farming including BSE, salmonella, swine fever and now foot and mouth, have resulted in millions of animals being destroyed.’

Origin

Modern Latin, named after Daniel E. Salmon (1850–1914), American veterinary surgeon.

Pronunciation

salmonella

/ˌsalməˈnelə//ˌsælməˈnɛlə/