Definition of sal in English:



  • A northern Indian tree that yields teaklike timber and dammar resin. It is the most commercially important source of timber in India.

    • ‘In one much celebrated case, tribals demolished a plantation of teak, a highly prized furniture wood, that was coming up on land previously under the sal tree, a species of far greater benefit to the local economy.’
    • ‘The muddy track ahead meanders into groves of majestic century-old sal trees splashed golden yellow in parts by the beautiful Indian Laburnum.’
    • ‘Buddha was born as his mother grasped the branch of a sal tree, and he achieved Enlightenment beneath the Bodhi tree.’
    • ‘The sal forests of Garhwal and Kumaun, for example, were ‘felled in even to desolation.’’
    • ‘Thus previously authoritarian government officials joined with previously suspicious villagers to successfully regenerate the degraded sal forests of southwestern Bengal.’


Late 18th century: from Hindi sāl.