Definition of sabot in English:



  • 1A kind of simple shoe, shaped and hollowed out from a single block of wood, traditionally worn by French and Breton peasants.

    • ‘Women in Brittany, of course, all wear sabots, you understand.’
    • ‘This pair of wooden sabots featured in the Shoe and Leather Fair, Islington, 1895 and the Bethnal Green Museum Shoe Exhibition, London, England in 1897.’
    • ‘During the First World War it housed Belgian refugees, who made sabot clogs in the workshop of Arthur Simpson, renowned furniture designer and wood-carver.’
    • ‘In an old Flemish custom, Christmas gifts were brought in sabots, or wooden shoes.’
    • ‘He said they were called sabots, or klompens - and were the root of the word sabotage - when Dutch militant workers had thrown them into the gears to stop factory production as protest over something.’
    sabot, wooden shoe, wooden-soled shoe
    View synonyms
  • 2A device that ensures the correct positioning of a bullet or shell in the barrel of a gun, attached either to the projectile or inside the barrel and falling away as it leaves the muzzle.

    • ‘The Platinum Tip bullet also will be offered in a muzzleloading component, as a 260-grain bullet packaged with a sabot.’
    • ‘The gun fires separate loading projectiles which have semi-combustible cartridge case and sabot.’
    • ‘Again, the idea is to search downrange, picking up spent sabots.’
    • ‘In order to transmit the energy from the charge to the sub-calibre projectile a sabot is needed, which acts as a ‘sling’ either to drive an armour-piercing core harder, or to throw a sub-calibre projectile further.’
    • ‘The sabot's guiding shards could be seen flying off to either side as the dense, narrow core went on to find its mark.’
    • ‘The slug weighs 1 1/4 ounces, and fits into a very clever one-piece combination wad and sabot that encloses the base of the slug.’
    • ‘The 12-gauge .50-caliber slug weighs in at 385 grains and is nestled in a sabot.’
    • ‘In subsonic slug loads, Metro Gun Systems offers a special Hastings 1 1/4-ounce sabot slug that has performed admirably on deer.’
    • ‘Modern guns will use a sabot or a pistol bullet, which come pre-packaged.’
    • ‘The shells were held in the centre of the barrel by sabots arranged around their circumference, which fell away after the missile left the barrel.’
    • ‘For the biggest game, I still tend toward heavy lead missiles; jacketed pistol-type projectiles in sabots have also proved reliable on big game.’
    • ‘The sabot allows a lighter flight projectile which can be flown to greater ranges than could the M830.’
  • 3A box from which cards are dealt at casinos in gambling games such as baccarat and chemin de fer.

    Also called shoe
    • ‘The croupier took two cards from the sabot.’
    • ‘After the players have placed their bets, the dealer picks out three cards from the sabot putting them before him.’


Early 17th century: French, blend of savate shoe and botte boot.