Definition of rusticate in US English:



  • 1no object Go to, live in, or spend time in the country.

    • ‘A casual, rusticated set with hay bales, trellises entwined with climbers and gentle harp music played live, establish a mood for us.’
    • ‘Evans attempted to rusticate himself at his much embellished mud hut ‘Loggerheads' overlooking Rothbury.’
    • ‘After rusticating in Kigezi from 1978 to 1981, he migrated to Nairobi for professional reasons.’
    • ‘Stories of an encounter with the early Lincoln bestowed a special cachet, as if one had rubbed shoulders with a rusticated, prairie Solomon.’
    • ‘‘Just Folks’ is yet another Roth reversal: FDR's Civilian Conservation Corps was the actual (if benign) means of rusticating urban boys in the 1930s.’
  • 2with object Fashion (masonry) in large blocks with sunk joints and a roughened surface.

    ‘the stable block was built of rusticated stone’
    • ‘When the arches were built in the 1840s, the stonework was rusticated patterned by hand to create a dimpled effect on the surface.’
    • ‘On Bakehouse Lane, where the building turns the corner, a single-storey block faced in rusticated limestone was terminated by a small caretaker's house.’
    • ‘His predilection for gray-greens, gray-pinks, pale ochers, browns, blacks and a luminous cobalt blue call up archaic Mediterranean origins, rusticated walls and early Italian frescoes.’
    • ‘Above the rusticated north arches is another grotesque mask, carrying a pearl swag, also done in shells with a background of pebbles.’
    • ‘The massive rusticated base holds two stories of car parking.’
    • ‘The eastern slope below Playfair's buildings has been pierced by a rusticated colonnade of battered piers framing large windows.’
    • ‘The middle portion of each tower uses rusticated brick with 1-inch radiused returns at the top and bottom of each band.’
    • ‘Facades on all sides, except the south, are tripartite with a central projecting section and plain walls rising from a rusticated base and surmounted by a balustrade.’
    • ‘The windows are surmounted by rusticated wooden jack arches with superimposed keystones, and a heavy modillion cornice crowns the bold Georgian proportions of the facade.’
    • ‘The use of limestone for the water table, belt course, rusticated jack arches, and pilaster capitals is unique in Kent County architecture.’
    • ‘All architectural projections and rusticated surfaces are of reconstituted stone.’
    • ‘This was a terrible place where unspeakable things were done, but the facade was magnificent: a truly Sublime monumental rusticated Classical composition which powerfully symbolised its intimidating function.’
    • ‘The exterior was formed with contrasting brick colors, while rusticated masonry and brick banding incorporating ornamental ironwork established the nostalgic feel and character of a turn-of-the-century ballpark.’
    • ‘Details such as the rusticated stone of the entrance wall and the fact that this is carried through into the interior show the degree of care accorded by the designers.’
    • ‘A careful examination of the masonry of the portal reveals that the herms and their entablature are a later addition to the rusticated, round-arched doorway.’
    • ‘That house was built with untreated rimu, with the cladding of the time, which was rusticated weatherboard, with eaves, with sash windows, and a corrugated iron roof.’
    • ‘The building (Pl. I) is in the shape of an early Greek temple with rusticated walls.’
    • ‘The three lowest horizontal bands of the lower portico's elegantly rusticated facade frame ten light and ventilation shafts for the basement, a flat keystone resting above each of the nearly square openings.’
    • ‘He could have designed a rusticated flat arch for the herms to carry, or even a simple Tuscan entablature without metopes and triglyphs, but instead he chose the Doric.’
    • ‘This was an attempt to suggest respectability, an effect emphasised by a large, rusticated entrance arch.’
  • 3British with object Suspend (a student) from a university as a punishment (used chiefly at Oxford and Cambridge).

    • ‘How is it that all the students who were rusticated were Dalits?’
    • ‘He was rusticated until May 2005, while he will not be allowed to return until next January.’
    • ‘Besides the fine, Proctors can refer the case of any student who admits breaking University regulations to the Court of Summary Jurisdiction, which is able to impose a penalty of £500, or rusticate the member for three terms.’
    • ‘Academic institutions are increasingly nervous about ‘exemplary’ punishments - expelling or rusticating discovered cheaters.’
    • ‘But, since I've been at Lincoln, three people have been rusticated and now there is a fourth.’
    • ‘He was educated at Rugby and at Trinity College, Oxford, where he was rusticated.’
    exclude, debar, shut out, keep out, remove, eliminate, reject, expel, eject, evict
    View synonyms


Late 15th century (in the sense ‘countrify’): from Latin rusticat- ‘(having) lived in the country’, from the verb rusticari, from rusticus (see rustic).