Definition of running in English:



  • 1The action or movement of a runner.

    ‘he accounted for 31 touchdowns with his running and passing’
    • ‘Adding to all this the running between wickets was near perfect.’
    • ‘The Otley rugby player has been among their recruits producing some exciting if unorthodox running between the wickets.’
    • ‘The guile of Johnny at stand off and the elusive running of Warren from full back kept the team one step ahead.’
    • ‘Josh raced up the stairs and slammed into the wall, turned and resumed running.’
    • ‘Great passing and running brought two tries for the Captain, but the Soulies responded each time.’
    • ‘One had short black hair, the other long brown hair in a ponytail that was not so perfect anymore from the running.’
    • ‘Carter approached his gang tentatively, his face sweaty from all the running.’
    • ‘His contribution has been to deploy the team in a setup to maximise John's pace and direct running.’
    • ‘If you watch Cole in the centre circle when the action is elsewhere, he puts in little superfluous running.’
    • ‘The up and down movement of the body during running may stimulate bowel activity.’
    • ‘All that running and sprinting made my muscles all tight and painful to stretch out.’
    • ‘More direct running, allied with better movement on and off the ball, allowed a few better chances to be conjured up.’
    • ‘For all his good running and putting of runners into space with deft passes, one of his primary jobs is to kick points.’
    • ‘While the two strikers were full of running and movement, they faced a wall of defenders who played very deep on account of their obvious lack of pace.’
    • ‘They rested for a minute, trying to catch their breath from all the running.’
    • ‘At least part of that time should be spent running, preferably off the leash in a safe, confined area.’
    • ‘The Laois style of quick passing and running was replaced by the more direct approach of catch and kick.’
    • ‘Chances went begging for both sides before determined running by Tim saw him touch down in the corner.’
    • ‘Some great strokes and hard running from the batsman managed to make it seven needed from the last over.’
    • ‘The return to running should be gradual, starting at an easy pace on a level surface.’
    1. 1.1The sport of racing on foot.
      ‘marathon running’
      • ‘Jay decided that he was out of shape and that maybe he should take up running.’
      • ‘Lord Coe holds four Olympic medals and eight world records in middle-distance running.’
      • ‘According to his piece on marathons the older the better for long-distance running.’
      • ‘However, as with other sports, if good technique is applied, running can be both enjoyable and rewarding.’
      • ‘She will leave after achieving the greatest performance in British middle-distance running of modern times.’
      • ‘Perhaps it is for this reason that hill running is sometimes depicted as an obscure offshoot of mainstream athletics.’
      • ‘During his athletic days, he specialised in long-distance running.’
      • ‘Now living and working in New York, she decided to take up running because other sports were so expensive.’
      • ‘After the war he switched from long-distance events to middle-distance running.’
      • ‘Cross-country running is a great way for all athletes of every level to come and race together.’
      • ‘Exercise and some sports, eg running or squash can aggravate the joints.’
      • ‘Blisters are a common minor injury for athletes who take part in prolonged sports, such as long-distance running or football.’
      • ‘I was into my running and competed in the London Marathon three times and did numerous half marathons.’
      • ‘EPO is a drug which can dramatically improve performances in middle- and long-distance running.’
      • ‘It's important to take it steadily when you first decide to take up any sport and running is no different.’
      sprinting, sprint, racing
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    2. 1.2An act of running a race.
      ‘the 122nd running of the Mid-Summer Derby’
      • ‘The horse defied top weight to claim a superb victory in the inaugural running of the cross-country race.’
      • ‘It was a memorable race, if not a standout running of the Classic.’
      • ‘Another race held in the memory of a racing stalwart was the first running of the Memorial Handicap Chase.’
      • ‘This coming Sunday the Athletic Club are pleased to present the second running of the Round Hill Fell Race.’
      • ‘Young Guns Day got under way with the running of the Two Year Old Plate race over 1100 metres.’
      • ‘Since virtually every running of the race takes place in driving rain and a bitter wind, the spongy surface drains the strength from the horses.’
      • ‘At Doncaster, the horse, who died at the age of 30 last month, is honoured by the running of his annual race.’
      • ‘It will be the 155th running of the race and there will be a maximum field of 40 runners on Saturday.’
      • ‘His first major victory had been the inaugural running of the Vernons November Sprint Cup.’
      • ‘The cab seemed to be taking me the long way, until the driver explained that this Sunday is the running of the Berlin Marathon.’
      • ‘With the two champions sidelined, the seventh running of the Manchester Marathon appears to be wide open.’
      • ‘This will be the 132nd running of what I will continue to call the Powderhall sprint.’
      • ‘Although this was my fourth running of the race, it was my first time starting in Whitehorse.’
  • 2The action of managing or operating something.

    ‘the day-to-day running of the office’
    • ‘Presiding over the various activities involved in the day-to-day running of the club is time consuming.’
    • ‘Head teachers look after the day-to-day running of a school.’
    • ‘The legitimate aim was the proper running of a multi-cultural, multi-faith, secular school.’
    • ‘He is also planning to hire a new chief executive to handle the day-to-day running of the club.’
    • ‘He is no longer responsible for the day-to-day running of the chain, but he still makes time for jolly banter with the staff.’
    • ‘The funds raised go to the day-to-day running of the community council.’
    • ‘It isn't always the case that you have to go on stage, there is plenty to do in the general running of the show.’
    • ‘She said the main day-to-day running of the hospital would follow usual operational arrangements in place during winter.’
    • ‘In addition to the few of us running the whole company, we were responsible for the day-to-day running of the house.’
    • ‘The Chamber of Commerce is always in need of funds and the money raised will go towards the day to day running of the operation.’
    • ‘The new management team were not previously involved in the general running of the printers, nor were they directors or shareholders.’
    • ‘Companies will be expected to involve their investors in the day-to-day running of the business.’
    • ‘In her role as manager, she was responsible for the day-to-day running of the premises.’
    • ‘A team of seven people will identify ways of generating cash and will be in charge of the day-to-day running of the vehicles.’
    • ‘My son has a new head at his primary school who does no teaching and has no involvement with the day-to-day running of the school.’
    • ‘I have no idea whether they realise how much they have disrupted the day-to-day to running of the school.’
    • ‘The staff should be applauded for keeping it running under such circumstances.’
    • ‘But a spokesman denied his absence would jeopardise the smooth running of the general and county council elections.’
    • ‘The prefects play a vital role in the smooth running of the school.’
    • ‘The company keeps your data safe and is responsible for the financial running of the project.’
    administration, management, managing, organization, coordination, orchestration, handling, direction, conduct, overseeing, controlling, control, regulation, supervision, charge
    operation, working, functioning, performance
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  • 1[attributive] Denoting something that runs, in particular.

    • ‘The hard soil beneath her running feet became softer as the path drew nearer to the river Marbella.’
    • ‘Suddenly, the low, rhythmic sound of running footsteps became conscious to the both of us.’
    • ‘He could hear the distant sound of running feet, trampling over the cement ground.’
    • ‘Two explosions erupted in front of the running stallion, causing it to jump into the air.’
    • ‘I looked for an emotion - of pain, of weariness, of Basil Brush exuberance - but of course it was just a running fox.’
    • ‘Kevin hit his straps and directed play through the half forward zone, bringing the running players into the game.’
    • ‘Team roping involves two people on horseback trying to stop a running steer.’
    • ‘The running girl slammed straight into Gavin who wrapped his hands firmly around her.’
    functioning, working, running, up and running, operative, in use, in action, going
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    1. 1.1(of water) flowing naturally or supplied to a building through pipes and taps.
      ‘hot and cold running water’
      • ‘The path to the top of the mountain runs beside the running water of a stream.’
      • ‘I could faintly hear the sounds of running water somewhere in the building.’
      • ‘In the background a soundtrack of running water and gravel could be heard.’
      • ‘Tree houses now come with all modern conveniences including heat, light, running water and internet connections.’
      • ‘It is not known whether the premises have a working electricity supply or running water and much of the estate has fallen into disrepair.’
      • ‘If one's eyes have been contaminated, wash with clean running water for at least 15 minutes.’
      • ‘There are signs all over the surface of running water, but at the moment it is dry.’
      • ‘If they do have running water, they're being told that they have to boil it.’
      • ‘It is an exciting moment for me when I see a blade of grass or see a leaf of a tree, and when I listen to birds chattering and to running water in a stream.’
      • ‘The turbine powered three batteries to provide heat, lighting, and hot running water for the facilities.’
      • ‘The building has a small lift and the rooms have running water, baths and hot showers and the caretaker has a television.’
      • ‘Visitors need access to toilets, hot running water and soap.’
      • ‘Without running water, women wash their cooking pots in the street.’
      • ‘The second room was a rudimentary kitchen with running water.’
      • ‘Prisoners often had inadequate clothing to protect themselves from the elements, and most camps lacked running water and heat.’
      • ‘The former control tower, which included an officers' mess, has no electricity supply, sewage system or running water.’
      • ‘This shows that Mars, like the Earth, once had an active hydrological cycle that ultimately led to running water on its surface.’
      • ‘Several facilities failed to provide basic provisions for patients such as hot running water, toilet seats and clean bed linen.’
      • ‘The authority would be particularly interested in helping people whose homes still do not have indoor toilets or hot running water.’
      • ‘The rooms were well-furnished and had English commodes, bath-tubs and running water.’
      flowing, streaming, gushing, rushing, moving
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    2. 1.2(of a sore or a part of the body) exuding liquid or pus.
      ‘a running sore’
      • ‘But she had an offensive, running sore that lay open from below her knee right down to her foot.’
    3. 1.3Continuous or recurring over a long period.
      ‘a running joke’
      • ‘Everyone had heard of this movie because it was a running joke on the Benny show, but very few people had seen it.’
      • ‘One of the film's running jokes has his three children growing fat because of their love of junk food.’
      • ‘The running joke is about a well-educated immigrant stuck in a dead job.’
      • ‘What started out as a convenient short-cut for the writers has become a running joke, at the show's expense.’
      • ‘The running joke is that Anna is wrongly convinced that Catherine is Irish.’
      • ‘Still, as their winning streak drained the suspense out of the show, no event needed a running joke more.’
      • ‘Not only do the running expenses continue, but they usually increase in times of drought.’
      • ‘It's become a running joke that I only invite her because she has this huge casserole dish that I borrow.’
      • ‘Like many Scottish men typecast by gender, Max's chosen career is something of a running joke amongst members of his family.’
      • ‘The attempt to record the ever-changing audience will become one of the many running jokes that power the show.’
      • ‘Then for the next fortnight it would be a running joke in the restaurant.’
      • ‘It has running jokes, punch lines and a neat comic economy.’
      • ‘The police's long running battle to take on the burglar enters a new phase in the town this week.’
      • ‘So bad was the road that it became a running joke among those who use it regularly.’
      • ‘My ‘application’ succeeded very well in its goal, becoming a running joke.’
      • ‘Dying of old age while in the waiting room has been a running joke for decades.’
      • ‘One of the film's funniest jokes is a running gag involving a car radio stuck on a 1980s soft rock revival station.’
      • ‘Alex's hair was kind of a running joke - mainly because it looked rather like a lion's mane.’
      • ‘Our kids got used to this, and, in fact, it became a running joke between them.’
      • ‘Much of the humour is contained in a variety of running jokes introduced throughout the first act.’
      continuous, ongoing, sustained, unceasing, incessant, ceaseless, uninterrupted, constant, perpetual, unbroken
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    4. 1.4Done while running.
      ‘a running jump’
      • ‘He made a running jump over the space in the ground and landed on the other side.’
      • ‘She got a good running start, and then jumped over the cement wall that was close to the warehouse.’
      • ‘So I took a running start towards him and jumped into the air.’
      • ‘I taking a running jump and land a nice axe kick on him.’
      • ‘He took a running leap and jumped onto the cot, sending it crashing to the ground.’
      • ‘I take a running start and jump over the first, which is as high as my hip.’
      • ‘I took a running start and jumped for the bed falling face flat on a pillow.’
      • ‘He must have taken a bit of a running jump at it though, because he travelled about half an inch before capitulating in a salty heap.’
      • ‘In a running long jump the arms are out of phase, one behind and the other in front.’
    5. 1.5(of a measurement) in a straight line.
      ‘today, those same lots are worth $6,000 a running foot’
      • ‘A linear foot (LF) is also called a running foot at many sawmills.’
      • ‘The cost jumps a little to $18.85 a running foot.’
  • 2[postpositive] Consecutive; in succession.

    ‘he failed to produce an essay for the third week running’
    • ‘Those who are absent from classes for two weeks running or 50 class hours added up in one semester will be given a record of a demerit for misconduct.’
    • ‘The former gospel singer has held onto her number one spot for the second week running.’
    in succession, in a row, in sequence, one after the other, consecutively
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