Definition of running in US English:

running

noun

  • 1The action or movement of a runner.

    ‘he accounted for 31 touchdowns with his running and passing’
    • ‘Chances went begging for both sides before determined running by Tim saw him touch down in the corner.’
    • ‘Great passing and running brought two tries for the Captain, but the Soulies responded each time.’
    • ‘The guile of Johnny at stand off and the elusive running of Warren from full back kept the team one step ahead.’
    • ‘The up and down movement of the body during running may stimulate bowel activity.’
    • ‘Some great strokes and hard running from the batsman managed to make it seven needed from the last over.’
    • ‘For all his good running and putting of runners into space with deft passes, one of his primary jobs is to kick points.’
    • ‘At least part of that time should be spent running, preferably off the leash in a safe, confined area.’
    • ‘All that running and sprinting made my muscles all tight and painful to stretch out.’
    • ‘If you watch Cole in the centre circle when the action is elsewhere, he puts in little superfluous running.’
    • ‘The Otley rugby player has been among their recruits producing some exciting if unorthodox running between the wickets.’
    • ‘His contribution has been to deploy the team in a setup to maximise John's pace and direct running.’
    • ‘Josh raced up the stairs and slammed into the wall, turned and resumed running.’
    • ‘One had short black hair, the other long brown hair in a ponytail that was not so perfect anymore from the running.’
    • ‘While the two strikers were full of running and movement, they faced a wall of defenders who played very deep on account of their obvious lack of pace.’
    • ‘The Laois style of quick passing and running was replaced by the more direct approach of catch and kick.’
    • ‘More direct running, allied with better movement on and off the ball, allowed a few better chances to be conjured up.’
    • ‘They rested for a minute, trying to catch their breath from all the running.’
    • ‘The return to running should be gradual, starting at an easy pace on a level surface.’
    • ‘Adding to all this the running between wickets was near perfect.’
    • ‘Carter approached his gang tentatively, his face sweaty from all the running.’
    1. 1.1 The sport of racing on foot.
      ‘marathon running’
      • ‘Lord Coe holds four Olympic medals and eight world records in middle-distance running.’
      • ‘However, as with other sports, if good technique is applied, running can be both enjoyable and rewarding.’
      • ‘EPO is a drug which can dramatically improve performances in middle- and long-distance running.’
      • ‘Exercise and some sports, eg running or squash can aggravate the joints.’
      • ‘During his athletic days, he specialised in long-distance running.’
      • ‘It's important to take it steadily when you first decide to take up any sport and running is no different.’
      • ‘Cross-country running is a great way for all athletes of every level to come and race together.’
      • ‘Perhaps it is for this reason that hill running is sometimes depicted as an obscure offshoot of mainstream athletics.’
      • ‘Now living and working in New York, she decided to take up running because other sports were so expensive.’
      • ‘I was into my running and competed in the London Marathon three times and did numerous half marathons.’
      • ‘Blisters are a common minor injury for athletes who take part in prolonged sports, such as long-distance running or football.’
      • ‘Jay decided that he was out of shape and that maybe he should take up running.’
      • ‘According to his piece on marathons the older the better for long-distance running.’
      • ‘She will leave after achieving the greatest performance in British middle-distance running of modern times.’
      • ‘After the war he switched from long-distance events to middle-distance running.’
      sprinting, sprint, racing
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    2. 1.2 An act of running a race.
      ‘the 122nd running of the Mid-Summer Derby’
      • ‘Although this was my fourth running of the race, it was my first time starting in Whitehorse.’
      • ‘With the two champions sidelined, the seventh running of the Manchester Marathon appears to be wide open.’
      • ‘This coming Sunday the Athletic Club are pleased to present the second running of the Round Hill Fell Race.’
      • ‘The cab seemed to be taking me the long way, until the driver explained that this Sunday is the running of the Berlin Marathon.’
      • ‘Young Guns Day got under way with the running of the Two Year Old Plate race over 1100 metres.’
      • ‘At Doncaster, the horse, who died at the age of 30 last month, is honoured by the running of his annual race.’
      • ‘It was a memorable race, if not a standout running of the Classic.’
      • ‘The horse defied top weight to claim a superb victory in the inaugural running of the cross-country race.’
      • ‘This will be the 132nd running of what I will continue to call the Powderhall sprint.’
      • ‘It will be the 155th running of the race and there will be a maximum field of 40 runners on Saturday.’
      • ‘His first major victory had been the inaugural running of the Vernons November Sprint Cup.’
      • ‘Another race held in the memory of a racing stalwart was the first running of the Memorial Handicap Chase.’
      • ‘Since virtually every running of the race takes place in driving rain and a bitter wind, the spongy surface drains the strength from the horses.’
  • 2The action of managing or operating something.

    ‘the day-to-day running of the office’
    • ‘Presiding over the various activities involved in the day-to-day running of the club is time consuming.’
    • ‘The funds raised go to the day-to-day running of the community council.’
    • ‘He is also planning to hire a new chief executive to handle the day-to-day running of the club.’
    • ‘He is no longer responsible for the day-to-day running of the chain, but he still makes time for jolly banter with the staff.’
    • ‘The staff should be applauded for keeping it running under such circumstances.’
    • ‘The legitimate aim was the proper running of a multi-cultural, multi-faith, secular school.’
    • ‘The prefects play a vital role in the smooth running of the school.’
    • ‘The new management team were not previously involved in the general running of the printers, nor were they directors or shareholders.’
    • ‘It isn't always the case that you have to go on stage, there is plenty to do in the general running of the show.’
    • ‘She said the main day-to-day running of the hospital would follow usual operational arrangements in place during winter.’
    • ‘Companies will be expected to involve their investors in the day-to-day running of the business.’
    • ‘In addition to the few of us running the whole company, we were responsible for the day-to-day running of the house.’
    • ‘A team of seven people will identify ways of generating cash and will be in charge of the day-to-day running of the vehicles.’
    • ‘But a spokesman denied his absence would jeopardise the smooth running of the general and county council elections.’
    • ‘I have no idea whether they realise how much they have disrupted the day-to-day to running of the school.’
    • ‘The Chamber of Commerce is always in need of funds and the money raised will go towards the day to day running of the operation.’
    • ‘My son has a new head at his primary school who does no teaching and has no involvement with the day-to-day running of the school.’
    • ‘In her role as manager, she was responsible for the day-to-day running of the premises.’
    • ‘Head teachers look after the day-to-day running of a school.’
    • ‘The company keeps your data safe and is responsible for the financial running of the project.’
    administration, management, managing, organization, coordination, orchestration, handling, direction, conduct, overseeing, controlling, control, regulation, supervision, charge
    operation, working, functioning, performance
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adjective

  • 1(of water) flowing naturally or supplied to a building through pipes and taps.

    ‘hot and cold running water’
    • ‘There are signs all over the surface of running water, but at the moment it is dry.’
    • ‘Without running water, women wash their cooking pots in the street.’
    • ‘The rooms were well-furnished and had English commodes, bath-tubs and running water.’
    • ‘The building has a small lift and the rooms have running water, baths and hot showers and the caretaker has a television.’
    • ‘The turbine powered three batteries to provide heat, lighting, and hot running water for the facilities.’
    • ‘The authority would be particularly interested in helping people whose homes still do not have indoor toilets or hot running water.’
    • ‘In the background a soundtrack of running water and gravel could be heard.’
    • ‘The former control tower, which included an officers' mess, has no electricity supply, sewage system or running water.’
    • ‘Visitors need access to toilets, hot running water and soap.’
    • ‘It is not known whether the premises have a working electricity supply or running water and much of the estate has fallen into disrepair.’
    • ‘If they do have running water, they're being told that they have to boil it.’
    • ‘It is an exciting moment for me when I see a blade of grass or see a leaf of a tree, and when I listen to birds chattering and to running water in a stream.’
    • ‘Several facilities failed to provide basic provisions for patients such as hot running water, toilet seats and clean bed linen.’
    • ‘This shows that Mars, like the Earth, once had an active hydrological cycle that ultimately led to running water on its surface.’
    • ‘I could faintly hear the sounds of running water somewhere in the building.’
    • ‘Prisoners often had inadequate clothing to protect themselves from the elements, and most camps lacked running water and heat.’
    • ‘The second room was a rudimentary kitchen with running water.’
    • ‘Tree houses now come with all modern conveniences including heat, light, running water and internet connections.’
    • ‘If one's eyes have been contaminated, wash with clean running water for at least 15 minutes.’
    • ‘The path to the top of the mountain runs beside the running water of a stream.’
    flowing, streaming, gushing, rushing, moving
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    1. 1.1 (of a sore or a part of the body) exuding liquid or pus.
      ‘a running sore’
      • ‘But she had an offensive, running sore that lay open from below her knee right down to her foot.’
  • 2Done while running.

    ‘a running jump’
    • ‘I took a running start and jumped for the bed falling face flat on a pillow.’
    • ‘She got a good running start, and then jumped over the cement wall that was close to the warehouse.’
    • ‘In a running long jump the arms are out of phase, one behind and the other in front.’
    • ‘So I took a running start towards him and jumped into the air.’
    • ‘He made a running jump over the space in the ground and landed on the other side.’
    • ‘He took a running leap and jumped onto the cot, sending it crashing to the ground.’
    • ‘I taking a running jump and land a nice axe kick on him.’
    • ‘He must have taken a bit of a running jump at it though, because he travelled about half an inch before capitulating in a salty heap.’
    • ‘I take a running start and jump over the first, which is as high as my hip.’
  • 3Continuous or recurring over a long period.

    ‘a running joke’
    • ‘Not only do the running expenses continue, but they usually increase in times of drought.’
    • ‘One of the film's running jokes has his three children growing fat because of their love of junk food.’
    • ‘One of the film's funniest jokes is a running gag involving a car radio stuck on a 1980s soft rock revival station.’
    • ‘Dying of old age while in the waiting room has been a running joke for decades.’
    • ‘My ‘application’ succeeded very well in its goal, becoming a running joke.’
    • ‘What started out as a convenient short-cut for the writers has become a running joke, at the show's expense.’
    • ‘Much of the humour is contained in a variety of running jokes introduced throughout the first act.’
    • ‘Then for the next fortnight it would be a running joke in the restaurant.’
    • ‘The police's long running battle to take on the burglar enters a new phase in the town this week.’
    • ‘The running joke is about a well-educated immigrant stuck in a dead job.’
    • ‘Alex's hair was kind of a running joke - mainly because it looked rather like a lion's mane.’
    • ‘The attempt to record the ever-changing audience will become one of the many running jokes that power the show.’
    • ‘The running joke is that Anna is wrongly convinced that Catherine is Irish.’
    • ‘So bad was the road that it became a running joke among those who use it regularly.’
    • ‘Everyone had heard of this movie because it was a running joke on the Benny show, but very few people had seen it.’
    • ‘It has running jokes, punch lines and a neat comic economy.’
    • ‘Like many Scottish men typecast by gender, Max's chosen career is something of a running joke amongst members of his family.’
    • ‘Our kids got used to this, and, in fact, it became a running joke between them.’
    • ‘It's become a running joke that I only invite her because she has this huge casserole dish that I borrow.’
    • ‘Still, as their winning streak drained the suspense out of the show, no event needed a running joke more.’
    continuous, ongoing, sustained, unceasing, incessant, ceaseless, uninterrupted, constant, perpetual, unbroken
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    1. 3.1postpositive Consecutive; in succession.
      ‘he failed to produce an essay for the third week running’
      • ‘The former gospel singer has held onto her number one spot for the second week running.’
      • ‘Those who are absent from classes for two weeks running or 50 class hours added up in one semester will be given a record of a demerit for misconduct.’
      in succession, in a row, in sequence, one after the other, consecutively
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  • 4(of a measurement) in a straight line.

    ‘today, those same lots are worth $6,000 a running foot’
    • ‘The cost jumps a little to $18.85 a running foot.’
    • ‘A linear foot (LF) is also called a running foot at many sawmills.’

Phrases

  • in (or out of) the running

    • In (or no longer in) contention for an award, victory, or a place in a team.

      ‘he is in the running for an Oscar’
      • ‘A quick-thinking team who helped prevent an air crash are in the running for a top honour.’
      • ‘As the league is rapidly coming to a close the trophies are up for grabs and all eight teams are still in the running.’
      • ‘So who is likely to be in the running for the honour and responsibility that goes with this new post?’
      • ‘He knows his team are out of the running and it riles.’
      • ‘The issue was not raised after Dean dropped out of the running.’
      • ‘It never crossed my mind that I was even in the running, so it was bit of a shock.’
      • ‘All four teams in the East are within one game of each other and very much in the running.’
      • ‘But they are hardly out of the running for the finals - so reports about player unhappiness with the coach are hardly well timed.’
      • ‘By then the winner tends to be known and three quarters of the teams know that they are out of the running.’
      • ‘Looking a few years down the line, I am hopeful of being in the running to be the first-choice keeper.’
      likely to get, likely to receive, likely to win, in contention for, a candidate for, in line for, on the shortlist for, being considered for, up for
      out of contention, out of the competition, out of the contest, no longer a candidate for
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Pronunciation

running

/ˈrəniNG//ˈrənɪŋ/