Definition of runner in English:

runner

noun

  • 1A person who runs, especially in a specified way.

    ‘Mary was a fast runner’
    • ‘As stated at the start Barry wasn't the fastest runner from the Newry area.’
    • ‘Anna was a fast runner, trying out for track in the spring.’
    • ‘I was the fastest runner in gym class back where I came from.’
    • ‘Ok so I was the fastest runner in school, but she doesn't have to know that.’
    • ‘Being a fast runner, he soon left the two of them behind.’
    • ‘He was the fastest runner at school, he knew the maths and the grammar the best, and on the top of it, he could paint and draw better than me.’
    • ‘He was the fastest runner from his field at both distances, clocking 32 minutes, 43 seconds and 14 minutes, 22 seconds.’
    • ‘I plan to run the London Marathon when I am older, so though I am not a fast runner, I can run, and I have the determination to get through it.’
    • ‘I had always been a fast runner, so it didn't take me very long to get into the park which was 2 blocks away.’
    • ‘Matt and I are the fastest runners in this program.’
    • ‘I wasn't called the fastest runner in high school for nothing.’
    • ‘I was quite a fast runner at school, and ran 100m in 12.9s.’
    • ‘He may not be the fastest runner next weekend, but he'll give it his best shot, rugby match or no rugby match.’
    • ‘The fifth-grader, is an honor student, a member of the chess club and one of the school's fastest runners.’
    • ‘He said as he thought he was the fastest runner.’
    • ‘He was extremely fit and is reputed to have been one of the fastest runners in the village and also regularly won local cycle races.’
    • ‘Madison was such a fast runner that ever since I can remember we begged her to try out for track, but she always turned us down.’
    • ‘I was a good runner, the fastest in the whole place.’
    • ‘The fastest runner completed the course in just 19 minutes and fourth home was a nine-year-old girl.’
    • ‘He was well built because he always worked out, and probably one of the fastest runners at school.’
    1. 1.1 A person who runs competitively as a sport or hobby.
      ‘a marathon runner’
      • ‘As the number of marathon runners, tennis players and athletes increases, so does the importance of sport-specific training.’
      • ‘Over 130 runners finished the full marathon held in conjunction with a half distance event in a small East Anglian town.’
      • ‘At the outset I assumed I would end up with two sprinters, two milers and two long-distance runners.’
      • ‘But one place that trendy diet doesn't belong is in the lives of athletes, whether they be marathon runners or weekend warriors.’
      • ‘All runners will collect a souvenir memento, with trophies for the first three in each of the categories in the 10 km race.’
      • ‘Nearly 500 runners tackled the course, which involved around 7,000 feet of climbing, and 404 made it to the finish.’
      • ‘My father, a marathon runner, taught me the basics of healthful eating.’
      • ‘You can have great track, road and marathon runners all competing in the one race.’
      • ‘She swapped track for road, became a marathon runner, ran three marathons and won the lot.’
      • ‘For competitive marathon runners, this route is nevertheless considered a hard one.’
      • ‘More than 800 marathon runners from overseas flew into the province for this run.’
      • ‘They had a couple of marathon runners, a boxer and a weightlifter.’
      • ‘Every year the number of runners in this popular marathon increases.’
      • ‘In the aftermath of the London marathon, many runners may be questioning whether their performance could have been improved by changing their pre-race diet.’
      • ‘The runners are collecting sponsorship in time for the half-marathon next month.’
      • ‘Jack was a runner; he used to go out every lunch time and even when he got ill he kept on with it for as long as he could.’
      • ‘Normally super-fit people, say marathon runners, have an average heart rate of 65.’
      • ‘I had a doctor who was, or at least looked like, a marathon runner.’
      • ‘Imagine a marathon runner crossing the finish line and then being told he has to run an additional 10 miles - uphill.’
      • ‘People are never too old to exercise. There is an excellent research paper on marathon runners over 80!’
    2. 1.2 A horse that runs in a particular race.
      ‘there were only four runners’
      • ‘The limit for the race is 20 runners so some horses could face being balloted out later in the week.’
      • ‘Only six of the 260 runners declared at the five-day entry stage to run on August 22 had confirmed riders.’
    3. 1.3 A messenger, collector, or agent for a bank, bookmaker, or other organization.
      • ‘The runners, who collected taxes, delivered communications, and arrested and jailed criminals, belonged to a lower social class.’
      • ‘The owners would send money or messages by means of a runner provided by their agent.’
      • ‘Sammy had even heard of one agent who made his runners pick cotton on his farm as part of their ‘training.’’
      • ‘However, they had no phone lines between their main bases and had to rely on runners to keep in contact with each other.’
      messenger, courier, errand boy, messenger boy
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4Baseball A base runner.
      • ‘In which case, the batter is credited with a home run, driving in all runners on base.’
      • ‘The next batter hits a ball toward first base that hits the runner before the fielder can make a play.’
      • ‘Now, if there's a runner on first base only, that runner must also hold on a pop-up.’
      • ‘He's a smart hitter, smart runner, and smart fielder.’
      • ‘With the score tied in the bottom of the ninth inning and a runner on second base, the batter hits a ball over the right-field fence.’
    5. 1.5 A messenger in the army.
      • ‘In desperation, the Greek army sent a runner in full battle gear to tell the Senate the news.’
      • ‘I'm sending runners from command post to commanders to get orders out to them.’
      • ‘A runner was sent to an army listening post, which contacted the Ambassador in Kathmandu, who telegraphed London.’
  • 2in combination A person who smuggles specified goods into or out of a country or area.

    ‘a drug-runner’
  • 3A rod, groove, or blade on which something slides.

    1. 3.1 Each of the long pieces on the underside of a sled that forms the contact in sliding.
      • ‘After a few hours of this we stopped to put the metal guide pins down through the sledge runners a notch or two deeper, so as to give more effective grip on the ice surface.’
    2. 3.2often runners A roller for moving a heavy article.
      • ‘The work to which the judge said he would return concerned the removal of a roller shutter and the runners to either side of it at the front of the shop.’
    3. 3.3 A ring capable of slipping or sliding along a strap or rod or through which something may be passed or drawn.
      • ‘Space the runner along the rod so it drapes gently between the rings.’
    4. 3.4Nautical A rope run through a block.
  • 4A shoot, typically leafless, which grows from the base of a plant along the surface of the ground and can take root at points along its length.

    • ‘It grows from seed, underground runners, or any teeny bit of root.’
    • ‘Buttercups have creeping runners that root at intervals and are almost as difficult to dislodge as dock.’
    • ‘Admittedly they're not very big strawberries, but they taste nice, and the proper strawberry plants only ever seem to grow runners.’
    • ‘Pegged-down strawberry runners may be lifted now, severed from the parent plant and planted out.’
    • ‘Where the plants were growing runners I pegged these down into potting compost with unbent paper clips and watered them.’
    • ‘They propagate easily; self-sowing and by underground runners, making this plant an easy keeper.’
    • ‘Most warm-season grasses develop thatch, a spongelike layer of roots, runners, and grass blades just above the soil surface.’
    • ‘This way, plants can concentrate all of their energy on producing strong roots and far-stretching runners.’
    • ‘Leave about 1 inch of pot rim above the soil surface to help discourage the runners from climbing out over the top.’
    • ‘Herbs that spread by runners are good candidates because they can be contained in the pot.’
    • ‘Trim up overhanging foliage from surrounding plants and simultaneously cut back any stray grass runners before they take root in adjacent beds.’
    • ‘Finally, the pupils used six tubs to plant strawberry runners.’
    • ‘Rent a power rake to cut through heavy thatch and runners of grasses such as Bermudagrass.’
    shoot, offshoot, sprout, tendril, sprig, sucker
    View synonyms
    1. 4.1 A plant that spreads by means of runners.
      • ‘Some, called runners, spread exuberantly, and others are classified as clumpers, which slowly expands from the original planting.’
      • ‘For the same reason, avoid planting your runners in soil that has been used for growing potatoes the previous year.’
      • ‘This spacing allows the runners to root and eventually form a matted row.’
      • ‘Generally, the tropical bamboos tend to be clumpers and the temperate bamboos tend to be runners.’
      • ‘In a nearby field his tomb is a threshing floor bordered by pawpaw trees, sugar cane, sweet potato runners.’
      • ‘Propagate strawberry plants once the crop is finished by pegging down a couple of runners from your best plants.’
      • ‘February is when city slickers prune their roses and fruit trees, cut back their blackberry vines, and tug up bamboo runners.’
    2. 4.2 A twining plant.
  • 5A long, narrow rug or strip of carpet, especially for a hall or stairway.

    • ‘Sliding down the hallway on a carpet runner, Scott came to a screeching halt beside his little sister and reached down to take her hand.’
    • ‘The floor was still that gold flecked marble, but it also had a deep red carpet runner down the center.’
    • ‘Andrei fell in a heap on the carpet runner, screening in pain and clutching his knee.’
    rug, carpet, drugget
    View synonyms
  • 6A revolving millstone.

  • 7A fast-swimming fish of the jack family, occurring in tropical seas.

    • ‘They will catch a large variety of small fish which gather under a boat, such as blue runner, jacks and pilchards.’
    • ‘A lot of small fish will do the job - Spanish mackerel, bluefish - but the preferred bait is the blue runner, also called a hardtail.’
    • ‘Stopping on the way I cast a fly to a snapper which quickly grabbed hold, this was followed by a blue runner then a small barracuda which after one jump threw the hook.’

Phrases

  • do a runner

    • informal Leave hastily, especially to avoid paying for something or to escape from somewhere.

      • ‘When I did a runner from school he was always supportive.’
      • ‘He also admitted doing a runner when she came round and was upset.’
      • ‘It may be only a minor thing tonight, but as soon as it looks like he is sacrificing his personal life so that he can be with me, I am doing a runner…’
      • ‘We weren't pleased about it but he said he would make up the extra time, but he then did a runner on the Saturday during a break and checked out of his hotel.’
      • ‘She suggests to Zoe that she does a runner before her trial, and despite initially laughing off the idea she begins to consider it as an option.’
      • ‘Apparently prisoners quite often used to do a runner out of court after hearing their sentence.’
      • ‘At this point, Kathy climbed out of her own bedroom window and did a runner.’
      • ‘But that won't stop them taking the money and still doing a runner.’
      • ‘She informs Kat about Chrissie's plans to do a runner.’
      • ‘Like so many other youngsters who do a runner, she realises you can't escape your past.’

Pronunciation

runner

/ˈrənər//ˈrənər/