Definition of runner in English:

runner

noun

  • 1A person who runs, especially in a specified way.

    ‘Mary was a fast runner’
    • ‘The fifth-grader, is an honor student, a member of the chess club and one of the school's fastest runners.’
    • ‘I was a good runner, the fastest in the whole place.’
    • ‘As stated at the start Barry wasn't the fastest runner from the Newry area.’
    • ‘He was the fastest runner from his field at both distances, clocking 32 minutes, 43 seconds and 14 minutes, 22 seconds.’
    • ‘Anna was a fast runner, trying out for track in the spring.’
    • ‘He was extremely fit and is reputed to have been one of the fastest runners in the village and also regularly won local cycle races.’
    • ‘I had always been a fast runner, so it didn't take me very long to get into the park which was 2 blocks away.’
    • ‘The fastest runner completed the course in just 19 minutes and fourth home was a nine-year-old girl.’
    • ‘He was the fastest runner at school, he knew the maths and the grammar the best, and on the top of it, he could paint and draw better than me.’
    • ‘I was the fastest runner in gym class back where I came from.’
    • ‘Ok so I was the fastest runner in school, but she doesn't have to know that.’
    • ‘He said as he thought he was the fastest runner.’
    • ‘Matt and I are the fastest runners in this program.’
    • ‘Madison was such a fast runner that ever since I can remember we begged her to try out for track, but she always turned us down.’
    • ‘I plan to run the London Marathon when I am older, so though I am not a fast runner, I can run, and I have the determination to get through it.’
    • ‘He was well built because he always worked out, and probably one of the fastest runners at school.’
    • ‘I wasn't called the fastest runner in high school for nothing.’
    • ‘I was quite a fast runner at school, and ran 100m in 12.9s.’
    • ‘He may not be the fastest runner next weekend, but he'll give it his best shot, rugby match or no rugby match.’
    • ‘Being a fast runner, he soon left the two of them behind.’
    1. 1.1 A person who runs competitively as a sport or hobby.
      ‘a marathon runner’
      • ‘For competitive marathon runners, this route is nevertheless considered a hard one.’
      • ‘In the aftermath of the London marathon, many runners may be questioning whether their performance could have been improved by changing their pre-race diet.’
      • ‘The runners are collecting sponsorship in time for the half-marathon next month.’
      • ‘My father, a marathon runner, taught me the basics of healthful eating.’
      • ‘Normally super-fit people, say marathon runners, have an average heart rate of 65.’
      • ‘Over 130 runners finished the full marathon held in conjunction with a half distance event in a small East Anglian town.’
      • ‘All runners will collect a souvenir memento, with trophies for the first three in each of the categories in the 10 km race.’
      • ‘Imagine a marathon runner crossing the finish line and then being told he has to run an additional 10 miles - uphill.’
      • ‘You can have great track, road and marathon runners all competing in the one race.’
      • ‘People are never too old to exercise. There is an excellent research paper on marathon runners over 80!’
      • ‘More than 800 marathon runners from overseas flew into the province for this run.’
      • ‘She swapped track for road, became a marathon runner, ran three marathons and won the lot.’
      • ‘I had a doctor who was, or at least looked like, a marathon runner.’
      • ‘But one place that trendy diet doesn't belong is in the lives of athletes, whether they be marathon runners or weekend warriors.’
      • ‘Nearly 500 runners tackled the course, which involved around 7,000 feet of climbing, and 404 made it to the finish.’
      • ‘They had a couple of marathon runners, a boxer and a weightlifter.’
      • ‘Jack was a runner; he used to go out every lunch time and even when he got ill he kept on with it for as long as he could.’
      • ‘Every year the number of runners in this popular marathon increases.’
      • ‘At the outset I assumed I would end up with two sprinters, two milers and two long-distance runners.’
      • ‘As the number of marathon runners, tennis players and athletes increases, so does the importance of sport-specific training.’
    2. 1.2 A horse that runs in a particular race.
      ‘there were only four runners’
      • ‘Only six of the 260 runners declared at the five-day entry stage to run on August 22 had confirmed riders.’
      • ‘The limit for the race is 20 runners so some horses could face being balloted out later in the week.’
    3. 1.3 A messenger, collector, or agent for a bank, bookmaker, or other organization.
      • ‘However, they had no phone lines between their main bases and had to rely on runners to keep in contact with each other.’
      • ‘The runners, who collected taxes, delivered communications, and arrested and jailed criminals, belonged to a lower social class.’
      • ‘Sammy had even heard of one agent who made his runners pick cotton on his farm as part of their ‘training.’’
      • ‘The owners would send money or messages by means of a runner provided by their agent.’
      messenger, courier, errand boy, messenger boy
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4 A base runner.
      • ‘Now, if there's a runner on first base only, that runner must also hold on a pop-up.’
      • ‘With the score tied in the bottom of the ninth inning and a runner on second base, the batter hits a ball over the right-field fence.’
      • ‘In which case, the batter is credited with a home run, driving in all runners on base.’
      • ‘The next batter hits a ball toward first base that hits the runner before the fielder can make a play.’
      • ‘He's a smart hitter, smart runner, and smart fielder.’
    5. 1.5 A messenger in the army.
      • ‘A runner was sent to an army listening post, which contacted the Ambassador in Kathmandu, who telegraphed London.’
      • ‘I'm sending runners from command post to commanders to get orders out to them.’
      • ‘In desperation, the Greek army sent a runner in full battle gear to tell the Senate the news.’
  • 2in combination A person who smuggles specified goods into or out of a country or area.

    ‘a drug-runner’
  • 3A rod, groove, or blade on which something slides.

    1. 3.1 Each of the long pieces on the underside of a sled that forms the contact in sliding.
      • ‘After a few hours of this we stopped to put the metal guide pins down through the sledge runners a notch or two deeper, so as to give more effective grip on the ice surface.’
    2. 3.2often runners A roller for moving a heavy article.
      • ‘The work to which the judge said he would return concerned the removal of a roller shutter and the runners to either side of it at the front of the shop.’
    3. 3.3 A ring capable of slipping or sliding along a strap or rod or through which something may be passed or drawn.
      • ‘Space the runner along the rod so it drapes gently between the rings.’
    4. 3.4Nautical A rope run through a block.
  • 4A shoot, typically leafless, which grows from the base of a plant along the surface of the ground and can take root at points along its length.

    • ‘Trim up overhanging foliage from surrounding plants and simultaneously cut back any stray grass runners before they take root in adjacent beds.’
    • ‘Leave about 1 inch of pot rim above the soil surface to help discourage the runners from climbing out over the top.’
    • ‘This way, plants can concentrate all of their energy on producing strong roots and far-stretching runners.’
    • ‘Finally, the pupils used six tubs to plant strawberry runners.’
    • ‘They propagate easily; self-sowing and by underground runners, making this plant an easy keeper.’
    • ‘Admittedly they're not very big strawberries, but they taste nice, and the proper strawberry plants only ever seem to grow runners.’
    • ‘It grows from seed, underground runners, or any teeny bit of root.’
    • ‘Pegged-down strawberry runners may be lifted now, severed from the parent plant and planted out.’
    • ‘Where the plants were growing runners I pegged these down into potting compost with unbent paper clips and watered them.’
    • ‘Rent a power rake to cut through heavy thatch and runners of grasses such as Bermudagrass.’
    • ‘Herbs that spread by runners are good candidates because they can be contained in the pot.’
    • ‘Buttercups have creeping runners that root at intervals and are almost as difficult to dislodge as dock.’
    • ‘Most warm-season grasses develop thatch, a spongelike layer of roots, runners, and grass blades just above the soil surface.’
    shoot, offshoot, sprout, tendril, sprig, sucker
    View synonyms
    1. 4.1 A plant that spreads by means of runners.
      • ‘Propagate strawberry plants once the crop is finished by pegging down a couple of runners from your best plants.’
      • ‘Generally, the tropical bamboos tend to be clumpers and the temperate bamboos tend to be runners.’
      • ‘For the same reason, avoid planting your runners in soil that has been used for growing potatoes the previous year.’
      • ‘This spacing allows the runners to root and eventually form a matted row.’
      • ‘February is when city slickers prune their roses and fruit trees, cut back their blackberry vines, and tug up bamboo runners.’
      • ‘In a nearby field his tomb is a threshing floor bordered by pawpaw trees, sugar cane, sweet potato runners.’
      • ‘Some, called runners, spread exuberantly, and others are classified as clumpers, which slowly expands from the original planting.’
    2. 4.2 A twining plant.
  • 5A long, narrow rug or strip of carpet, especially for a hall or stairway.

    • ‘Andrei fell in a heap on the carpet runner, screening in pain and clutching his knee.’
    • ‘The floor was still that gold flecked marble, but it also had a deep red carpet runner down the center.’
    • ‘Sliding down the hallway on a carpet runner, Scott came to a screeching halt beside his little sister and reached down to take her hand.’
    rug, carpet, drugget
    View synonyms
  • 6A revolving millstone.

  • 7A fast-swimming fish of the jack family, occurring in tropical seas.

    • ‘A lot of small fish will do the job - Spanish mackerel, bluefish - but the preferred bait is the blue runner, also called a hardtail.’
    • ‘They will catch a large variety of small fish which gather under a boat, such as blue runner, jacks and pilchards.’
    • ‘Stopping on the way I cast a fly to a snapper which quickly grabbed hold, this was followed by a blue runner then a small barracuda which after one jump threw the hook.’

Phrases

  • do a runner

    • informal Leave hastily, especially to avoid paying for something or to escape from somewhere.

      • ‘We weren't pleased about it but he said he would make up the extra time, but he then did a runner on the Saturday during a break and checked out of his hotel.’
      • ‘It may be only a minor thing tonight, but as soon as it looks like he is sacrificing his personal life so that he can be with me, I am doing a runner…’
      • ‘But that won't stop them taking the money and still doing a runner.’
      • ‘He also admitted doing a runner when she came round and was upset.’
      • ‘At this point, Kathy climbed out of her own bedroom window and did a runner.’
      • ‘She informs Kat about Chrissie's plans to do a runner.’
      • ‘Apparently prisoners quite often used to do a runner out of court after hearing their sentence.’
      • ‘She suggests to Zoe that she does a runner before her trial, and despite initially laughing off the idea she begins to consider it as an option.’
      • ‘Like so many other youngsters who do a runner, she realises you can't escape your past.’
      • ‘When I did a runner from school he was always supportive.’

Pronunciation

runner

/ˈrənər//ˈrənər/