Definition of run-up in English:

run-up

noun

  • 1The period preceding a notable event.

    ‘an acrimonious run-up to legislative elections’
    • ‘Staff at Luton Airport are to strike in the run-up to the holiday period in a dispute over pay cuts.’
    • ‘The decision to send the jets, famous for their vertical take-offs and landings, comes as Afghanistan faces a tense period in the run-up to elections.’
    • ‘The group sold more than 100,000 model train sets in the run-up to the festive period, outperforming sales of its Scalextric slot racing cars.’
    • ‘In one case, all punishments were stopped for a two-month period in the run-up to last November's Stormont elections.’
    • ‘This tracks with commentators who predict a major event in the run-up to the November 2004 American elections.’
    • ‘He, who has to fit his gala work around a full time day job, has called on people to lend a hand in the run-up to the event, on gala day and with clearing up afterwards.’
    • ‘Cottage Garden Herbs, Ballyconnell Lodge, is offering two creative courses in the run-up to the holiday period, he writes.’
    • ‘His dish, which has a working title of Chicken Mandela, will be on the menu at a series of Commonwealth Games lunches to be held for VIPs in the run-up to the event.’
    • ‘The report outlined donations declared by both past and present politicians in the county, covering the period in the run-up to the general election in May of 2002.’
    • ‘But they were kept guessing by the weather until the day itself, with heavy rain falling during the days in the run-up to the event.’
    • ‘His account of the events in the run-up to Singapore's Separation from Malaysia and independence in 1965 stirred up bad blood across the Causeway.’
    • ‘It is believed incidents of car crime increase over the winter because of the dark nights and cars containing Christmas shopping in the run-up to the festive period.’
    • ‘Police arrested 51 people in the run-up to the event and a further three people were detained yesterday morning after red paint was thrown over a walkway leading to the centre.’
    • ‘The Bolton Evening News will be covering the race in the run-up to the event, on the day and afterwards with our media partners Tower FM.’
    • ‘The events in the run-up to the attack are as yet unclear.’
    • ‘Hotels and guest houses in the city have been reporting brisk business in the run-up to the event with many visitors combining a visit to Railfest with an extended stay in York.’
    • ‘He has already started to plan fundraising events in the run-up to this year's ambitious challenge.’
    • ‘In the run-up to the festive period, St Ann's Hospice is holding a number of events to raise extra money for the charity which has to raise £5.6m this year.’
    • ‘She claimed that the intelligence services had been bugging his private phone for years, especially in the pivotal period in the run-up to the Iraq war last year.’
    • ‘With the seven others, he had worked night and day in the run-up to the event to ensure that nothing off the park was allowed to detract from what turned out to be a dazzling display of football.’
  • 2An act of running briefly to gain momentum before performing a jump in track and field or other sports.

    ‘high jumper Steve Smith will use his shortened five-stride run-up’
    • ‘She will be watching her rivals to such an extent that she could be the person who starts the crowd clapping when one of them is about to take a run-up for a high or long jump.’
    • ‘These are days when there is more rhythm and flow to his bowling, his run-up and action blending better.’
    • ‘He was shorter, but as athletic as him and had one of the smoothest run-ups in the game.’
    • ‘A former West Indies player taught me my run-up back in 1999, at Kensington Cricket Club.’
    • ‘It was very windy down there at the start of the competition and my run-up was all over the place.’
  • 3An act of running an engine or turbine to prepare it for use or to test it.

    • ‘After everyone was strapped in and engines started, a thorough run-up produced three thumbs up and we were blasting down the Chino runway.’
    • ‘During initial takeoff, Redman who was in the front seat, performed a normal engine run-up and brake release.’
    • ‘It was a beautiful day as I made a circular motion with my index finger giving the flight the engine run-up signal.’
    • ‘When we were cleared for takeoff, the flight lead checked us in on the new frequency from the tower and gave the flight a verbal engine run-up command.’
    • ‘The pilot would then start the Allison, perform the briefest of engine run-ups, and then get the aircraft into the air as quickly as possible.’
    • ‘After the new propeller was installed, an engine run-up was conducted with no mechanical anomalies.’
    • ‘Turner checked out the plane, started the engine, and after a run-up, took off.’
    • ‘Crew chiefs were finishing pre-flighting all the aircraft scheduled for the mission that day and any spares selected in case any ship aborted their pre-flight run-ups.’
    • ‘Together, we made a careful preflight and engine run-up.’
    • ‘After he shut down the engine in the run-up area, I should have returned to base and incompleted the event.’
    • ‘One example was his suggestion on how one person could orchestrate engines run-ups so they could all be done at the same time instead of by the individual crew chiefs on their own timetable.’
    • ‘This aircraft was abandoned and sank after the Auxiliary Power Plant caught fire during one of these run-ups.’
    • ‘He made a careful engine run-up with all instruments in the green, repeated his instructions to me and took the Active, number two in trail.’
    • ‘If you have been taxiing under conditions conducive to icing, do a static run-up prior to takeoff to assure normal engine operation.’
    • ‘When we're doing maintenance on an airplane, we may need to go on the runway three or four times a day for engine run-ups.’
    • ‘Engine run-ups are a safety requirement on all aircraft that have undergone extended periods of maintenance to determine that all engine components are functioning properly and safely.’
    • ‘During the engine run-up, the passenger noticed that the checklist was not used.’
    • ‘There was not a spare so one had to be machined - so much for the evening engine run-up.’
    • ‘During engine run-up, the #1 engine experienced a bearing failure, which necessitated an engine change.’
    • ‘After Sludge 1 and 2 had executed their formation take-offs, Sludge 3 and 4 began their engine run-ups.’
  • 4Golf
    A low approach shot that bounces and runs forward.

    • ‘A lot of players are already using the 3-wood from the fringe and on run-up shots.’
    • ‘Arm speed refers to the speed with which you pull the disc across your body when you execute the run-up.’
  • 5A marked rise in the value or level of something.

    ‘a sharp run-up of land and stock prices’
    • ‘DCF can also prompt investors to sell, which might mean they miss those big share price run-ups that can be so profitable (provided the shares are sold at the peak).’
    • ‘That leaves some energy market experts to believe that the previous run-up in oil prices was largely driven by speculators trying to make a fast buck in the commodities markets.’
    • ‘We've had an eight-month run-up in the stock market this year, far ahead of the real evidence that the economy was recovering.’
    • ‘It is formed when a run-up in a security's price levels off and is followed by a series of lower highs and relatively equal lows.’
    • ‘That leaves some energy market experts to believe the previous run-up in oil prices was largely driven by speculators trying to make a fast buck in the commodities market.’
    • ‘This time, the run-up in prices was unprecedented.’
    • ‘These flows fueled an expansion of bank lending and credit creation within the countries, and often a run-up in the prices of property and financial assets.’
    • ‘There was a time when [investors] were so enthusiastic about the run-up in technology and not really focused on what companies were really about.’
    • ‘Gold, and gold stocks, have enjoyed a rapid run-up since May.’
    • ‘Cheap stock fueled the valuation run-up: As the cash portion has risen, prices have dropped.’
    • ‘The impact of the market run-up would be even more dramatic for a worker who already had significant assets to place in the stock market in 1982.’
    • ‘The run-up over the next few weeks takes the stock price to a lofty level of $15.99, a 62% increase.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, after going through a big run-up in the 1990s, Schwab shares were sinking along with the rest of the market.’
    • ‘Promoters of these enterprises suggest investors will profit from the run-up in oil prices.’
    • ‘After such an impressive run-up, you'd suspect that REITs would be on the pricey side, relative to their earnings - and you'd be correct.’
    • ‘It also serves to highlight how the behavior of the banking system during the asset-price run-up may influence subsequent outcomes.’
    • ‘If there ever was a reason in the ordinary investor's mind to buy back into the dollar, it would be the current run-up in economic figures here in the US.’
    • ‘It's surprising that people investing in some firms that have had huge run-ups don't know what they do, just that they're gone up 100 percent.’
    • ‘And the companies behind the latest sell-off are not the pie in the sky dotcom ventures that fuelled the frenzied run-up in the Nasdaq index earlier this year.’
    • ‘In the last two months, Ventura County's scorching housing market has gotten so hot that some veteran agents say it matches or surpasses the real estate run-ups of the late 1980s.’

Pronunciation:

run-up

/ˈrə ˌnəp/