Definition of run in English:

run

verb

  • 1[no object] Move at a speed faster than a walk, never having both or all the feet on the ground at the same time.

    ‘the dog ran across the road’
    ‘she ran the last few yards, breathing heavily’
    ‘he hasn't paid for his drinks—run and catch him’
    • ‘The way the cars are parked, there's only inches either side of you and you're worrying in case a child or a dog comes running out from between the cars.’
    • ‘He rushed downstairs in his bare feet and ran outside on to the snowy street.’
    • ‘Tessa sticks her tongue out and runs toward her brother, giggling.’
    • ‘Jobs used to be more physical and kids walked to school and ran about outside rather than playing on computers.’
    • ‘He then pushed her down and grabbed her handbag and ran off towards Duckworth Lane.’
    • ‘As she ran into the house, she collided with a young man, sending them both sprawling on to the ground.’
    • ‘She heard footsteps coming towards her and she turned and ran to her room.’
    • ‘She quickly opened her door and ran down the steps.’
    • ‘I was kinda nervous that they would run after us but they didn't.’
    • ‘Desperate to escape, the intruder pushed his victim to the floor and ran off.’
    • ‘She got to the bottom of the stairs and ran out the front door of the building.’
    • ‘I shoved those thoughts out of my head as I ran down the center staircase that winds up from the foyer of the house.’
    • ‘I left the car door wide open and ran into the house without knocking.’
    • ‘He began to walk towards the crowd so quickly, I had to run to keep up.’
    • ‘She ran down the street shouting for help after her son Jordan stopped breathing and turned blue.’
    • ‘The girl then ran along Keighley Road and crossed over the road, bumping into an elderly man.’
    • ‘Ryan got out of the car and ran towards the school.’
    • ‘He saw a man run towards the car which drove at him forcing him to move sharply out of the way.’
    • ‘As I drove off, a rabbit ran across the road, stopped midway, and turned back.’
    • ‘He and a fellow canoeist were found after the alarm was raised by another soldier who swam forty minutes to shore, and then ran two miles to raise the alarm.’
    sprint, race, dart, rush, dash, hasten, hurry, scurry, scuttle, scamper, hare, bolt, bound, fly, gallop, career, charge, pound, shoot, hurtle, speed, streak, whizz, zoom, sweep, go like lightning, go hell for leather, go like the wind, flash, double
    flee, run away, run off, make a run for it, run for it, take flight, make off, take off, take to one's heels, make a break for it, bolt, beat a retreat, beat a hasty retreat, make a quick exit, make one's getaway, escape, head for the hills, do a disappearing act
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Run as a sport or for exercise.
      ‘I run every morning’
      • ‘Tony's brother Jackie, who frequently runs with his mate Damian McStay, has chalked up well over 30 marathon finishes.’
      • ‘Boxers normally exercise, run and spend hours in the sauna to lose weight.’
      • ‘Some were running for sport, but most were taking part in the 22nd London Marathon for charity and fun.’
      • ‘I always ran on Saturday mornings because it gave me time to think about my life and my problems.’
      • ‘I run every morning and I lift weights.’
      • ‘John was also a keen judo exponent but he injured his knee and could not keep fit by running.’
      • ‘His wife Helen, 26, runs with Bingley Harriers and has been inspired by him to run this year's London marathon in aid of the British Lung Foundation.’
      • ‘I've tested myself running with and without music and I tend to run farther and faster and feel better afterwards with it.’
      • ‘I run 30 miles a week, lift weights once or twice, and play basketball if I have any free time on the weekends.’
      • ‘Noel is a well-known athlete and runs with Sligo AC.’
      • ‘All of Campbell's children are involved in sport and it was they who persuaded him to start running while on holiday three years ago.’
      • ‘He runs every morning at 6am, no matter where he is.’
      • ‘This is a family fun day and all can join in and run, jog, walk or cycle.’
      • ‘This delays the onset of fatigue, meaning an athlete can run harder and for longer.’
    2. 1.2(of an athlete or a racehorse) compete in a race.
      ‘she ran in the 200 meters’
      [with object] ‘Dave has run 42 marathons’
      • ‘Back to last night's race, which was run, sadly, in what appeared to be a half-empty stadium.’
      • ‘He will be part of a five-man team aiming to finish the race, running alongside more than 4,500 runners.’
      • ‘Spanish athlete Morta Dominguez ran superbly to take the silver ahead of Ethiopia's Ayelech Worko who won the bronze.’
      • ‘The family and friends of a woman who died only a month before her wedding are running the Race for Life in her memory.’
      • ‘The British athlete ran a personal best to win the 400m and gain a one point lead over his rivals.’
      • ‘He was disqualified and later admitted using drugs when he ran his 1987 world record.’
      • ‘Four generations of women and girls from the same family are teaming up to run tomorrow's Race For Life.’
      • ‘Mr Willoughby will run the marathon to raise money for Edale Mountain Rescue Team, of which he is a voluntary member.’
      • ‘Stable companion Democratic Deficit runs in the International Stakes on the previous day.’
      • ‘Many team members are planning to run in memory of a loved one who was touched by cancer.’
      • ‘Ross Flynn in his first race, ran brilliantly to finish in fourth place and win his first of many medals.’
      • ‘He qualified for the junior Olympics, where he ran 100 metres and 4 x 100 metres.’
      • ‘You can't ask a racehorse to run every week and be at its best, and players can't either’
      • ‘I don't think the ground will make any difference to him, although he may not run if the ground comes up too firm.’
      • ‘‘Three months is a long time to be off and for a horse who was as sick as he was he ran a real good race,’ O'Brien said.’
      • ‘A Bradford DJ is to run a charity race for her boyfriend who is being treated for a brain tumour.’
      • ‘A Swindon woman is hoping to raise awareness of autism when she runs in the London marathon.’
      • ‘The first Race For Life was run in 1994, raising £36,000 and this year the charity hopes to collect more than £6.5 million.’
      • ‘A Westbury mother is running a half-marathon to raise money for the hospital that saved her son's life.’
      • ‘Athletes must run three of the four races to qualify for overall prize.’
    3. 1.3[with object]Enter (a racehorse) for a race.
      • ‘Willie Mullins runs Rule Supreme in today's Ladbrokes' World Hurdle, but has also left him in the Gold Cup.’
      • ‘Paul Nicholls won 57 more races despite O'Neill running only two fewer horses.’
      • ‘Any trainer who wants to run a horse in any race must log that entry with Weatherbys.’
      • ‘Dermot Weld has won the race five times, most recently with Refuse To Bend two years ago, and he runs Elusive Double in the same colours.’
      • ‘I will run him in the Knockaire Stakes at Leopardstown at the end of the month.’
    4. 1.4Baseball
      (of a batter or base runner) attempt to advance to the next base.
      • ‘The batsmen ran four as Lewis floundered to the boundary to make amends, but the game was up.’
      • ‘Mahajan refused to run after turning the ball to leg as partner Danny Lloyd came charging down the pitch.’
      • ‘He ran excellently between the wickets as well, especially in the last few overs.’
      • ‘The last ball of the over was hit in the air - the batsmen ran - the fielder dropped it!’
      • ‘Lineker and Cooper held the run rate to three per over, while the batsmen ran very well between the wickets, keeping pressure on the fielders.’
    5. 1.5(of hounds) chase or hunt their quarry.
      ‘the hounds are running’
    6. 1.6(of a boat) sail directly before the wind, especially in bad weather.
      • ‘The wind blew from the north and the ship ran swiftly before the wind.’
    7. 1.7(of a migratory fish) go upriver from the sea in order to spawn.
      • ‘This was on a nearby creek where, Jim said, the steelhead and salmon were running.’
      • ‘Beats higher up the river are often more prolific this late in the season with fish running hard to the middle and upper stretches.’
      • ‘You have to know when each species of fish will run and plan on being there at the right time.’
      • ‘I have seen some very good salmon running under the road bridge on an evening tide.’
      • ‘It was a sight which would gladden the heart of any angler-hundreds of brown trout running a small stream to spawn.’
      • ‘This means that when the fish are running (right now in May and June for instance) there is a heavy demand for guides.’
      • ‘There are still fresh spring fish running, and the grilse are beginning to arrive in numbers, with a lot of small fish among them.’
  • 2[no object] Move about in a hurried and hectic way.

    ‘I've spent the whole day running around after the kids’
    • ‘Most people seemed to be either arguing with each other over what to buy who, or frantically running round desperate to find things to buy.’
    • ‘The world is a dangerous enough place now without letting idiots run round with explosives.’
    • ‘Parita, in common with most new mums, spends most of her day running around after her toddler and says that there is not much time for anything else.’
    • ‘The last few weeks have been spent either on the sofa or in bed with Simon running around after me..’
    • ‘As a result, running around the city trying to get hold of cash has become a full-time occupation for some people.’
    • ‘The filming schedule was so hectic and she was running from shoot to shoot.’
    • ‘Our producer Sally was running round the West Midlands all day trying to find any sort of puppet she could lay her hands on.’
    • ‘We have been running around all week collecting all the documentation and information the council have requested.’
    1. 2.1Have rapid recourse to (someone) for support or help.
      ‘don't come running to me for a handout’
      • ‘They get into debt because they don't know how to handle their money and then go running to their parents for a hand-out.’
      • ‘You care about no-one but yourself so just go along and do what you think is best, but don't you dare come running to me when it backfires on you.’
      • ‘Don't come running to me when you're so hung over tomorrow you can't get out of bed.’
  • 3Pass or cause to pass quickly or smoothly in a particular direction.

    [no object] ‘the rumor ran through the pack of photographers’
    [with object and adverbial of direction] [with object] ‘Helen ran her fingers through her hair’
    • ‘He ran a nervous hand through his hair and scratched the back of his head.’
    • ‘As he passed the bed, he ran his fingers along the silk embroidered bedspread.’
    • ‘My lips were chapped, so I ran my tongue over them quickly.’
    • ‘Becca ran a trembling finger down the list, searching for her number.’
    • ‘She sighed and scratched her head, running her fingers through her disheveled hair.’
    • ‘She felt a shiver run down her spine.’
    • ‘I dragged myself up off the floor and ran a hand down my face.’
    • ‘Adair, surveying his brand-new kitchen, runs a hand over a gleaming worktop.’
    • ‘Andy sighs and runs his hand through his silver hair.’
    • ‘He runs a hand through his thick, dark-blonde hair and stares, unsmiling, with piercing blue eyes.’
    • ‘Matt opened the program and ran his finger down the column listing the names and jersey numbers of the Seaview football team.’
    • ‘She rose from the bench, smoothing her skirts quickly and running her hand over her hair.’
    • ‘Dani was leaning against me, running her hand up my leg.’
    • ‘He runs his fingers over the top of the grand piano that sits in the middle of the room, with a book of Scottish songs propped up on the music rack.’
    • ‘He ran his finger down Amber's arm sending a chill down her spine.’
    • ‘Stepping out into the darkness, a shiver ran down her spine.’
    • ‘Colin reached out a finger and ran it down her bare back.’
    • ‘He shoved some paper into her hands and she ran her eyes over it, quickly.’
    • ‘The thought of crossing it made a shiver of fear run through her.’
    • ‘I remember feeling numb as I watched it, with cold shivers running up and down my body.’
    go, pass, move, travel
    cast, pass, skim, flick, slide
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1Move or cause to move somewhere forcefully or with a particular result.
      [no object] ‘the tanker ran aground off the Aleutian Islands’
      [with object] ‘a woman ran a stroller into the back of my legs’
      • ‘She didn't even so much as shed a tear the day she'd run her bike into a brick wall when she was nine.’
      • ‘He attempted to drive to his doctor but ran his vehicle into the back of a truck because he could not see; he fortunately avoided injury.’
      • ‘During their efforts to help the man ashore the Sea Warrior ran aground and the crew had to wait for the tide to rise to free their boat.’
      • ‘Near the end of that year, it ran aground with very few crew aboard, on a reef between Krabi and Phuket.’
      • ‘Nobody tooted their horns or tried to run us off the road.’
      • ‘A major rescue operation was launched after a north east fishing vessel with a crew of three ran aground on the west coast of Scotland.’
      • ‘Yet a proposal that would have provided tax relief ran aground last year.’
      • ‘Scientists believe it ran aground on the estuary's treacherous sandbanks and capsized with 50 or 60 hands on deck.’
      • ‘The tanker ran aground on the eastern-most island in the Galpagos group.’
      • ‘Five of them ran aground on the rocks at Pendennis Point.’
      • ‘A Spanish trawler ran aground on rocks close to the entrance to Fenit harbour in early June.’
      • ‘The ship has constantly been pounded by huge waves since it ran aground on a rocky outcrop last Thursday night.’
      • ‘The person behind you in the supermarket runs his cart into the back of your ankle.’
      • ‘He ran his car into the back of David Coulthard's McLaren and flipped through the air, landing upside down.’
      • ‘My stepmother hit loose gravel and ran the vehicle off the road into a stop sign.’
      • ‘It was the Exxon Valdez which ran aground on the Alaskan coast in 1989 spilling 40 million litres of crude oil.’
      • ‘The Express Artemis, sister ship to the Samina, ran aground on Friday carrying 1,026 passengers.’
      • ‘She was built in 1966 and ran aground on 24 April 1978 while carrying bags of cement to Port Sudan.’
      • ‘Two crewmen were airlifted to safety from a fishing trawler which ran aground just outside Stornoway Harbour.’
      • ‘Like many developments, Leisurama soon ran aground, the victim of poor planning decisions.’
    2. 3.2informal [with object]Fail to stop at (a red traffic light)
      • ‘He ran that stop sign - this is not in dispute - and smashed into a motorcycle driven by Randy Scott.’
      • ‘In the other case, a civilian ran a red traffic light and broadsided an Air Force member.’
      • ‘Then one night two years ago, Aaron was driving one of their friends home from their house when a drunk driver ran a stop light and hit the car.’
      • ‘On the night of the Fourth of July, I was driving home when another car ran a red light.’
      • ‘He was one of eight people, including five children, injured when the car ran a red light and ploughed into the side of his vehicle.’
      • ‘As we crossed the street onto the sidewalk a car came out of nowhere and ran the red light, hitting a light pole and hitting Mark.’
      • ‘The officers alleged that Busch ran a stop sign and was driving recklessly.’
      • ‘Two young men on a motorcycle were stopped for running a red light on Pattaya Central Road.’
      • ‘He was arrested earlier this month for running a stop sign.’
      • ‘Several weeks ago I was out for a ride and inadvertently ran a stop sign.’
      • ‘Some 220 of the fatal accidents were caused by people running red lights or stop signs.’
      • ‘He was convicted last month for running a stop sign and colliding with a man on a motorcycle who was killed instantly.’
      • ‘Here in San Diego, California there was recently a big controversy over the use of these cameras to catch people running stop lights.’
      • ‘After running the stop sign, the officer hit his lights and pulled me over.’
      • ‘I ran a stop sign and got pulled over by a Solano County Sheriff.’
      • ‘Janklow was convicted after he ran a stop sign while speeding and killed someone in another car.’
      • ‘And when he ran a stop sign at Appleton and Cassat, a man on a motorcycle smashed into his car.’
      • ‘Too many local motorists run red lights and endanger the public, Councillor Banman said.’
      • ‘Police handled 1,522 cases of minibuses running red lights in the first nine months this year, compared with 1,412 cases for all of last year.’
      • ‘Half a block from the apartment, she ran a red light and smashed into another car.’
    3. 3.3North American [with object]Navigate (rapids or a waterfall) in a boat.
      • ‘The other trainees ran the rapid again and again; I pitched a tent and crawled into my sleeping bag.’
      • ‘In short, he has both the strength and skill to run any whitewater that's runnable.’
      • ‘Ten boats, each manned by two skilled operators with up to eight passengers, can be hired to run the rapids.’
    4. 3.4Extend or cause to extend in a particular direction.
      [no object] ‘cobbled streets run down to a tiny harbor’
      [with object and adverbial of direction] [with object] ‘he ran a wire under the carpet’
      • ‘The road runs over a stretch of moorland and drops into a narrow valley.’
      • ‘Here, the path runs beside the river, which often tempts children in for a paddle.’
      • ‘There was a lack of belays at the top of the climb, so I ran ropes down from the top of the pitch to provide attachment points.’
      • ‘St James's Street runs uphill from Pall Mall and the Palace to Piccadilly.’
      • ‘The other location was York Street, a grimy thoroughfare running between Argyle Street and the river.’
      • ‘It includes the 1, 200m wall which runs around the whole central area of the estate.’
      • ‘Taxis will be diverted to Wigmore Street, which runs parallel to Oxford Street.’
      • ‘These neighbouring terraced houses are on a residential row which runs parallel to Castle Street in the centre of Dalkey village.’
      • ‘The last time I had been there, Church Street, which runs north and south, had been a broad and busy avenue.’
      • ‘I am looking down on an expressway that runs in front of the building where I live.’
      • ‘The road from Alcachete to the stadium runs across the huge Vasco Da Gama bridge.’
      • ‘Water which drains from Council playing fields is said to accumulate in a gully which runs along the front of a dozen homes.’
      • ‘On the second storey level there was a balcony with rusted railings running around the walls.’
      • ‘A very faint path runs downhill beside the fence, below a single bar fence and onwards to the end of the plantation.’
      • ‘Resident Nick Jansen, 59, says Swindon Council is failing to maintain the brook, which runs along the rear of the estate.’
      • ‘Most of it is in the Serra de Tramuntana, the chain of mountains that runs across the north of the island.’
      • ‘Wires run from a connector on Mr Nagle's scalp to the electronic equipment.’
      • ‘You could run a power cable down here and then you would have heating, electricity - everything you could want.’
      • ‘Much of the route runs along the towpath adjacent to the Caledonian Canal.’
      • ‘Mr Abbott said he would table a motion at the September council meeting opposing any route which would run across open countryside.’
    5. 3.5[no object](of a quality, trait, or condition) be common or inherent in members of (a particular family), especially over several generations.
      ‘weight problems run in my family’
      • ‘This means they are more likely to develop an allergy because it runs in their family.’
      • ‘Artistic ability runs in the family - in 1974 Sarah won the same competition.’
      • ‘Genetic factors are thought to have a role to play, meaning the disorder can run in families.’
      • ‘Endometriosis can occur in any woman of childbearing age, and can run in families.’
      • ‘Eczema often runs in families, but it can not spread from one person to another.’
      • ‘If athletic prowess runs in the Stewart family, however, so does dedication.’
      • ‘The trade ran in the family - his father and uncles also spent years mining in Fife.’
      • ‘In a lot of cases, there is no obvious cause for bed-wetting but it often runs in the family.’
      • ‘Born and brought up in the Welsh town Port Talbot, music doesn't run in his family.’
      • ‘She suspected she might have twins because they run in both her and Stephen's families.’
      • ‘Some evidence suggests there may be a genetic factor, as cleft lip and palate can run in families.’
      • ‘Fox's success should come as no surprise as rugby league runs in the family.’
      • ‘Bulimia runs in my family, my sister had it and hid it for years.’
      • ‘My mum was a Cub leader and my dad was a group Scout master, so I suppose you could say it runs in the family.’
      • ‘Since coeliac disease runs in families, relatives can have a blood test to check for antibodies.’
      • ‘Epilepsy sometimes runs in families, and can be the result of a brain injury at birth or a brain tumour.’
      • ‘Madeleine's mum Rowena says her daughter's love of books runs in the family.’
      • ‘This is especially true when people are not aware that Huntington's disease runs in their family.’
      • ‘She keeps on telling me to get my thyroid checked, as these things run in families.’
      • ‘He'd always been good at maths - that ran in the family - and English.’
    6. 3.6[no object]Pass into or reach a specified state or level.
      ‘inflation is running at 11 percent’
      [with complement] ‘the decision ran counter to previous government commitments’
      • ‘This is at a time when wages and other costs are running well ahead of the rest of Europe.’
      • ‘Building costs are running about 2.5% higher than a year ago.’
      • ‘Analysts said the stocks were settling to more sustainable levels after running too far ahead recently.’
      • ‘Recent EU indicators suggest inflation is currently running at 2.5%.’
      • ‘The Argentine peso has lost 70% of its value, with inflation running rampant.’
      • ‘It also ruled the council's decision ran contrary to national government policies on communication masts.’
      • ‘But this sentiment runs completely counter to the intent of the U.S. Constitution.’
      • ‘Health spending per head of population in Scotland already runs at the European levels he wants to see emulated.’
      • ‘And that agenda runs entirely counter to what I feel a lot of Mainers think they're voting for when they vote for these people.’
      • ‘Young explains that she merely dismissed evidence that ran contrary to her established opinion.’
      • ‘Unemployment rates in South Lakeland are running at just 0.7 per cent at the moment.’
      • ‘Of course, Scotland knows all about obesity, with figures running at twice the UK average.’
  • 4(with reference to a liquid) flow or cause to flow.

    [no object, with adverbial of direction] ‘a small river runs into the sea at one side of the castle’
    [with object] ‘she ran cold water into the sink’
    • ‘I was so upset that tears ran down my cold cheeks.’
    • ‘He picked up a washcloth from the counter and ran cold water over it.’
    • ‘It is set in a valley, through which runs a river that skirts the Bay of Biscay.’
    • ‘This is not like the tsunami, or normal floods, where the water runs back into the sea when it's done.’
    • ‘During recent wet weather I noticed that water is running underneath the coal shed door and wetting our supplies of kindling.’
    • ‘When you stop stirring, the curds go to the bottom and liquid runs off.’
    • ‘I got up from the table and ran water into the saucepan to boil our morning eggs.’
    • ‘Buffy stood and took her mug to the sink and ran water into it.’
    • ‘She was humming softly as she ran water from the tap and poured it into the coffee maker.’
    • ‘Cold water ran from the faucet as he washed his face in an attempt to wake up.’
    • ‘Mr Lazenby said farmland drainage schemes, supported by government grants, mean water runs off straight into the rivers.’
    • ‘Almost immediately upon getting home he began running the hot water into the tub.’
    • ‘A trickle of blood ran from his nose and he dabbed at it with a handkerchief.’
    • ‘Rainfall runs off to rivers far more quickly than in the past.’
    • ‘She looked up and saw the bruises forming on his face and the blood running from his swollen lip.’
    • ‘She was sobbing and tears were running down her face.’
    • ‘I lay on the ground a long time, winded and feeling blood running down my face.’
    • ‘Even our garden is getting wet and there is nowhere for the water to run.’
    • ‘And because it runs off so fast, there is no ground water to maintain river flow throughout the year.’
    • ‘I could see blood running from a wound in his chest and it was clear that it was very difficult for him to speak.’
    flow, pour, stream, gush, flood, glide, cascade, spurt, jet, issue
    View synonyms
    1. 4.1[with object]Cause water to flow over (something)
      ‘I ran my hands under the faucet’
      • ‘He ran his mouth under the faucet, spitting the water back into the sink.’
      • ‘I rip the lid off the bottle of shampoo and run it under the water to try and get the last drop out.’
      • ‘I marched over to the sink, turned on the lukewarm water and ran my arms under it.’
      • ‘If you run it under hot water you will also find that when you leave it to dry in the cutlery drainer it will dry off quicker and have fewer streaks.’
      • ‘Drain the linguine and run it under cold water, but reserve the cooking liquid and keep it at a slow simmer.’
      • ‘If the markers do dry out, they are easily revived by running the tips under water and recapping overnight.’
      • ‘Rachael ran a hand under the water and then splashed some on her face.’
    2. 4.2[with object]Fill (a bath) with water.
      [with two objects] ‘I'll run you a nice hot bath’
      • ‘I ran myself a bath and soaked, thinking how I could escape going to school tomorrow.’
      • ‘Back in the sanctuary of my dimly-lit rooms I ran the bath, stripped off and sank into the water.’
      • ‘I ran a bath and stripped slowly, wincing in pain as I uncovered each bruise.’
      • ‘I am now running the bath, planning an elaborate meal for one and deciding whether to read, watch a film, go out or write something.’
      • ‘Returning home I found the cold had got into my own old bones, so I ran a good hot bath and spent a half-hour dreaming happy summer dreams amid the steam.’
      • ‘As she ran her bath, she thought about what a fool she must've made of herself.’
      • ‘For awhile Karen stared out the window, listening to him run his bath.’
      • ‘Giles said he was running a bath and it had almost overflowed.’
      • ‘The accident happened as Miss Stewart, 32, was running a bath for her children.’
      • ‘In the early mornings he would stand in his dressing gown at the window, sipping a cup of milky coffee, while his valet ran his bath.’
      • ‘I had just ran a bath and was about to put my toe into the nice bubbly water, when I heard a scream.’
      • ‘I wandered into the bathroom and began to run the bath, filling it with hot water.’
      • ‘I'm just running myself a bath and planning an early night when the phone rings.’
      • ‘She ran herself a bath and lay in the tub just thinking about what she had said.’
      • ‘She told me to run a bath for her, about half full, then to come get her and help her into the tub.’
      • ‘She undressed and ran a hot bath, careful to pour the right amount of bath beads into the whirlpool bath.’
      • ‘I went into the small bathroom and started running a bath for her.’
      • ‘She dumped her bag on the floor and went into her bathroom, immediately running a bath.’
      • ‘The children playing in the camp have never had a luxury on flicking on a light switch or running a bath.’
      • ‘She ran Mac a hot bath, she was beginning to think he would never stop shivering.’
    3. 4.3Be covered or streaming with (a particular liquid)
      ‘his face was running with sweat’
      • ‘Sarah found herself screaming these last words, her cheeks running with tears.’
      • ‘He collapsed onto the bed, his face running with sweat.’
      • ‘Tin shanties litter the backyards of the more formal brick housing, rows of chemical toilets stand outside homes, and the untarred roads run with streams of filthy water.’
      • ‘For some two hours, we drove on rutted gravel running with rainwater.’
      • ‘The streets literally ran with wine for three full days and nights.’
    4. 4.4Emit or exude a liquid.
      ‘she was weeping loudly, and her nose was running’
      • ‘His head aches, he feels dizzy and nauseous, and his nose won't stop running.’
      • ‘About a half hour later, my nose started running.’
      • ‘A few minutes later, my nose is running, I'm sneezing and coughing, and there are sharp pains behind my eyes.’
    5. 4.5(of a solid substance) melt and become fluid.
      ‘it was so hot that the butter ran’
      • ‘Her black mascara was running and she knew she looked horrible.’
    6. 4.6(of the sea, the tide, or a river) rise higher or flow more quickly.
      ‘there was still a heavy sea running’
      • ‘There was a heavy sea running on Monday, and the boats were leaving harbour and being tossed about like cockle shells.’
      • ‘If the tide is running, a large shoal of bib will probably be holding position here against the current that surges through beneath the wreck.’
      • ‘Remember the tides will actually run for a while after the chart time and as you move up the river there is a time difference.’
      • ‘If there is a sea running, the beach may be a bit rough for swimming.’
      • ‘The bottom was barely visible in the gloom and there was a reasonable tide running.’
      • ‘Even when the tide is running, the current is not that strong and has not formed a scour.’
      • ‘The tide was way, way out but even so there was a savage sea running.’
      • ‘With the tide running, the work of moving the rolling logs became almost unmanageable.’
      • ‘The base of the cliff is heavily undercut, so you certainly do not want to be here on a stormy day or when a full spring ebb tide is running.’
    7. 4.7(of dye or color in fabric or paper) dissolve and spread when the fabric or paper becomes wet.
      ‘the red dye ran when the socks were washed’
      • ‘I thought that I had prewashed out all the excess dye but it ran anyway.’
      • ‘Their dye never ran, which is what made all their products sought after.’
      • ‘In the heat and humidity, paper swelled, colors ran, and inks refused to align on the page.’
      • ‘Check the garment's label for recommended wash temperature to prevent colors from fading and dyes from running.’
      • ‘Dry-cleaning also prevents the common problem of the dye bleeding and running.’
    8. 4.8North American (of a stocking or pair of tights) develop a ravel.
  • 5[no object] (of a bus, train, ferry, or other form of transportation) make a regular journey on a particular route.

    ‘buses run into town every half hour’
    • ‘Metrolink commuter trains, which use the same line, do not run at weekends.’
    • ‘The lightning strike also had an effect on South West Trains services running through Mortlake.’
    • ‘She said today that residents had been told the service was going well and could even be extended to run later in the evenings.’
    • ‘The police may also put in extra traffic control measures if required, while shuttle buses will run from Leeds to the festival.’
    • ‘Trains began running on the high-speed line again yesterday morning after services were suspended for most of Friday.’
    • ‘Four trains will run daily between London and Scotland carrying up to 5m items of post.’
    • ‘Many were caught out by the dispute and turned up at railway stations to find no trains running.’
    • ‘Replacement buses will run between Skipton and Carlisle, calling at limited stops.’
    • ‘The area is well served by public transport - the Arrow train runs from the nearby station into Dublin city centre every half hour during peak periods.’
    • ‘On New Year's Eve, normal buses stop running around 7pm and trains at around 8pm.’
    • ‘The train runs between 11 am and 4pm every weekend until December 19.’
    • ‘It's really cheap and the trains run frequently and, more importantly, on time.’
    • ‘The buses don't run late at night and if you are a woman on your own you need to park as close as possible to the theatre.’
    • ‘If the line is upgraded, it will mean more trains running between York and Harrogate.’
    • ‘A shuttle bus runs between the airport and Milan's central station.’
    • ‘At holiday times, when the trams did not run, he walked to the ground.’
    • ‘The bus runs between Erith town centre and Trafalgar Square.’
    • ‘Buses ran between Doncaster and Peterborough to reduce overcrowding on trains.’
    • ‘I am afraid no one will be enticed onto public transport, unless it goes where people want it, actually turns up and runs at useful times.’
    • ‘Buses also run between the Salterns car park and South Parade between 10 am and 6pm.’
    travel, ply, shuttle, go, make a regular journey
    View synonyms
    1. 5.1[with object]Put (a particular form of public transportation) in service.
      ‘the group is drawing up plans to run trains on key routes’
      • ‘First North Western, the company which runs services through the town, said on its website at 9am that three trains from Bolton had been cancelled and six had been delayed for almost an hour.’
      • ‘City Travel Club are running a coach to Tuesday's match at Plymouth.’
      • ‘The RMT will ballot members at Silverlink trains, which runs services from London to the Midlands, and at Docklands Light Railway in London.’
      • ‘Among its other businesses, the company also runs high-speed ferries to East Coast destinations such as Cape Cod.’
      • ‘First Group, which runs buses across the Bradford district, has signed a new deal with its workers to allay fears over pensions.’
      • ‘The firm runs the buses for Virgin and First North Western, who have ordered extra coaches after complaints from passengers in Poynton and Hazel Grove.’
      • ‘Swindon train operator First Great Western, which runs services from London to Wales and the west country, has announced fare rises for 2005.’
      • ‘It then planned to run trains via Sunderland, Hartlepool and Stockton.’
      • ‘However he declined to comment on the other three bus services which are run by First Buses in Bradford.’
      • ‘The company, which runs services through Manchester to Yorkshire and Liverpool, claimed 80 per cent of its services would still be running.’
      • ‘The firm is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Dutch state-owned NS train operator, which runs the majority of services in the Netherlands.’
      • ‘As well as coaches the company runs bus services under contract to Wiltshire and Gloucestershire county councils.’
      • ‘Stagecoach, which runs commuter services in the south of England and long-distance trains with Virgin, is undecided.’
      • ‘His comments come after the train operator, which runs services mainly between Sheffield and London, has faced a barrage of criticism over poor performance.’
      • ‘As well as the Manchester Airport services, it runs trains from Liverpool to Hull and Newcastle and Manchester Piccadilly to Cleethorpes.’
      • ‘First York will again be running free buses for fans attending the Knights' two friendlies next month.’
      • ‘A villager has criticised the rail service which runs trains to and from his rural community, claiming the transport needs of people living in the countryside are being ignored.’
      • ‘The Sunderland-based company, which runs trains in Wales, said its rail division boosted operating profits by 31 pc to 31.5 million in the year to December 31.’
      • ‘But the decision to order staff to down tools has angered First Great Western, which runs services through Swindon to and from London Paddington and South Wales.’
      • ‘Anticipating falling passenger numbers, Thamesdown Transport now runs fewer buses to Old Town.’
    2. 5.2[with object]Take (someone) somewhere in a car.
      ‘I'll run you home’
      • ‘First Buses, which runs children to and from Prince Henry's Grammar School, says the school's tough discipline policy makes life easier for its drivers.’
      • ‘I'm just off to run the kids to soccer practice.’
      • ‘I'm gonna grab my keys and we'll run her to the ER.’
      • ‘I feel sorry for her, as she spends all her time running me to classes.’
      • ‘Here's my car ... can I run you home?’
  • 6[with object] Be in charge of; manage.

    ‘Andrea runs her own catering business’
    [as adjectivein combination] ‘an attractive family-run hotel’
    • ‘This week is Energy Week, time to take a long hard look at how much it costs you to run your home.’
    • ‘Robina Qureshi runs Positive Action in Housing, a charity set up to end discrimination against ethnic minorities.’
    • ‘Ideal World, the company she runs with her husband, Hamish, is the largest independent TV production company in Scotland.’
    • ‘Although the department will remain government-owned it will be run on commercial lines.’
    • ‘Henderson's father now runs a hotel in Broxburn, and she credits him as the driving force behind her running career.’
    • ‘She runs a center that provides counseling and training for young women from around Sierra Leone's capital, Freetown.’
    • ‘Dr Dee Dawson runs Rhodes Farm in London, a residential home for the treatment of children with eating disorders such as anorexia.’
    • ‘Currently Mr Gutman is running the firm by himself, but he hopes to have employed several staff members in the next couple of years.’
    • ‘Mrs Tew, 35, runs a small business providing financial services and consultancy.’
    • ‘Pupils in year 10 learned the difference between taste and flavour when the chef, who runs his own restaurant in Devizes, gave a talk at the school on Wednesday.’
    • ‘He still runs a garage with his son Chris in Lilycroft Road, Bradford.’
    • ‘The increasing costs of running a business are already having an impact.’
    • ‘Up until a few years ago it cost a lot to run a website - but those days are long gone.’
    • ‘Christine returned to Dawson Fold to help her father manage the farm and run the shop.’
    • ‘The training they need is only provided by privately run colleges, mainly in Britain and Europe.’
    • ‘From that time he has managed and run his business from Hong Kong where his principal activity is in shipping.’
    • ‘The cost of running the club is becoming more demanding every day and support from the local community is badly needed.’
    • ‘With a staff of five local people, the butchers' shop in the main street of Kirkbymoorside is still run on traditional lines.’
    • ‘Here the post office is run by 80-year-old Joan Holder.’
    • ‘The East Lancashire Trust, which runs hospitals in Blackburn, Burnley, Pendle and Rawtenstall, is expected to have debts of more than £5.5 million by the end of the financial year.’
    be in charge of, manage, administer, direct, control, be in control of, be the boss of, boss, head, lead, govern, supervise, superintend, oversee, look after, organize, coordinate, regulate
    View synonyms
    1. 6.1[no object](of a system, organization, or plan) operate or proceed in a particular way.
      ‘everything's running according to plan’
      • ‘Thank you also to the teachers who visit our places of work in their free time to ensure that everything is running according to plan.’
      • ‘As a result, the company runs more profitably, with shareholders suffering fewer losses, and with dividends issued regularly.’
      • ‘Things have started slowly, but the service is now running smoothly and achieving high satisfaction levels.’
      • ‘Who knows if he'll be convicted or not, the way the court system runs now days.’
      • ‘But, although the system was running successfully, more volunteers are needed.’
      • ‘Let us not forget that, after initial teething difficulties, the scheme ran reasonably smoothly three years ago.’
      • ‘Indeed, if anything the system runs better than it did.’
      • ‘The spokesman said the council would do all it could to ensure services run as smoothly as possible.’
      • ‘Not everything ran according to plan for us since Mark had a problem changing gears and missed the second session.’
      • ‘From the start we were well organised and the whole thing ran like clockwork.’
      • ‘It will do the city's reputation a lot of good if those preparations are seen to result in an event which runs according to plan.’
      • ‘His job was to ensure the company's IT system ran smoothly.’
      • ‘Public sector workers do not produce physical objects but the work they do is key to keeping the system running.’
      • ‘If the world economy were running smoothly then it would not be a serious problem.’
      • ‘The general view of the select committee was that the 2002 election ran a lot more smoothly.’
      • ‘He admitted the hotel runs at a loss but said that was a result of the subsidised holidays offered to pensioners.’
      • ‘Security, at unprecedented levels, ran smoothly throughout the convention week.’
      • ‘Swannick has pledged that after three months he will check whether the new policy is running smoothly.’
      • ‘Peace of mind is essential among both employees and clients at Magic Maintenance, which ensures that the services runs effectively and efficiently.’
      • ‘If your investment plan is running smoothly, you probably don't have to fiddle with it.’
    2. 6.2Organize and make available for other people.
      ‘we decided to run a series of seminars’
      • ‘The festival will be run on the same lines as last year.’
      • ‘Essex Police will run the scheme and provide wardens with uniforms and badges.’
      • ‘The organisation runs courses in diving, sailing, surfing, skiing and snowboarding at such mouth-watering locations as the Seychelles, the Caribbean, and the Canadian Rockies.’
      • ‘Carlow Community Awareness of Drugs are running a drugs course for parents in the Seven Oaks Hotel, Carlow.’
      • ‘To make sure she was getting the best results, she ran the same search on several search engines.’
      • ‘The course will be run on a very practical basis including workshops with actors, discussions and re-writing sessions.’
      • ‘They will also pay towards the cost of out-of-hours clubs run by a local authority.’
      • ‘Paddy McGuinness is no stranger to politics and has run his share of election campaigns in the past.’
      • ‘We contacted a doctor who ran a series of tests on Erin at his office.’
      • ‘The Scottish National Party has run its most professional campaign of recent years.’
      • ‘She spent eight years running a drugs programme in Oldham in Manchester.’
      • ‘Bexley Centre for the Unemployed is running a free course in food hygiene in the Boys Brigade hall next to Christ Church in Bexleyheath Broadway.’
      • ‘The charity now runs over 500 projects in Britain.’
      • ‘The group runs awareness raising programmes, talking to young people about how drug abuse affects families.’
      • ‘Dirksen was an appealing candidate and had run an energetic and effective campaign.’
      • ‘GM currently is running a pilot program in Brazil and investigating plans for Australia and Japan.’
      • ‘All opinion polls suggest that, if the referendum were to be run again, the result would be largely the same.’
      • ‘He had already run a license plate check on Taylor's car.’
      • ‘This competition has been run in 17 stores and there has been no confusion anywhere else.’
      • ‘Weight Watchers now runs meetings in more than 6,000 venues every week, using a points system for calorie counting and marketing a lucrative range of diet foods.’
      • ‘With a 9% buffer, Labor should be confident of a win, providing it runs a half decent campaign and puts in some resources.’
    3. 6.3Carry out (a test or procedure)
      ‘he asked the army to run tests on the anti nerve-gas pills’
      • ‘I ran the tests they asked in the manner they wanted and they check out just fine.’
      • ‘The agency runs Britain's driving tests, and it wants to make them harder.’
      • ‘This is a great way to test web servers to see if they're running, as well as run some basic tests.’
      • ‘The doctor will want to examine the patient and may run tests to make sure she is okay.’
      • ‘The doctors ran tests on all the babies to see if any had any problems.’
      • ‘He ran a mock test and watched as a large explosion replaced several states on his computer map.’
      • ‘Not five minutes ago, a doctor came in and told Mom they wanted to run some tests for cancer.’
      • ‘The college, in partnership with the association, has since run tests to identify potential Olympic talent.’
      • ‘We're running some tests, and we have him on some general antibiotics right now.’
      • ‘The docs ran tests, determined that both the husband and wife were fertile, and called them in for a talk.’
      • ‘Also, find out if the doctor runs tests, an important step in determining health status before devising a plan to improve fertility.’
      • ‘You can run various tests using this so that it can collect different types of information.’
      • ‘All last-minute preparations were made as the pilots ran their final tests.’
      • ‘In May, the acoustician ran a sound test involving brass and percussion instruments.’
      • ‘A doctor runs tests and tells her she has an epileptic disorder in the temporal-lobe area of the brain.’
      • ‘He or she may need to run tests to find out the cause of your sore throat so that you can get the right treatment.’
      • ‘If there are enough seeds, the scientists remove a small sample to run some tests.’
      • ‘Then, we installed an external graphics card and ran the tests once again.’
      • ‘Then they told us we were going to have to stay there for seven days while they ran their tests.’
      • ‘There were several instances where we ran tests, and had to rerun them to verify the results we got the first time around.’
    4. 6.4Own, maintain, and use (a vehicle)
      • ‘Some dioceses make a contribution towards a priest's expenses of running a car and paying household bills.’
      • ‘I'm surprised they can afford to run a car in the first place.’
      • ‘I now have a 17-hours-a-week job with a local supermarket to help me run my car.’
      • ‘Transport, our biggest expense, includes buying and running a vehicle, plus fares for public transport.’
      • ‘Motorists are definitely not going to transfer to buses when it is cheaper to run a car.’
      • ‘With servicing and maintenance paid for in advance, the cost of running the vehicle each year becomes much more predictable.’
      • ‘Unable to afford to run a car, they now endure endless bus trips to and from Southampton General Hospital.’
      • ‘You can't afford to run two cars, and the practicalities of life mean you need a four-door for the kids.’
      • ‘Remember to consider all the costs involved in running the vehicle, including insurance, taxation and petrol.’
      • ‘Drivers are also concerned at the rising cost of running their vehicles.’
  • 7Be in or cause to be in operation; function or cause to function.

    [no object] ‘the car runs on unleaded fuel’
    [with object] ‘a number of peripherals can be run off one SCSI port’
    • ‘Now police are warning other motorists not to leave their engines running during cold weather.’
    • ‘But petrol prices have not reached the point where people are rushing to convert their engines to run on LPG.’
    • ‘The only concession to modernity on the 50-year-old lorries is that the engines have been converted to run on unleaded petrol.’
    • ‘He let me run my tape recorder for four hours while he and the family talked in the living room.’
    • ‘I also run servers on that machine and each of the other four computers on the network.’
    • ‘The waste recycling plant, it is claimed, would provide enough energy to run the new factory and power the whole village.’
    • ‘I started working toward converting my car to run on vegetable oil over a year ago.’
    • ‘Overhead fans run all day during the summer, and the water in the pools is changed frequently.’
    • ‘Schumacher managed to keep the engine running after the collision.’
    • ‘The machine runs a variety of versions of Windows.’
    • ‘Do not run your auto in the garage, not even to warm it up.’
    • ‘While the hospital runs off a generator, kindergartens have no generators or power.’
    • ‘Diesel engines can run on the fuel without being converted.’
    • ‘Equipped with 21 batteries, the boat can run for six to eight hours without recharging.’
    • ‘Even though her old car is a rust bucket it runs well and passed its MOT just months ago.’
    • ‘Burning charcoal inside the house or running an automobile engine in an attached garage also will produce carbon monoxide in the home.’
    • ‘Soon, his research group will have about three dozen machines running the software.’
    • ‘At the time, different kinds of computer hardware ran different operating systems.’
    • ‘It has been converted to run on LPG (liquid petroleum gas) so is exempt from the London congestion charge.’
    • ‘Drivers on the M4 need to watch their speed more carefully from Wednesday when new speed cameras start running.’
    operate, function, work, go, be in operation
    View synonyms
    1. 7.1Move or cause to move between the spools of a recording machine.
      [with object] ‘I ran the tape back’
      [no object] ‘the tape has run out’
      • ‘When the show aired, I recorded it onto a 3/4" videotape and I don't think I've run the tape since that night.’
      • ‘Brendan ran the tape back a few inches, turned the VCR on again and watched the girls at work a second time.’
  • 8[no object] Continue or be valid or operative for a particular period of time.

    ‘the course ran for two days’
    ‘this particular debate will run on and on’
    • ‘The CBS show, which ran for six years and 147 episodes, was set in the rural south and told the story of the Duke family of Hazzard County.’
    • ‘He was the grumpy old hero of One Foot in the Grave, a TV sit-com that ran for ten years and seized the hearts and minds of his fans all over the Kingdom.’
    • ‘And while I am looking at health insurance, have you checked how long yours will run for?’
    • ‘Thus began a theatrical tradition that ran for almost eight decades.’
    • ‘No problem, there's only a couple of months to run on the contract.’
    • ‘There was a similar operation last year which ran for a short period of time.’
    • ‘There will also be a karaoke competition running during the day with prizes for the winners.’
    • ‘The York Festival of Food and Drink runs from September 12-21.’
    • ‘It was a bit of a con, really - it still has a couple of months left to run on the warranty, but still cost almost £30 to get it fixed.’
    • ‘The nesting season runs from November to January.’
    • ‘The scheme runs for two weeks each year in the summer holidays.’
    • ‘The lease has another 5 years or so to run.’
    • ‘Martin has a year to run on his contract and in the past he has always shown a willingness to honour that.’
    • ‘He said the tournament, which ran from Friday to Sunday, was a great success and the organisation had been up to the required standards.’
    • ‘The annual series, which features local dance talent on the rise, runs from March 31 to the end of April.’
    • ‘The scheme ran for a period of 5 years and at the end of this period the properties were sold.’
    • ‘The decision runs for two years and will be closely monitored.’
    • ‘The first recording session runs from July 20 to 23, and he is currently booking bands.’
    • ‘Local Public Service Agreements were piloted in 2000-1 and the agreements ran for three years, to March 2004.’
    • ‘The competition ran from 8am on the Friday to midday on the Sunday.’
    • ‘The 35-year-old has been released by the Ospreys despite still having 11 months to run on his contract.’
    be valid, last, be in effect, operate, be in operation, be operative, be current, continue, be effective, have force, have effect
    View synonyms
    1. 8.1[with adverbial or complement]Happen or arrive at the specified time.
      ‘the program was running fifteen minutes late’
      • ‘Nearing the end of the day, sessions were running late as all three chefs had prepared demonstrations and there was little time to give them.’
      • ‘The five sentences are to run concurrently, meaning Firth will serve three years in custody in total.’
      • ‘The sentences, which are to run concurrently, were suspended for two years.’
      • ‘Francis was jailed for nine years for the first attack and 15 for the second, the sentences to run concurrently.’
      • ‘Judge David Boulton said the sentence would run concurrently with a term of prison Gregson was already serving.’
      • ‘The sentences ran concurrently, giving an effective 15 years in jail.’
      • ‘The sentences will run concurrently but three months were suspended.’
      • ‘I met that patient's needs and wants, and as a result my surgery ran late and other patients in the waiting room grumbled.’
      • ‘Crop development is also running ahead of schedule.’
      • ‘Her two prison sentences will run concurrently and she will likely be out of jail sometime in July 2003.’
      • ‘She said a series of announcements were made informing passengers that the train was running late.’
      • ‘He was jailed for five years on each count of causing death by dangerous driving, the sentences to run concurrently.’
      • ‘He was given two years for grievous bodily harm and 28 days for the drug offence, the sentences to run concurrently.’
      • ‘All the sentences will run concurrently, giving him a total of three months behind bars.’
    2. 8.2(of a play or exhibition) be staged or presented.
      ‘the play ran on Broadway last year’
      • ‘Kiss Of The Spider Woman runs at the Theatre Royal Studio from tonight until November 30.’
      • ‘The panto runs from Wednesday to Friday at 7.15 pm with Saturday matinees at 2pm and 6pm.’
      • ‘The Road to Auschwitz exhibition runs at Central Library until March 19.’
      • ‘The art exhibition will run daily at the King's Hall and Winter Garden until this Sunday.’
      • ‘The play runs until Saturday, October 23, in Studio 2, with performances each evening at 7.45 pm.’
      • ‘The play runs from Monday to the following Saturday at 7.30 pm with a Saturday matinee at 2.30 pm.’
      • ‘The exhibition will run until November 1 at the Central Art Gallery and is free to the public.’
      • ‘It ran for two years on Broadway to mixed reviews: its undisguised cynicism appalled many critics.’
      • ‘It's a bit of a coup having two plays running simultaneously in the West End.’
      • ‘The exhibition runs from Tuesday until August 29 and admission is free.’
      • ‘The exhibition runs in the Orkney Museum until 1st November, and admission is free.’
      • ‘The play is running for two weeks in Bath, and on the Monday night of the second week the place was packed.’
      • ‘Sunset Boulevard ran for almost a year at the Adelphi Theatre.’
      • ‘The exhibition runs from November 30 to December 20 at the Northside Community Centre.’
      • ‘His first play, A Man of Honour was produced in 1903 and, the year after, four of his plays ran simultaneously in London.’
      • ‘The Lady in the Van runs at Malvern's Festival Theatre from January 31 to February 5.’
      • ‘The exhibition runs until October 17 and is open from 10 am - 5pm daily.’
      • ‘Jesus Christ Superstar runs from Tuesday to next Saturday at 7.45 pm, with a Saturday matinee at 2.30 pm.’
      • ‘The Fringe première is on August 7 and the play runs until August 28’
      • ‘He stars in this latest production which runs at The Churchill Theatre, Bromley, until January 25.’
  • 9[no object] Be a candidate in a political election.

    ‘he announced that he intended to run for President’
    • ‘Although Humphreys bucked the Democratic Party's pro-gun control line, he otherwise ran on Democratic issues.’
    • ‘Labour believes that if you're old enough to vote, you should be entitled to run for an elected office.’
    • ‘Your party has always run on a strong law and order platform.’
    • ‘A Fianna Fáil member for over 20 years, she is now running for election to the Senate.’
    • ‘Collier ran unsuccessfully for the Upper House at the last election.’
    • ‘Thompson said she sticks out from the five candidates running to represent Nunavut because of her outspoken approach to politics.’
    • ‘In 1996, he ran as a candidate in Western Canadian provincial and civic elections.’
    • ‘Like Angela Merkel, who is running against Germany's chancellor Gerhard Schröder, he is a conservative with a radical reforming streak.’
    • ‘Jello ran for Mayor of San Francisco in 1979 but was defeated by a wide margin.’
    • ‘I would just say that we heard Bill Clinton make a similar promise the last time he ran for governor of Arkansas.’
    • ‘This support has been a major factor in my decision to decide to run for Mayor at the election.’
    • ‘She got motivated to run for Congress when her ideas about education were ignored.’
    • ‘At 28, he decided to take his protests to Congress by running for election.’
    • ‘Tomorrow is the deadline for candidates who wish to declare their intention to run for Parliament.’
    • ‘Burton, a civil rights lawyer in Los Angeles, ran as a candidate in Tuesday's election.’
    • ‘I wish you would run for president, and I would vote for you and so would everybody else.’
    • ‘You have to be over 25 to vote for the senate and over 40 to run for it.’
    • ‘We will run on the principal areas of concern to ordinary Australians, both in terms of the international agenda and the domestic agenda.’
    • ‘That was when Alberto Gonzales ran for election to the Texas Supreme Court.’
    • ‘In Sweden, political parties run on platforms that voters expect them to implement.’
    stand for, stand for election as, stand as a candidate for, be a contender for, put oneself forward for, put oneself up for
    View synonyms
    1. 9.1[with object](especially of a political party) sponsor (a candidate) in an election.
      ‘they ran their first candidate for the school board’
      • ‘They must run a strong candidate in the Killarney area - either a member of the family, or a leading supporter.’
      • ‘Fine Gael is to run two candidates in the renamed East constituency, which has been reduced to a three seater.’
      • ‘This time the party is running just one FG candidate in the hope it will give him an extra boost in the poll.’
      • ‘They're running a candidate for London mayor too.’
      • ‘Ahern has yet to call a convention, and it isn't even clear how many candidates the party will run.’
      • ‘Te party wants to run two candidates with a national profile.’
      • ‘He said his Respect Coalition will run a candidate against her in the next election.’
      • ‘The Green Party is also running candidates in both North and West Vancouver ridings.’
      • ‘In fact, six opposition parties ran candidates (although three pulled out at the last minute).’
      • ‘They are running two candidates again, one from each end of the constituency.’
      • ‘She added that Labour may run two candidates in East Limerick in the next elections.’
      • ‘When someone runs a viable candidate who is a true conservative, he/she/it will get my vote.’
      • ‘If the party chooses to run only two candidates, it is certain they will come from either side of the constituency.’
      • ‘Maybe it is time for the campaign to go a step further and run their own candidate.’
      • ‘At the general election it held only Chelmsford, where Labour did not run a candidate.’
      • ‘Fine Gael has opted to run an extra candidate.’
  • 10Publish or be published in a newspaper or magazine.

    [with object] ‘the tabloids ran the story’
    [no object] ‘when the story ran, there was a big to-do’
    • ‘The next morning, her story ran on the front page.’
    • ‘It didn't much matter, today every newspaper was running the same headline.’
    • ‘He said at least two articles run by the newspaper recently unfairly portrayed the council in a negative light.’
    • ‘A fortnight ago, this very newspaper ran the story about Livingston's financial plight.’
    • ‘On Thursday night the Johannesburg High Court granted an interdict to stop the paper from running the report.’
    • ‘While in prison, the tabloids ran stories saying he was a drug-dealer and wife-beater.’
    • ‘The newspaper Le Figaro ran the headline ‘Who voted for Le Pen’?’
    • ‘So far, Canadian newspapers have refused to run the advertisements.’
    • ‘Before long the Sunday Telegraph ran two feature stories about corruption and violence in the construction industry.’
    • ‘Tabloid newspapers are running lurid accounts of his battle with cancer.’
    • ‘Recently, Vancouver's Province newspaper ran a story that took me completely by surprise.’
    • ‘At the time she was looking particularly muscular and the tabloids had run stories hinting she was a lesbian.’
    • ‘Last month Business Weekly ran a story featuring the Chen family's tribulations.’
    • ‘My follow-up story ran on page 16 of our March 2002 issue.’
    • ‘The Times is running a reply by Bill Keller, NYT editor, this morning.’
    • ‘How many stories and editorials did you run on the allegations?’
    • ‘That story ran on Channel Seven's Today Tonight in the week before the Federal election.’
    • ‘The National Post is running a column by Colby Cosh that touches on the theme of tolerance, a concept I've been kicking around in my head a lot the past week.’
    • ‘The Guardian today runs an article by Paul Carr.’
    • ‘The advert only got one response but the story ran in the New York Post, where it caught Lisi's eye.’
    publish, print, feature, carry, put out, release, issue
    View synonyms
    1. 10.1[no object](of a story, argument, or piece of writing) have a specified wording or contents.
      ‘“Tapestries slashed!” ran the dramatic headline’
      • ‘‘AIB hit by scandal over tax evasion’, ran the headline in the later editions of the Financial Times yesterday.’
      • ‘The very first paragraph of my book The Truth about Writing runs as follows.’
      • ‘There's an old saying that runs along the lines of ‘no publicity is bad publicity’.’
      • ‘CD copying is not just illegal, runs the argument, but immoral.’
      • ‘‘The world comes to New York,’ ran a banner headline in the Daily News.’
  • 11[with object] Bring (goods) into a country illegally and secretly; smuggle.

    ‘they run drugs for the cocaine cartels’
    • ‘When she took them to the man she was running the drugs for, he told her to give one package to an Australian girl.’
    • ‘Greene began building a drug empire, using Spain as a staging post to run drugs into Europe from north Africa.’
    • ‘Known as ‘tunnel rats’, they run drugs for the cocaine cartels.’
    smuggle, traffic in, deal in
    View synonyms
  • 12North American [with two objects] (of an object or act) cost (someone) (a specified amount)

    ‘a new photocopier will run us about $1,300’
    • ‘The food here at the ski village is exactly what you would expect … several pub houses, your basic fast food chains, and upper class joints that can run you up to $100 for two.’
    • ‘He wants Malone to reimburse him for the cost of the ticket, which he says ran him $25,000.’
    • ‘With a drink or two and dessert, a complete dinner for two, including appetizer and entrée, will run you in the neighborhood of $100.’
    • ‘A room at the Marriott Fisherman's Wharf can run you up to $369.’

noun

  • 1[usually in singular] An act or spell of running.

    ‘I usually go for a run in the morning’
    ‘a cross-country run’
    • ‘During the warmer months she also goes on long runs across the city, stopping half way to sprint up and down the steps at Clifford's Tower - ten times.’
    • ‘Sir Liam said he was keen to encourage people to take exercise in a variety of forms, not just gym workouts or long-distance runs.’
    • ‘She will have to do cross-country runs and swim in the outdoor pool.’
    • ‘He has already started light training and although he is not yet able to resume his 12-mile-a-day runs he is working out in a gym.’
    • ‘But, within weeks of going out on his first run, the weight had started to drop off.’
    • ‘You could start off doing eight three-minute runs at a very fast pace, with one minute's brisk walk in between each.’
    • ‘I was feeling a bit reckless last night and went for a run through the Botanical Gardens at about 7pm and underneath the canopy it was pitch black.’
    • ‘The rain is lashing down, but if she does not go for a run, she will not have another chance this morning.’
    • ‘Long runs forge the physical strength and mental fortitude you need to endure the final stretches of the triathlon.’
    • ‘PC Litchfield, who keeps fit with six-mile runs, still gets a buzz out of the job and says that no two days are the same.’
    • ‘Everyone, however, must do the dreaded cross-country runs.’
    • ‘He backed away from the edge before beginning his run towards it.’
    • ‘She enjoyed cross-country runs, even with the cold wind making breathing difficult for her.’
    • ‘Physical activity tended to help him relax so he took Valentine out for a morning run.’
    • ‘As I got in Mum was just coming down to go for her morning run.’
    • ‘We trained in Knockbeg College and had long runs in the woods and along the banks of the River Barrow.’
    • ‘He also recalls cross-country runs around the very wet and muddy field where the supermarket now stands, and which he thinks the school owned.’
    • ‘We did a couple runs up and down the country road, and two laps around town.’
    • ‘At 7am, he woke to the sound of heavy footsteps as the England players gathered for their morning run.’
    • ‘As I was taking a bit of a breather on one of the park benches after my morning run, a man approached me.’
    • ‘A five-minute run later we reached the hall, to find everyone staring at us.’
    • ‘I made a concerted effort to go for a run on those days when I wasn't playing and generally to work harder when I wasn't in the team so that when the chance came, I would be extra fit.’
    sprint, race, dash, gallop, rush, spurt
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A running pace.
      ‘Bobby set off at a run’
      • ‘They had just passed into the central quadrangle when young Brown returned at a run.’
      • ‘The minute she stepped out of the door he rushed past her and broke into a run.’
      • ‘She approached slowly at first, then broke into a run, her curiosity conquering her fear.’
      • ‘He hit the ground at a run, not even pausing to pick his backpack up from where he had dropped it in the dirt.’
      • ‘They looked at each other and set off at a run, the girl trailing behind them, and the boy behind her.’
      • ‘Darius turned and set off at a stumbling run towards the entrance to the sanctuary.’
      • ‘The footsteps got faster as they got closer, and the person soon broke into a run.’
      • ‘When they were far enough down the long hall, they both broke into a run and shot up the stairs.’
      • ‘The man walked very quickly down the hall and broke into a run as he passed the corner.’
      • ‘Desiree just rolled her eyes and took off in a run towards the paddock, screaming the name of the child who was paying no heed.’
      • ‘He broke into a run, tripping over things and scraping the skin from his hands and knees.’
      • ‘The man backed away towards a set of stairs leading back to ground level, then took off at a run.’
      • ‘She changed her pace now to a run as the cry of a frightened horse broke the air.’
      • ‘She walked for about a quarter of a mile and then suddenly broke into an oblique run up the soft part of the beach.’
      • ‘She slid back under the gate and took off at a run towards the big house.’
      • ‘Suddenly he was hugging me tightly and calling for Mina who came in the small room at a run.’
      • ‘She set out for her house at a run, and arrived there minutes later, gasping for air.’
      • ‘She stared at them for a minute before taking off at a run, sobbing as she ran.’
      • ‘With a quick look around, eyes sparkling, she took off at a run towards the end of the cliff.’
      • ‘The boy took off, and she followed at a run, interested to see where the boy would lead her.’
      • ‘Jake scrambled downstairs at a run and launched himself at Jonathan with a cry of joy.’
    2. 1.2An opportunity or attempt to achieve something.
      ‘their absence means the Russians will have a clear run at the title’
      • ‘At least that way we could pick up on points that we have learned in the first year and have a good run at developing the project further over two, three, four or five years.’
      • ‘We are trying to win every game but we will continue to give as many lads a run as possible and we'll continue to experiment as much as we can.’
      • ‘As we are currently holding second place in the Eastern Centre Championship, we are hoping to have a good run at this one to see if we can overtake the current holder of this title.’
      • ‘In coming years, while rivals may struggle to integrate costly and complex mergers, the group can have a clear run at growing its underlying operations and slashing costs, some analysts and fund managers said.’
    3. 1.3A preliminary test of the efficiency of a procedure or system.
      ‘if you are styling your hair yourself, have a practice run’
      • ‘Was the hype akin to a practice run for parliamentary and presidential elections this fall?’
      • ‘The following day, it became known that this debate was planned as a test run for a vote of no confidence.’
      • ‘Have test runs with your friends and family before taking paying customers.’
      • ‘Eight companies in three divisions were selected for a test run from December to May.’
      • ‘After successful test runs, both rovers are preparing to turn their instruments on nearby targets on the Martian surface.’
      • ‘I'm giving it a trial run starting today.’
      • ‘I'm doing a test run, so I'm going to post the first three chapters and see how it turns out.’
      • ‘During the week he made a brief call to us, fully kitted out, during a practice run.’
      • ‘Lacking in any obvious rationale, the British terrorism-attack practice runs appear more like panicked PR than useful exercises.’
      • ‘Some of the more impressive test runs can be seen in these videos from Georgia Tech and Stanford University.’
      • ‘I think it will turn out that Europe and America were test runs of technologies that will be far better implemented in the Southern hemisphere.’
      • ‘Skeptical Democrats at least owe the project team a chance to prove the machine's worth in test runs.’
      • ‘Can you assure the House that this is not a test run for flexible hours of work, to prove that it will not work?’
      • ‘Since there were cardboard targets in the room, he decided to give the pistol a test run.’
      • ‘It was interesting work, but it did feel like a test run for something bigger and better.’
      • ‘Test runs have revealed that the performance of this product is at least as good as or even better than that of today's products.’
      • ‘Experimental runs were recorded by a digital camcorder and analysed with frame-capture software.’
      • ‘It's very much the sort of thing you assign students as a practice run, like reshooting, shot for shot, a famous scene.’
      • ‘It was a little project that he had been working on, and he figured it was time to give the pen a test run.’
      • ‘Away from football matters, South Korea used Scotland's visit as a practice run for the World Cup.’
      • ‘Several test runs are being done before the formal opening.’
      • ‘We are having a practice run beforehand to make sure they know what they are doing, but I am sure they will do well and enjoy it.’
    4. 1.4An attempt to secure election to political office.
      ‘his run for the Republican nomination’
      • ‘The obvious consequence is that only people with money or with access to money can make serious runs for public office.’
      • ‘Although this is his first run for elected office, Nolla is not a political novice.’
      • ‘A separate poll last week suggested 77% of people thought he had had a successful beginning to his run for the presidency, compared to 57% for his rival.’
      • ‘He firmly denied any suggestion that he had struck a deal in return for giving his fellow Right-winger the prospect of a clear run.’
      • ‘He has so far spent some $33m on his run for the Senate, most of it from his own pocket.’
      • ‘He was the first of all candidates to announce his run for the White House.’
      • ‘The fact that she maintained popularity amongst Democrats well before she announced her run for the nomination, leads one to believe that they wanted her to run.’
    5. 1.5An annual mass migration of fish up a river to spawn, or their return migration afterward.
      ‘the annual salmon runs’
      • ‘Fish runs attract pinnipeds, which attract great whites.’
      • ‘The Carrowniskey River is also seeing a run of fresh fish, and fish were reported to have been caught over the last few days.’
      • ‘Several rivers in East Texas host winter runs of spawn-bound white bass.’
      • ‘We need you to keep us informed when there is a good run of fish at Banada Bridge.’
      • ‘Crowds of people and predators greet the arrival of many fish spawning runs.’
      • ‘Many of the rivers in the area are also suffering from low water, and a good downpour would do wonders for runs of fish, as well as anglers' spirits!’
      • ‘Maritz said shad runs were unlike the annual sardine run, where the smaller fish were trapped between warm currents and the land.’
      • ‘Reports suggest this has been the worst year for runs of salmon in rivers.’
      • ‘Newport has been a centre for research into salmon and eels since 1955 and has recorded full data on salmon and eel runs since 1970.’
      • ‘On many Western rivers, dams have already severely curtailed wild spawning runs.’
      • ‘This is the prime time of year to fish this region with excellent runs of all species and a large variety of rivers to choose from.’
      • ‘Harbor seals were found to congregate in the Saint John Harbour during the runs of alewife but not Atlantic salmon.’
      • ‘Anglers from Carlow observed a run of fish last weekend going up over the Carlow Weir.’
      • ‘Grunion runs occur at predictable times and dates associated with the highest night-time tides from April to July.’
      • ‘The hardest part of drum fishing during the spring spawning run is getting the right bait.’
      • ‘As the tide ebbs the sea water starts to drain from the river, making visible the runs and likely lies of fish just in from the Atlantic.’
      • ‘Quite a few salmon and sea trout have been seen running the river, although the main run of grilse is still not here.’
      • ‘Arran, Islay, Bute and Mull all contain lochs full of trout and also boast short spate rivers with good runs of sea-trout and salmon.’
  • 2A journey accomplished or route taken by a vehicle, aircraft, or boat, especially on a regular basis.

    ‘the New York-Washington run’
    • ‘But Mr Darling said a fifth of morning rush-hour traffic was caused by the school run.’
    • ‘The crew are also going out into the community, babysitting for young pregnant mothers at the Teen Haven project, doing soup runs with the Salvation Army, and visiting seniors with the Cornerstone Bible Fellowship.’
    • ‘The ferries can't be used on regular runs because they can't carry big RVs, buses or commercial truck traffic, said Stefanson.’
    • ‘Most of those who pass it will do so habitually: commuters going in and out of the city, commercial drivers doing regular runs from one depot or customer to another.’
    • ‘Figures show car use for the school run has risen in the past decade.’
    • ‘The problem of vehicles on the school run jamming up roads was being discussed by councillors this afternoon.’
    • ‘The slippery shape also helps towards the claimed 50 mpg on motorway runs.’
    • ‘Is your school run part of your journey to work or do you need a second journey for it?’
    • ‘What do we do now to prevent the school run causing havoc each morning?’
    • ‘Rethinking the school run and other short trips has big implications for the rest of us as well.’
    • ‘Anyone who goes on a school run will know how difficult it is.’
    • ‘In a separate plan, five school bus runs are being covered by CCTV on vehicles.’
    • ‘In total 26 miles was covered in the tractor run and not a single breakdown was recorded along the route.’
    • ‘It isn't right that lawyers can troll for clients from the police accident reports, or records of ambulance runs.’
    • ‘They are also having to battle with the dangers of congestion from the sheer volume of traffic created by the morning and afternoon school runs.’
    • ‘On our side, we go into the race in a strong position: the car is consistent on long runs and our top speeds are competitive.’
    • ‘I am pleased that he has announced an additional train on the Aberdeen run from Edinburgh.’
    • ‘Unfortunately I had to cut short my low-fuel runs because I had some longer stints to do for tyre evaluation.’
    • ‘He believed Virgin would start to take a bigger share of the market on the Glasgow run when a new timetable was introduced in December.’
    • ‘That equates to an optimum return of 22.17 mpg on distance runs.’
    • ‘The journeys they make also tend to be shorter: school runs, shopping, short-distance commuting.’
    • ‘I teased her mercilessly - what was the point of getting a degree for a life of TV, coffee mornings and school runs?’
    route, way, course, journey
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1A short excursion made in a car.
      ‘we could take a run out to the country’
      • ‘Yesterday, Val came for lunch and then we went for a run out to Milngavie to the Garden Centre and came home laden with purple and yellow primulas for the balcony.’
      • ‘We went for a run in the car and ended up in Bundoran so we went bowling.’
      • ‘As it's been such a nice day, after having had lunch at Blairmains this afternoon I thought it would be nice to go for a run in the car, so we headed off northwards to Callander, where we had a nice walk around and some ice cream in the sunshine.’
    2. 2.2The distance covered in a specified period, especially by a ship.
      ‘a record run of 398 miles from noon to noon’
      • ‘With following winds reaching 42 knots we surfed up Clarence Strait, across Sumner Strait and didn't have headwinds until the last few miles into tiny Louise Cove on Kuiu Island, a day's run of 110 miles.’
    3. 2.3A short flight made by an aircraft on a straight and even course at a constant speed before or while dropping bombs.
      • ‘This was now a critical phase of the bomb run and a time when the formation was most vulnerable.’
      • ‘One day we were in a position in the formation where it was logical for the copilot to fly the bomb run.’
      • ‘They were now going to make a desperate run towards their target, bomb it, and get the hell out.’
  • 3Baseball
    A point scored when a base runner reaches home plate after touching the other bases.

    • ‘Regarding the second question, it would mean a team would have had to send 19 men to the plate and score at least 13 runs.’
    • ‘Maicer Izturis homered and drove in three runs for Los Angeles.’
    • ‘On balance, stolen bases have very little to do with runs scored.’
    • ‘The 1957 Kansas City Athletics led the American League in home runs, but finished last in the league in runs scored.’
    • ‘He retired with a total of 649 stolen bases and nearly 1,200 runs scored.’
    • ‘Home runs are important, but it's more important for me to drive in runs.’
    • ‘It's not a fabulous lineup, but I don't think they'll come last in the Majors in runs scored either.’
    • ‘If he learns to hit the ball on the ground and use his legs to get on base and score runs, he'll have a bright future in the majors.’
    • ‘Too many runners have been left on base; too many runs have not been scored.’
    • ‘The two glaring needs are a leadoff hitter with speed who can play center and a third baseman who can make contact and drive in runs.’
    • ‘In just over three seasons in the majors, Grieve has hit 76 homers and driven in 303 runs.’
    • ‘In his second game back, Durazo hit three homers and drove in nine runs.’
    • ‘Scoring runs is about getting on base and driving the runners around the bases.’
    • ‘He also led a 7-5 win in Philadelphia on May 12 with another two home runs and five runs batted in.’
    • ‘He has done much more than that, driving in runs and showing power.’
    • ‘The Tigers fared far better in other categories, leading the league with 185 home runs and 671 runs scored.’
    • ‘I seem to remember a lot of hitting, with the Dodgers scoring at least 11 runs.’
    • ‘Bobby Abreu scored 109 runs and was among the league's top 10 in on-base percentage.’
    • ‘Nonetheless, for that one season in 1930, he was a model of consistency when it came to driving in runs.’
    • ‘He'll hit some homers and drive in some runs, but he won't do much more.’
    • ‘He also had 240 hits and became the first leadoff hitter ever to drive in 100 runs.’
    1. 3.1Cricket
      A point scored by hitting the ball so that both batsmen are able to run between the wickets, or awarded in some other circumstances.
      • ‘Despite this, only 46 runs were added to the total before the tea interval.’
      • ‘In that very first innings of the series four batsmen scored 203 runs and the rest crumbled for just 67.’
      • ‘But in cricket, the batsmen get the runs and bowlers get wickets.’
      • ‘The New Park player captured four wickets for 25 runs and scored 32.’
      • ‘Leicestershire won by an innings and 151 runs after amassing 681-7 declared which is the highest score ever made against Yorkshire by any county.’
      • ‘His first five balls resulted in eight runs scored for two wickets.’
      • ‘Instead, Australia lost by two runs, the narrowest margin of defeat in Ashes history.’
      • ‘Over the next decade Miller played 55 times for Australia, scoring 2958 runs and taking 170 wickets.’
      • ‘In his 12 games with the club he scored more than 400 runs, took 15 wickets and excelled in the field.’
      • ‘He is one of only six players to have scored 3,000 runs and taken 200 wickets in Test matches.’
      • ‘Australia won by 197 runs after bowling out Sri Lanka for 154 midway through the final day.’
      • ‘One dramatic event followed another yesterday where 25 wickets crashed and 358 runs were scored.’
      • ‘It proved a tall order - the visitors fell short by four runs.’
      • ‘Tanzania lost to Namibia by three runs as the Namibia side batted second and scored 100 runs for three wickets down.’
      • ‘Thompson and Tyrer continued to pile on the runs and completed the victory by nine wickets.’
      • ‘In 102 tests for his country, he scored 5,200 runs and took 383 wickets.’
      • ‘He said that there are different ways for batsmen to score runs, and indeed there are different ways to win.’
      • ‘If they fail to score another run or take another wicket on the entire tour, it will not matter one iota.’
      • ‘Durham dodged the showers to record their first championship win at Chester-le-Street for two years when they beat Derbyshire by 30 runs.’
      • ‘They went on to win by four wickets when the winning runs were scored in the 16th over.’
  • 4A continuous spell of a particular situation or condition.

    ‘he's had a run of bad luck’
    • ‘He hopes by then the team may be enjoying more success than at present, saying their current run of form is about as poor as he can remember.’
    • ‘This followed a run of bad luck in which the engine broke down and an expensive refit to the vessel was required.’
    • ‘Stuart has suffered a miserable run of luck with injuries over the last year.’
    • ‘I've had a horrific run of bad luck with money in the past few weeks.’
    • ‘We sat in the living room one night, talking about our run of bad luck and neither of us said it but we knew.’
    • ‘This breaks up their working partnership and marks the end of their run of luck.’
    • ‘A month later our twelve-year-old daughter had a run of ill health.’
    • ‘In the midst of this current run of bad form, some things haven't changed of course.’
    • ‘Leah tells Dan that she can't believe her current run of bad luck.’
    • ‘I've had a run of bad luck with illness and Achilles problems and now this.’
    • ‘He had suffered a run of ill health in the later years of his life, coping with diabetes and suffering from a stroke early in 1999 which affected the left side of his body and badly impaired his speech.’
    • ‘I had my best run of form towards the end of the season, and it ended at the wrong time for me.’
    • ‘What's more, they stick to their strategies even if they are having a run of bad luck.’
    • ‘Floods are not the only effect of this summer's run of bad weather.’
    • ‘With all this breathless activity, and the firm's seemingly endless run of good luck, it is hard to see what can go wrong.’
    • ‘What he needs is a run of luck that will allow him to keep this awkward coalition together.’
    • ‘He may yet find he is the last man standing come the end of the season if the club's run of bad luck continues.’
    • ‘The run of misfortune didn't stop however.’
    • ‘Their unprecedented run of success has seen them sell out five arena tours and perform to more than four million fans.’
    • ‘The single was originally due for release in May but was hit by a run of bad luck.’
    • ‘It is astonishing how quickly things can start to change, once you get a run of bad luck.’
    period, spell, stretch, spate, bout
    View synonyms
    1. 4.1A continuous series of performances.
      ‘the play had a long run on Broadway’
      • ‘City extended their unbeaten run to seven games when they won 3-0 at Chesterfield.’
      • ‘Both sides have had good runs in their respective cup competitions in September.’
      • ‘In defeating the champions, Robson's team extended their unbeaten run to 13 matches since May.’
      • ‘Sertori was happier with the fact the team extended their unbeaten run to eight games - beating another of the third division's form teams - rather than his goal.’
      • ‘Manchester City moved three points clear at the top of Division One and extended their unbeaten home run to 14 games, but made hard work of disposing of plucky Preston.’
      • ‘Nab Wood extended their unbeaten run to six games by coming back from three goals down to draw 3-3.’
      • ‘This latest win extended Windermere's winning run to nine successive victories.’
      • ‘The good news is that the show is back for an extended run this year and more than lives up to its own legend.’
      • ‘Most definitely, we can take a lot from this game and the cup run we have had.’
      • ‘Their winning league run actually extends to 16 games, having won their two closing fixtures of last season.’
      • ‘It is the first time in five months City have recorded back-to-back victories and extends their unbeaten run to four games.’
      • ‘Still, they both extended their unbeaten runs to five matches.’
      • ‘Rochdale's successful FA Cup run has provided a welcome boost to their coffers.’
      • ‘After a torrid Leinster league campaign that saw the side barely survive in the top flight the Blues have put together a great cup run to reach their second successive final.’
      • ‘Bexley maintained their position at the top of Kent 3 when they extended their unbeaten run to six games with a 25-8 win at Deal.’
      • ‘Palace are three points adrift at the bottom on a run of five defeats, but Dowie insists the league table should be no shock.’
      • ‘He has never before been involved in an FA Cup run that has reached the last eight.’
      • ‘However, the home side fought back for a 2-2 draw to extend their unbeaten run to 11 games.’
      • ‘During rehearsals both actresses have been wearing long skirts and corsets as they will during the plays run.’
      • ‘Gaelic Players Chicago and Tara Theatre Company, Winnipeg, have had sellout runs with the play over the past twelve months and Westport Drama Group became the first Irish group to stage the play last April.’
    2. 4.2A quantity or amount of something produced at one time.
      ‘a production run of only 150 cars’
      • ‘They cajoled suppliers into making special production runs of key components.’
      • ‘Energetic and structural properties were also monitored for stability during the production runs.’
      • ‘With the company closely monitoring and then predicting expected demand for labels, production runs are planned to help keep stocking levels down.’
      • ‘Taylor's principles of ‘scientific management’ assume long production runs of standardized products.’
      • ‘This method is ideal for small production runs of accurately cut and formed parts without a custom-made die.’
      • ‘He says this has been fixed in recent production runs.’
      • ‘High production runs were the only thing that could increase profits and ultimately cause memory prices to fall.’
      • ‘This is not too bad when the number of components is relatively small, or the production runs are relatively large.’
      • ‘Production schedules are characterized by short runs and frequent product changeovers.’
      • ‘We do not know what their production runs were, but this is stuff you can keep.’
      • ‘On the other hand, he says, the production runs tie up money.’
      • ‘Assembly-line production with human labour is most economical for single-product runs of large scale.’
      • ‘Sales of these models will presumably help fund ever bigger production runs.’
    3. 4.3A continuous stretch or length of something.
      ‘long runs of copper piping’
      • ‘Place a separate order for each run of cable needed.’
      • ‘Wire adjusters are a means of shortening or extending the length of the wires that run out to the signals, because changes in the weather can have a substantial effect on a long run of wire.’
      • ‘A good long run of CW1308 cable can be used for ADSL; 50m can typically be easily achieved without any noticeable degradation.’
      • ‘These local failures quickly spread, soon compromising the entire run of piping.’
      • ‘What is the longest recommended run of tubing?’
    4. 4.4A rapid series of musical notes forming a scale.
      • ‘His voice retains its evenness in all registers, and he cleanly articulates Vivaldi's most difficult runs and fioriture.’
      • ‘The scores are filled with amazing runs, double stops, surprising melodic leaps and various special effects.’
      • ‘The first movement moves to a too-stately tread, although the 16th note runs are light enough.’
      • ‘His tone and legato playing are ravishing, and his execution of the composer's florid runs and other figurations is smooth.’
      • ‘All songs and many calls, for example, contain runs of relatively pure notes.’
    5. 4.5A sequence of cards of the same suit.
      • ‘Twos and jokers are wild and can be used in any set or run to represent any desired card.’
      • ‘Decide what's missing from your hand - the cards you need for a run, or to fill in a piece of meld.’
      • ‘As in most rummy games, the possible melds are sets of equal cards and runs of consecutive cards in the same suit.’
      • ‘The commonest type is a run, or unbroken sequence of cards in a suit.’
      • ‘You cannot add cards below the 1 or above the 14 in runs.’
      • ‘A run consists of three or more consecutive cards in a single suit.’
      • ‘It may not be played in a run or sequence, and cannot be played in a trick.’
      • ‘A four of a kind is closed, and can no longer be extended, and the same would apply in theory to a run of 14 cards with an ace at each end.’
      • ‘A sequence meld in course of construction must always consist of a run of three or more consecutive cards of one suit.’
      • ‘The player must specify (if it is not clear) whether the meld is a run or a set, the rank of the set, and the rank and suit of a run.’
      • ‘The next deal is passed to the next person and four cards dealt to each player and played the same way except now you must get four of a kind or a run of the same suit.’
  • 5A widespread and sudden or continuous demand for (a particular currency or commodity)

    ‘there's been a big run on nostalgia toys this year’
    • ‘Two years back this newspaper carried a story suggesting a serious run on the dollar was becoming a distinct possibility.’
    • ‘We’ve had a run on bottled water and batteries.’
    • ‘The threat of disruptions in gasoline supply due to Hurricane Ike sparked a run on gas last Thursday and Friday.’
    • ‘Nervous motorists start stockpiling fuel, causing a run on petrol, which in turn sparks yet more panic buying.’
    1. 5.1A sudden demand for repayment from a bank made by a large number of lenders.
      ‘growing nervousness among investors led to a run on some banks’
      • ‘The participants called for the formulation of guidelines for journalists to prevent them from publishing alarming stories that contribute to runs on commercial banks.’
      • ‘Uruguay floated its currency late last month following a run on banks and a plunge in foreign reserves.’
      • ‘As someone who has no investments and uses the bank to pay in and withdraw funds (I am self-employed) it occurred to me that in the same way that investors need up-to-date market data to inform their investment decisions, depositors need up-to-date information if their savings are at risk of a run on the bank.’
      • ‘The merchant community organized a run on the banks, and the Government gave in.’
  • 6Free and unrestricted use of or access to.

    ‘her cats were given the run of the house’
    • ‘Parents who as youngsters had the run of Glasgow's streets now keep their sons and daughters close to their sides.’
    • ‘How much space will your pet require or will it need the run of your house?’
    • ‘The children have the run of the house, as long as they don't break anything.’
    • ‘I know it can be tough to lock up your beloved pet when they always have the run of the house.’
    • ‘Better still, give them the run of the house while you stay in the hotel.’
    • ‘Moving to Los Angeles, they are offered the run of the house at his mother's pad in the hills.’
    • ‘In return for this, I allow them the run of the lawn and do not eat them.’
    • ‘Because it was only 11 am and it wasn't a school holiday, Jeremy and I had the run of the place.’
    • ‘We had the run of this house, a bungalow with long corridors and lots of weird things to play with and things we were told not to touch.’
    • ‘We discovered very quickly that he couldn't be given the run of the house.’
    • ‘Well, they have the run of the country now, and they still haven't found anything.’
    • ‘The place was practically deserted, so we had the run of almost every engine to ourselves.’
    • ‘She is said to have had the run of Downing Street, until her exclusion in April.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, our beer-drinking mates have the run of a huge range of designer ales and lagers.’
    free use of, unrestricted use of, unrestricted access to
    View synonyms
  • 7[usually with adjective] The average or usual type of person or thing.

    ‘she stood out from the general run of varsity cheerleaders’
    • ‘It is also to help new generations discover that they are not that different from the common run of humanity.’
    • ‘What lifts this movie above the usual run of dutifully sweet romantic comedies is the bright, fantasy-friendly sensibility of its two directors, Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini.’
    • ‘Plato realizes that the general run of humankind can think, and speak, etc., without (so far as they acknowledge) any awareness of his realm of Forms.’
    • ‘You'd hope it would be used for rather more interesting events than the usual run of annual trade and professional and party political conventions.’
    type, kind, sort, variety, class, category, order
    View synonyms
  • 8An enclosed area in which domestic animals or birds can run freely in the open.

    ‘a chicken run’
    • ‘Hygroma is caused by repeated contact with hard surfaces such as cement runs or hardwood floors.’
    • ‘The third garden area is at the top of a flight of steps and includes a block-built shed with a kennel and a large fenced dog run.’
    • ‘The previous owners had two small dogs and treated this area as a dog run, so it was much flattened and stale when we moved in.’
    • ‘Avoid harvesting soil from areas where animal excrement is prevalent, such as in dog runs or from grazing areas.’
    • ‘The cats are never allowed out - that is why Mr Satterley has built a cat run covered completely by netting.’
    • ‘The main breeding cattery is a six- by twelve-metre enclosure, divided into runs.’
    • ‘We have an enclosed dog run behind our garage where we usually leave the dogs when we are at work.’
    enclosure, pen, coop, compound
    View synonyms
    1. 8.1[usually with adjective]A track made or regularly used by a particular animal.
      ‘a badger run’
      • ‘Where rabbit-proof fencing cuts across badger runs, particularly near active setts, the badgers are likely to dig under or make holes in the netting, thus allowing rabbits to cross the fence.’
      • ‘Fences should also not be built across deer runs, as deer will continue to try and use the run, damaging themselves and the fence.’
      • ‘Trees should be felled away from any holes, main badger runs or obvious latrines.’
      • ‘He also learned to read various animal trails, runs, beds and feeding areas and how to track and trap them.’
    2. 8.2A sloping snow-covered course or track used for skiing, bobsledding, or tobogganing.
      ‘a ski run’
      • ‘Skiing from 14,000 feet is a special treat: runs are longer; snow lasts longer.’
      • ‘After a fast chair to the summit I skied a run which took me to an ancient two-person chairlift.’
      • ‘A full Mont Blanc ski pass expands the skiing domain to 762 kilometres of runs.’
      • ‘The ski centre will have 14 alpine skiing runs with a capacity for 4600 skiers, and will be located between the village of Panichishte, the Rila Lakes, and Peak Kabul.’
      • ‘They are not here for powder runs or world-class pistes.’
      • ‘The run stretches away out of sight, curling down the mountain, swooping into the valley below.’
      • ‘And there are lots of shops and bars at the bottom of the runs - ideal meeting places if you happen to lose anyone on the way down.’
      • ‘Of course there's an almighty dump of snow just after we leave, but for now there's just enough snow for a few of the runs to be open.’
      • ‘It's pretty safe to ski groomed runs by yourself at a populated resort.’
      • ‘There are fresh powder runs everywhere; the snow has covered up all the tracks.’
      • ‘One of the largest resorts in Quebec, Sutton boasts 40 kilometres of runs with 194 junctions allowing you to take a different route on each run.’
      • ‘Mike and Pat can head straight up to the moguls and gullies of some of the area's black runs.’
      • ‘I was a bit worried, because the only skiable route back down towards La Grave was an off-piste black run.’
      • ‘At least 200 skiers a year worldwide are killed in accidents, many of which are related to irresponsible holidaymakers ‘bombing’ down runs with little regard for those below them.’
      • ‘There are broad boulevard pistes, delightful glade runs and routes through trees where room for manoeuvre becomes progressively tighter.’
      • ‘It's not that expensive with a lot of steep hard runs but plenty of slopes for beginners too.’
      • ‘The courses are well maintained with machinery for tramping the runs and artificial snow machines.’
      • ‘Most of the 200 or so runs across the two mountains are far more sedate, and Whistler is even establishing a reputation as a decent place to learn to ski.’
      • ‘Experience is needed for snowboarding because of the many narrow runs with death-defying drops and long, momentum-sapping flat sections.’
      • ‘Powder hounds won't be disappointed either as there are excellent off-piste skiing and mogul runs, but it's wise to ask for a guide if you take the uncharted option.’
      • ‘Four of the runs were open, but our weekend wasn't about skiing.’
      • ‘You face the frequent ski fanatic's dilemma: all year long you fantasise about adrenalin-pumping runs with mogul fields to die for, while your partner, frankly, doesn't.’
    3. 8.3NZ, Australian A large open stretch of land used for pasture or the raising of stock.
      ‘one of the richest cattle runs of the district’
      • ‘When the pastoralists pushed north, looking for grazing land and runs for their sheep, Thomas Elder was one of them to take up large leases in the Beltana area.’
      • ‘The great cause of conflict was Aborigines taking cattle and sheep from newly established grazing runs.’
  • 9North American A line of unraveled stitches in stockings or tights.

    • ‘Seam sealants have a wide variety of uses, including stopping hosiery runs.’
    • ‘Take all your tights (check them first for runs and holes) and put them in a lined basket.’
    • ‘Her legs were old and worn, tiny blue and purple veins played along the backs of her knees, and stockings with runs as long as the Mississippi fell to her ankles.’
    ladder, rip, tear, snag, hole
    View synonyms
  • 10A downward trickle of paint or a similar substance when applied too thickly.

    • ‘Apply varnish full strength, taking extra care to avoid runs and sags.’
    • ‘This can mean paint runs, sags and wrinkling on vertical surfaces, plus an overall reduced rate of coverage per gallon.’
  • 11A small stream or brook.

    • ‘Then I heard and saw a good rise that was obviously from a much bigger fish at the bottom of a run under some trees.’
    • ‘Fall floods seem to have improved the river topography and most who have walked the river suggest the number of runs with fish-holding potential has vastly improved.’
  • 12informal Diarrhea.

  • 13Nautical
    The after part of a ship's bottom where it rises and narrows toward the stern.

    • ‘Having a coarse run, she carried a huge body of water in her wake, in which the rudder was useless.’

Usage

On the use of verbs used with and instead of a to infinitive, as in run and fetch the paper, see and

Phrases

  • be run off one's feet

  • come running

    • Be eager to do what someone wants.

      ‘he had only to snap his fingers, and she would come running’
      • ‘It drove her mad that I didn't come running when she snapped her fingers.’
      • ‘They can't simply choose which dictators they want toppled and expect us to come running each time.’
      • ‘But what will happen if she snaps her fingers, and they do not come running?’
      • ‘Every once in a while he has flings but when Michelle crooks her finger he comes running.’
      • ‘I don't know how you do it, but whenever you crook your little finger, we all come running.’
      • ‘Bobby Orr was single then, and all he had to do was crook his finger and the girls would come running.’
  • give someone/something a (good) run for their money

    • Provide someone or something with challenging competition or opposition.

      • ‘Starting the main event in seventh spot, the Airdrie driver managed to make his way to third and was giving the leaders a run for their money.’
      • ‘Nestlé chiefs were staying tight-lipped about the research, but it is believed they are thrilled to be giving Cadbury a run for their money.’
      • ‘There's only the two women in the final eight, so hopefully we can give the men a run for their money.’
      • ‘Mr Mitchell was particularly upset that the behaviour came from teenage girls rather than boys but as we have seen in recent months, when it comes to anti-social behaviour the girls are giving the boys a run for their money.’
      • ‘Murphy is also adamant that despite their substandard performance in the Leinster final they will give Limerick a run for their money.’
      • ‘We are confident that with fares from £48 return including taxes, we will give the railways a run for their money.’
      • ‘She was the British Ladies Rally Champion for three successive years, from 1976 to 1978 and continues to give the competition a run for their money.’
      • ‘I will tell you this, we fear nobody and if we get a home draw we would give our opponents a run for their money.’
      • ‘In a sport typically dominated by males, 16 year-old Makara Martin has been giving the boys a run for their money.’
      • ‘If there was a civic award for the best cross country ski town in the United States, the Twin Cities would give all competition a run for their money.’
  • have a (good) run for one's money

    • Derive reward or enjoyment in return for one's outlay or efforts.

      • ‘Companies involved in learning and education performed well and telecommunications also had a good run for its money.’
      • ‘Investors have also had a good run for their money: the shares were floated on the Stock Market in 1987 at an equivalent of 45p and yesterday managed to level out at 260p.’
  • on the run

    • 1Trying to avoid being captured.

      ‘a kidnapper on the run from the FBI’
      • ‘The arrested man is a 46-year-old English criminal who is on the run and wanted in Britain.’
      • ‘Only one of the kidnappers was arrested; others are still on the run.’
      • ‘Police today took the unusual step of naming a wanted Bradford criminal currently on the run from justice.’
      • ‘A courageous North Yorkshire man who helped catch a criminal on the run from police will tomorrow be honoured with a posthumous award.’
      • ‘Max became a household name in 1997 when he was shot by a criminal on the run from police.’
      • ‘Of the 33 detainees who escaped, 12 are still on the run and at least three more are facing criminal trial.’
      • ‘Jafta said a 45-year-old woman who harboured the three fugitives during their time on the run was also arrested.’
      • ‘As part of the operation police searched a number of addresses, including one in the Costa del Sol, a notorious haven for British criminals on the run from the UK.’
      • ‘Gotovina is a famous war criminal on the run who has eluded capture.’
      • ‘Tommy was captured the following month after a year on the run.’
      on the loose, at large, loose
      View synonyms
    • 2While running.

      ‘he took a pass on the run’
      • ‘Milt Palacio's ability to find teammates on the run and thread passes has helped the offense become more productive.’
      • ‘Federer looks a different player to the one who struggled against Martin Verkerk yesterday and he produces a stunning pass on the run to move to 0-30.’
      • ‘They work on different passes, footwork and throwing on the run.’
      • ‘His footwork has been much better, and he's even completing some passes on the run.’
      • ‘A long pass from Tommy Fitzgerald was taken on the run by Darren Dunphy and he cut in along the end line to punch a point and leave the sides level after 12 minutes.’
      • ‘The Highlanders' first break came in seven minutes and ex-Killie midfielder David Bagan should have done better with a shot on the run from a Tokely return pass.’
      • ‘Garrard completed 50 percent of his passes in the past two games and has been better on the run than throwing the ball.’
      • ‘Novak unleashes a forehand passing winner on the run and Henman then double-faults to go 15-40 down.’
      • ‘While not quite taking their shots on the run, Toms and Montgomerie were clearly in a hurry to go home.’
      • ‘Some of the photographs appear posed, but a lot of them you've just captured on the run.’
      1. 2.1Continuously active and busy.
        ‘I'm on the run every minute of the day’
        • ‘Indigestion is aggravated by ‘hurry sickness’ - eating on the run and bolting down your food.’
        • ‘Her aunt was always on the run, always had to be somewhere doing something.’
        • ‘When you're in a hurry and lunch on the run is your only option, where better than Matt Lyons shop on Stephen Street to get a quick bite to bring back to the office.’
        • ‘Receiving emails by phone is ideal for a busy person on the run.’
        busy, rushing about, rushed off one's feet, dashing about, hurrying about, in a rush, in a hurry, on the move, active
        View synonyms
  • run a blockade

    • (of a ship) manage to enter or leave a blockaded port.

      • ‘During the Spanish American War the ‘Adula’ was seized June 29, 1898 by the U.S. cruiser ‘Marblehead’ for attempting to run a blockade at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.’
      • ‘Since his health had not completely returned and his education had not been completed he ran a blockade and went to Europe.’
      • ‘Fifty-seven suspects trying to run a blockade were arrested on the ship.’
      • ‘At first, Russia wanted the entire city - they even ran a blockade to claim it, but the division was finally allowed.’
      • ‘He was captured while running a blockade off the coast of Wilmington, North Carolina, and placed in an army prison at Point Lookout, Maryland.’
      • ‘It is so desperate that they will risk running a blockade without any support since there is no other chance of their survival.’
      • ‘Fourthly, more and more foreigners used Beijing as their springboard to run a blockade to the third country.’
      • ‘If the neutral ship owner tries to run a blockade and is caught, his property suffers penalty, just as dealers trying to introduce provisions into a besieged town would lose their venture.’
      • ‘So they will actually be able to run a blockade if they come across one.’
      • ‘Our soldiers battled for Stalingrad, ran a blockade of Leningrad, set free our land and peoples of Europe from fascism, stormed Berlin under the red flag of our powerful country.’
  • run afoul (or foul) of

    • 1Nautical
      Collide or become entangled with (an obstacle or another vessel)

      ‘another ship ran afoul of us’
      • ‘It was in full sail close to us, luffing a little and standing across our course, and so close we had to strike sail to avoid running foul of her, while they too turned hard to let us pass.’
      • ‘Entering Bogue Inlet about dusk last May, the Coast Guard's rigid hull inflatable ran afoul of some breaking waves as the inlet bar was up that day.’
    • 2Come into conflict with; go against.

      ‘the act may run afoul of consumer protection legislation’
      • ‘Lombard's admission means he now joins Michelle Smith and Hendricken as the third Irish athlete banned after running foul of testing for performance-enhancing substances.’
      • ‘His guesthouse became a haven for travellers from across the world, a place to relax without worrying about dress restrictions or running foul of the police.’
      • ‘They've run afoul of the law and wound up in jail.’
      • ‘It's not so easy for an American organization to pay a large number of individuals from around the world, without running afoul of various IRS regulations.’
      • ‘Franz Ferdinand run the risk of running foul of the law in the US after deciding to use subliminal messages on their new album.’
      • ‘Because every year there are more rules and laws for us to run afoul of.’
      • ‘Might we think that there are times when it might permissible, perhaps obligatory, for us to do something that runs afoul of the rule of law in the name of a greater good?’
      • ‘Student gangs are a feature of school life and the teacher who runs afoul of any member of a gang, whether male or female, is in for a torrid time.’
      • ‘He received a medical degree in 1884 but was soon dismissed from Boston City Hospital after running afoul of the rigid strictures governing medical practice by young doctors.’
      • ‘Since a man has been charged with that murder, the short film clip risked running foul of the law on contempt of court.’
  • run dry

    • 1(of a well or river) cease to flow or have any water.

      • ‘And in a place where the rivers are running dry, and the harvest has been ruined by drought, the specter of starvation is looming ever larger.’
      • ‘From Bombay to Beijing, rivers are running dry or are so polluted they cannot support life.’
      • ‘The phrase about not missing water until your river runs dry has never felt so apt.’
      • ‘It didn't rain for months, and water was rationed as the reservoirs ran dry.’
      • ‘Council chief executive Glenn Snelgrove is urging residents to conserve water to stop the reservoirs from running dry.’
      • ‘Traffic gridlock is commonplace, air pollution levels are soaring and, most alarmingly, the thirst for water means the mighty Colorado River is increasingly running dry.’
      • ‘Sana'a's population has doubled every six years since 1972, but the aquifer on which it depends for water could run dry by 2010, according to the World Bank.’
      • ‘Reservoirs are running dry, unable to meet demands for drinking water and crop irrigation.’
      • ‘The Environment Agency has conducted similar studies each summer since the 1995 drought that resulted in many reservoirs and rivers across Yorkshire running dry.’
      • ‘And last month, more than half of France's 95 local government regions introduced water rationing as rivers began to run dry in the most serious drought to strike the country for 25 years.’
      1. 1.1(especially of a source of money or information) be completely used up.
        ‘municipal relief funds had long since run dry’
        • ‘If this source of finance runs dry, desperate borrowers like Lucent will have no place to turn.’
        • ‘Gas stations ran dry in Europe, their supplies blocked by protesters fuming over rising fuel costs.’
        • ‘Then reports started to come in to the Evening Press that York petrol stations were running dry.’
        • ‘On Thursday, Highway Motors in Port Alfred had to turn away several motorists again after unleaded petrol supplies ran dry.’
        • ‘With gas supplies to Ireland from current sources expected to run dry by 2004, the government is anxious for one or more of these projects to get under way.’
        • ‘Extra ale had to be drafted in on Saturday morning for the Campaign for Real Ale's three-day event in the Coronation Hall to make sure supplies did not run dry.’
        • ‘Back then, blockades of oil refineries led to many petrol stations running dry and massive queues as desperate motorists tried to get a share of what little petrol was available.’
        • ‘The government reassures us that cash machines will not run dry, and that supermarkets will have enough supplies between Christmas and the New Year.’
        • ‘If the President is truly worried about the federal coffers running dry he should stop cutting taxes for us better-off folk.’
        • ‘But sometimes, even my goodwill supply runs dry.’
  • run an errand

    • Carry out an errand, typically on someone else's behalf.

      • ‘One week later, Colas, a sixth-grade student of the Lewis Yard Primary School failed to return home after running an errand for his mother who sent him to a nearby house to purchase some items.’
      • ‘I just returned home from running an errand to find this business card stuck in our door.’
      • ‘Mom says, ‘Would you watch Cole for me while I run an errand?’’
      • ‘Seniors will appreciate an offer to write a letter for them, make a phone call or run an errand while you're there.’
      • ‘I have to go run an errand, I'll be back in like ten minutes, okay?’
      • ‘I want you to run an errand for me, to the village.’
      • ‘She had had to go run an errand for her mom out at the grocery store, while Richard had still been there, and he had said he'd come along.’
      • ‘She had disappeared while out running an errand for her mother.’
      • ‘Closed circuit TV footage from a convenience store near his home showed him running an errand for his mother at 5.02 pm, after which he returned home.’
      • ‘Police were last night searching for a boy aged nine missing for more than 24 hours after leaving his home to run an errand.’
  • (make a) run for it

    • Attempt to escape someone or something by running away.

      • ‘The logical choice was to go quietly and hope that she'd be able to escape, but she could also make a run for it if she thought she was fast enough.’
      • ‘Mr Robinson then felt convinced that something serious was about to take place, and he took to his heels and ran for it.’
      • ‘Sam even made a sad attempt to run for it but Jordan grabbed her.’
      • ‘Many young people might run for it if they thought they were being chased by a gang.’
      • ‘Martin makes a run for it, afraid his father will give him a beating.’
      • ‘A spokesman for Bedfordshire Police said that officers had been impressed by the prisoners' decision to stay and help the injured rather than make a run for it.’
      • ‘FInally, after a couple of hours we decided to make another run for it to cross the line.’
      • ‘When one of the guardsmen turned the other way, Ed ran for it, over the tracks and to the main road.’
      • ‘Some people gave themselves up and were arrested, others made breakout attempts, climbing over containers and running for it.’
      • ‘While the sheriff is distracted Eavan runs for it.’
      flee, make a run for it, run away, run off, take flight, make off, take off, take to one's heels, make a break for it, bolt, beat a retreat, beat a hasty retreat, make a quick exit, make one's getaway, escape, head for the hills, take oneself off, decamp, abscond, do a disappearing act
      beat it, clear off, clear out, vamoose, skedaddle, split, cut and run, leg it, show a clean pair of heels, scram, hook it, fly the coop, do a fade
      do a runner, scarper, do a bunk
      light out, bug out, cut out, peel out, take a powder, skidoo
      flee, run away, make a run for it, run for it, take flight, make off, take off, take to one's heels, make a break for it, bolt, beat a retreat, beat a hasty retreat, make a quick exit, make one's getaway, escape, head for the hills, make oneself scarce, decamp, abscond, do a disappearing act
      flee, run away, run off, make a run for it, run for it, take flight, make off, take off, take to one's heels, make a break for it, bolt, beat a retreat, beat a hasty retreat, make a quick exit, make one's getaway, escape, head for the hills, do a disappearing act
      View synonyms
  • run the gauntlet

  • run high

    • 1(of a river) be full and close to overflowing, with a strong current.

      • ‘The Grand River is running high and hard this morning.’
      • ‘Homeowners and businesses in Sheffield and Doncaster had to pump water from downstairs rooms and cellars and loud hailers were used to warn businesses that the River Sheaf was running high close to Midland Station.’
      • ‘The river is running high, and the boats settle into the current south of the Wilson Bridge.’
      • ‘Floods also caused some rail services to be diverted, and the Environment Agency issued warnings via loudhailers that the River Sheaf near Sheffield's Midland Rail Station was running high.’
      • ‘It's spring in western Montana; the rivers are running high and the newspapers are running stories of capsized canoes and dogs washed away.’
      • ‘The river ran high with a fast, central ribbon of foam.’
      be strong, be vehement, be fervent, be passionate, be intense
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1(of feelings) be intense.
        ‘passions run high when marriages break up’
        • ‘This is obviously an emotive issue, and emotions are currently running high.’
        • ‘Emotions were running high and people were obviously worried about their jobs.’
        • ‘Feelings are running high in Sligo at the moment and passions are only set to increase in the run-up to January 1.’
        • ‘In the final analysis, outsiders may wonder why passions are running so high on both sides of the divide.’
        • ‘Ricketts said: ‘Confidence is running high in the camp and everyone is feeling a lot happier after our run of three wins in four games.’’
        • ‘As always, passions will be running high at the start of the game and the play will be fast and furious.’
        • ‘Passions have been running high in the Australian community with regard to her twenty-year sentence for drug trafficking; the majority of people believed she was innocent.’
        • ‘Whenever you have tensions running high and military forces in close proximity to each other, you have the potential for conflict.’
        • ‘Passions continued to run high in the Italian city of Genoa last night despite the end of the G8 summit.’
        • ‘Feelings are running high on all sides, with some farmers saying the crisis has been mishandled, while others have seemingly profited from distress by claiming compensation of more than £1 million each.’
        be strong, be vehement, be fervent, be passionate, be intense
        View synonyms
    • see high
      be strong, be vehement, be fervent, be passionate, be intense
      View synonyms
  • run oneself into the ground

  • run its course

  • run low (or short)

    • 1Become depleted.

      ‘supplies had run short’
      • ‘Those most affected when supplies ran low were the poor.’
      • ‘However, while water and medical supplies are running short in some areas stockpiling means that food is not yet generally scarce.’
      • ‘In this context, it's worth noting that the wholesale price for coal has also soared, even though there are no substantial worries about supplies running low.’
      • ‘Cod supplies have been running short because of fishing restrictions imposed in the North Sea in a bid to repopulate depleted stocks.’
      • ‘Much of the city was still without electricity, gas and drinking water last night with food supplies running low.’
      • ‘Preservation of food has been a problem or the human race since prehistoric times, since natural supplies of food run short in the winter and few foods keep for long without some preservative measures being taken.’
      • ‘He predicts that a famine affecting up to 15 million of his people will hit next spring because the twice-yearly rains have largely failed and home-produced food supplies are already running low.’
      • ‘If your water supply runs low, do not ration drinking water.’
      • ‘And they're scared supplies will run short, so everyone's trying to stock up now.’
      • ‘Our food supply is running low so rations have nearly been cut in half.’
      • ‘However, the service has a limited budget and relies heavily on donations from companies and members of the public and supplies are always running low.’
      dwindle, diminish, become depleted, get less, be used up, become exhausted, be short, be in short supply, be tight
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Have too little of something.
        ‘we're running short of time’
        • ‘The centre has been running short of blood donors and is appealing for people to come forward and donate.’
        • ‘It did not take long before the Crusaders were running short on supplies and on patience.’
        • ‘A builder working there said he had heard that the island is running short of water.’
        • ‘She was running low on her supply of phenytoin and had developed a headache over the past two days.’
        • ‘The aircraft flew over the Atlantic but weather conditions deteriorated and by the time the squadron reached the English coast at dawn, they were running short of fuel.’
        • ‘The main hospital was reported to be running short of oxygen and bandages.’
        • ‘We were running short of time, and ominous clouds were massing in the sky, but we couldn't resist stepping inside the old church.’
        • ‘The clinic was running low on crucial supplies.’
        • ‘Red Cross centres are also running low on supplies, with shortages of water tanks, pumps, hoses, chainsaws and hand tools.’
        • ‘Doctors said they were running short of anesthetics and medical equipment.’
        dwindle, diminish, become depleted, get less, be used up, become exhausted, be short, be in short supply, be tight
        View synonyms
  • run a mile

  • run off at the mouth

    • informal Talk excessively or indiscreetly.

      • ‘My brother has been running off at the mouth again, has he?’
      • ‘I mean, we don't want to run off at the mouth, giving people misleading information and then finding we have to change it as we find something else out.’
      • ‘Guillen admits that his tendency to run off at the mouth can get him into trouble.’
      • ‘This situation reinforces the fact that you really have to think carefully before running off at the mouth when posting stuff to the Net - even if the target of your comments lives half a world away.’
      • ‘Geoff has been a respected and considered journalist and thinker for many decades and is not one to run off at the mouth on matters of such weight.’
      • ‘He may run off at the mouth, and be stubborn, but that's never been much of a sin in American politics.’
      • ‘I knew Cannonball and knew he was not the type to go running off at the mouth about anything.’
      • ‘As usual, she always seemed to run off at the mouth, and speak too loudly when he was around.’
      • ‘Clark ran off at the mouth, as he is prone to do, and is simply trying to save his future in the Democratic Party.’
      • ‘Now everyone outside of New York is running off at the mouth about how New Yorkers and Yankee fans are barbarians.’
      talk incessantly, talk a lot, rattle on, go on, chatter on, gabble on, ramble on
      View synonyms
  • run someone out of town

    • Force someone to leave a place.

      • ‘It didn't always mean that if you lost that game they were going to run you out of town, but you sure felt like leaving.’
      • ‘A Colne hotel owner claims Pendle Council is trying to run him out of town.’
      • ‘That we were merely a bunch of art school fashion victims from Auckland made little difference, and a vigilante squad, supported it seemed by the local newspapers and the Police decided to run us out of town.’
      • ‘Joan Crawford stars as Vienna, a macho saloon owner at odds with the local cattle ranchers, who accuse her of harbouring the local band of outlaws and use it as a pretense to run her out of town.’
      • ‘They keep trying to run Dennis Green out of town, even though he's gotten his team to the playoffs in seven of his eight seasons.’
      • ‘He bought the apartment building and evicted her and then when she came to beg him for my sake not to run us out of town, he wrote her a check for three thousand dollars and told her never to show her face again.’
      • ‘He goes from place to place trying to eke out an existence, struggling to find a flat, looking for work, afraid to draw the dole in case people learn he has served a sentence for child sexual abuse and run him out of town.’
      • ‘When the police took a dislike to them they'd run them out of town.’
      • ‘Railway workers alerted the town to the arrival of the fascists and they were run out of town by armed agricultural workers.’
      • ‘So unless you're trying to compel a particular guy to fail, or you want to run him out of town, you should resist the temptation to boo the home team.’
      chase, drive, hunt, hound, put to flight
      View synonyms
  • run rings around

  • run riot

    • 1Behave in a violent and unrestrained way.

      • ‘I suppose she cooked you breakfast in bed then disappeared for the rest of the day to let you run riot.’
      • ‘Children are running riot in pubs because publicans cannot ask them to leave.’
      • ‘She cited a recent incident when, in broad daylight, a group of youths armed with sticks ran riot through a nearby street smashing the windows of cars and houses.’
      • ‘The fight to bring the law up-to-date and stop cyber criminals running riot is severely hampered by the lack of understanding of the scope of the problem.’
      • ‘Mr Debnam argued that ‘armed robbers are running riot across the inner west’ and that police did not have the numbers to deal with it.’
      • ‘I just got them to sit down and be quiet, they've been running riot all day.’
      • ‘Ten dead, over a dozen pupils injured, and another school traumatized by a student running riot with guns in the classroom.’
      • ‘Hence why a good teacher wont spend all their time allowing children to run riot in the classroom but wont spend all their time shouting at them either.’
      • ‘The heavily pregnant ewes were scattered in all directions, as the ferocious dogs ran riot in the field.’
      • ‘The tearaway runs riot, swears and abuses, causes criminal damage and ridicules the elderly.’
      rampage, go on the rampage, take to the streets, fight in the streets, start a fight, raise an uproar, cause an affray, go wild, run wild, run amok, go berserk, fight, brawl, scuffle
      raise hell
      go on the rampage, rampage, riot, run amok, go berserk, get out of control, run free, go undisciplined
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1(of a mental faculty or emotion) function or be expressed without restraint.
        ‘her imagination ran riot’
        • ‘When walking over these battlefields, the imagination runs riot envisaging the unremitting slaughter among the Russians and Japanese in battles which presaged the nature of the First World War.’
        • ‘In the heart of the Nevada desert, it is a playground for adults where the imagination runs riot.’
        • ‘Let us put our mind in neutral, and let our imaginations run riot.’
        • ‘I amuse myself by allowing my imagination to run riot again…’
        • ‘Indian imagination seems to have run riot around this fascinating, multifaceted character of Krishna: his pranks, his romance and his philosophy.’
        • ‘The middle is ultimately the climax, where the comedian comes into his own, letting imagination run riot in the filthiest, most entertaining way possible.’
        • ‘Thankfully, no-one was hurt, but still, Tom's mind was running riot with panic and worry.’
        • ‘Childhood is a time when imagination runs riot.’
        • ‘Once your child starts playgroup and you go back to work, your emotions may run riot.’
        • ‘There are strong indications throughout the film that the whole story is nothing more than Kevin's imagination run riot.’
        • ‘In fact, less a village and more an example of what happens when a childlike imagination runs riot in the mind of an architect of means.’
      2. 1.2Proliferate or spread uncontrollably.
        ‘traditional prejudices were allowed to run riot’
        • ‘Where space is at a premium, I'd recommend growing roses vertically, climbing or rambling varieties planted to run riot up a wall or up a free-standing trellised arch, leaving the pots and beds for other plants.’
        • ‘Sex and religion run riot through the lyrical imagery - paired up like a hilariously mismatched sitcom couple once again.’
        • ‘Window boxes run riot all summer and at this time of year pavements are stained purple with mulberries from trees planted on the orders of Elizabeth I.’
        • ‘The fusion of these two elements has attracted admirers who hanker after this minimalist vision, but Kelly is more at home when she is allowed to run riot with dramatic textures.’
        • ‘Names are established, reputations ruined, narcissism runs riot and lives are changed forever.’
        • ‘Rumours spread of his solitude, speculation running riot in the castle…’
        • ‘It's probably easier in a small business not to let things run riot.’
        grow profusely, spread uncontrolled, increase rapidly, grow rapidly, luxuriate, spread like wildfire, burgeon, prosper
        View synonyms
  • run the risk (or run risks)

    • Expose oneself to the possibility of something unpleasant occurring.

      ‘she preferred not to run the risk of encountering his sister’
      • ‘If Canada continues on its present route it runs the risk of being viewed as hypocritical.’
      • ‘She was trapped, either stay outdoors and risk being caught by Kent, or stay with a man she hardly knew and run the risk of him possibly turning her over to the same man.’
      • ‘Nowadays, given the vastness of the subject, world histories by a single author run the risk of falling short.’
      • ‘The only reason she hasn't actually said anything is because she absolutely adores Christine and so she would never run the risk of running the risk of losing her.’
      • ‘Several U.S. anthropologists have observed recently that the discipline may be so detached from real world issues that it runs the risk of undermining itself.’
      • ‘I really believe that the role of the architect is changing, and unless the profession and its education change, architecture runs the risk of being marginalized.’
      • ‘To cover every possible historical topic is not only impossible, but runs the risk of turning the book into a social history of Europe between 1400 and 1600.’
      • ‘Sadly, when you try to be so many things at once, you run the risk of losing your audience with such a varied image.’
      • ‘In addition to this financial risk, the companies also ran the risk of over-signing acts and not having enough staff available to service and promote them properly.’
      • ‘I think everybody runs risks talking about Social Security.’
  • run the show

    • informal Dominate or be in charge of a project, undertaking, or domain.

      • ‘Well, an old CIA operative could soon be back on the payroll - this time running the show.’
      • ‘But what do you expect from a corrupt organisation, with a man found guilty of corruption running the show?’
      • ‘Of course, nearly half a century later, none of us really believe computers are running the show.’
      • ‘As a result, many project their frustration on to his unelected coterie, who they imagine are secretly running the show.’
      • ‘In those off-the-record conversations, McLean has maintained that he has no interest in running the show at United.’
      • ‘I suppose some European countries might have been prepared to undertake this adventure if Washington had not been running the show.’
      • ‘America has to believe that the people who are running the show actually know what they're doing.’
      • ‘Not all members of the group are women, but from the beginning, women have been running the show.’
      • ‘Investors fear Garnier is running the show without communicating to them or his co-directors, and that Hogg has lost control.’
      • ‘The same bunch of plonkers are running the show.’
      be in charge, be in control, be the boss, be at the helm, be in the driving seat, be in the driver's seat, be at the wheel, be in the saddle, pull the strings, be responsible
      call the shots
      View synonyms
  • run a temperature (or fever)

    • Be suffering from a fever or high temperature.

      • ‘Takuma is running a temperature and will now spend the rest of the weekend resting.’
      • ‘If you have a child running a temperature of 102, you're not really going to a give a damn about what a few critics think.’
      • ‘I was running a temperature and had gone a bit green and clammy.’
      • ‘A few minutes earlier, Marylou, running a temperature of 103, was wilting, moaning that she'd die if made to pose in the humidity of the pastel-hued pool house.’
      • ‘The Queen quickly looked Maria over, then felt her face and forehead to make sure she wasn't running a temperature.’
      • ‘The ‘Mean Girls’ star was admitted to a Los Angeles hospital last Thursday after being ill for several days and running a temperature as high as 103 degrees.’
      • ‘Thirty-six hours later, with Lydia running a temperature of 41.5 degrees, suffering sickness and hallucinations, Mr and Mrs Cross again rang doctors, but were told not to worry.’
      • ‘Have a chat with your health visitor, especially if the baby's nappies aren't right, or if he's running a temperature.’
      • ‘Osborne was fined a further $785 for transporting a horse to Redcar racecourse in June when vets had found that it was running a temperature.’
      • ‘On the positive side, I'm running a temperature so regardless of how cold it is outside at the moment I'm as toasty warm as I was when strolling the beaches of Gran Canaria.’
  • run someone/something to earth (or ground)

    • 1Chase a quarry to its lair.

      • ‘After being run to ground by hounds the fox was flushed out of its earth by a terrier and shot.’
      1. 1.1Find someone or something, typically after a long search.
        • ‘680 million has poured into the state's coffers as tax evaders have been run to ground.’
        • ‘Abrams was finally run to earth in 1991, pleading guilty to two misdemeanor counts of lying to Congress under oath, in order to avoid felony charges.’
        • ‘He teamed up with the FBI and tracked Mitnick for two months, until they ran him to ground, surprising him in a Raleigh apartment, surrounded by telephone gear and fake driver's licenses.’
        find, discover, locate, track down, trace, run to earth, unearth, hunt out, ferret out
        View synonyms
  • run to ruin

    • archaic Fall into disrepair; gradually deteriorate.

      • ‘They are astonished to find the Jellyby household running to ruin as a result of Mrs Jellyby spending more time dealing with far-flung matters of philanthropy than the problems on her own doorstep.’
  • run to seed

  • run wild

    • (of an animal, plant, or person) grow or develop without restraint or discipline.

      ‘these horses have been running wild since they were born’
      figurative ‘her imagination had run wild’
      • ‘But urban front gardens are undoubtedly small, so letting the imagination run wild is best saved for the tranquillity and calm of the back garden.’
      • ‘I mean, that's just someone's imagination running wild.’
      • ‘Without facts, there is nothing to stop imaginations running wild.’
      • ‘Let your imagination run wild and your taste buds take over.’
      • ‘It's a question of striking the right balance: too little discipline and teenagers might run wild; too much and they might rebel.’
      • ‘It opens with a young boy in his room, imagination running wild, like any kid's does, thinking there is something in the shadows waiting to get him.’
      • ‘Presumably he's hoping to let the island monkeys run wild, grow a fanbase around him and then start charging them for his signature too.’
      • ‘Strange and romantic experiences are in the offing, and you may even gain through a love affair, so let your imagination run wild.’
      • ‘Before your emotions run wild with your imagination, remember that you can't believe everything you hear.’
      • ‘This, of course, is the way rumors begin - with whispering and secrets and imaginations running wild.’
      grow unchecked, grow profusely, run riot, spread like wildfire, ramble, straggle
      run free, run amok, run riot, get out of control, cut loose, be undisciplined, go on the rampage
      View synonyms

Phrasal Verbs

  • run across

    • Meet or find by chance.

      ‘I just thought you might have run across him before’
      • ‘In the Czech Republic, like any non-Anglo region of the globe, one frequently runs across amusing mistranslations of English.’
      • ‘She said that while overall she enjoys her job, she still runs across people who like to grumble or to ridicule her.’
      • ‘What is the etiquette when one runs across one's brother on an internet message board?’
      • ‘I've tried desperately to avoid kvetching about my roommate here, just in case she ever runs across the site, but last night sent me over the edge.’
      • ‘Chances are that at some point you've run across someone like me.’
      • ‘She has to be one of the most annoying characters I've ever run across.’
      • ‘I've been a private eye for thirty-five years, give or take, and I've never run across anything like this.’
      come across, run into, chance on, stumble across, stumble on, happen on
      bump into
      run against
      View synonyms
  • run after

    • 1Seek to acquire or attain; pursue persistently.

      ‘businesses that have spent years running after the boomer market’
      • ‘They have been largely ignored by the media, businesses and public institutions, which have spent years running after the baby-boom market.’
      • ‘I really hope that my band will keep on being honest and playing the good music instead of turning into rats running after the rockstar lifestyle.’
      1. 1.1Seek the company of (someone) with the aim of developing a romantic or sexual relationship with them.
        • ‘Right from his school days, so many girls have been running after him.’
        • ‘This just isn't going to work out if you go running after other girls again.’
        • ‘I hope she will marry my son and stop him running after so many girls.’
        pursue, chase, make romantic advances to, flirt with
        make up to, make eyes at, give the come-on to, come on to, be all over
        vamp
        set one's cap at
        View synonyms
  • run against

    • 1Collide with (someone)

      • ‘I uttered an expression of disgust, and pushed past him into the yard, running against Earnshaw in my haste.’
      1. 1.1Happen to meet.
        ‘I ran against Flanagan the other day’
        • ‘By the way, I ran against Flanagan the other day.’
        run across, chance on, stumble across, stumble on, happen on
        View synonyms
  • run along

    • [in imperative]Go away (used typically to address a child)

      ‘run along now, there's a good girl’
      • ‘Run along now! You don't want to be late!’
      • ‘Run along now. Go and play with the other children.’
      • ‘Run along now, Cole. You should be getting ready yourself.’
      • ‘Now run along and play, and let the grown-ups get along with the job of running the country.’
      go away, be off with you, shoo, on your way, make yourself scarce
      scram, buzz off, skedaddle, scat, beat it, get lost, shove off, clear off
      hop it
      hamba, voetsak
      begone, avaunt
      View synonyms
  • run around with

  • run at

    • Rush toward (someone) to attack or as if to attack them.

      • ‘Natalie ran at him, lashing out with her fists.’
      • ‘The injuries were caused by one punch as the attacker ran at the man, in Selby Market Place, before riding off on a red bicycle.’
      • ‘Monica cried aloud and ran at her husband's attacker, but was sent flying across the dirt by a swift blow from his arm.’
      • ‘He runs at Guy, who easily parries his attack and knocks him to the floor.’
      attack, charge, run at, fly at, assail
      View synonyms
  • run away

    • 1Leave or escape from a place, person, or situation of danger.

      ‘children who run away from home normally go to big cities’
      • ‘According to her, a lot of the children she worked with were sent to the city by their families to beg, while others had run away from home.’
      • ‘She has run away from five years of abuse and domestic violence.’
      • ‘My personal solution was to run away from it all, and while that has made me happier, I also realize that it was selfish and cowardly.’
      • ‘What sort of Australian would turn and run away from this country?’
      • ‘Mrs Du Faur even took in a student, who had run away from ‘a terrible living situation’ at home.’
      • ‘He had managed to run away from his mother in the city centre and cross two busy main roads before running the full length of the platform and onto the line.’
      • ‘The children either came from troubled single-parent homes or had run away from home to escape from the pressures at school.’
      • ‘He wanted to run away - run away from the city, run away from the world.’
      • ‘More than a thousand desperate children under the age of 11 run away from home in Greater Manchester every year.’
      • ‘Inspector Stuart Bruce said the victim tried to run away from them down Addison Street, but they chased him and started to punch him again.’
      flee, run away, run off, make a run for it, run for it, take flight, make off, take off, take to one's heels, make a break for it, bolt, beat a retreat, beat a hasty retreat, make a quick exit, make one's getaway, escape, head for the hills, do a disappearing act
      flee, run away, make a run for it, run for it, take flight, make off, take off, take to one's heels, make a break for it, bolt, beat a retreat, beat a hasty retreat, make a quick exit, make one's getaway, escape, head for the hills, make oneself scarce, decamp, abscond, do a disappearing act
      flee, run off, make a run for it, run for it, take flight, make off, take off, take to one's heels, make a break for it, bolt, beat a retreat, beat a hasty retreat, make a quick exit, make one's getaway, escape, head for the hills
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1informal Leave one's home or current partner in order to establish a relationship with someone else.
        ‘he ran off with his wife's best friend’
        ‘Fran, let's run away together’
        • ‘This is traditionally the age where men go off the rails and launch into a second childhood, perhaps buying themselves a motorbike, running off with the au pair or getting an ill-advised tattoo.’
        • ‘His pretty accomplice takes Julia's place, marries Louis, steals his money and runs away with Billy.’
        • ‘It is not so very long ago, after all, that press photographers lined the esplanade after the Bishop caused a scandal by running off with one of his parishioners.’
        • ‘The stories themselves are unexceptional - in the first, one young man tries to convince his brother's wife to escape her abusive relationship and run away with him.’
        • ‘We should run away together and start a new life.’
        • ‘She told authorities she had been in love with her cousin and had planned to run away with him.’
        • ‘Her parents in turn think that she has stolen the car and run off with an older man.’
        • ‘Her husband was after running off with another woman.’
        • ‘Craddock's wife has run off with another man, leaving him in charge of their two children.’
        • ‘There have been instances where girls have run away with men to escape their poverty or difficult home conditions.’
        run off with, elope with
        win easily, win hands down
        run away with, elope with, go off with
        View synonyms
      2. 1.2Try to avoid acknowledging or facing up to an unpleasant or difficult situation.
        ‘the commissioners are running away from their responsibilities’
        • ‘I'm tired of running away from my fear.’
        • ‘Sometimes, we find a way out of challenging situations by running away from them.’
        • ‘People would rather run away from their problems than face them.’
        • ‘He considered resigning, but his sister told him that he had to clear up the mess he had created rather than run away from it.’
        • ‘We are not in any way running away from these responsibilities.’
        • ‘Am I travelling towards a change in lifestyle and attitude, or merely running away from a difficult reality that I'd rather not face?’
        • ‘He accuses the Lib Dems of running away from difficult decisions, and says in many wards a vote for them would be a wasted one.’
        • ‘I'm definitely NOT running away from my problems.’
        • ‘The theme of the film involves the central characters encountering new situations while running away from the problems of adulthood.’
        • ‘Roseanna Cunningham, SNP MSP for Perth and party deputy leader, ridiculed the move by Smith, and accused her of running away from the challenge.’
        evade, dodge, get out of, shirk
        View synonyms
  • run away with

    • 1(of one's imagination or emotions) work wildly, so as to overwhelm (one)

      ‘Susan's imagination was running away with her’
      • ‘Her imagination always ran away with her at night, and sometimes it was hard to go to sleep at all.’
      • ‘But he is not going to let his emotions run away with him.’
      • ‘Bear in mind I was very tired and emotionally overwrought when I wrote this blog, my imagination may have run away with itself.’
      • ‘Katherine is still afraid of allowing her emotions to run away with her.’
      • ‘February 14 is the one day in the year when you can really afford to let your emotions run away with you.’
      • ‘But then again I'm probably just letting my imagination run away with itself.’
      • ‘He continued to think about the money and his imagination ran away with him.’
      • ‘You're letting your imagination run away with you.’
      • ‘I think I'm letting my emotions run away with me on this one, and being just a little unfair.’
      • ‘Don't let your imagination run away with you, or else you might end up convincing yourself of all manner of implausible things based on very little evidence.’
      1. 1.1(of a horse) bolt with (its rider)
        • ‘The first time the child got on the horse it ran away with him, seriously injuring him.’
    • 2Accept (an idea) without thinking it through properly.

      ‘a lot of people ran away with the idea that they were Pacifists’
      • ‘I want to make sure that nobody is allowed to run away with the idea that they are superior.’
      • ‘Let's just not run away with the idea the Chip and PIN will eliminate all kinds of plastic fraud, even though it might help in certain cases.’
      • ‘Let's not let EMI run away with the idea that it's doing badly - in fact, let's all take this opportunity to drink a toast to their profits, and a successful British company.’
      • ‘Three cheers for that then, but while this is welcome news indeed and an excellent way of dealing with unruly behaviour, let us not run away with the idea that our society is descending into social anarchy.’
      • ‘He ran away with some quite sophisticated, intricate ideas and he got carried away with the intricacies of them and solving the technical problems that they led to.’
      • ‘But don't run away with the idea that this is some kind of New Jerusalem.’
      • ‘And don't you run away with the idea that all will be plain sailing.’
      • ‘But let's not run away with the idea that Kevin is some kind of burbling half-wit who shouldn't be trusted to do up his own shoelaces.’
      • ‘While admitting the existence of a working class, Davies does not want us to run away with the idea that it might be a political force.’
      • ‘So you could easily run away with the delusion that all would be sweetness and light come the launch.’
    • 3Excel in or win (a competition) easily.

      ‘the Yankees ran away with the series’
      • ‘Atlanta is 8-2 and running away with the division title.’
      • ‘Michael Schumacher does not expect to run away with an eighth world championship when the new Formula One season begins in Melbourne, Australia, on Sunday.’
      • ‘Swansea are far and away the best side we've played in this division and I could see them running away with it.’
      • ‘For, on the eve of the tournament, it looked as though Delhi-based Parimarjan Negi would run away with the title.’
      • ‘Leading 14-8 at the break, Leigh ran away with the game in the second half.’
      • ‘The expectations have certainly changed since I arrived, but there are some good teams in this division and no-one is going to run away with the league this year.’
      • ‘‘There is a complete sense of disbelief in the dressing room because 20 minutes into the second half we thought we were going to run away with the game,’ said Farrell.’
      • ‘Surrey appear to be running away with the title, but at the Oval we gave them a real game and they knew it.’
      • ‘They dismissed Samoa with far greater ease than anyone had imagined possible, and twice the inexperienced Scots prevented Australia running away with the match on their own soil.’
      • ‘Having said that, we have nothing to fear in this league and there is no one team that looks like running away with the title.’
  • run something by (or past)

    • Tell (someone) about something, especially in order to ascertain their opinion or reaction.

      • ‘The model-turned-TV presenter said: ‘He runs the lyrics by me and sometimes I say you can't sing that, it is full of clichés.’
      • ‘Scotty writes the lyrics, and runs half-formed songs past his brood, before sending them to Nick to musicalise.’
      • ‘I have run it past a few lawyer friends of mine, but a true legal test can only be done in the courts.’
      • ‘Anyways, I wanted to run an idea past you.’
      • ‘It's not a question of, you know, just running things by the international community for the sake of it.’
      • ‘I actually ran my opinion by my solicitor friend today, and she agreed I was being unfairly treated.’
      • ‘Should studios even be running their projects by any activist groups for approval?’
      • ‘Apparently, the film-makers had to run the script past NASA so they could use their training facilities in the film.’
      • ‘He also clarified that the plans for the scaffolding had been run by, and received approval from, Oxford City Council.’
  • run someone/something down

    • 1(of a vehicle or its driver) hit a person or animal and knock them to the ground.

      • ‘It's too easy for the drivers of such huge and unwieldy vehicles to sideswipe your bike and run you down without even noticing you're there.’
      • ‘TWO men were stabbed and a third was run down by their attacker as he made his getaway after a night out in Cleethorpes turned to violence.’
      • ‘As he limps across the street, a cab almost runs him down.’
      • ‘The 50-year-old man shouted out to the driver after he narrowly missed running him down in Moor Lane, near the junction with Chessington Hill Park, on Tuesday, October 7, at 5pm.’
      • ‘As Kim stood in the path of a truck attempting to enter Sanjo Remicon's depot, the driver ran him down.’
      • ‘The bird was spotted on the line near Kingston Bridge at 8.40 am by a quick-witted train driver who managed to avoid running it down.’
      • ‘Powell had run Clarke down with his four-wheel drive vehicle when she joined picketing wharf workers at the Port of Lyttelton, near Christchurch late in 1999.’
      • ‘For a driver too, the memory of running someone down will haunt you for the rest of your life, especially if the victim dies.’
      • ‘According to one witness, a worker who was standing next to her, the driver deliberately ran Clark down.’
      • ‘The victim, in his 60s, was taken to the intensive care unit at Middlesbrough General Hospital after the blue Honda Civic ran him down in the town.’
      run over, knock down, knock over, knock to the ground
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1(of a boat) collide with another vessel.
        • ‘During the voyage they will have to ride out ferocious storms and heavy seas and there will be a constant threat from floating logs, abandoned containers and huge merchant vessels which could run them down without even noticing.’
    • 2Criticize someone or something unfairly or unkindly.

      • ‘He was very attached to me but would often run me down.’
      • ‘People who run her down should be ashamed of themselves, and talk of her servants and privileged life is nonsense.’
      • ‘We do not want to hear Opposition members running New Zealanders down, running the country down, and bringing everybody down.’
      • ‘The captain doesn't like Wes so he uses the opportunity to run him down.’
      • ‘People from my generation like to run you down so it is nice to see you kids doing something positive about having somewhere fun to play and skate.’
      • ‘He says you've been running him down in public recently.’
      • ‘It wasn't that she was selfless, or, in the case of her failing to stick up for herself when my father ran her down in public, that she was weak, but rather that she was dignified.’
      • ‘I'm not running them down, they do a good job for very little return…’
      • ‘I love Britain, it is my country and no one boasts it up, they are always running it down.’
      • ‘‘Some people have complained or run us down,’ says Kernan, a small smile almost escaping.’
      criticize, denigrate, belittle, disparage, deprecate, speak badly off, speak ill of, find fault with
      View synonyms
    • 3Find someone or something after a search.

      ‘she finally ran the professor down’
      • ‘She finally ran the professor down in an academic directory.’
      find, discover, locate, track down, trace, run to earth, unearth, hunt out, ferret out
      View synonyms
    • 4Baseball
      (of two or more fielders) try to tag out a base runner who is trapped between two bases, in the process throwing the ball back and forth.

      • ‘Preferably there is no throw and the fielder can run him down and apply the tag but properly executed there should be no need for more than one throw.’
  • run something down (or run down)

    • 1Reduce (or become reduced) in size, numbers, or resources.

      ‘hardwood stocks in some countries are rapidly running down’
      • ‘Production at the plant will be run down between now and the end of the year.’
      • ‘It would be crazy to run down stocks below the level at which they can be quickly replenished.’
      • ‘Businesses were again building up stock levels after running them down in the last three months of 2001.’
      • ‘Many of Egypt's state-run industries have been privatised, while the country's welfare and education systems have been run down.’
      • ‘Indeed, such were their riches that they were allowed to take contributions ‘holidays ‘, i.e. hold back payments while the pension fund surpluses were run down.’’
      • ‘The problem will get worse as our own gas supplies are running down.’
      • ‘Younger relatives, who had been looking forward to inheriting Uncle Jack's vast fortune, had been horrified to discover that he had run it down to a few hundred pounds.’
      • ‘Spending on education in Bradford has been run down over a number of years.’
      • ‘The four state-owned refineries have been run down and cannot produce enough to meet local demand.’
      • ‘Currently Mr Head is running the business down and having a sale of the stock he has left.’
      reduce, cut back on, cut, downsize, decrease, pare down, trim
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Lose (or cause to lose) power; stop (or cause to stop) functioning.
        ‘the battery has run down’
        • ‘I was about to test this theory in the few minutes before I had to return the car when I discovered that I had run the battery down by leaving an internal light on.’
        • ‘I would have taken some photos, but I realised, too late, that the batteries were running down on my camera.’
        • ‘They would not start whatever we did and we ended up simply running both batteries down in the process.’
        • ‘Since my car won't start anyway, it doesn't matter if the battery runs down.’
        • ‘It's just that if they upped the speed to 128 kilobits, the thing would get too hot to hold, and the battery would run down in ten minutes.’
        • ‘With all the other systems, I would have to remember to turn off the iPod or it would keep playing and run down the batteries.’
        • ‘I seem to get about 12 hours of continuous use before the batteries seem to run down.’
        • ‘But I keep letting the batteries run down and don't always have a backup.’
        • ‘Her younger sister, Stephanie, was totally enthralled by my torch and doing her best to run down its batteries.’
        • ‘Old batteries have a diminished capacity to hold power, and they run down very quickly.’
      2. 1.2Gradually deteriorate (or cause to deteriorate) in quality or condition.
        ‘the property had been allowed to run down’
        • ‘The children say the playground has been run down over the last decade.’
        • ‘This could happen if we do not look after our health service and stop running it down.’
        • ‘At the meeting fears were voiced that the hospital had been run down over recent years, forcing it to close.’
        • ‘Grant reminds that even if you do not develop a deadly version of the flu, it wouldn't be fun to have a milder flu run you down.’
        • ‘It has invested heavily in upgrading the site, after it was run down by its previous owner.’
        • ‘This can be caused by crash or yo-yo dieting, and a lifestyle that is becoming common in 30-something women: working long hours, not eating properly and leading stressful lives, which runs the body down.’
        • ‘It's shocking the way they let some of these foreign ships run down.’
        • ‘Its roads and health service were once the envy of those living to the south of the border, but they have been allowed to run down.’
        • ‘Her Government has given millions of dollars of taxpayers' money in non-repayable grants of up to $50,000 to repair private houses that have been allowed to run down.’
        decline, degenerate, go downhill, become dilapidated, go to seed, fall into decay, decay, go to rack and ruin
        go to pot, go to the dogs
        dilapidated, tumbledown, ramshackle, derelict, ruinous, falling to pieces, decrepit, gone to rack and ruin, in ruins, broken-down, crumbling, decaying, disintegrating
        View synonyms
  • run someone in

    • Arrest someone.

      • ‘I'm gonna run you in for assault and battery for pushing my partner like you did.’
      arrest, take into custody, apprehend, detain, take in, take prisoner, put in jail, throw in jail
      pick up, pull in, haul in, pinch, bust, nab, nail, do, collar, feel someone's collar
      nick
      View synonyms
  • run into

    • 1Collide with.

      ‘he ran into a lamp post’
      • ‘As she went to pick her bags up someone ran into her, knocking her over.’
      • ‘They rushed into the room in a mad panic and ran into her, nearly knocking her over in the process.’
      • ‘Everyone blamed each other but I suspect she actually ran into a tree and knocked herself out or something.’
      • ‘There was a screech of tires and a crash as the truck ran into her Porsche convertible.’
      • ‘He stumbled away and nearly ran into a teacher just before we walked into the cafeteria.’
      • ‘A passing car lost control and ran into the telephone kiosk knocking it to the ground.’
      • ‘And then suddenly, one of the guys ran into me, knocking me down, along with my box, which held my computer disks and floppies.’
      • ‘Danielle ran through the crowded building, not caring how many people she knocked and/or ran into as she went.’
      • ‘Sneaking through the room, he was about to launch an attack on the intruder when he ran into the dresser, knocking over a lamp.’
      • ‘In the last five years there have been 114 accidents at the roundabouts, 67 of which involved vehicles running into the back of each other.’
      collide with, be in collision with, hit, strike, crash into, smash into, knock into, plough into, barge into, meet head-on, ram
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Meet by chance.
        ‘I ran into Stasia and Katie on the way home’
        • ‘Nine years later - both divorced - they happened, by sheer chance, to run into each other in a Chinese restaurant in Montreal.’
        • ‘According to a staffer, there was a chance that, on any given day, tourists could run into the former president or first lady in the library.’
        • ‘The chances of running into Clayton out here were next to nil, but I looked anyway.’
        • ‘They were college sweethearts, and had met when they ran into each other in the quad, and her mother spilled coffee all over her father's shirt.’
        • ‘If you are a writer in New York, chances are you have probably run into my good friend Sue Shapiro at a party, or taken one of her classes at NYU or the New School.’
        • ‘As I start for home, I run into a neighbor who says he was awakened by the crash so he threw on some clothes and came out to see what happened.’
        • ‘He always had a smile and a kind word when you ran into him.’
        • ‘Since you're in the same building during the same hours, there's a pretty good chance you'll run into each other on more than a few occasions.’
        • ‘He lives in my neighborhood, but we've never run into each other.’
        • ‘Then, quite by chance, he runs into a woman with whom he had a furtive adolescent relationship.’
        run across, chance on, stumble across, stumble on, happen on
        View synonyms
      2. 1.2Experience (a problem or difficult situation)
        ‘the bank ran into financial difficulties’
        • ‘Even reputable, long-established businesses can run into difficulties, quite often without warning.’
        • ‘These huge numbers are due to the increasing numbers of people running into difficulties because of credit card debts and other loans.’
        • ‘He had run into financial difficulties trying to maintain two families.’
        • ‘Just after I finished school, my older brother Hal ran into some financial difficulties.’
        • ‘Plans to move a drug rehabilitation clinic into Bradford city centre have run into a major stumbling block after protests from shops and organisations.’
        • ‘But this proposal, from a working group within the court service, has run into legal difficulties.’
        • ‘But the EU's own plans have run into difficulties.’
        • ‘If we look for survivors, there are chances where we might run into trouble but it's better than staying here and doing nothing.’
        • ‘A THREE-years-effort to provide a new community childcare facility in Grange has run into difficulties.’
        • ‘Each of the investigations, it turns out, has run into difficulties, though of rather different sorts.’
        experience, encounter, meet with, be faced with, run up against, be confronted with, come face to face with
        View synonyms
    • 2Reach (a level or amount)

      ‘debts running into millions of dollars’
      • ‘Southend Council is to ask the Government to foot the bill for damage caused by the Cliffs landslide with the amount expected to run into several million pounds.’
      • ‘It refused to specify the exact amount owed but it is believed to run into five figures.’
      • ‘The costs of the crash are set to run into millions of pounds, with the damage to the track and trains and any compensation that may be paid out.’
      • ‘It is not yet known how much but police confirmed the amount ran into thousands of pounds.’
      • ‘Shop owners were left with a bill running into thousands of pounds today after 23 windows were smashed.’
      • ‘The corporate settlements run into the hundreds of millions, even reaching low billions.’
      • ‘The cost of losing even small amounts of data can run into the millions of dollars.’
      • ‘‘It is difficult to calculate the amount of the damage but rest assured it runs into tens of thousands of euros’.’
      • ‘There is no final figure yet on the amount of money raised, but it is expected to run into thousands of pounds.’
      • ‘My son has been left in debt paying for a car that has been written off and we have been informed that the bill for the lamp-post could run into hundreds of pounds.’
      reach, extend to, be as high as, be as much as
      View synonyms
    • 3Blend into or appear to coalesce with.

      ‘her words ran into each other’
      • ‘This is how he talks, so fast that all the words run into one.’
      • ‘In between songs she whispered quiet thank yous, but even then the audience only got a couple of chances to applaud her, as she made each song run into the next.’
      • ‘The villages of Methil and Leven run into each other, and the 9000 people who live there are part of a close-knit community where everyone seems to know everything that is going on.’
      • ‘Nonetheless, the set was as original as they come, with songs running into each other seamlessly and slowing down or speeding up whenever the mood took them.’
  • run off

  • run off with

    • Steal.

      ‘the treasurer had run off with the pension funds’
      • ‘We have a couple of pranksters and maybe once in a while someone runs off with a plant pot but it's hardly the wild streets of the inner cities!’
      • ‘New Harmony collapsed when one of Owen's American business partners ran off with all profits.’
      • ‘I looked round to see him running off with my bag which I keep on my trolley.’
      • ‘Recently robbers struck at Oduduwa in Calcutta Road, Tilbury, where they threatened the terrified assistant with a silver firearm before running off with cash.’
      • ‘But then it happens: a thief runs off with their bicycle.’
      • ‘Saengdao Bell holds up a picture of John Bell, her husband, whom she said ran off with 2 million baht of her money.’
      • ‘Eventually Derek is ordained a Mormon bishop, but he runs off with church funds.’
      • ‘A man held up the Ulster Bank on Charlotte Street at around 1.40 pm on New Year's Day before running off with a sum of cash.’
      • ‘Someone ran off with all the money last week - the money that I kept in my own room.’
      • ‘Marlon McIntosh was caught after jumping over the counter at Coral Bookmakers in Marlowe Avenue, Walcot, and running off with a large amount of cash stuffed under his jacket.’
  • run something off

    • 1Reproduce copies of a piece of writing on a machine.

      • ‘‘It costs the forger virtually nothing to run them off a photocopier,’ said Kennedy.’
      • ‘People who want prints on paper can run them off at minimal cost on just about any photo-quality printer, using inexpensive inks and papers.’
      • ‘We'd already prepared the printed statement - I think we'd run off about 100 copies.’
      • ‘The Evening Press has run off 50 copies of a specially-designed poster so that John can distribute them to shops and businesses in the centre of York.’
      • ‘They were delighted when the calendar sold out, and they had to run off extra copies.’
      copy, photocopy, xerox, duplicate, print, photostat, mimeograph
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Write or recite something quickly and with little effort.
    • 2Drain liquid from a container.

      ‘run off the water that has been standing in the pipes’
      • ‘The emerging site includes porous parking areas that absorb water rather than run it off into storm drains.’
      • ‘Drainage gullies should be put in place to run off surface water.’
      drain, drain off, bleed off, draw off, pump out
      View synonyms
  • run on

    • 1Continue without stopping; go on longer than is expected.

      ‘the story ran on for months’
      • ‘He believed the saga had run on because his rival had not spoken out, but then defended Mr Cameron's right to remain silent.’
      • ‘The Paris peace conference was a lengthy and complex process, running on for six months.’
      • ‘The same discussion is in order when the contractor delivers the bad news that the project will run on another six months.’
      • ‘In many instances disputes can run on for months leaving people frustrated and out of pocket as they are unable to access their accounts.’
      • ‘Things ran on for about 18 months and I was then asked to go to Harley Street, in London, to see a surgeon appointed by the insurance company.’
      • ‘In a similar way, tenancies can run on from month to month, quarter to quarter or year to year, being known as monthly, quarterly or yearly tenancies respectively.’
      • ‘This will of course be a consultative process, which is likely to run on for about 18 months or so.’
      • ‘As I say, this matter has been running on for some two years now.’
      • ‘The stories run on almost interminably as Chandy Mathew tries to squeeze a moral out of seemingly ordinary situations.’
      continue, go on, carry on, last, keep going, extend, stretch
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Talk incessantly.
        • ‘The reader will be relieved to know that I am not going to run on about the Norsemen, the Anglo-Normans and the Anglo-Saxons.’
        • ‘I must say, your mother does run on, doesn't she?’
    • 2(of a person's mind or a discussion) be preoccupied or concerned with (a particular subject)

      ‘my thoughts always ran too much on death’
      • ‘My thoughts ran on that same thread throughout the night.’
      • ‘My thoughts ran too much on death.’
      be preoccupied with, be concerned with, dwell on, focus on, be focused on, revolve around, centre around, be dominated by, be fixated with
      View synonyms
    • 3Printing
      Continue on the same line as the preceding matter.

      • ‘I think you'll be pleased at the look of the poems - they're arranged so that none of the lines run on.’
  • run out

    • 1(of a supply of something) be used up.

      ‘our food is about to run out’
      • ‘Emergency supplies of flour, cooking oil and other basics are projected to run out in days in northern areas.’
      • ‘But the cash could run out after the current contract expires in 2007.’
      • ‘He says worldwide oil supplies are simply running out.’
      • ‘Just weeks ago, the project's financial advisers were warning that contingency funds were running out.’
      • ‘She warned that food supplies would run out by the middle of the year unless further assistance was received.’
      • ‘Passengers reported conditions close to ‘bedlam’ as air conditioning units failed and water supplies ran out.’
      • ‘Most analysts were wary of these projections and some believe his luck will run out next year.’
      • ‘Surely this difficulty should have been foreseen and the Minister should have negotiated the further funding long before the supply of cash had run out.’
      • ‘However, the real problem comes when the dry season lasts longer than normal, because this supply of rainwater will run out.’
      • ‘The money ran out before the work was finished.’
      be used up, dry up, be exhausted, be finished, give out, peter out, fail
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Use up one's supply of something.
        ‘we've run out of gasoline’
        • ‘Few of us would know what to do if our water or electricity supplies were cut off, or the supermarkets ran out of food.’
        • ‘But he will be 32 in October and unless he picks up the pace he could be in danger of running out of time.’
        • ‘I'm running out of time to blog today, and I haven't said half what I intended too.’
        • ‘In 20 years' time, when the world is running out of oil, who do you want to be in control of large reserves of it?’
        • ‘The IMF said last week that the government may need to resort to spending cuts if it runs out of funding sources.’
        • ‘If only the film had been 45 minutes shorter - it runs out of energy and anything to say.’
        • ‘I also have to get to a gig we organised on Thursday night and I'm rapidly running out of cash.’
        • ‘And if your pension scheme simply runs out of money, there is precious little you can do.’
        • ‘If a local council runs out of money it is the duty of central government to bail them out and not to charge the householders extra money.’
        • ‘But he and his men were running out of supplies, and many were at their wits end.’
        have none left, have no more of, be out of
        View synonyms
      2. 1.2Become no longer valid.
        ‘her contract runs out at the end of the year’
        • ‘Colne Housing Associations tenants will not be affected by the project as their tenancy agreements will have run out before the homes are knocked down.’
        • ‘Young, like his brother Derek, is one of 13 Aberdeen players whose present contract is due to run out at the end of June.’
        • ‘Either way, around 1000 footballers look likely to be made redundant when their contracts run out at the end of this season.’
        • ‘Larsson's contract runs out at the end of next season.’
        • ‘At the moment the club is still training in the remaining half of the building but the lease runs out in less than three weeks and will not be renewed.’
        • ‘My contract runs out at the end of the year, and as yet nothing else has been agreed.’
        • ‘I have a five-year contract which runs out next July.’
        • ‘On August 12 the lease finally runs out after many decades, and the owners of the building have refused to renew it or even reply to letters about it.’
        • ‘And whatever happens, when my visa runs out on August 23rd, I won't be going anywhere.’
        • ‘He appeared in Adidas ads for six years until his contract ran out last year.’
        • ‘Ministers took the opportunity to initiate the relocation because the lease had run out at Anderson Place, one of two SNH buildings in the city.’
        expire, come to an end, end, terminate, finish
        View synonyms
    • 2(of rope) be paid out.

      ‘slowly, he let the cables run out’
      • ‘Slowly, he let the cables run out.’
    • 3[with adverbial of direction]Extend; project.

      ‘a row of buildings ran out to Cityline Avenue’
      • ‘At right angles to the façade a row of buildings ran out to Whitehall Gate.’
  • run out on

    • Abandon (someone); cease to support or care for.

      • ‘There has to be a good reason why she ran out on him.’
      • ‘My mom said that my father ran out on her and that he was a bastard.’
      • ‘He couldn't stand the fact that she ran out on him last night.’
      • ‘I love my daughter, you're the one who ran out on her.’
      • ‘You're not going to run out on me now, are you?’
      • ‘Taylor's mother recently ran out on her and her father, so things at home haven't been the best.’
      desert, abandon, leave in the lurch, jilt, leave high and dry, discard, cast aside, throw over, turn one's back on
      walk out on, dump, ditch, leave someone holding the baby, leave flat
      forsake
      View synonyms
  • run over

    • 1(of a container or its contents) overflow.

      ‘the bath's running over’
      overflow, spill over, spill, brim over
      View synonyms
    • 2Exceed (an expected limit)

      ‘the filming ran over schedule and budget’
      • ‘The hospital was forced to cut costs dramatically after it ran over budget towards the end of last year.’
      • ‘The IRS says parts of the project are more than two years behind schedule and running over budget.’
      • ‘It was the second time in three days that rush hour services had been disrupted by engineering work running over schedule.’
      • ‘That is, the contractor states a price, runs over budget, then tries to get the customer to fork over the difference.’
      • ‘Earlier this month it was revealed that some elements of the plan are running over budget and at least seven years behind schedule.’
      exceed, go over, go beyond, overshoot, overreach
      View synonyms
  • run someone/something over

    • (of a vehicle or its driver) knock a person or animal down and pass over their body.

      ‘I almost ran over that raccoon’
      • ‘We do not yet know if the victim was run over deliberately or if the incident occurred by accident but at this stage, the death is being treated as murder.’
      • ‘A coroner has called for a pedestrian crossing at a set of traffic lights after a pensioner was run over and killed last year.’
      • ‘Barbara Sheppard, a retired teacher, fears a child will be run over before the council do anything to make the road safer.’
      • ‘Children are playing there without the fear of cars running them over and it creates a nice community feel.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, police are appealing for witnesses to an accident in which an elderly pedestrian was run over on a pelican crossing in Norton Avenue, Sheffield.’
      • ‘When the family's two dogs were run over 18 months ago, the tragedy affected Adam deeply.’
      • ‘She died of chest and abdominal injuries after she was run over by a lorry outside York District Hospital.’
      • ‘The fifty-two year old businessman was charged with culpable homicide after running Clarke over with his four-wheel drive vehicle.’
      • ‘Another worker said Mr Heap was standing by the vehicle when he was run over.’
      • ‘A wildlife campaigner is urging motorists to slow down after a swan was run over.’
      run down, knock down, knock over, knock to the ground, hit, strike
      View synonyms
  • run through

    • 1Be present in every part of; pervade.

      ‘a sense of personal loss runs through many of his lyrics’
      • ‘‘There is an unpleasant air of patronage running through this book’, one reviewer complained.’
      • ‘Do you sense a strong current of social idealism running through present-day American design?’
      • ‘While it is difficult to categorize the projects presented in this volume, one common thread that runs through much of the work is the architects' concern for ecologically sound design.’
      • ‘A critique of consumerism runs through many of the works, including those by Kristof Kintera and Alena Kotzmannova.’
      • ‘One theme I find runs through all the emails is the lack of information available at the time of the first diagnosis.’
      • ‘A sense of purposefulness runs through his entire article.’
      • ‘The absence/presence thread is one which runs through all the works.’
      • ‘The thread that seems to run through all her books that I have read is one of alienation and then reabsorption, either from/by society or by families.’
      • ‘The other interesting theme running through here is the loss of family.’
      • ‘The common theme that runs through these 500 pages is how ordinary people perform extraordinary feats of strength and courage, day after day, month after month, year after year.’
      pervade, permeate, suffuse, imbue, inform, go through
      View synonyms
    • 2Use or spend recklessly or rapidly.

      ‘her husband had long since run through her money’
      • ‘It didn't take them too many years to run through all their money.’
      • ‘That ever-charming quality stood him in good stead as he ran through the money of numerous family friends who invested in a long string of his losing ventures.’
      • ‘Not surprisingly, he quickly ran through the money and had to ask Morgan for more.’
      • ‘By 1592, with both parents dead, he had run through his inheritance.’
      • ‘The company has already run through several hundred million in start-up money.’
      squander, fritter away, spend, spend like water, throw away, dissipate, waste, go through, consume, use up
      View synonyms
  • run someone/something through

    • Stab a person or animal so as to kill them.

      • ‘An opponent with a knife could easily run you through if you tried that, so it wasn't actually very convincing as self-defense.’
      • ‘Feng ran him through, his sword sticking into the ground on the other side of him.’
      • ‘Descartes drew his sword and threatened to run them through if they tried to harm him.’
      • ‘They ran him through with their bayonets and clubbed him with iron bars.’
      • ‘At once he unleashed an unearthly scream, as though someone had just run him through with a spear.’
      • ‘As the second soldier turned in surprise to see who had shot his comrade, Dawson ran him through with his bayonet.’
      stab, pierce, transfix, impale
      View synonyms
  • run through (or over) something

    • 1Discuss, read, or repeat something quickly or briefly.

      ‘I'll just run through the schedule for the weekend’
      • ‘I had calmed down quite a bit and I was no longer trembling, but my mind was still running through all of the new information I had accumulated.’
      • ‘As I read I kept running through all the things I have said over the last six years since having Madison.’
      • ‘Today I'll run through what I'm reading on the Internet, as it's been an interesting week.’
      • ‘Before we get on to the clinical implications, let's just quickly run through what the possible reasons are.’
      • ‘She ran through her schedule in her head.’
      • ‘In the spirit of increasing openness, here we run through the 10 most common financial mistakes people make.’
      • ‘We did some rehearsing yesterday evening, running through some old Dr. Feelgood numbers.’
      • ‘Taberah spent most of the day running through New Age music in his head, and seeing how it would sound on his lute.’
      • ‘Come on let's run through the scene one more time and then we'll call it a night.’
      • ‘He mentally ran through how much money he had saved up and how long it would take to have enough as he shoved his key into the lock on his door.’
      rehearse, practise, go through, go over, repeat, do again
      go over, go through, look over, look through, cast one's eye over, take a look at, run over
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Rehearse a performance or series of actions.
        ‘okay, let's run through Scene 3 again’
        • ‘Would it be alright if David and I just run through it as we rehearsed it, and you give us a list of what you want to change at the end?’
        • ‘Run through the speech again.’
        • ‘Run through the presentation again, just before the scheduled time.’
        • ‘Kevin, can you run over your lines one more time?’
        • ‘Some approach practicing as a time to perform, running through pieces at tempo from start to finish.’
  • run to

    • 1Extend to or reach (a specified amount or size)

      ‘the document ran to almost 100 pages’
      • ‘As of late June, many archaeologists in Iraq regarded that number as optimistic, with the suspected total running to twice or three times that.’
      • ‘The petition in support of Mr Gray runs to five pages.’
      • ‘The expense of returning home could run to considerably more than this.’
      • ‘All human life is contained within the covers of the book, which runs to 227 pages and contains a wonderful collection of musings and anecdotes.’
      • ‘In the meantime, his 30 pages have mushroomed into a 200-page screenplay and a movie that reportedly runs to more than three hours in length.’
      • ‘Perhaps inevitably, critics have commented unfavourably on the lack of action in Michel Thaler's work, The Train from Nowhere, which runs to 233 pages.’
      • ‘The cost, if you add the cost of the labour, would probably run to around £100.’
      • ‘The average image coming off a digital still camera is between 0.5 and 1.5Mb in size, while the average home movie runs to 2Gb or more.’
      • ‘The compensation was £585 yet the real cost runs to over £1, 000.’
      • ‘My paperback copy of his Lives of the Poets runs to 1097 pages and offers a tour of English-language poetry from the fourteenth century to more or less the present day.’
      reach, extend to, be as high as, be as much as
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Be enough to cover (a particular expense); have the financial resources for.
        ‘my income doesn't run to luxuries like taxis’
        • ‘We can only provide what we can afford, although we can certainly run to a secretary.’
        • ‘The budget can't have run to PR representation.’
        • ‘Tipton's budget doesn't run to many luxuries.’
        • ‘Considering she is an 80-year-old pensioner, I do not think her pension would run to that sort of expense.’
        afford, stretch to, manage, have money for
        View synonyms
    • 2(of a person) show a tendency to or inclination toward.

      ‘she was tall and running to fat’
      • ‘The patient's tastes run to swingbeat, hip hop and dancehall but he has only a bare knowledge of their antecedents.’
      • ‘He wasn't running to fat yet, which was a good thing, and there was no grey in his moustache.’
      • ‘Whether your taste runs to Wordsworth, real ale or fell-walking, Grasmere is the right place to start from.’
      • ‘My tastes run to the unconventional, so if yours don't, this may not be the place for you.’
      • ‘Anand's taste runs to Aerosmith, Moby and Bon Jovi, while Cathleen prefers Savage Garden and the Backstreet Boys.’
      • ‘His taste in literature ran to books of travel and he accumulated a large library.’
      • ‘He was one of those fortunate athletes who, although very strongly built, never tended to run to fat.’
      • ‘And, indeed, Oscar's taste in women runs to those who are decades his senior.’
      • ‘On the other hand, if your music tastes run to classical or pop, you want a speaker system which can reproduce the entire audio spectrum evenly.’
      • ‘Her tastes in movies run to romantic comedies and drama.’
      tend to, show a tendency to
      View synonyms
  • run something up

    • 1Allow a debt or bill to accumulate quickly.

      ‘he ran up debts of $153,000’
      • ‘He also suggested BT should use technology to detect obvious faults in the system before such enormous bills were run up.’
      • ‘Allen suffered a heart attack soon after he began working and ran up $31,000 in medical bills.’
      • ‘Miss Ward was also inspired after former staff at her beauty salon in the High Street, Penge, ran up a £500 phone bill.’
      • ‘He ran up $5,000 in debt on eight credit cards during his early years at the University of Miami.’
      • ‘The soccer superstar has apparently run up a hotel bill of £432,875 since his move to Real Madrid.’
      • ‘By his own admission, he ran up a £9,000 drinks bill in his room in the course of three weeks.’
      • ‘More costs were run up the next morning when the plumber returned to fit a temporary stop-cock.’
      • ‘As a result of mismanagement, debts of 110 million guilders had been run up and these were taken on by the Dutch state.’
      • ‘He had put enormous strain on their finances and ran up debts of £ 8,000 on her credit card.’
      • ‘The bank has been compliant in allowing the football club to run up a level of debt it could never pay back from trading.’
      accumulate, accrue, amass, collect, gather, stockpile, heap up, rack up, build up, scrape together, hoard, lay in, lay up, garner
      tot up
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Achieve a particular score in a game or match.
        ‘North Carolina ran up a 62–44 lead’
        • ‘Danny Hennesey and Bob Wrigglesworth hit a flurry of boundaries as Drax looked like running up a mammoth score against Heworth.’
        • ‘With the wind behind them they ran up a score of 2 - 14 to 0 - 3 at half time.’
        • ‘Imran Farhat and Taufeeq Umar played together 15 times and ran up 754 runs at an impressive average of 50.27 per innings.’
    • 2Make something quickly or hurriedly, especially a piece of clothing.

      ‘I'll run up a dress for you’
      • ‘From running designs up on sewing machines at the back of the shop, Stephen soon grew to be a large-scale manufacturer.’
      • ‘I'm actually planning on getting Betty to run her up some more suitable clothing.’
      • ‘He was obsessed by her looks, to the extent of commissioning designers to run up body-hugging dresses for her.’
      • ‘Watching musicals as a child sparked her interest, and she had her mother run up a Sound of Music dress to wear in a talent show at school.’
    • 3Raise a flag.

      • ‘The Americans put their emergency plans into operation, ran the American flag up over the house and settled down to wait things out.’
      • ‘It was the law of the sea that the warship responded in kind by running up her own colours and identity.’
      • ‘They responded on Saturday, flying a journalist to the rock by helicopter, ripping down the Hellenic stripes and running up the star and crescent.’
      • ‘The bell at the Empire Hotel would ring at midday and a flag would be run up the pub's flag-pole to indicate the postponement of the match.’
      • ‘Someone's even gone to the effort of digging out a flag with the college logo on it and run it up to half mast.’
  • run up against

    • Experience or meet (a difficulty or problem)

      ‘the proposal has been dropped because it could run up against Federal regulations’
      • ‘Finding her, he tries to integrate her into society proper, but runs up against two major problems.’
      • ‘However, the product is simpler and has a decent digital manual to guide you through most of the issues you're likely to run up against.’
      • ‘But critics ran up against two essential obstacles.’
      • ‘By 1999, they were all running up against frustrating limits in their particular fields.’
      • ‘Under the continuing threat of terrorism, journalists around what we like to call the free world are running up against increasingly debilitating legal barriers.’
      • ‘However, at club football his slight frame is a disadvantage when he runs up against powerful strikers like Emile Heskey, Van Nistelrooy, Shearer and co.’
      • ‘The government is proposing 200 city academies, including 60 in London, although several such schemes have recently run up against local parental opposition.’
      • ‘Any difficult/challenging lifestyle is going to run up against… difficulties and challenges.’
      • ‘Here we are trying to do a service to the community, trying to advertise what we're doing and we're running up against problems like this.’
      • ‘This procedure runs up against two difficulties.’
      experience, encounter, meet with, be faced with, run up against, be confronted with, come face to face with
      View synonyms
  • run with

    • 1Proceed with; accept.

      ‘we do lots of tests before we run with a product’
      • ‘Roland Emmerich's natural-disaster movie cleverly runs with the scientific theory that instead of global warming we may be heading towards an ice age prompted by the slowing of the Gulf Stream.’
      • ‘We had already been told by certain people that the tabloids had the story and were going to run with it.’
      • ‘‘I think that Humphrey would have won if he had accepted and run with that plan,’ Laird said.’
      • ‘Unfortunately the press is going to run with plenty of things that aren't necessarily true or accurate because it's all about ratings today.’
      • ‘Once I stopped caring what other people said, I accepted my role and just started running with it.’
      • ‘Once you accept the basic idea, shouldn't you run with it?’
    • 2Associate habitually with (someone)

      ‘Larry was a good kid until he began running around with the wrong crowd’
      • ‘Ever since Lou dropped out, he's been running with a bad crowd.’
      • ‘Although I was borderline delinquent myself, I was more responsible than the people I chose to run around with.’
      • ‘He didn't have time to worry about who his son was running around with during the day when he wasn't home.’
      • ‘If you run around with despicable people, the heavy odds are that you are despicable as well.’
      • ‘Let's just say I chose to run around with the wrong crowd.’
      • ‘I think it's the new friends he's been running around with.’
      • ‘Two men that Barbara runs around with say she was also involved in the crime.’
      • ‘I became more confident in myself and stopped thinking that I had to run around with a clique to be cool.’
      • ‘Come on Tobey, find yourself an older woman to run around with.’
      • ‘Once we settled in Brookfield, a suburb in Milwaukee, I started running around with a group of five kids - guys and girls.’

Origin

Old English rinnan, irnan (verb), of Germanic origin, probably reinforced in Middle English by Old Norse rinna, renna. The current form with -u- in the present tense is first recorded in the 16th century.

Pronunciation:

run

/rən/