Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
A violent person, especially one involved in crime.
thug, scoundrel, villain, rogue, rascal, lout, hooligan, hoodlum, vandal, delinquent, rowdy, bully boy, bully, bruteView synonyms
- ‘He too, the boy thinks, has known hard times: the bully on the next block, the ruffians in his third grade class.’
- ‘Within a few hours even the toughest of the tough ruffians would break down and start confessing.’
- ‘Vidocq served a lucrative apprenticeship with various ruffians, vagabonds and swindlers.’
- ‘As the proportion of homicides committed with firearms surged, even the swaggering ruffians of local bars may have thought twice before challenging any and all onlookers.’
- ‘And he had traveled many places, heard rumors of all sorts, and been threatened by ruffians and rogues who would have stolen from him or killed him; he had felt fear then.’
- ‘Albert is a regular at this place, bringing along his gang of ruffians and louts to watch him eat sloppily and hurl insults at everyone that walks by.’
- ‘No cooked food could be sold, and shops were not to shelter ruffians, thieves, or prostitutes.’
- ‘These were not wild-eyed, rabble-rousing ruffians.’
- ‘Even the tsotsis, the unkempt street ruffians of the 1930s, began to embrace the quest for style in the 1950s.’
- ‘They used to say soccer is a gentleman's game played by ruffians and rugby is a ruffian's game played by gentlemen.’
- ‘He was, in fact, a leader of a gang of Essex ruffians, whose speciality was robbery with violence.’
- ‘Obviously, it was a case of collusion between the state and the lawbreaking ruffians.’
- ‘But Morgan makes enemies right away when he foils a mugging by a gang of local ruffians.’
- ‘In early twentieth-century Chicago, where guns were readily available, local ruffians were less inclined to announce that they would abide no disrespect or take on all corners.’
- ‘On New Year's Day 1753 an eighteen-year-old London maidservant called Elizabeth Canning was abducted in the City by two ruffians.’
- ‘Well, so long as he could hide his emotions when they crossed paths with the thieves - bullies and ruffians were always drawn to the fearful.’
- ‘The tactics of the violent ruffians failed in this year's election.’
- ‘Good heavens, you could have been killed going into a den of ruffians like that.’
- ‘A few days earlier a ruffian had snatched a woman's chain.’
- ‘This first feature filmed in Irish follows the tale of an aging producer of poitin (the Irish equivalent of moonshine) and the two young ruffians who rob him.’
Late 15th century: from Old French ruffian, from Italian ruffiano, perhaps from dialect rofia ‘scab, scurf’, of Germanic origin.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.