Definition of rudiment in English:



  • 1the rudiments ofThe first principles of (a subject)

    ‘she taught the girls the rudiments of reading and writing’
    • ‘‘Working with them helped me to know the rudiments of film-making,’ he says.’
    • ‘They might just about have grasped the rudiments of e-mail, but they haven't a clue about the new media.’
    • ‘The workshop will expose students to the rudiments of handling backstage activities such as sound and lighting effects.’
    • ‘I left with a fair understanding of the rudiments of dressmaking.’
    • ‘In the past road safety initiatives focused on children's lack of experience and competence in dealing with traffic, and aspired to teach children the rudiments of dealing with a busy road.’
    • ‘It is hard to say what, beyond the rudiments of painting, Dou derived from his time with Rembrandt.’
    • ‘He taught them the rudiments of carpentry and construction as they put up a unit for poultry production.’
    • ‘It neglects the fact that although the rudiments of a task can be picked up quite soon, skills take time to develop, and the process is inhibited by too many job changes, compulsory task rotations, or rapid staff turnover.’
    • ‘Drivers of such vehicles too have to be taught the rudiments of traffic discipline.’
    • ‘If you don't understand the rudiments of grammar you won't be able to deal with Shakespeare.’
    • ‘When the Laune Pipers' Band was founded in 1944 in Killorglin, it was decided to engage Peter to train the local boys in the rudiments of pipe playing.’
    • ‘There is no one better to teach the rudiments of the game than Matt.’
    • ‘They were also taught the rudiments of direction.’
    • ‘Teaching pupils the rudiments of double-blind tests, clinical trial methods and general principles of factoring studies for other influences would clear these scientific confusions.’
    • ‘In the biographers' accounts, the cardinal is cast as something of a second father figure, teaching the young Bernini the rudiments of literature even as his actual father taught him how to hold a drill.’
    • ‘They will be taught the rudiments of life saving so that in the event of an emergency they can help sustain life until paramedics arrive.’
    • ‘One of the directors had someone teach Jayaraja the rudiments of camera work.’
    • ‘They are thus taught the rudiments of yoga, relaxation techniques and certain yoga exercises that can help improve memory and concentration.’
    • ‘In every village, in every nook and cranny, youths were taught the rudiments of the game by elders as a matter of course.’
    • ‘There is a regrettable paucity of training in the rudiments of security protocols or practices at the library.’
    basic principles, basics, fundamentals, elements, essentials, first principles
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    1. 1.1 An elementary or primitive form of something.
      ‘the rudiments of a hot-water system’
      • ‘Using just the rudiments of clothing, namely a scrap of fabric and a bit of thread, Berriolo conjured not the costume that covers the figure, but the figure itself, with playfulness and whimsy, but also with a sense of quest and discovery.’
      • ‘Using the indigenously available material, they have put together the rudiments of a ‘glider aircraft’, similar in function and style to the imported gliders used only by defence pilots in India.’
      • ‘Singers and storytellers, the entertainers of those times, included dance in their performances, and created the rudiments of modern theatre, where dialogue takes precedence.’
      • ‘The inorganic sediments were covered with poorly decomposed fibric peat accumulations that contained well-preserved rudiments of earlier communities.’
      • ‘Based on careful observations, Darwin contended that many animals possess general concepts, some reasoning ability, rudiments of moral sentiments, and complex emotions.’
      basic principles, basics, fundamentals, elements, essentials, first principles
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  • 2Biology
    An undeveloped or immature part or organ, especially a structure in an embryo or larva which will develop into an organ, limb, etc.

    ‘the fetal lung rudiment’
    • ‘A small posterior element in this limb may be a rudiment of the fifth metacarpal.’
    • ‘This initial pattern changes in larvae of the six and eight arms, when the juvenile rudiment is present.’
    • ‘It has rudiments of the limb girdles, but no fins.’
    • ‘Ichthyostega had seven digits in the feet and still retained some gill arch rudiments and fin rays in the tail.’
    • ‘All fetuses from whom the testis rudiment had been removed developed as though they were female, as also did those from whom the developing ovary was removed.’
    rudimentary version, germ, nucleus, seed, root, source
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  • 3Music
    A basic pattern used by drummers, such as the roll, the flam, and the paradiddle.

    • ‘I was learning the rudiments - the drum rolls, the double bounces, the single bounces.’
    • ‘A team of 17 individuals assists the band with marching rudiments, choreography and in developing tight musical and visual components.’
    • ‘Jack knew enough about percussion to realise that the girl was methodically going through a set of rudiments.’
    • ‘Instruction in piano, voice, organ, string, brass, wind and percussion are available for beginners and masters, as well as classes in rudiments, composition and other theoretical subjects.’
    • ‘He flows like a slap bassist, performing exhausting rudiments in too-tight spaces with little grace and even less rhythm.’
    necessary condition, precondition, condition, essential, requirement, requisite, necessity, proviso, qualification, imperative, basic, obligation, duty
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Mid 16th century: from French, or from Latin rudimentum, from rudis ‘unwrought’, on the pattern of elementum ‘element’.