Definition of rouse in English:



  • 1Bring out of sleep; awaken.

    ‘she was roused from a deep sleep by a hand on her shoulder’
    • ‘Nick was roused from sleep with a jolt, his beeper sounding loudly next to him.’
    • ‘The morning's first rays of sunlight flooded the tiny tower room, rousing Callista from her sleep.’
    • ‘His blonde hair was still wet from the shower, so he shook cold droplets off onto Abbey's stomach, which immediately roused her from sleep.’
    • ‘A shaft of light moved across my eyes, rousing me from deep slumber.’
    • ‘And the cat glared back, plainly annoyed at being roused from its sound sleep.’
    • ‘She didn't know what had roused her from her sleep, and she sat in bed thinking for a moment.’
    • ‘Ralph tries to rouse her out of her deep sleep, but the doctors tell him it would take a miracle to wake her.’
    • ‘‘Mmm, no,’ I protested to whoever was shaking my shoulder gently, trying to rouse me from sleep.’
    • ‘A weak cry roused her just as she was nodding off to sleep.’
    • ‘The thick windows distorted the rays of the morning sun, but the light was still enough to rouse Jantha from her sleep.’
    • ‘There, I roused Elroth and Rain, leading them both out.’
    • ‘What sounded like a stampede of wild rhinoceroses roused her from her sleep.’
    • ‘On the other side of him, men, women, and children were rousing themselves from sleep and moving sluggishly to the fire to get warm.’
    • ‘Max called, rousing Miguel from the light sleep he had fallen into.’
    • ‘A soft knock on the door barely roused Alex from his deep sleep.’
    • ‘Joe was roused from his sleep by Azara promptly jumping on the bed and pulling on his arm.’
    • ‘The deafening echo of gunfire roused Lourdes from her sleep.’
    • ‘Just about that time Jon emerged from the house bare foot and looking much like he had just been roused from sleep.’
    • ‘Haskell, who has been sleeping in the front passenger's seat, cannot be roused and seems to be dead or at least unconscious.’
    • ‘When we visited his house, a national monument from the nineteenth century, the docent who let us in seemed to have been roused from a nap.’
    wake, wake up, awaken, waken, arouse
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    1. 1.1[no object]Cease to sleep or to be inactive; wake up.
      ‘she roused and looked around’
      • ‘He set his equipment beside the campfire, patted Tyler's head enough to make him just start to rouse, then flashed a wicked grin before moving to the shadows.’
      • ‘He still hadn't roused from his sleep, and she was getting worried.’
      • ‘Ryan roused as the sun beamed blearily through the gathered clouds over him, light in the early hours of dawn.’
      • ‘He roused from his sleep, being perfectly attentive the moment his eyes opened.’
      • ‘He smiled wryly as she roused, and tried to struggle.’
      • ‘As I roused from sleep again, my back stinging from sleeping on the floor, I heard footsteps on the stairs.’
      • ‘Her soldiers were sleeping and few were even rousing.’
      • ‘As he slowly stood up, Jeremy roused from his sleep.’
      • ‘Harry wakes up weary, but rouses quickly and showers, resigned to being late for the day's meetings.’
      • ‘When he rouses, she explains the whole situation to him, her actions, and about the fire.’
      • ‘Lily found him asleep, but he roused when she came in.’
      • ‘I roused from the sleep one of them had put me in and I immediately got up out of the silky sheets.’
      • ‘When they roused in the morning, Cecilia had 15 angry messages on her cell phone.’
      • ‘Isabella roused from sleep what seemed like an eternity later, disturbed by something she could not identify.’
      • ‘I wasn't sure if I was still dreaming or not, but as I slowly roused from the first peaceful slumber I'd had in a week, I felt a gentle hand caressing my hair.’
      • ‘As Jamie secured the last of the bandages, Cale finally roused.’
      • ‘Miguel stirred and roused from sleep as the sound of footsteps echoed in the room and the lights came on.’
      • ‘Bryan was sure it was after noon when he roused from sleep, or close to it.’
      • ‘He waited a few minutes to make sure his son didn't rouse then moved the book so that it lay on the bed beside him, within easy reach of Adam's hand.’
      • ‘The men roused from their sleep and prepared for battle in the early hours of the morning.’
      wake up, wake, awaken, come to, get up, get out of bed, rise, bestir oneself
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    2. 1.2Startle out of inactivity; cause to become active.
      ‘once the enemy camp was roused, they would move on the castle’
      ‘she'd just stay a few more minutes, then rouse herself and go back’
      • ‘The teacher rouses up from her state of total oblivion.’
      • ‘Here he did the opposite, focusing and rousing his inner might until his eyes sparked like chill candles and cast a faint glare before him.’
      • ‘‘We should go to them, Klessa,’ he said, rousing me from my admiration of the knife's blade in the sunlight.’
      • ‘It is this deception which rouses and keeps in continual motion the industry of mankind.’
      • ‘A quick knock on the door roused him from his deliberations, and he called out an invitation without checking the identity of the visitor.’
      • ‘Kara tried unsuccessfully to rouse herself from her stupor.’
      • ‘A knock on the door roused me from my seat a moment later, and I was more than a little reluctant to answer it.’
      • ‘After half an hour or so a sexton will bustle in to prepare for Mass, and Nora will rouse herself and peek outside.’
      • ‘Carl heard these words from far away and though they conferred on him a feeling of complete despair they roused him briefly from his speechless stupor.’
      • ‘Knock, knock, knock… the sound roused me from a world full of numbers and accounts.’
      • ‘Flinching as he roused himself from his musings, he looked around, ‘Huh?’’
      • ‘Occasionally, events roused the deaf community to take political action, and these occasions provide the most interesting parts of the book.’
      • ‘Laertes's certitude reminds me of one moment in which Hamlet tries to rouse himself to a similar passion.’
      • ‘Brianna's thoughts were interrupted as a knock at the door roused her.’
      • ‘The racket was tremendous, and eventually caused Mara to rouse himself from study and look over the rails just as a fifty-foot high pillar roared past and set the sky alight with Imperial flame.’
      • ‘I merely wish to get up and to rouse myself, so as to think that I am still master of myself.’
      • ‘‘I will kill him if you keep rousing his will to fight,’ the deep voice said.’
      • ‘Philosophy exists ‘to rouse, to startle the human spirit to a life of constant and eager observation.’’
      • ‘Any ruler who wishes to attain his noblest ends must rouse himself to follow the dictates of virtue in all his public acts.’
      • ‘He walked out and Mary was left standing, deep in thought, until Bertha's voice roused her. ‘Well I never!’’
    3. 1.3Startle (game) from a lair or cover.
    4. 1.4Nautical archaic Haul (something) vigorously in the specified direction.
      ‘rouse the cable out’
  • 2Cause to feel angry or excited.

    ‘the crowds were roused to fever pitch by the drama of the race’
    • ‘Kate took after her mother: both were roused to argue easily, but quickly found their anger cooling.’
    • ‘Above all, they had been roused to anger by a recent decision of the Court to nationalize the railways.’
    • ‘Since the report was written by a captain who had been roused to fits of hysterical rage by Bayley's ineptitude, some serious editing had been performed.’
    • ‘Why is a huge crowd roused to frenzy by a football match?’
    • ‘Folk tunes rest easy in a sharp, modern arrangement that rouses and quiets with equal success.’
    • ‘We quarrelled, like any couple in love and we both had terrible tempers when we were roused.’
    • ‘I wasn't roused by the show, and thought, as I've said, that the repeat episode was far edgier than the newer iteration.’
    • ‘Roused to frenzy by the loss of his queen, the king goes in pursuit, belabouring whomsoever he finds and meeting with mortifying adventures.’
    • ‘They were most easily roused in defence of their own honour and jurisdiction, quarrelling with rival law courts, the clergy, and any other institution brave enough to risk their wrath.’
    • ‘I can't envision this milquetoast rousing a crowd of people, much less as the firebrand leader of a band of rebellious anarchists.’
    • ‘Whether any of his American peers will be roused to diss him back at this point seems rather unlikely though.’
    provoke, annoy, anger, make angry, infuriate, send into a rage, madden, incense, vex, irk, work up, exasperate
    stir up, excite, galvanize, electrify, stimulate, inspire, move, fire up, fire the enthusiasm of, fire the imagination of, get going, whip up, inflame, agitate, goad, provoke
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    1. 2.1Cause or give rise to (an emotion or feeling)
      ‘his evasiveness roused my curiosity’
      • ‘‘Of course not,’ she replied, her curiosity roused by his accent.’
      • ‘Randon's eyes were glowing eagerly, hope roused within him that they might go to the aid of Falgrice's people after all.’
      • ‘He was silent for some moments, and felt his hackles stir at the dread her words roused.’
      • ‘At least it rouses some sort of emotion in me: anger, jealousy, the desire to hurl things.’
      • ‘By the time she reached the bedroom door her alarm and curiosity were roused.’
      • ‘Mistress Di, her curiosity roused, determined to discover the mysterious nature of their voyage.’
      • ‘This stimulation of thoughts about music can rouse those inner feelings which make perception in performance a growing and creative element.’
      • ‘The very sight of her roused such fond, nervous emotions and reassurance in him that he himself could hardly make sense of them.’
      • ‘Saving a bet is neither dramatic, nor ego satisfying, nor likely to rouse the envy of your peers and adversaries, but it's spendable cash.’
      • ‘‘I just hope she does not rouse the anger of those on board Starline,’ muttered Arzenes.’
      • ‘Matt's initial anger began to melt away as his curiosity was roused.’
      • ‘He was usually slow to anger but once his wrath was roused he made a dangerous enemy.’
      • ‘Our daredevil ambitions are never so roused as when we're our own audience.’
      • ‘From her comb, Oskar saw she had blond hair that had begun to fall out; this image roused feelings of love in Oskar.’
      • ‘As that most acute of self-chroniclers, Henri-Frederic Amiel, put it, ‘the universe seriously studied rouses one's terror’.’
      • ‘On my return to England I made two attempts to rouse interest in the book.’
      • ‘‘Revenge and death,’ he muttered, trying to rouse anger to replace the sudden fear that coiled in his belly.’
      • ‘In the worst period of my depression, I had read through the whole of Byron to try whether a poet could rouse any feeling in me.’
      • ‘Instead of rousing the readers' emotions by overt descriptions of violence, Visalam's novel concentrates more on the background to that violence.’
      • ‘When a poem becomes aggressive, it rouses an excitement in us, in part because we see that someone has broken their social shackles.’
      arouse, awaken, give rise to, prompt, provoke, stimulate, pique, stir up, trigger, spark off, touch off, kindle, elicit
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  • 3Stir (a liquid, especially beer while brewing)

    ‘rouse the beer as the hops are introduced’


Late Middle English (originally as a hawking and hunting term): probably from Anglo-Norman French, of unknown ultimate origin.