Definition of rooibaadjie in US English:



South African
  • 1A British regular soldier, a redcoat. Chiefly depreciative. Now chiefly historical.

  • 2A wingless red insect that is the nymph of the southern African brown locust, Locustana pardalina, in its gregarious phase.


Mid 19th century. From South African Dutch roodebaatje, literally ‘red jacket’ from Dutch roode + South African Dutch baatje, baadje, etc. ‘jacket’ (Afrikaans baadjie; from Malay badju kind of shirt or jacket (now baju), apparently with alteration of the ending after Dutch -je, diminutive suffix).