Definition of roll in US English:



  • 1Move or cause to move in a particular direction by turning over and over on an axis.

    no object, with adverbial of direction ‘the car rolled down into a ditch’
    with object and adverbial of direction ‘she rolled the ball across the floor’
    • ‘This can result in a loss of operational control, with the wheel possibly rolling away from the unit and injuring bystanders.’
    • ‘Why the law of momentum conservation is not violated when a ball rolls down a hill and gains momentum?’
    • ‘In the opening sequence, a huge boulder rolls down the hillside, barely missing him and landing in the swimming pool.’
    • ‘She laughingly recalled a day when Pearl, then in her thirties, had inexplicably rolled a large rock into the living room of the house where she and other children were playing.’
    • ‘One shocking scene shows street children assaulting a wino and gleefully rolling him down the stairs, punishment for his spiritual and physical corruption.’
    • ‘The gods had condemned him to ceaselessly roll a rock to the top of a mountain, whence the stone would fall back of its own weight.’
    • ‘This all just happens, like a boulder rolling downhill, but without any sense of danger.’
    • ‘But the car is already wrecked against a tree, and a beach ball rolls away from it.’
    • ‘Michael and his friends take out their rage on the teacher by duct-taping him to his chair and repeatedly rolling him across the floor.’
    • ‘Their efforts were rewarded just two minutes from time when the ball was rolled back to Bullock some 25 yards from goal.’
    • ‘A ball rolls slowly into the frame, its impetus unseen.’
    • ‘Facing each other, the female rolls the egg from a furry fold in her abdomen to the male who balances it on his toes and slips his coat over it to keep it warm.’
    • ‘The United midfielder rolled the ball back for Andy Cole who crashed a shot into the net.’
    • ‘After a few moments, Meagan saw the ball slowly rolling away near the swings.’
    • ‘He was filmed throwing about five stones and rolling a beer barrel down the hill towards the police line.’
    • ‘Aiming carefully, she took the shot and the ball rolled to a stop about a foot from the hole.’
    • ‘Spectacularly, sweets rolled in all directions, across the floor and underneath the chairs.’
    turn round and round, go round and round, turn over and over, spin, rotate
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Turn or cause to turn over to face a different direction.
      no object ‘she rolled onto her side’
      with object ‘they rolled him over onto his back’
      • ‘She slipped between sheets squeaky with cold, pinched at my hand, a perfunctory touch, and rolled away onto her side.’
      • ‘She shrugged, and then rolled off to her side, yawning and falling asleep.’
      • ‘He needed an oxygen machine to help him breathe and a team of nurses to roll him over in bed.’
      • ‘I sighed and rolled onto my stomach, lying face down on the cot.’
      • ‘Quickly I rolled her over to keep her from choking.’
      • ‘Rolling onto her stomach, Elizabeth closed her eyes in an effort to lull her body to sleep.’
      • ‘I stretched my legs and rolled onto my stomach.’
      • ‘I rolled him onto his side.’
      • ‘Sadie groaned and rolled onto her side.’
      • ‘He rolled onto his belly and pressed his face in the wet grass and giggled.’
      • ‘I rolled off to the left, he to the right, so we ended up on our sides, facing each other.’
      • ‘I heard the door open, and I rolled onto my side and looked.’
      • ‘Rolling onto her back, Emma put the phone to her ear.’
      • ‘I gently slid my hands under her shoulder and slowly rolled her onto her back.’
      • ‘Roll the casualty onto one side, keeping the legs straight.’
      • ‘Some time later he felt a hand shaking him, then rolling him onto his back.’
      • ‘I had to roll partially onto my side to work the keys out of my suit jacket pocket.’
      • ‘Sean took a look at him and said, "Yup, he's burnt real bad, roll him over".’
      • ‘I rolled onto my stomach and lay there for a while.’
      • ‘She stretched her arms over her head, rolling onto her back.’
    2. 1.2with object Turn (one's eyes) upward, typically to show surprise or disapproval.
      ‘Sarah rolled her eyes’
      • ‘This is ludicrous, and you may feel the urge to simultaneously roll your eyes, laugh out loud, and change the channel.’
      • ‘The two live their lives, basically coexisting, with dad usually slinging barbs at his son, telling him to work harder and study more, and with son usually rolling his eyes, sighing audibly, and driving his Jeep.’
      • ‘That moment also happens to be the precise moment I stopped even trying not to laugh, chuckling to myself and rolling my eyes.’
      • ‘By the end the preposterous level of interaction between these characters left me rolling my eyes.’
      • ‘The director also sounds like he's rolling his eyes when he instructs the actor repeatedly to talk directly into the mic.’
      • ‘Instead of continuing the ‘cute’ idea and reinforcing the scene, the music made me roll my eyes instead.’
      • ‘I spent a good amount of time rolling my eyes, which frightened me because I worried my contacts would get stuck behind my eyeballs.’
      • ‘In the case of The Sound of Music, there were only four or five times in the film I rolled my eyes at what I consider inane instances of singing.’
      • ‘But you may find yourself rolling your eyes at some of the old-fashioned attitudes and experiences that the characters must face.’
      • ‘They roll their eyes and shake their heads in disbelief.’
      • ‘High art pretensions caused her to roll her eyes.’
      • ‘Nothing says humiliation like having a group of kids roll their eyes and point at you, disappointed that your lanky body will be gracing their team.’
      • ‘At other times I rolled my eyes, although not that much.’
      • ‘What I wanted to know most was, when women watch this film, are they going to be rolling their eyes?’
      • ‘It was enough to leave me rolling my eyes every time it resurfaced.’
      • ‘It will make you roll your eyes, but that is part of the enjoyment.’
      • ‘The actor just rolls his eyes and makes the occasional face.’
      • ‘If you could find a woman who would watch it with you, from beginning to end, without rolling her eyes, then she was a keeper.’
      • ‘Many of my comrades rolled their eyes when I complained about the film's glaring lack of substance.’
      • ‘My favourite moment in the film is when Marto says he could give up the drugs easily and his girlfriend rolls her eyes.’
    3. 1.3no object, with adverbial (of a person or animal) lie down and turn over and over while remaining in the same place.
      ‘the buffalo rolled in the dust’
      • ‘I had stopped some of my childhood fun such as running with the village boys and catching fish and rolling in the dirt and had started acting more like a young woman.’
      • ‘They wound up rolling around on the floor.’
      • ‘Nina got down and rolled in the grass to muss her hair and rumple her clothes.’
      • ‘The finale was energetic with all the dancers rolling on the ground.’
      • ‘The dog rolled on the ground.’
      • ‘I must have spent 10 or 15 minutes rolling on the floor in agony.’
      • ‘He grinds his teeth, barks like a dog and rolls around on the carpet.’
    4. 1.4no object (of a moving ship, aircraft, or vehicle) rock or oscillate around an axis parallel to the direction of motion.
      ‘the ship pitched and rolled’
      • ‘The boat rolled and nodded gently.’
      • ‘The aircraft rolled off to the left prior to slicing nose low to 90 degrees down.’
      • ‘Our boarding party had to get aboard a ship rolling and heaving in large seas.’
      lurch, toss, rock, pitch, plunge, sway, reel, list, keel, wallow, labour, make heavy weather
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    5. 1.5no object, with adverbial Move along or from side to side unsteadily or uncontrollably.
      ‘they were rolling about with laughter’
      • ‘Within a matter of minutes Scott and I are pretty much rolling around the place.’
      • ‘All you could hear were people rolling around with laughter.’
      • ‘The moment I tried it I was rolling all over the place.’
      stagger, lurch, reel, sway, pitch, totter, teeter, wobble
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    6. 1.6North American informal with object Overturn (a vehicle)
      ‘he rolled his Mercedes in a 100 mph crash’
      • ‘It was really scary rolling the car like that.’
      • ‘He began drinking heavily, and after one sodden evening at a local bar he rolled his car on the highway.’
      • ‘One of our guys rolled his oversize truck on a residential street in front of a visiting dignitary.’
      • ‘He hit the kerb and rolled his car.’
      • ‘She fell asleep at the wheel, rolled her sports car, and ended up in a ditch.’
    7. 1.7with object Throw (a die or dice).
      • ‘As he put it, he had rolled his dice and he had lost.’
      • ‘He rolls the dice and it hits a 1.’
      • ‘As they roll the dice, a window in the middle of the game delivers decidedly sinister messages.’
      • ‘Before Leah could roll the dice an ominous knock was heard at the door.’
      • ‘I rolled the dice, hoping for a high number.’
    8. 1.8with object Obtain (a particular score) by throwing a die or dice.
      ‘roll a 2, 3, or 12’
      • ‘From now on, if anyone rolls a double-one or a double-six, all moves are reversed for the next turn, okay?’
      • ‘The odds of rolling a six with one die are 1 in six.’
      • ‘If a player rolled a twelve, he collected all the coins on the board.’
  • 2no object, with adverbial of direction (of a vehicle) move or run on wheels.

    ‘the van was rolling along the highway’
    • ‘A pickup truck rolls down a dark highway.’
    • ‘There follows a four and a half minute high-angle shot of a carriage wheel rolling along a dirt road, while a male voice-over narration reads a letter the novelist had written to his daughter.’
    • ‘Cross the border into the East, and you could meet tanks rolling down the street.’
    • ‘As the tanks roll into town Charlotte is forced to decide whose safety matters most.’
    • ‘But as they tear down the dirt roads in the dead of night, a truck rolls out of nowhere, they lose control, and their car ends up in a ditch.’
    • ‘Residents said tanks rolled down their street firing into their homes.’
    travel, go, move, pass, cruise, be carried, be conveyed, sweep
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    1. 2.1with object and adverbial of direction Move or push (a wheeled object)
      ‘Pat rolled the cart back and forth’
      • ‘The trashcan is wheeled, so the whole can be lifted and rolled, though it would require some effort.’
      • ‘Isabelle was nervously rolling her skates back and forth.’
      • ‘Today you can still step right off the train and roll your suitcase up the flower-lined path to the hotel.’
      • ‘For a while, he joined the kid on the floor, rolling the toy truck across the room and watching the small boy run after it jubilantly.’
      • ‘As I rolled the shopping cart toward the front door to exit the store, a bell went off.’
      • ‘He rolled the bike out of the back of his truck.’
      wheel, push, trundle
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    2. 2.2roll something up/down Make a car window or a window blind move up or down.
      • ‘He leaned over and rolled down the passenger side window in one fluid motion.’
      • ‘He rolls the window down and puts on his seat belt.’
      • ‘As the police officer walked toward her, she rolled her window down and smiled politely.’
      • ‘It was a hot night and so they rolled the windows down to cool off.’
      • ‘He rolled the windows down and turned the radio up.’
    3. 2.3 (of a drop of liquid) flow.
      ‘huge tears rolled down her cheeks’
      • ‘She sniffled and hugged him tightly, tears rolling slowly down her cheeks.’
      • ‘A bead of sweat rolled down her face, and she swallowed hard.’
      • ‘She dabbed it to her eyes and let a single tear roll down her cheek.’
      • ‘She glanced over at the fat lord, beads of sweat rolling down his face.’
      • ‘When a droplet grows larger than a bump and touches the slippery surroundings, it rolls off, down to the beetle's mouth.’
      • ‘She was shaking now, tears slowly rolling down her flushed cheeks.’
      • ‘Was it exploitation by going in and watching tears roll down their faces?’
      • ‘As the movie started, tears began to roll down my cheeks.’
      • ‘A single tear rolls down her cheek, and she folds in on herself.’
      • ‘The Princess stopped crying and looked prettily up at the shopkeeper, letting just one tear roll down her cheek.’
      • ‘I had awakened from a nightmare with beads of sweat rolling down my face.’
      • ‘His eyes glisten as tears roll gently down his cheek.’
      flow, run, course, stream, pour, spill, trickle
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    4. 2.4 (of time) elapse steadily.
      ‘the years rolled by’
      • ‘As more time rolled on, he too became tired.’
      • ‘Marriott had a very dark side, and that got worse as the years rolled on.’
      • ‘As the years rolled by, we began to see light at the end of the tunnel.’
      • ‘They discussed various life events, and learned bits about each other as the days rolled on.’
      • ‘She's getting more and more fussy as the months roll by.’
      pass, go by, go past, slip by, slip past, slide by, slide past, sail by, sail past, glide by, glide past, fly by, fly past, elapse, wear on, steal by, steal past, march on
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    5. 2.5roll off (of a product) issue from (an assembly line or machine)
      ‘the first copies of the newspaper rolled off the presses’
      • ‘The company stands to benefit further from increases in the number of cars rolling off the assembly line.’
      • ‘That's unheard of in an industry where design, engineering, and manufacturing often argue over quality problems right up until the first car rolls off the assembly line.’
      • ‘Sadly, the publication was already out of date as it rolled off the presses.’
      • ‘Increased competition has also led to superior quality products rolling off the local assembly lines.’
      • ‘The first one rolled off the assembly line of a Taiwanese manufacturing plant in November 2004.’
      • ‘Suddenly, Brazilians had money to spend - but not on the outmoded, second-rate models that had been rolling off local assembly lines.’
      • ‘New products rolled off the line for the first time in years.’
      • ‘And together, the big three automakers saw a third of their plants shut down on Friday, which means thousands of cars did not roll off the assembly line.’
      • ‘Those companies offered enterprise resource management, a method of tracking materials as they roll off the assembly line.’
      • ‘‘Because this company is so quality-focused, just anything that rolls off the line isn't necessarily going to be acceptable,’ he says.’
    6. 2.6 (of waves, smoke, cloud, or fog) move or flow forward with an undulating motion.
      ‘the fog rolled across the fields’
      • ‘The movie begins as four lifelong friends doing some male-bonding out in the woods when a snowstorm rolls in.’
      • ‘It's like being on a wave rolling into shore; you can't fight it.’
      • ‘Sometimes the shift between panels is as subtle as fog rolling through, so that one looks closely to identify the change.’
      • ‘The only cinematic cue to promote tension is the following shot of a darkening sky as storm clouds roll in.’
      • ‘After the child goes missing, time-lapse photography depicts the clouds rapidly rolling in and nestling on the horizon above the rocky outcrops.’
      • ‘We walked on an almost totally deserted beach, with heavy breakers rolling onto the shore.’
      • ‘The day is sunny but a fog rolls in and puts a chill into their bones.’
      • ‘A late-afternoon haze rolls over the hills.’
      • ‘The music captures the damp chill of the Scottish air and the fog rolling off the moors.’
      • ‘When a storm suddenly rolls in and crashes their boat into a reef, Paul and Barbara man an inflatable life raft and head for the costal town of Imboca for help.’
      • ‘Despite his efforts, Simon dies as a tropical storm rolls in, and his body is washed out to sea.’
      • ‘The residents of a small seaside town are celebrating the anniversary of their town's birth when a pea souper comes rolling in with some ‘scary’ folk out for revenge on the wrongs that were done to them many moons ago.’
      undulating, surging, heaving, tossing, rippling, rising and falling, swelling
      billow, undulate, rise and fall, toss, tumble
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    7. 2.7 (of land) extend in gentle undulations.
    8. 2.8 (of credits for a movie or television program) be displayed as if moving on a roller up the screen.
      • ‘As the opening credits roll, the movie opens to a dark rainy Manhattan night.’
      • ‘Afterwards, even a moment's consideration will reveal an avalanche of plot holes, but it is a tribute to the film-makers that these are not recognized until after the end credits have rolled.’
      • ‘At the end, while the credits roll, we are shown the reactions of the actors on seeing the film for the first time.’
      • ‘Romantic comedies are rarely anything more than the sort of vacuous entertainment one tosses into the DVD player in order to kill 100 or so minutes, then promptly forgets as soon as the end credits are rolling.’
      • ‘Sadly, many folks who pick up this DVD will miss this extra if they stop the disc once the credits start rolling.’
      • ‘And even after the movie closes and the credits roll, there are many, many questions still left.’
      • ‘By the time the credits roll, the big question patrons may be asking themselves is, what sort of movie was this supposed to be?’
      • ‘Judging from the comments I heard after the credits rolled, I wasn't the only one who felt this way.’
      • ‘Overall, this is a clumsy, uneven affair which, by the time the final credits roll, grates.’
      • ‘When the cameras stopped rolling, an astonishing four hundred kilometers of film had been recorded, totaling over 240 hours of footage.’
      • ‘After the closing credits have rolled, look back on the words and actions of some of the protagonists, and you'll see that they make no sense.’
      • ‘It's the kind of film that sticks with you after the credits roll…’
      • ‘It's a beautiful film, though, with moments that stayed with me long after the credits rolled.’
      • ‘Sure, there are plot holes, but most of them don't become apparent until long after the end credits have rolled and the film is being analyzed in a post-screening discussion.’
      • ‘As the end credits roll, he goes off on this tangent that at first I thought was serious, but quickly realized was an incredibly funny joke.’
      • ‘As the credits roll, you wonder why you bothered wasting 100 minutes of your life on this flat, soulless piece of throwaway trash.’
      • ‘An hour after the end credits have rolled, he's the one - perhaps the only one - we remember.’
      • ‘When the credits started rolling I actually felt baffled for a moment, wondering if somehow I'd accidentally hit the fast forward button at some point during the film.’
      • ‘There are few films that came out during the past year that left me with as good a feeling when the credits stopped rolling.’
      • ‘Once the end credits started rolling, I pondered for a moment what I liked about the movie.’
      • ‘The audience stayed in their chairs silently until the last credit rolled.’
    9. 2.9 (with reference to a machine, device, or system) operate or begin operating.
      no object ‘the cameras started to roll’
      with object ‘roll the camera’
      • ‘However, because the fight was brief, they kept the camera rolling.’
      • ‘After that there was an understanding that the cameras could be rolling at any time and any footage taken could potentially find its way into the film.’
      • ‘As one might expect, this collection spotlights the massive amount of work that took place before the cameras even began rolling.’
      • ‘The first plate is prepared, ink is spread on the rollers, paper is laid on the press bed and the machine rolls into action.’
      • ‘Then, just as the cameras were about to roll, I heard the devastating news: Doris had died in August.’
      • ‘It was as though everybody had a huge argument right before the camera started rolling and could hardly wait to get back to their respective trailers.’
      • ‘Working from a very loose story outline, the actors create their characters when the camera begins to roll.’
      • ‘She forgot how to act when the cameras began rolling.’
      • ‘Were there any other issues that needed to be resolved before the cameras could roll?’
      • ‘We see him stomping through sets, leaping through obstacles, and grabbing extras, making sure they are in the proper place when the cameras roll.’
      • ‘He’ll shoot the flick between other projects, and plans to get the cameras rolling soon.’
      • ‘I really want to just obey my own impulses when the camera's rolling.’
      • ‘He just placed seven cameras with infrared tape and microphones in different areas of his studio and let them roll.’
      • ‘The planter was rolling at 6 a.m. every day and didn't stop until 11 p.m.’
      • ‘As the cameras roll, an attractive young woman sits at the newsdesk reading the autocue.’
    10. 2.10informal no object Start moving; take action.
      ‘the coast's clear—let's roll’
      • ‘Blogging, as you will find out once you get rolling, requires thick skin and a level head.’
      • ‘If you two don't mind, it's time to roll!’
      • ‘I really want to get rolling on my new movie.’
      • ‘I really want to get rolling on it.’
      • ‘The moment Ed Lake heard the words, he thought: All right. Let's roll!’
      • ‘Once you have plugged in your equipment, connected the unit to the power source, you're ready to roll!’
      • ‘You've never seen children so anxious to get rolling.’
      • ‘Seconds later a man with a thin, frowning face said, 'Let's roll.'’
      • ‘"Come on guys, let's roll."’
    11. 2.11informal no object Behave in a particular way.
      ‘that's just how I roll, guys—I'll smile until I physically can't’
      • ‘That comment is inappropriate: I don't know what website you think you are on, but that is not how we roll.’
      • ‘I want an ICED latte, even in this cold weather. It's just how I roll.’
      • ‘For my first post I wanted to tell you guys that when it comes to SEO, this is how I roll.’
      • ‘I'm going to write a blog post about it that'll live online forever, but that's just the way I roll.’
      • ‘I decide when I drink, ok? I don't care if it's a Saturday. That's how I roll.’
      • ‘Dads aren't worried if you forget them, that is the way we roll in the Dad world.’
      • ‘"That's how I roll," he told us, popping the cap off a bottle and taking a long draw.’
      • ‘We were at a professional sound studio - because that's just how we roll, you know.’
      • ‘I told her I don't make financial decisions without consulting my husband: that's not how we roll.’
      • ‘We hope you've gotten a glimpse of what we're about and how we roll.’
      • ‘One thing I won't apologize for is how geeky this episode is because that's how we roll here.’
  • 3with object and adverbial Turn (something flexible) over and over on itself to form a cylinder, tube, or ball.

    ‘she started to roll up her sleeping bag’
    • ‘By the time they got there, though, the chairs were stacked, the rug had been rolled up, and the people were gone.’
    • ‘He kept a bow for hunting purposes, and a blanket was rolled up behind him.’
    • ‘She rolled the shirt into a ball and threw it into a garbage bag.’
    • ‘Shortly the tent was rolled up and strapped to the bottom of Gamal's pack.’
    • ‘Some are roughly wrapped around wooden frames and screwed and bolted into place; others are cut into strips, which are then rolled up and fastened with plastic ties.’
    • ‘Don looked up from the podium, rolling the drawing up.’
    • ‘The more tightly the tube is rolled up, the harder it becomes to see that it has a circular cross section, since this circular dimension gets smaller and smaller.’
    • ‘‘It shouldn't be for a while,’ he replied, rolling the map back up and replacing it.’
    • ‘He looks back at his usual table and sees Gilbert finish his coffee, roll up his paper, and exit.’
    • ‘I just nodded at him before beginning to roll up the blankets and tie them together.’
    • ‘With the hand scroll, a long horizontal painting, a combination of text and image is mounted onto a scroll and rolled up for storage.’
    • ‘Paintings can be rolled and carried in a pocket.’
    • ‘The sleeping mats had been rolled up and set against the wall and the folded blankets were stacked neatly upon a chair.’
    • ‘These flexible batteries can be rolled up, fit into corners, or embedded in thin plastic cards.’
    • ‘The oldest resident couple occupies the bed, with children and younger adults sleeping on reed mats on the floor; the mats are rolled up when not in use.’
    • ‘He got up and started rolling his sleeping bag up.’
    • ‘You take the circular tortilla and then put a goodly dollop of salsa, or cream or whatever you like in the middle, some strips of chicken with onion and bell pepper, roll it up, fold over the ends and start enjoying.’
    • ‘I had tried folding them, rolling them up, laying them flat, squishing them together until they were all wrinkled, but it just seemed impossible to fit that amount of clothes in such a small space.’
    • ‘About 100 of these maps had been rolled up and were just sitting on top of a cabinet.’
    • ‘If a print is too large and has to be rolled and sent in a tube, it should be taken out immediately after it arrived at its destination.’
    • ‘The decision having been taken to clean and conserve the painting, it was removed from its frame and stretcher, rolled up, and transported to the conservation studios.’
    • ‘Colorful dish towels were rolled up and placed in a festive basket.’
    wind, coil, furl, fold, curl
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 Make (something) by forming material into a cylinder or ball.
      with two objects ‘Harry rolled himself a joint’
      • ‘She took out a packet of tobacco, rolled herself a cigarette and lit it from the candle that was burning on the table.’
      • ‘He rolled a spliff, left his house and began to walk towards Woolstone Road.’
      • ‘He sits hunched on his stool, rolling himself a cigarette.’
      • ‘Quickly and deftly he rolled a joint and lit it.’
      • ‘She rushes off with the first long-haired motorcyclist who looks like he knows how to roll a joint.’
      wind, coil, furl, fold, curl
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    2. 3.2no object, with adverbial (of a person or animal) curl up tightly.
      ‘the shock made the armadillo roll into a ball’
      • ‘She rolled into a ball on the floor.’
      • ‘If you give an armadillo a fright, he'll stop, and drop, and roll up tight.’
      • ‘Pull your knees into your chest, hugging them, and roll into a ball.’
      wind, coil, furl, fold, curl
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  • 4with object and adverbial Flatten or spread (something) by using a roller or by passing it between rollers.

    ‘roll out the dough on a floured surface’
    ‘roll on a decorative paint finish’
    • ‘They learned how to roll cheese from a team of brawny factory workers who made fun of the tiny women even as they insisted on perfection.’
    • ‘The pitch had been rolled flat.’
    • ‘On a lightly floured surface roll the pastry into a rectangle.’
    • ‘A very thin clay slab is made by rolling it between sheets of plastic wrap.’
    • ‘By rolling down the cover crop in spring instead of mowing it, the cover crop takes longer to decompose and becomes a weed-suppressing mulch.’
    flatten, level, smooth
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  • 5no object, with adverbial of direction (of a loud, deep sound such as that of thunder or drums) reverberate.

    ‘the first peals of thunder rolled across the sky’
    • ‘The sound rolls in like a terrible thunder: a booming and coruscating blast of noise that rumbles darkly and sparks with light.’
    • ‘But the lightening has flashed and the thunder rolled…’
    • ‘The sound of a dull explosion rolled across the city.’
    • ‘Captivated by the breathtaking scenery, his sensitive response to nature encapsulated his impression of the roar of the waves rolling into the cavern and the cries of the seabirds.’
    • ‘One night I heard the sound of thunder rolling in my direction.’
    • ‘Lightning forked the sky outside and the thunder rolled down the hills in a tumble.’
    • ‘As thunder rolled in the distance, Jumabaev contacted the spirits and then began an extraordinary performance, entering a trance-like state as he sang for 40 minutes.’
    rumble, reverberate, echo, re-echo, resound, boom, peal, roar, grumble
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    1. 5.1with object Pronounce (a consonant, typically an r) with a trill.
      ‘when he wanted to emphasize a point he rolled his rrrs’
      • ‘Croatian speakers are used to rolling the ‘r’ sound in all of the words in their Native language.’
      • ‘When he spoke, his peculiar way of rolling his r's made him difficult to understand.’
      • ‘Still, the group has spirit, and it is funny to hear some of the choristers dramatically rolling their r's while others sing the Latin text with an obvious American accent.’
      • ‘Her fake accent irritated me a bit -- particularly the way she rolled the letter R.’
    2. 5.2with object Utter (a word or words) with a reverberating or vibratory effect.
      ‘he rolled the word around his mouth’
      • ‘He rolls the word over in his mouth.’
      • ‘He rolls each syllable of ‘Lo-li-ta’ across the tip of his tongue.’
      • ‘‘No,’ she said very slowly, rolling the denial on her tongue thickly.’
      • ‘He rolls his lines around in his mouth as if relishing their taste, and you can almost smell the bourbon and cigars on his breath when he talks.’
      • ‘‘She is goooorrrrrgeous, isn't she?’ he asks, rolling the words around in his mouth.’
    3. 5.3 (of words) flow effortlessly or mellifluously.
      ‘the names of his colleagues rolled off his lips’
      • ‘The industry jargon that rolls off his tongue is that of a consummate marketer.’
      • ‘It rolls off the tongue and seems slightly mysterious and powerful.’
      • ‘The word " Liverpool " rolls off his tongue as if it were Eden.’
      • ‘If he could, he would have let the words roll off his tongue.’
      • ‘The company launched a huge branding campaign to get its name rolling off everyone's tongue.’
      • ‘That seems to be the question rolling off every tongue these days.’
      • ‘Portugal, Florida, Canada, and London roll off her tongue with ease.’
      • ‘The soft melodic lyrics roll off his tongue effortlessly.’
      • ‘The writing was excellent, with Verity's sarcastic one-liners to customers simply rolling off the tongue.’
      • ‘They stuck together for years, and the names still roll off the tongue.’
  • 6informal with object Rob (someone, typically when they are intoxicated or asleep)

    ‘if you don't get drunk, you don't get rolled’
    • ‘There are 32 hours I blacked out, but I think I mostly watched television and maybe rolled a liquor store.’
    • ‘She rolled a bank in Albuquerque.’
    • ‘He was rolled by a group of hooligans.’
    steal from
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  • 1A cylinder formed by winding flexible material around a tube or by turning it over and over on itself without folding.

    ‘a roll of carpet’
    • ‘Bryce, after pausing quickly to grab the roll of film, ran after him.’
    • ‘People come with their rolls of film to this supermarket to have their snapshots developed.’
    • ‘Perforated cards began to replace barrels for fairground organs during the 19th century, and at about that time the player piano, with a punched paper roll, was introduced.’
    • ‘Simply attach black bin bags to the windows with your trusty roll of gaffer tape thereby preventing light leaking in.’
    • ‘The basic materials are sheets of 20 x 28 inch poster board, glitter, Elmer's glue, foil from candy wrappers and rolls of Christmas paper.’
    • ‘In the past he has replicated rolls of floral-printed toilet paper in silk, modeled Tupperware cups of beeswax and created sponges of balsa wood.’
    • ‘He gives her the wrong roll of film, and in return, she gives him a fake phone number.’
    • ‘He said that he pictured him pulling the paper from a roll and cutting and tearing it where it suits him.’
    • ‘The disadvantage of this kind of pantry storage is that it is not designed for bulkier items like multiple rolls of toilet paper or paper towels.’
    • ‘Within these sessions, the artists were given a roll of 16-mm film to shoot whatever they wanted.’
    • ‘The fabric usually comes on 72-inch- wide rolls.’
    • ‘It consists of a display of empty wood frames, piles of crates, rolls of canvas covered with brown pigment and charred-looking objects in wooden and cardboard boxes.’
    • ‘These body parts stand in relief against shadows gathering under the studio lights, the subject posed against a roll of white backdrop paper.’
    • ‘He buys paper in a roll and cuts it himself into 32-by 40-inch sheets.’
    • ‘I recently came across the first roll of film I ever shot.’
    • ‘Several big rolls of reed matting, which must be building materials, are propped up against the walls of the central structure.’
    • ‘Here are some new photos from the one roll of film which I just got back today.’
    • ‘From his satchel York pulled out a roll of duct tape.’
    • ‘The Doctor was pulling a roll of duct tape out of the bag.’
    • ‘When she visited Venice, she shot 40 rolls of film, took the film home and used her memory, the pictures and sketches of particular scenes to create a painting.’
    • ‘I love to work with rolls of paper to make three-dimensional paper sculptures.’
    cylinder, tube, scroll
    reel, spool
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A cylindrical mass of something or a number of items arranged in a cylindrical shape.
      ‘a roll of mints’
      • ‘The left panel depicts a portion of a roll of shiny steel being formed at a factory.’
      • ‘I wonder if I should tell the others I still have a roll of candy in my pocket?’
      • ‘Every wrinkle, blemish and bruise, every traitorous little roll of fat, remains intact.’
      • ‘It looked like rolls of thick sausage on their stomachs.’
      • ‘They featured brightly colored birds and flowering trees hand-painted on rice papers that were glued together to form a roll.’
      • ‘Protruding out the open sides were thick rolls of flesh that undulated like two well-fed seals.’
      cylinder, tube, scroll
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2with modifier An item of food that is made by wrapping a flat sheet of pastry, cake, meat, or fish around a sweet or savory filling.
      ‘salmon and rice rolls’
      • ‘They come to dine on the popular eatery's cinnamon rolls.’
      • ‘Other starters included soup, chicken wings, and mini vegetable spring rolls.’
      • ‘The little bistro offers excellent breakfasts of fluffy scrambled eggs, warm cinnamon rolls, and frothy lattes.’
      • ‘He stares soulfully past the camera, on toward a catering truck where sushi rolls and ham sandwiches dwell side by side in harmony.’
      • ‘Casual classics such as fried clams, fish and chips and lobster rolls are transformed into elegant fare.’
      • ‘Paola got her vegetable spring rolls with plum sauce.’
      • ‘The processing plant now produces several types of dough and bread products, including its latest addition: a frozen cinnamon roll that can be microwaved.’
      • ‘They had bought a sausage roll each and held a bottle of pop in their hands.’
      • ‘I am never eating another sausage roll as long as I live.’
    3. 1.3North American, Australian Money, typically a quantity of banknotes rolled together.
      • ‘In his pocket was a roll of notes, his pay-off for the night's work.’
      • ‘He pulled a huge roll of fifties and twenties from his pocket.’
      • ‘He reached into his pocket and pulled out a roll of cash.’
      • ‘When she handed me a huge roll of cash I was shocked at the amount.’
      • ‘He pulls a roll of notes from his back pocket and peels off a tenner.’
      wad, bundle
      View synonyms
  • 2A movement in which someone or something turns or is turned over on itself.

    ‘a roll of the dice’
    ‘the ponies completed two rolls before getting back on their feet’
    • ‘Rain drops, dices rolls, the clack of betting chips, and peasants working in the fields all make their own sort of music.’
    • ‘Suddenly the art houses of America turned on him with a collective eye roll.’
    • ‘An extra minutes play was signalled and in one last effort Laois threw their last roll of the dice.’
    • ‘When the healthy horse stands up after a good roll, he will usually go for a nice run and may buck a few times.’
    • ‘He continually plays to the courtroom audience with rolls of his eyes, rubbing his head, or agitated fanning of his face.’
    throw, toss
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 A gymnastic exercise in which the body is rolled into a tucked position and turned in a forward or backward circle.
      ‘I used my momentum and tucked into a roll’
      • ‘She sees stars wheel overhead, the world tumbling around her, and she turns her tumble into a roll.’
      • ‘She throws herself into a roll and ends up with legs and feet at all angles.’
      • ‘As part of our warm up, we were doing tumbles and on one of them (a reverse handstand into a roll) I stupidly hit my own face with my knee.’
      • ‘She started Hazel on some somersaults then dive rolls and had started on backwards walkovers, when she heard Hazel complain.’
      • ‘Although she excelled on multiple events, she is remembered by some most for her beam routines, which included some unusual skills at the time: a side roll and one arm handstand.’
      • ‘When it came to performing, I used to specialise in the solo exercises on the floor, which meant doing handstands, headstands, rolls, jumps, flips - everything.’
      • ‘Near the end of seventh grade the teacher in gym class had us run, jump over a hurdle, and land on a mat head first while doing a roll.’
      • ‘He does a little bit of gymnastics; he can even do a dive roll!’
    2. 2.2 A swaying or oscillation of a ship, aircraft, or vehicle around an axis parallel to the direction of motion.
      ‘the car corners capably with a minimum of roll’
      • ‘On the first night only two out of 48 remained at dinner, the rest having succumbed to the pitching roll of the boat.’
      • ‘The system can directly measure the roll of the vehicle frame as it passes over such terrain.’
      • ‘At every roll of the boat the water would rush in.’
      • ‘The chassis displays impressive levels of composure and minimal roll through the turns.’
      • ‘Three on-board computers must adjust the plane's pitch and roll 40 times a second.’
      rocking, tossing, lurching, pitching, plunging, swaying
      View synonyms
  • 3A prolonged, deep, reverberating sound, typically made by thunder or a drum.

    ‘thunder exploded, roll after roll’
    • ‘She listened to the crash and roll of the surf below.’
    • ‘A sudden roll of thunder rumbled over the meadow.’
    • ‘Dark clouds gathered, there was the distant, yet unmistakable roll of thunder.’
    • ‘The booming roll of thunder shattered the tranquility of the forest.’
    • ‘A loud roll of thunder filled the air of the streets of the city.’
    rumble, reverberation, echo, boom, thunder, thunderclap, clap, crack, roar, grumble
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1Music One of the basic patterns (rudiments) of drumming, consisting of a sustained, rapid alternation of single or double strokes of each stick.
      • ‘The orchestral instrument uses softer beaters, like giant timpani sticks, often double-ended so that a roll may be played one-handed by twisting the wrist.’
      • ‘Learn how to play a six stroke roll on the drums in this free video music lesson.’
      • ‘Remember, you are not limited to playing a roll on the snare drum!’
      • ‘A roll can't just be thrown in, it's got to be in time with the music.’
  • 4A very small loaf of bread, to be eaten by one person.

    ‘soup with a roll’
    • ‘The organic burgers and all-beef polish sausages will be served with organic condiments on organic rolls.’
    • ‘The baker used to be up early baking gorgeous, hot crusty rolls for breakfast.’
    • ‘The movie ends with the purchase of warm rolls at dawn.’
    • ‘She grabbed the bag, then stuffed a bread roll into her mouth.’
    • ‘We make 150 different types of breads and rolls out of this plant.’
    • ‘The bakery produces organic breads, rolls, and cookies.’
  • 5An official list or register of names.

    • ‘Nicholas, 16, is an honor roll high school student.’
    • ‘However, the 1503-5 membership rolls are among the few fortunate survivors from a once larger archive.’
    • ‘He wasn't a class officer or an honor roll geek, but he was certainly above average in just about everything he did.’
    • ‘Of the 322 plants in 1999, 140 were listed on the Brazilian export roll.’
    • ‘The new buildings erected in the 1960s and 1970s were needed to accommodate the swelling numbers on the school roll.’
    • ‘Mysterious extra voters appeared on the voting rolls in some constituencies.’
    • ‘Eventually, the buildings will be leased or sold, putting untaxed property back on the tax rolls.’
    • ‘Such responsibility and stewardship seems to characterize these and all the other projects in this year's honor roll.’
    • ‘Their names read like a roll of the literary and artistic talents of that brilliant age.’
    • ‘I worry about incremental reforms that take so many people off the tax rolls in order to make them politically palatable.’
    list, register, listing, directory, record, file, index, catalogue, inventory
    View synonyms
    1. 5.1 The total numbers on an official list of names.
      ‘a review of secondary schools to assess the effects of falling rolls’
      • ‘This is not a case of falling school rolls and a declining area.’
      • ‘For dairy, which employed nearly 137,000 people three years ago, employment rolls are expected to fall 9.3 percent in the next seven years.’
      • ‘Schools which parents perceive to be ‘good’ are able to expand their pupil roll, while other schools may face declining rolls.’
      • ‘Township School also began to experience a dramatic fall in the roll, from 1200 in the mid seventies to 500 in the early nineties.’
      • ‘She said she would support the proposal because of concern about the falling school rolls.’
      number, count, tally, total, running total, sum total, grand total, sum, score, reckoning, enumeration, register, record, inventory, list, listing, account, roster, index, directory
      View synonyms
    2. 5.2 A document, typically an official record, in scroll form.
      • ‘They also occur for his father, John Ashby, in a roll dated c.1480-1500.’
      • ‘Illuminated manuscripts are handwritten books or rolls with painted decoration and illustration.’
      • ‘Each inventory consists of a vellum roll listing the contents of the house room by room, in more or less detail, with estimated total values given for each room.’
      • ‘The roll appears to have been commissioned by one Sir Thomas Chaworth in the 1320s and passed by descent until sold privately by the Chaworth Musters family in 1988.’
      records, annals, chronicles, registers, accounts
      View synonyms
  • 6Undulation of the landscape.

    ‘hidden by the roll of the land was a refinery’
    • ‘The dip and roll of the country conceals low hills topped by historic towns.’
    • ‘This parkland-styled course has tree-lined fairways that follow the gentle roll of the surrounding topography.’
    • ‘The gentle roll of the hills pleases the senses.’
    • ‘The neatly planted rows of corn and sugar beets accentuate the gentle roll of the landscape.’
    • ‘The land is good for growing trees and better for pastures than crop farming because of the land's roll.’
  • 7A roller for flattening something, especially one used to shape metal in a rolling mill.

    • ‘The heated bars pass through the rolls seven to eight times.’
    • ‘The heated billets (short lengths of red hot steel) shoot out of the reheating furnace and are caught by the fettlers, men equipped with large pincers, and fed manually into the mill roll.’
    • ‘Steel sheets are manufactured in a rolling process where the rolls are used to reduce the sheet thickness and to achieve the desired surface characteristics.’
    • ‘As the sheets of metal pass through the rolls, they are squeezed thinner and extruded through the gap between the rolls.’


  • a roll in the hay (or the sack)

    • informal An act of sexual intercourse.

      • ‘Kip sadly realizes that a fourth roll in the hay will not be imminent.’
      • ‘She just had no sexual appetite and her husband was complaining bitterly about the infrequent rolls in the hay.’
      • ‘But if Kyle was just out for a roll in the hay, why hadn't he taken that blonde up on her offer?’
      • ‘I doused the fire with a bucket of sand I keep nearby at all times and headed across the hall to see if she was still game for a roll in the hay.’
      • ‘He encounters the sheriff's daughter, with whom he enjoys a roll in the hay.’
      • ‘He wouldn't have minded a roll in the hay with her anytime she was ready and willing.’
      • ‘She'd been enjoying regular rolls in the hay with the England manager.’
      • ‘Dad said he always fancied giving Carrie a roll in the hay, which kind of put me off her a bit.’
      • ‘She didn't intend to give him the impression she was ready for a roll in the sack.’
      • ‘I think most people are having a lot of trouble sleeping and there is nothing like a good roll in the hay to send you off to sleep.’
  • on a roll

    • informal Experiencing a prolonged spell of success or good luck.

      ‘the organization is on a roll’
      • ‘All the smaller underground clubs are on a roll and the commercialised side of dance music is starting to wane.’
      • ‘He is keen that he shouldn't be perceived as turning his back on British theatre, which he feels is on a roll.’
      • ‘The multi-prize winning young cellist is on a roll.’
      • ‘It is no secret that the photography market is on a roll.’
      • ‘New Zealand film is apparently on a roll according to our media.’
      • ‘With his last few albums, he has been on a roll, consistently producing jazz of the very highest standard.’
      • ‘The band are certainly on a roll and they're rocking all the way.’
      • ‘Sinatra had been on a roll since his breakthrough part in From Here To Eternity.’
      • ‘The film marks something of a coup for Newmarket, who appear to be on a roll, having backed some of the hottest independent films of the year so far.’
      • ‘When big-budget shows can be this fun, you know that rock music is once again on a roll.’
      thriving, doing well, prospering, buoyant, expanding, flourishing, successful, strong, vigorous, productive, profitable, booming, burgeoning, fruitful, roaring, golden, palmy
      View synonyms
  • rolled into one

    • (of characteristics drawn from different people or things) combined in one person or thing.

      ‘banks are several businesses rolled into one’
      • ‘It's a tone poem, a scathing indictment of the Texas public health system, a tragedy, and a music video all rolled into one.’
      • ‘It is essentially three movies rolled into one: a traditional superhero story, a coming-of-age tale, and a romance.’
      • ‘He's a wise sage, a joker, a politico, an eccentric artist, a culture buff and a visionary rolled into one.’
      • ‘Shot in black and white with dramatic and significant flashes of colour it's three stories rolled into one.’
      • ‘It is a cleverly constructed spin on the life of Shakespeare, a period drama and romantic comedy rolled into one.’
      • ‘It tries desperately to be a comedy, a romance, a drama, and a musical all rolled into one.’
      • ‘They can be a movie director, designer, inventor, animator and artist rolled into one.’
      • ‘The epistolary form in which the novel is written is many things rolled into one.’
      • ‘The online company certainly has changed, but even now it is a hybrid: a bookstore, magazine and electronic agora all rolled into one.’
      • ‘The film is both an action and a survival story rolled into one.’
  • rolling in the aisles

    • informal (of an audience) laughing uncontrollably.

      • ‘That kind of stuff is guaranteed to have viewers rolling in the aisles.’
      • ‘There are a few decent jokes, but nothing that'll have you rolling in the aisles with splitting sides.’
      • ‘The kooky comedy may have had 'em rolling in the aisles forty years ago, but today the humor feels a trifle campy and seriously dated.’
      • ‘A hilarious Elvis impersonation show left the audience rolling in the aisles.’
      • ‘But she also has us, if not rolling in the aisles, giggling occasionally.’
      • ‘If you're rolling in the aisles, convulsed with laughter, it doesn't matter how inane the material is.’
      • ‘He was rolling in the aisle at their antics.’
      • ‘Surely by now, you must be rolling in the aisles?’
      • ‘He had them rolling in the aisles at his hilarious asides and unscripted ad-libs.’
      • ‘To be fair, this is just the kind of lowbrow humor that will have junior high and high school students rolling in the aisles.’
  • roll of honor

    • A list of people whose deeds or achievements are honored, or who have died in battle.

      • ‘The roll of honour includes many hugely respected figures from Britain's past including William Shakespeare, Horatio Nelson and Charles Darwin.’
      • ‘It is traditional for new fellows of the society to walk to the podium in the large meeting room that dominates the building in order to sign the roll of honor and shake the president's hand.’
      • ‘They've never nailed their name to the European Cup roll of honour.’
      • ‘It's a roll of honour of historical figures over the last 300, 400 years, from Gandhi to Margaret Thatcher.’
      • ‘All individual and company contributors, except for those desiring to remain anonymous, will be recognized in writing every year in the form of a foundation roll of honor.’
      • ‘The roll of honour includes luminaries such as Theodor Mommsen, Max Planck, Albert Einstein and Werner Heisenberg.’
      • ‘Thousands of motorcyclists participated in the Star Rider programme developed by Fingal County Council that topped the roll of honour at the Irish Road Safety Endeavour Awards.’
      • ‘I hope all their names are on some roll of honor somewhere.’
      • ‘The professor, with the help of many colleagues acknowledged in a list that reads like a roll of honour for services to the real and now threatened NHS, has written a brave, necessary book.’
      • ‘A roll of honor was inscribed to one side, bearing the names of every man who had played for the Squad in the last hundred years.’
  • roll one's own

    • informal Make one's own cigarettes from loose tobacco.

      • ‘As the settlement exerts a greater effect and cigarette prices rise, some smokers may switch from full-price to discount brands or roll their own, at least for a while.’
      • ‘Plus, and this is a big plus, you don't smoke as much tobacco when you roll your own.’
      • ‘No need to roll your own because they've already rolled some for you, prepackaged in 5s and 10s, and without a huge government health warning all over the packet.’
      • ‘He has smoked for 55 years, for many years he rolled his own, and later switched to 2-3 packs/day.’
      • ‘My father taught me how to roll my own when I was thirteen, but even back on the ship I didn't smoke much.’
  • roll up one's sleeves

    • Prepare to fight or work.

      • ‘‘Together we will have to roll up our sleeves and begin to work together to make the district municipality the hottest economic development prospect,’ he said.’
      • ‘Why the men haven't been rolling up their sleeves and doing their bit is not entirely clear.’
      • ‘He is prepared to roll up his sleeves and get stuck in.’
      • ‘He woke up every day anxious to get to work, roll up his sleeves and fight for American farmers and their cooperatives.’
      • ‘I am not afraid of rolling up my sleeves and tackling these issues.’
      • ‘We are prepared to roll up our sleeves and work for as long as necessary to make progress.’
      • ‘Young people on a deprived Shipley estate have been praised for rolling up their sleeves and sprucing up a derelict site to make way for a new youth club.’
      • ‘I will be a prime minister who rolls up his sleeves and gets things done.’
      • ‘If there's a problem or an issue needs tackling, she just can't help rolling up her sleeves and getting stuck in.’
      • ‘Be prepared to roll up your sleeves and get down to business.’
      begin, start, make a start on, go about, set to, get to work on, get down to, get going on, embark on, tackle, attack, address oneself to, buckle down to, undertake
      View synonyms
  • roll with the punches

    • 1(of a boxer) move one's body away from an opponent's blows so as to lessen the impact.

      • ‘Least I forget, he was slipping punches or rolling with the punches to diminish their impact.’
      • ‘His technique was to roll with the punches.’
      • ‘Some nights, like his fight with Davey Moore, he'd roll with the punches.’
      1. 1.1Adapt oneself to adverse circumstances.
        • ‘His limited experience with Angie had taught him that the best way to deal with her was to just roll with the punches.’
        • ‘But they are experts and know what to do to roll with the punches.’
        • ‘Arguably, Ireland has rolled with the punches and adapted to necessary change.’
        • ‘Edward rolled with the punches; he accepted the new statutes imposed on him in Parliament, only to repeal them once Parliament had been dissolved.’
        • ‘As the following seven cases demonstrate, rolling with the punches is good business.’
        • ‘As long as you stay aware of your spending and realize the ramifications of all your actions, you can roll with the punches and alter your plans to accommodate any needed changes.’
        • ‘He kind of just rolls with the punches and sees things for what they are.’
        • ‘By devoting time, energy, and commitment to something besides work, it will be much easier to roll with the punches at the office.’
        • ‘And so far the business community seems to be rolling with the punches.’
        • ‘Be realistic about your expectations and allow yourself to roll with the punches.’
  • be rolling (in money)

    • informal Be very rich.

      • ‘At the same time, people see where you are, at the top of the League, and people think the club must be rolling in money again.’
      • ‘I am rolling in money, and my love life is even looking up.’
      • ‘It's not like Mom was rolling in money.’
      • ‘I don't want people to feel that the Government is rolling in money.’
      • ‘The common perception that farmers are rolling in money, could not be further from the truth.’
      • ‘On the day she gets out of jail, Liam, now rolling in money, takes her to a posh apartment in the best part of town and gives her the keys.’
      • ‘He's some successful advertising executive in Los Angeles now, and positively rolling in money.’
      • ‘But in case you thought the local authority was rolling in money, then think again.’
      • ‘Unlike the greater part of Harcourt Academy, I am not rolling in money, and do not have a money tree growing in my back yard.’
      • ‘Jayde's family is not rolling in money, but they're not poor.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • roll something back

    • Reverse the progress or reduce the power or importance of something.

      ‘her bid to roll back state power’
      • ‘Spending increases are becoming ingrained and it will be politically very difficult to roll them back.’
      • ‘Fourteen countries report new cases of polio - stark proof that scientific advances can be rolled back, given enough bad policy.’
      • ‘And it's thoroughly foolhardy to roll the changes back, with all the attendant chaos, merely to reimplement them in another six months, even if such a thing could be accomplished.’
      • ‘You say it shouldn't be accepted, but can we hope to roll it back?’
      • ‘The great supporters of human rights during the Cold War now quite readily either roll them back in their own countries or encourage others to do so and turn a blind eye.’
      • ‘‘Every victory we won can be rolled back in just a few years,’ he said.’
      • ‘Shouldn't we be asking what we need to do to roll it back before it crosses over to majority status?’
      • ‘Many of the gains made in the last 30 years have been rolled back.’
      • ‘The protesters said if the decision of the government was not rolled back by August 1, they would be compelled to intensify the agitation.’
      • ‘As the welfare state is rolled back, it is vital consumers can come to rely on the financial industry's ability to deliver pensions and insurances in the same way we used to rely on the state.’
  • roll in

    • 1Be received in large amounts.

      ‘the money was rolling in’
      • ‘He's not incensed over the box office tallies his films garner; the dollars just keep rolling in.’
      • ‘It's a time-tested formula: take some young talented stars, throw them in a genre piece, and watch the money roll in.’
      • ‘As the drinks flow and the money rolls in, Moe takes credit for the creation and cuts Homer out completely.’
      • ‘Now all 20th Century Fox had to do was wait for the money to start rolling in.’
      • ‘Good crops or bad, high yields or low - it hardly matters, the checks roll in from the federal government, the biggest payroll in farm country.’
      • ‘The caveat, of course, was that their new office was a business and therefore they had to keep the profits rolling in.’
      • ‘Through it all, they prospered financially as donations to the cause rolled in.’
      pour in, flood in, flow in, stream in
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Arrive at a place in a casual way, typically in spite of being late.
        ‘Steve rolled in about lunchtime’
        • ‘I rolled in over an hour late.’
        • ‘She rolled in after 7pm again tonight.’
        • ‘A spirited ‘Five Days In May,’ followed as some stragglers still rolled in.’
        • ‘He rolled in at eight this morning.’
        arrive, turn up, appear, walk in, make in an appearance, put in an appearance, show one's face
        View synonyms
  • roll something out

    • Officially launch or unveil a new product or service.

      ‘the firm rolled out its newest generation of supercomputers’
      • ‘The new products will be rolled out over the course of the fourth calendar quarter.’
      • ‘The group submitted a business plan to the Department of Health last summer on how the service could be rolled out, but there is still no indication when this will happen.’
      • ‘Starting in June, the product line will be rolled out to grocery stores nationwide.’
      • ‘This has meant it has been able to roll the service out to the entire country much more quickly than its rivals and at lower cost.’
      • ‘This kind of testing should continue right up to deployment, so that there are no surprises when the application is rolled out onto the production network.’
      • ‘The new passports will be rolled out over a six month period after which production of non-biometric passports will stop.’
      • ‘Since the launch, new applications have been rolled out gradually.’
      • ‘He said people's fears in relation to electronic voting should be allayed as the new service is rolled out in the run-up to election day.’
      • ‘And if it proves to be successful the scheme will be rolled out across the borough and may lead to other council services being devolved in the future.’
      • ‘These issues will become more significant as new services are rolled out.’
      launch, introduce, organize, start, begin, embark on, usher in, initiate, put in place, instigate, institute, inaugurate, set up, bring out, open, get under way, set in motion, get going
      View synonyms
  • roll something over

    • 1Contrive or extend a particular financial arrangement.

      ‘this is not a good time for rolling over corporate debt’
      • ‘Normally, trust companies roll these bonds over when they mature instead of redeeming them.’
      • ‘You can remove these contributions from the plan tax-free before rolling the money over, although other penalties could apply.’
      • ‘When payday comes, a clerk asks the applicant if hear she would like to roll the loan over to the next pay period.’
      • ‘The government announced last week it would roll the debt over to the next financial year.’
      • ‘If you have not used last year's allowance, you can roll it over for one year only.’
      1. 1.1British Carry over prize money in a lottery from one draw to the next, typically because the jackpot has not been won.
  • roll up

    • Arrive in a vehicle.

      ‘we rolled up at the same time’
      • ‘On the verge of his big break, Austin is house-sitting his mother's home in LA when Lee rolls up out of the desert like a bad mirage.’
      • ‘With perfect timing, friendly Mick Taylor rolls up in his truck to save the day - except that the three young tourists are about to be led on a horrific journey into outback Australia's wildest heart of darkness.’
      • ‘When she rolls up to the house of the preternaturally nasty John at one point in the film, she seems genuinely surprised at his explosive reaction to her sudden intrusion.’
      • ‘One afternoon, while writing their names in wet cement, a car rolls up beside them and a man, claiming to be a cop, steps out.’
      • ‘The bus rolls up to the porticoed entrance, literally bypassing the parking and traffic problems that the foundation's neighbors have been suing about.’
      arrive, come, turn up, appear, make in an appearance, put in an appearance, show one's face
      View synonyms
  • roll something up

    • Drive the flank of an enemy line back and around so that the line is shortened or surrounded.

      • ‘The most dangerous situation is to be drawn deep in among buildings where the enemy can ambush the attack and roll it up.’
      • ‘We had arrived in a great position to roll them up from the flank.’
      • ‘Unable to roll the line up, Rommel needed to break through it to get supplies to his armour, fighting hard to its east.’


Middle English: from Old French rolle (noun), roller (verb), from Latin rotulus ‘a roll’, variant of rotula ‘little wheel’, diminutive of rota.