Definition of roast in English:

roast

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Cook (food, especially meat) by prolonged exposure to heat in an oven or over a fire.

    ‘she was going to roast a leg of lamb for Sunday dinner’
    ‘roasted chestnuts’
    • ‘He proves it by roasting a joint of Middle White pork and one from a supermarket - and Helen has the pleasure of sampling the crunchy crackling and tender meat of the old breed of pig.’
    • ‘Dairy-based dips have also become more flavor-diverse, incorporating ingredients such as roasted garlic and chipotle peppers.’
    • ‘Menu trends often highlight roasted garlic, and the fiery food trend that has swept the nation has caused hot peppers to become well known to many consumers.’
    • ‘But when the Peking duck arrives, he at last focuses on the food and watches in admiration as the waiters carve the roasted bird.’
    • ‘You can boil it or roast it over the fire, as you like.’
    • ‘There were a few minutes of silence while they were all roasting their marshmallows.’
    • ‘They mix several flavors to bring consumers chocolate and pistachio ice creams with fudge-covered almonds and lightly roasted pistachios.’
    • ‘Put it in the fridge to set, then use it for roasting potatoes.’
    • ‘The pages for January show children sledding with homemade wooden sleds, roasting apples over an open fire and pulling taffy.’
    • ‘Summer fruits are perfect as well as nuts, fresh roasted corn on the cob, homemade sweets, pies and cookies.’
    • ‘Linwe chewed contentedly, her chicken roasted to perfection.’
    • ‘Niko's boasts an enormous menu with everything from roasted fish, to brick-oven pizzas.’
    • ‘For instance, dips may contain chiles other than the familiar jalapeño, such as the chipotle (a smoked jalapeño) or habeñero type, or roasted vegetables such as onion, garlic or tomato.’
    • ‘He clutches a bag of roasted peanuts in one hand.’
    • ‘Maybe we'll even roast some marshmallows when the coals get low enough.’
    • ‘The company recently launched its line of blanched and roasted organic almonds.’
    • ‘Natural sweetness, luscious texture and deep succulent flavor are the hallmarks of slowly roasted meats.’
    • ‘Things were cooked in pans on racks over open fires, and meat was roasted on spits.’
    • ‘Paul and Kat run back to camp and roast the goose.’
    • ‘He may even know how to roast a succulent, spicy chicken.’
    cook, bake, grill
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1no object (of food) be cooked by roasting.
      ‘she checked the meat roasting in the oven’
      • ‘And being the over-the-top Chinese parents they are, they had a whole suckling pig roasting on a spit.’
      • ‘Oval, with smooth, white-to-buff skin and white flesh, these are ideal for roasting, steaming, or boiling.’
      • ‘We were avoided by all the staff we saw and astonished at the lavish spread laid out for brunch, including an enormous cow on a spit, roasting in preparation for the evening's event.’
      • ‘Within minutes the two fowl were roasting slowly over the flames.’
      • ‘After the lamb has been roasting for an hour, open the oven and add potatoes and white onions.’
      • ‘Lighter asked the question, gesturing to the meat roasting on the fire.’
      • ‘But it is a bit like being at an exotic locale, sitting on the beach with the pig roasting in the pit in front of you, listening to the local ‘tribal chief’ tell yarns about the natives.’
      • ‘They all climbed down and hurried back to their fires where meat was roasting tenderly.’
      • ‘An old woman churns butter, while a woman in the foreground prepares a fowl for roasting and a third man spits a chicken at the far right.’
      • ‘By the time a slab of venison was roasting over the coals it was a glowing, glossy tan.’
    2. 1.2 Process (a foodstuff, metal ore, etc.) by subjecting it to intense heat.
      ‘coffee beans are roasted and ground’
      • ‘My company roasts coffee for grocery stores and espresso shops and has sales of nearly $1 million.’
      • ‘The cereals are ground, then roasted or fried, and stored for future use.’
      • ‘They usually remove the shells before roasting the ‘nib,’ which is the remaining portion of the bean.’
      • ‘She is not only a coffee researcher, but also a coffee fan who collects beans during vacations and roasts the precious commodity to perfection.’
      • ‘I've had a call with a client saying, ‘We want to know that roasting cocoa beans will kill salmonella.’’
      • ‘For example, California-based JBR Gourmet Foods roasts 15 million pounds of coffee each year.’
      • ‘San Francisco Roasting Company is one of the only coffee houses in Atlanta that roasts all of its coffee on the premises.’
      • ‘Havana roasts some good beans, and the baristas know what to do with them.’
      • ‘In celebration of having company, we roasted coffee beans over an open fire in the afternoon.’
      • ‘I love the smell of freshly roasted and ground arabic beans, or perfectly extracted espresso.’
      • ‘Just feeding moldy grain isn't a wise idea, but moldy grain can be roasted, sprouted grain can be dried, and baleage can be made if you can't get hay dry.’
      • ‘With good organization and cooperation, the group will successfully process and market their high-quality, rainy season coffee to Europe and the US, where it will be roasted and sold.’
      • ‘He gave her seeds for the variety, and told her to roast the plant's seeds and grind them for a caffeine-free coffee substitute.’
    3. 1.3 Make or become very warm, especially by exposure to the heat of the sun or a fire.
      with object ‘the fire was hot enough to roast anyone who stood close to it’
      no object ‘Jessica could feel her face begin to roast’
      • ‘On Monday I got roasted in the sun in Taunton.’
      • ‘As we witness the people of Xenon, their houses destroyed by the battle and nearly roasted by a volcano, we are supposed to feel pity for these gamers and the loss of the computer system that caused the destruction.’
      warm, warm up, heat, heat up, bring back to life, take the chill off
      View synonyms
  • 2informal Criticize or reprimand severely.

    ‘if you waste his time he'll roast you’
    • ‘This is a movie whose brain belongs in its pants, and which deserves to be roasted for the turkey it truly is.’
    • ‘He is roasted as often as he is sainted, as when these actors discuss their estrangement from him.’
    • ‘Some of the edgier, underground-variety indie films released by Phaedra were roasted by the critics.’
    criticize, censure, condemn, castigate, chastise, lambaste, pillory, savage, find fault with, fulminate against, abuse
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1US Offer a mocking tribute to (someone) at a roast.
      • ‘The networking suit-and-tie crowd is constantly roasted and toasted.’

adjective

  • attributive (of food) having been cooked in an oven or over an open fire.

    ‘a plate of cold roast beef’
    • ‘She made apple tart, apple crumble, and roast pork with apple sauce.’
    • ‘As a young chef arrives bearing dainty bowls of roast pumpkin soup, Gordon explains how the dish was prepared to concentrate the flavour.’
    • ‘They gather driftwood for fuel and share a dinner of roast pigeons and boiled samphire.’
    • ‘"The secret to really crisp roast potatoes is to choose a suitable variety such as king Edwards.’
    • ‘The conversation ended as he began to eat the roast duck and cook vegetables.’
    • ‘In return he cooked me a wonderful roast chicken followed by yummy Xmas pudding.’
    • ‘There is something infinitely satisfying and basic to sitting down to a table laden with roast chicken, cornbread, potatoes, asparagus and raspberries.’
    • ‘He knew exactly what he wanted: soup of the day and roast chicken.’
    • ‘Myrtle leaves are used in Mediterranean countries to flavour roast pork and small birds.’
    • ‘First they came over for dinner and we once again had delicious roast chicken.’
    • ‘The restaurant's special roast chicken is flash-fried, then served under a blizzard of fried garlic stems, and tastes like a poor man's rendition of Peking duck.’
    • ‘Do the same for roast potatoes by quartering them instead.’
    • ‘Restaurants in the hotel were the first to provide authentic Beijing cuisine such as roast duck and precious royal dishes.’
    • ‘Sundays would be the day that I properly cook something traditional like roast lamb.’
    • ‘In 1990s England, where chicken tikka masala has outstripped roast beef and Yorkshire pudding in popularity, Hogwarts exists in its own time warp.’
    • ‘The Dining Room offers a set menu, in which every table gets its own whole roast turkey.’
    • ‘Floyd had a roast lamb in the oven, and it was done.’
    • ‘The guardians must not get drunk and must have a simple diet, consisting of roast meat, and no sweets.’
    • ‘To the English, crackling is a standard part of a meal involving roast pork.’
    • ‘I can manage the odd bowl of mash or a couple of roast potatoes.’

noun

  • 1A cut of meat that has been roasted or that is intended for roasting.

    ‘carving the Sunday roast’
    • ‘The refrigerated pre-cooked roasts can be microwaved in minutes.’
    • ‘When Delia takes David home to meet the family, pork roast is on the menu.’
    • ‘They also found that higher levels of marbling were preferred for loin steaks but discounted in chuck roasts.’
    • ‘Immediately, the smell of a delicious roast filled the room.’
    • ‘‘The strong economy has allowed a lot more people to switch from the roasts and hamburger to higher-end cuts,’ Orn says.’
    • ‘He loaded me up with six dozen huge brown eggs, a jar of homemade pear jam, and three packages of steaks and roasts - all in exchange for driving him.’
    • ‘Conversely, consumers were more likely to shop at supermarkets when purchasing roasts than other meat products.’
    • ‘Now the industry is offering consumers a good-tasting roast that is mircowaveable in seven minutes and has potatoes and carrots with it, he said.’
    • ‘Brown all sides of the roast in shallow roasting pan on low to medium heat.’
    • ‘He would sharpen a knife for a full five minutes before carving the roast.’
    • ‘I would answer your question with the scene in which Angela burns the roast she was preparing for dinner.’
    • ‘For best quality, cook ground bison within two days of purchase, and steaks and roasts within three to five days.’
    • ‘The beef we eat, like steaks, roasts and ground beef, is safe.’
    • ‘Sear each side of the roast for two minutes or until golden brown.’
    • ‘Push the vegetables from the skewers and arrange them around the lamb loin roast.’
    • ‘Featured under this brand are steaks, roasts, ground meat, patties and prepared chili.’
    • ‘Season the pork roast with the 1 tsp. cumin, salt and pepper.’
    • ‘If you want ground beef, buy boneless roasts and have your butcher grind them or grind them yourself.’
    • ‘The chef would prepare a marinated roast with whipped potatoes and French cut green beans.’
    • ‘At the festival, the neighboring farm families brought delicious roasts and vegetables and pies and cakes and lemonade.’
    1. 1.1 The process of roasting something, especially coffee, or the result of this.
      • ‘A nice dark roast, I could tell the beans were fresh as soon as I opened the package.’
      • ‘The characteristic flavor of the coffee is dependent on its origin and the degree of roast.’
    2. 1.2with modifier A particular type of roasted coffee.
      ‘continental roasts’
      • ‘There were no cappuccinos, no macchiatos, not even a simple cup of French roast.’
      • ‘As a matter of fact, on Good Morning America recently, Eight O'Clock Coffee beat some of the more expensive roasts out there.’
      • ‘On the roasted side, a medium roast will have a mellow or mild flavor impact, while a dark roast will be rich and heavier.’
    3. 1.3 An outdoor party at which meat, especially of a particular type, is roasted.
      ‘Harold put on a terrific pig roast’
      • ‘We can have big weenie roasts as the music plays and artists paint.’
      • ‘Nearby at the present fire station some of the firefighters ran a barbecue and hog roast.’
      • ‘Let's say an enemy has invited all your gang to a weenie roast, and you want to sabotage the picnic.’
      • ‘The tour will be followed at 5 p.m. by a hog roast with baked beans and dessert.’
      • ‘That afternoon, I end up at a Boucherie - a stereotypically Cajun outdoor hog roast - in the woods, among local huntsmen and their families.’
      • ‘Live music and a pig roast are other attractions that draw large crowds to The Carew.’
      meal cooked outdoors, … roast
      View synonyms
  • 2US A banquet to honor a person at which the honoree is subjected to good-natured ridicule.

    • ‘The comedian brings down the house in October 2001 at a Hugh Hefner roast.’
    • ‘The screenplay's one gaffe is a Christmas party roast the company puts on and its contents directly quote and mock only the characterizations and moments seen in the film itself.’
    • ‘The title of this show, ‘Critic as Grist,’ promised a critic roast - an opportunity for artists to strike back at those who seem to inveigh against them with impunity.’
    • ‘I do benefits and roasts, sometimes three or four in one week.’
    • ‘In essence, we get the perfect reel to unveil at Lee's celebrity roast, a chance to embarrass a living legend with the very movies that helped to elongate his career.’
    • ‘It works in the same was as a roast: you relentlessly poke fun at the target, and then tell them that you love them.’
    • ‘Occasions like this one - celebrations, toasts, roasts - have a tendency to look back on what has been achieved, what happened when, what is retained in the old memory banks.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French rostir, of West Germanic origin.

Pronunciation

roast

/roʊst//rōst/