An infectious disease of ruminants, especially cattle, caused by a paramyxovirus. It is characterized by fever, dysentery, and inflammation of the mucous membranes.
- ‘Two devastating cattle diseases, rinderpest in 1896-7 and East Coast fever, which moved slowly through the country from 1904 to 1913, each killed as much as 80 per cent of the herds in some districts.’
- ‘Here droughts, floods and locusts destroy crops and rinderpest kills cattle.’
- ‘However, in 1880-81, when the British unintentionally introduced rinderpest (a cattle disease), the Maasai lost 80 percent of their stock.’
- ‘It was not until rinderpest, or cattle plague, a highly fatal and contagious disease, wiped out seven per cent of the national herd between 1865 to 1867, that views on controlling animal disease changed, says Dr Woods.’
- ‘Camels obviously evolved in an extremely harsh environment and are immune to diseases such as rinderpest and foot-and-mouth that afflict other mammals.’
Mid 19th century: from German, from Rinder cattle + Pest plague.