Definition of Rhodesian sleeping sickness in US English:

Rhodesian sleeping sickness

noun

Medicine
  • A form of sleeping sickness caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, which occurs mainly in East Africa and typically runs a more rapid course than classical (Gambian) sleeping sickness, with less neurological and more cardiac involvement, often resulting in death from heart failure.

Origin

Early 20th century; earliest use found in Proceedings of the Royal Society of London.