Definition of rheumatic fever in US English:

rheumatic fever


  • A noncontagious acute fever marked by inflammation and pain in the joints. It chiefly affects young people and is caused by a streptococcal infection.

    • ‘Of patients with mitral stenosis, only 55% have a clinical history of acute rheumatic fever.’
    • ‘Prevention of acute rheumatic fever is no longer the main reason to treat patients with penicillin in western Europe, because of the low incidence of this complication.’
    • ‘Causes of chronic mitral regurgitation include infective endocarditis, degenerative valvular disease (mitral valve prolapse) and rheumatic fever.’
    • ‘Its founder, Joseph Pilates, was born in Dusseldorf in 1880 and despite being a rather sickly child who suffered from rickets, asthma and rheumatic fever, he lived to the age of 87.’
    • ‘Another interesting fact is that a post streptococcal arthritis that mimics rheumatic fever has been found to exist; this does not progress to involve heart valves.’
    • ‘For 50 years penicillin has been the gold standard treatment for infections due to group A streptococci; in most cases not only does penicillin cure the sore throat but it will also prevent acute rheumatic fever.’
    • ‘In addition to causing infections, streptococci give rise, by an autoimmune process, to the serious conditions of rheumatic fever and kidney inflammation (Glomerulonephritis).’
    • ‘Carditis associated with rheumatic fever manifests as pericarditis, myocarditis, and most commonly, endocarditis.’
    • ‘During the first half of the twentieth century it was used for the control of both acute pain and chronic inflammatory conditions such as rheumatic fever.’
    • ‘Kawasaki disease has surpassed rheumatic fever as the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in the United States.’
    • ‘Sequential monoarthritis in several joints is characteristic of gonococcal arthritis or rheumatic fever.’
    • ‘There he established a world renowned centre for rheumatic fever and later, when rheumatic fever was conquered, for children and adults with chronic forms of arthritis.’
    • ‘Complications of sore throat that presented a serious problem in the past, such as acute rheumatic fever and post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, have become extremely rare in affluent Western communities’
    • ‘Because of repeatedly low and unchanging reported rates of acute rheumatic fever, the CDC dropped this disease from active national surveillance in 1994.’
    • ‘One or more of your heart valves have been damaged by illnesses such as rheumatic fever;’
    • ‘Does this penetration lead to an inflammatory reaction that is related to rheumatic fever and ‘diseases of connective tissue’ (as they were known in those days)?’
    • ‘Tests have revealed that Djamshid has an inflammatory disease similar to rheumatic fever, which can cause scarring of the heart valves.’
    • ‘There was even less of a clue with regard to their implication in the pathogenesis of rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis.’
    • ‘Like immunocompromised patients with fever, patients with rheumatic fever must be aggressively treated.’
    • ‘Rarely, strep throat infections that are either untreated or incompletely treated can lead to rheumatic fever, an illness that can result in heart disease and arthritis.’


rheumatic fever

/ro͞oˈˌmadik ˈfēvər//ruˈˌmædɪk ˈfivər/