Definition of revolution in US English:

revolution

noun

  • 1A forcible overthrow of a government or social order, in favor of a new system.

    • ‘The Iranian Islamic revolution also must be understood in all its complexity.’
    • ‘No one is urged to dwell on the fact that the day's fireworks displays are symbolic of an armed revolution against tyranny and colonialism.’
    • ‘This was necessitated by the severe economic problems the country faced in the aftermath of the civil war and the defeat of socialist revolutions in Europe.’
    • ‘Immediately after a revolution or a dramatic change of government there are some exuberant examples of patriotic art.’
    • ‘Some of these revolutions were socialist, others capitalist; all were strongly nationalist.’
    • ‘They regard the 1917 Russian revolution as merely a capitalist revolution overthrowing feudalism.’
    • ‘In 1924, when the Turkish revolution overthrew the Ottomans, the caliphate was abolished.’
    • ‘By the end of the war, Woodrow Wilson hoped for a liberal revolution in Germany, whereas the Bolsheviks anticipated a socialist revolution.’
    • ‘In 1979 the US-backed dictator in Nicaragua, Antonio Somoza, was overthrown by a popular revolution.’
    • ‘Simultaneous revolutions and uprisings erupted in several countries across Europe.’
    • ‘There was enormous economic and social unrest, a weak parliamentary system and the fear of a socialist revolution.’
    • ‘I was trying to start a workers' revolution in Glasgow.’
    • ‘In 1848 the British establishment watched in horror as revolution swept across Europe.’
    • ‘The vortex of wars and revolutions swept away all paper evidence of his education.’
    • ‘The 1979 revolution overthrew a vicious dictatorial regime supported by the West.’
    • ‘23 years later, in 1917, the Russian Revolution inspired other revolutions and uprisings throughout Europe.’
    • ‘The clearest example was in Russia in the successful workers' revolution in 1917.’
    • ‘Young believers in the Fascist revolution began to turn towards Communism as an alternative.’
    • ‘Neither of those things would have been any different, had they had a revolution in favour of democratic government instead of communist.’
    rebellion, revolt, insurrection, mutiny, uprising, riot, rioting, rising, insurgence, insurgency, coup, overthrow, seizure of power, regime change
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    1. 1.1US The American Revolution.
      • ‘If I made a mosaic of George Washington composed of images of the American dead from the Revolution, would viewers likely take that image as an indictment of Washington?’
      • ‘What he showed was that at the time of the Revolution, consumerism exploded in the U.S.’
      • ‘I've read a fair amount of American military history, and my sense is that war reporting has been an integral part of every American war since the Revolution.’
      • ‘No one should diminish the radical nature of the Revolution and American independence, but the American nation was in many respects not new.’
      • ‘A Jacob Schwartz and a Samuel Schwartz fought in the Revolution in Pennsylvania.’
      • ‘Even the first settlement of America corresponds with the character of the Revolution.’
      • ‘Similar processes were at work in America after the Revolution, and especially after the civil war.’
      • ‘Convicts had been transported in the past to colonial America but after the Revolution America was no longer available.’
      • ‘I think Jimmy and I learned more about the Revolution and the Czars than we did the three R's.’
      • ‘Taxation without representation is one of the things the Americans fought the British over, back during the Revolution.’
      • ‘As John Adams said, the Revolution had occurred in the minds and hearts of Americans before the incident at Concord Bridge.’
    2. 1.2 (in Marxism) the class struggle which is expected to lead to political change and the triumph of communism.
      • ‘Here's a new addition to the List of People Who Will Be Up Against the Wall When the Revolution Comes.’
      • ‘Violent revolution to overthrow the capitalist system in favour of complete social justice will follow.’
      • ‘As you've pointed out in many of your articles, the revolution against the capitalist plutocracy is largely a war of words and ideas at this point.’
      • ‘They, too, saw a need to keep the Kadets on the side of the Revolution.’
      • ‘They also claim to be bringing about a new world order… a revolution of sorts.’
      • ‘But the Revolution has not yet fulfilled its tasks.’
      • ‘All that is required to subvert the revolution is to put a for sale sign up in front of its symbols, at which point it is assimilated.’
      • ‘So without further ado, grab your hard hat and let the revolution begin!’
      • ‘In Cuba, Elián was hailed as the child-hero of the Revolution.’
      • ‘Want to do your bit for the Revolution and stand up for the kids?’
      • ‘Louis was now a prisoner of the Revolution and an enemy of the Revolution.’
      • ‘For an organisation that claims to lead the world revolution, they have nothing.’
      • ‘How can a party whose principles rest on an international workers' revolution advance socialist policies in a bourgeois political system?’
      • ‘Ikea will be first up against the wall when the Revolution comes, hopefully.’
      • ‘My father was adamant that change could not come about without a violent revolution and a proletarian dictatorship.’
      • ‘The workers' revolution would thus usher in a lasting age of genuine Utopia.’
    3. 1.3 A dramatic and wide-reaching change in the way something works or is organized or in people's ideas about it.
      ‘marketing underwent a revolution’
      • ‘The book helped to spark a cultural revolution.’
      • ‘But as in TV, the digital revolution is coming in radio.’
      • ‘The technological computer telecommunications revolution is equally responsible.’
      • ‘In the women's game, an even greater revolution of sorts was sprung.’
      • ‘The sexual revolution has swept up young adults in a perilous tailspin.’
      • ‘The civil rights revolution of the 1960s presents the relevant object lesson.’
      • ‘While there may be a few scattered news operations that the revolution has not yet touched, the profession has undergone a technological transformation.’
      • ‘The molecular genetics revolution of the 1960s swept up many of the brightest young minds.’
      • ‘A revolution in military affairs suggests a fundamental change in all aspects of warfare.’
      • ‘Identifying the structure of DNA triggered a revolution in biology that is still continuing today.’
      • ‘Infinite Data Storage is now close to starting another technological revolution in digital recording technology.’
      • ‘Most of Ireland missed out on the first industrial revolution of the late eighteenth century.’
      • ‘Who are the innovators leading the next tech revolution?’
      • ‘Record companies have finally begun to embrace the digital revolution started by the first incarnation of Napster.’
      • ‘The arts and crafts movement began in Britain in reaction to the industrial revolution of the nineteenth century.’
      • ‘After utterly destroying the once thriving Indian textile industry, Britain sparked its own industrial revolution.’
      • ‘The materials revolution led to a dramatic and sudden decrease in the cost of building bridges up to 1000m in span a decade ago, and as a consequence we have seen these new kinds of bridges cropping up everywhere.’
      • ‘This is also a cultural question, and Nigeria needs as much a revolution in attitudes and thinking as it does in new legislation or new measures.’
      • ‘Rapid technological advances have also fueled the revolution in business affairs.’
      • ‘The tools of the much-hyped communications and information technology revolution bring people closer together and drive them further apart.’
      dramatic change, radical change, drastic alteration, radical alteration, complete shift, sea change, metamorphosis, transformation, conversion, innovation, breakaway
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  • 2An instance of revolving.

    ‘one revolution a second’
    • ‘AFT's Bob Brooks noted that with a standard hat, the rpm of the engine at the track's top end is 300 revolutions faster than the driveshaft.’
    • ‘When you have a hamster in your head than runs on its wheel at 300 revolutions a second, you certainly don't have to plan your stand-up act.’
    • ‘The starter motor spun the crankshaft through a few revolutions, easily resisting the cold, gluey oil that clings to the bearings and cylinder walls.’
    • ‘So if, for example, W = 2, that means that the diameter of the tube after a single revolution is twice what it was one whorl before.’
    • ‘In initial tests, some of the biomolecular motors spun their propellers for more than two hours, at eight revolutions per second.’
    • ‘Get the biggest you can afford, with at least 7,200 revolutions per minute.’
    • ‘From statistical analysis of 11 pulsars, they concluded that the maximum speed seen in nature must be below 760 revolutions per second.’
    • ‘Once it had completed a full revolution (ie moved forward 26 places), it would kick the middle rotor forward one position.’
    • ‘Spinning the sample a million or more revolutions per minute does the job.’
    • ‘The researchers initiated this process by feeding their rotors with ATP, and saw them revolve under the microscope at around five revolutions per second.’
    • ‘It is important that a vehicle's wheels make a complete revolution, i.e., turn full circle over the material.’
    • ‘Most millisecond pulsars hover around the 300 revolutions per second mark, and the fastest spinning pulsar ever detected clocked in at 641 rps.’
    • ‘Details were recorded of the number of steps taken per minute, the number of hours that the convicts turned the wheel, the height of the steps, the number of revolutions turned in a day, and certain other data.’
    • ‘The core of the bowling ball, coupled with the revolutions and rotation one applies, determines where the track is.’
    • ‘I was able to complete a few tumbling revolutions before collapsing into a skidding heap.’
    • ‘The car is fitted with a six-speed close ratio gearbox but thanks to the high amount of torque developed at low revolutions, the car should be very flexible.’
    • ‘The Blazer also has a maximum power of 138 horsepower at 5,600 revolutions per minute (rpm).’
    • ‘I was amazing to see a stadium wave last two complete revolutions.’
    • ‘After completing a number of revolutions, the carousel began to slow and came to a stop.’
    • ‘In theory, pulsars could remain intact at speeds as high as 1,000 to 3,000 revolutions per second.’
    single turn, turn, rotation, circle, whirl, twirl, spin, wheel, roll, round, cycle, circuit, lap
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    1. 2.1 The movement of an object in a circular or elliptical course around another or about an axis or center.
      ‘observing the revolution about the axis of rotation’
      • ‘The Earth's tides are mainly created by the force of the Moon's orbit, along with the Earth's own revolution and gravitational pull from the Sun.’
      • ‘There are three distinct types of spiric surfaces depending whether the axis of revolution cuts the circle, it a tangent to the circle, or is outside the circle.’
      • ‘Earth has also tidally locked the Moon, leaving it with identical periods of rotation on its axis and revolution around Earth.’
      • ‘He explained eclipses, solstices and equinoxes, announced the sphericity of the earth and its diurnal revolution on its axis.’
      • ‘He determined the least angular velocity about its axis for which steady motion of a solid of revolution can be stable.’
      • ‘This was due to an erroneous assumption, i.e., that the stalk has a figure of revolution of a circular arc.’
      • ‘Since the original papers the shape of the stalk was not calculated but rather postulated to be the figure of revolution of a circular arc.’
      • ‘In this work Dionysodorus calculates the volume of a torus and shows that it is equal to the product of the area of the generating circle with the length of the circle traced by its centre rotating about the axis of revolution.’
      • ‘He noted that if the bob was drawn back and released then it followed an elliptical path, and moreover the major axis rotated in the direction of revolution exactly as did the apsides of the moon's orbit.’
      turning, gyration, rotation, circumrotation, wheeling, turning around, circling, whirling, twirling, spinning, swivelling, rolling, orbital motion, orbiting, orbit
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    2. 2.2 A single orbit of one object around another or about an axis or center.
      • ‘This almost certainly indicates that Sedna is spinning, completing a revolution every 20 days.’
      • ‘Before I do this, I have to revisit science concepts and make sure I understand orbits, rotations, revolutions and seasons.’
      • ‘It stayed in orbit around the Moon for 20 hours, and made ten revolutions of our only satellite.’
      • ‘Eight years after the transit the Venus would have completed almost exactly 12 full revolutions of the sun.’
      • ‘Krazy Krab attaches numbers to the days, making the world turning on its axis, each revolution, incredibly important.’
      • ‘For the number of revolutions of the apsis and node of the moon per mahayuga, Aryabhata I proposed 488219 and 232226, respectively.’
      • ‘Since the rotations and revolutions of the moon were different from Earth, an artificial sky, sun, and moon were set up to simulate Earth.’
      • ‘A complete revolution of the earth takes approximately 24 hours.’
      • ‘He orders us into his Landrover and we skid across the causeway, the water rising with every revolution of the wheels, splashing above the windscreen.’
      • ‘Later the revolution of the planet Jupiter was also used in Hindu astronomy.’
      • ‘The chambers, furthermore, would all move, the lowest completing a revolution once a year, the second once a month, the uppermost once a day.’
      • ‘Each year is still equivalent to the sidereal period of the Earth, one revolution around the Sun.’
      • ‘The third day concerned the earth's annual motion around the sun, and of course certain phenomena involving both the daily rotation and the annual revolution.’
      • ‘He believed that the tides are caused by the periodic reinforcement and opposition of two motions of the Earth - its annual revolution around the sun and its daily rotation on its axis.’
      • ‘The moon completes its revolution around the earth in exactly 29.5 days, an astronomical phenomenon as certain as the day after night until the day of the Qiyamah.’
      • ‘For example, the Hilda asteroids circle the Sun three times for every two revolutions of Jupiter.’
      • ‘How long does it take the International Space Station to complete a revolution of the earth?’
      • ‘We on Earth get to see the same side of the Moon as its rotational period around its axis and revolution period around the Earth are the same.’
      • ‘This can be rounded up to 2.5 years per sign or 30 years for one revolution around the zodiac.’
      • ‘My stomach dropped out from underneath me more than once as we were thrown up in the air and even completed a full revolution.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French, or from late Latin revolutio(n-), from revolvere ‘roll back’ (see revolve).

Pronunciation

revolution

/ˌrɛvəˈluʃ(ə)n//ˌrevəˈlo͞oSH(ə)n/