Definition of retrolental fibroplasia in US English:

retrolental fibroplasia

noun

Medicine
  • Abnormal proliferation of fibrous tissue immediately behind the lens of the eye, leading to blindness. It affected many premature babies in the 1950s, owing to the excessive administration of oxygen.

    • ‘Through his involvement in the tragic saga of retrolental fibroplasia (retinopathy of prematurity), his devotion to rooting out weaknesses in clinical research methodology became more than an intellectual exercise.’
    • ‘It is known that excessive oxygen can damage the retina of a premature baby leading to a condition called retrolental fibroplasia which results in blindness.’
    • ‘Retrolental fibroplasia is the most common cause of preschool blindness.’

Origin

1940s: from retro- + Latin lens, lent- ‘lentil’ + -al.

Pronunciation

retrolental fibroplasia

/retrəˌlen(t)l fībrəˈplāZHə/