Main definitions of retire in English

: retire1retiré2

retire1

verb

  • 1no object Leave one's job and cease to work, typically upon reaching the normal age for leaving employment.

    ‘he retired from the navy in 1966’
    • ‘When Robert retired from teaching, his appetite for taking pictures grew until he was, in effect, a full-time amateur photographer.’
    • ‘Gaddis retired from a fifty-year teaching career in 1997.’
    • ‘He said he recently retired after 53 years working and found it was extraordinary how life passes so quickly.’
    • ‘Although Paul Jenkins has retired from his post as archivist, that does not mean that he will stop researching the meanings of photographs.’
    • ‘Having retired from the stage, she devotes some time to masterclasses.’
    • ‘Payments stop when you return to work, retire or die.’
    • ‘He seems to have retired from printmaking in the late 1820s, though he did contribute illustrations for books even quite late in his life.’
    • ‘At the age of 70 I retired from college teaching because of the ever-widening age difference between that of the instructor and his students.’
    • ‘His partners included almost all of the ballerinas who rose to fame between 1936 and 1962, when he retired from the stage.’
    • ‘Edwin reluctantly retired from work in 1889 aged 84.’
    • ‘The family lived in Carrington Street, New Plymouth, after relocating when Frederick Watson retired from the bank in Bulls.’
    • ‘Fixed annuities help stabilize income from investments, and are most commonly used by people who are not fully participating in the workforce, are about to retire or have retired.’
    • ‘The Government reckons that at least three million people are facing poverty in their old age and that up to ten million more are looking at a huge drop in living standards when they retire.’
    • ‘Beginning with an instructorship at Yale in 1909, he taught on a full-time basis for 51 years until retiring in 1960 at the age of 80.’
    • ‘He retired from the San Francisco Art Institute in 2001, after teaching there for 35 years.’
    • ‘Winterbottom recently retired from Hutcheson & Co in Victoria, having spent 33 years in public practice in the local area.’
    • ‘He had been a merchant seaman man and boy, covering some fifty years and he was so accustomed to shouting just to be heard that he couldn't stop doing it now that he'd retired.’
    • ‘The place was a relic, a museum piece, preserved like a man who stops shopping for clothes the day he retires and spends the next thirty years living in limbo and the same pair of nylon trousers.’
    • ‘In fact, after he retired and was free full time, he knew exactly what he wanted to do.’
    • ‘His major league officiating career spanned three decades, from 1954 to 1978, when he retired as an umpire in the American League.’
    give up work, stop working, stop work
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1with object Compel (an employee) to leave their job, especially before they have reached the normal age for leaving employment.
      ‘the Home Office retired him’
      • ‘Expect a major change of location soon, of course: it seems that he has been unceremoniously retired from service.’
      • ‘By retiring officers unfit for active service, this group attempted to revolutionize the navy's traditional system of promotion.’
      • ‘By and large, the throngs of steelworkers have been retired by computers and automated controls that now watch over every aspect of the steel-making process.’
      • ‘The question here is whether a transfer of property that extinguishes the trust by merging the beneficial and legal interest can in any sense be said to retire a trustee.’
      pension off, force to retire, force to give up work
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 (of an athlete) cease to play competitively.
      ‘he retired from football several years ago’
      • ‘When a superstar retires, the price is based on his racetrack performance.’
      • ‘She was forced to withdraw from the Rome Olympics in 1960 because of a hamstring injury, and retired.’
      • ‘Key players moved on to other careers or retired.’
      • ‘Bird was my favorite player and when he retired from basketball, I lost interest in the game.’
      • ‘Brought up in Bangor, Maine, Rudom became a professional basketball player before retiring at 30.’
      • ‘He competed in four Olympic Games and did not retire from professional athletics until 1995.’
      • ‘Freddy made a face that was full of sorrow, as if he was being asked to retire from the major leagues.’
      • ‘She played for several years before retiring with repetition strain injury.’
      • ‘After retiring from sports, he ran a private practice in Orange, California, for many years.’
      • ‘Afterwards, the gutsy halfback became even more determined to finish his career as a player - not retired forever through injury.’
      • ‘Bernie Mac is Stan Ross, a Milwaukee Brewer who hits his 3,000th hit during a pennant race and instantly retires after snatching the souvenir ball away from the kid who catches it.’
      • ‘Only the nobility were allowed to take part in jousting tournaments though Henry VIII had to retire from the sport as he was seriously injured in a jousting tournament in 1536.’
      • ‘I've prematurely retired from international football because I did not want to go to the African Nations Cup.’
      • ‘Well I'm sorry to hear that you are retiring from playing.’
      • ‘After retiring from the sport in 1994, Chris decided to continue his involvement in a volunteer capacity.’
      • ‘Hellé did not retire immediately from racing, but her story now was one of betrayal, impoverishment and obscurity.’
      • ‘Contrary to media reports this week, South African batsman, Daryll Cullinan has not officially retired from international cricket.’
      • ‘The clincher came December 20 when Michelena, the sport's living legend, announced he was retiring.’
      • ‘After retiring from the Bears in 1934, he became a football broadcaster on radio and then television, widely admired as a remarkably modest football hero, one of the greatest of all time.’
      • ‘He retired after almost eight years in the sport.’
    3. 1.3 (of an athlete) withdraw from a race or match, typically as a result of accident or injury.
      with complement ‘Stewart retired hurt’
      ‘he was forced to retire to the bench’
      • ‘A pity Shane had to retire through injury for the last quarter.’
      • ‘The game turned out to be his last professional outing, as unnecessary injury problems forced yet another player to retire early.’
    4. 1.4with object Put out (a batter); cause (a side) to end a turn at bat.
      ‘the pitcher retired twelve batters in a row’
      • ‘A pitcher retires the first two batters in the top of the first inning.’
      • ‘It requires retiring all twenty-seven batters in order, without allowing a single runner.’
      • ‘Scobie took the mound for the seventh, retiring the first batter.’
      • ‘I retired all three batters in the ninth and again struck out two, " recalled Jansen.’
      • ‘But Budde settled down and retired the next three batters.’
  • 2Withdraw to or from a particular place.

    ‘she retired into the bathroom with her toothbrush’
    • ‘At half-past seven the onlookers had retired to safe positions five or six hundred yards away.’
    • ‘Even the old washer-woman, though her features be hooded and in weathered high-relief, has to retire to her humble quarters and stop laundering.’
    • ‘All competitors please retire with me to the castle, that is all.’
    • ‘I left the bathroom as she began to prepare for a shower and retired to the couch bed, where I had been sleeping for the past few weeks!’
    • ‘We could think of nothing to say, and neither could they, so we finished our breakfast, and retired to our room less than ten minutes later.’
    • ‘On the fifth day after Landon died, the wind came to a complete stop and Shane retired to her cabin.’
    • ‘As soon as they had done that, they then retired to re-load at the base of the hill.’
    • ‘The two finished their dance and then Krista retired to her room saying she was tired.’
    • ‘More and more children retired to playing indoors as September dragged on.’
    • ‘And feeling irritated, I retired to the bathroom where I sat on the floor scowling for a great deal of the evening.’
    • ‘Dennis, be careful from now on, I must retire back to my retreat, but it'll be a long time before you do.’
    • ‘Again retiring to the bathroom to shower, I was faced by the mirror as soon as I closed the door behind me.’
    • ‘Ashen threw his hands in the air and then retired to a stone wall, leaning against it.’
    • ‘He performed similar services for Becky then made a sign of blessing on both girls before he also retired to the sideline.’
    • ‘Later that evening after they had all finished their Christmas dinner, Sam retired to the window seat to read one of the new books she had gotten from Bryant.’
    • ‘They retired on a bench nearby watching the other games.’
    • ‘What's more, she preferred her own bedroom to any other area of the house and would often retire there when visitors arrived.’
    • ‘After dinner was finished, Audrey retired to the drawing room, where she began reading in a feeble attempt to divert her mind from the day's activities.’
    • ‘At the outbreak of the Civil War he retired to Montgomery Castle and declined to become involved.’
    • ‘The day ended, I retired to my dorm room in boredom, finishing more homework and watching as Bridget fluttered back and forth between her bed and the bathroom.’
    go off, withdraw, go away, go out, exit, make an exit, take oneself off, depart, decamp, adjourn, leave for
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Go to bed.
      ‘everyone retired early that night’
      • ‘Anmar retired early, but the first watch ended with his lamp still lit.’
      • ‘Late that night, after everyone had retired, I sat up in bed, listening to the chirps of the night creatures.’
      • ‘When I finally retired to bed, exhausted, she was still reading.’
      • ‘Black, his wife Melinda, and his daughter Caroline all retired fairly early, each moving into their separate rooms after bidding the travelers a good night.’
      • ‘After eating a light dinner of grilled chicken salad and apple juice, she retired early.’
      • ‘For a lady of one hundred and four years she is good, but retires early to help with breakfast at six in the morning.’
      • ‘David retired to bed early, but she stayed up much later, asking Sarah questions about the city, but never getting a direct answer.’
      • ‘She had to talk to him about Edur before the wine went to his head and he insisted upon retiring to bed early.’
      • ‘After dinner William retired to bed earlier than normal to get the rest his body was craving.’
      • ‘Cathy seemed very anxious to get Nelly to bed, and kept looking at her watch, finally retiring early to bed.’
      • ‘I retired early and slept until evening, and deeply at that.’
      • ‘Father always retired early, he had to commute every morning.’
      • ‘The music started to die down, and the king announced for everyone to retire for the night.’
      • ‘MaryAnn wasn't worried about Lizzie because Lizzie rarely had plans for a Saturday night and usually retired early.’
      • ‘Everyone had retired in their tents and fell asleep.’
      • ‘The seven retired to bed early that night, their bones aching.’
      • ‘I spent the day doing nothing and retired early.’
      • ‘That evening, after our major discovery and our major story telling, we retired fairly early.’
      • ‘She ignored her parents completely, and retired to her room early.’
      • ‘Initially, Sabine was exhausted from whatever she had done, and retired early after supper.’
      go to bed, go to one's room, call it a day, go to sleep
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2 (of a jury) leave the courtroom to decide the verdict of a trial.
      • ‘The trial continued the next day and the jury retired to consider their verdict.’
      • ‘After an hour of instruction from US District Judge Barbara Jones the jury retired to begin considering the evidence.’
      • ‘You can say you add the dynamics of the case, the fact that it was said just before the jury retires to consider the matter and the fact that the statements were repeated.’
      • ‘Over the course of three and a half days they listened to evidence presented by both sides, and then questioned the witnesses for both defence and prosecution before retiring to consider their verdict.’
      • ‘After three days of courtroom arguments, the 12 men of the jury retire to decide if the boy is guilty beyond reasonable doubt.’
      • ‘When both parties have completed their presentation of the case, the Court declares the hearings closed and retires to deliberate in private.’
      • ‘On that basis, no problem arises in the normal course of events if a justices' clerk retires with the justices and it is not known what assistance, if any, he or she in fact furnishes to them.’
      • ‘The jury retires to consider its verdict - the jurors go into the jury room.’
      • ‘The jury retired to deliberate on the afternoon of 2 October.’
      • ‘The jury then retire to consider the evidence before returning to announce their all important verdict.’
    3. 2.3 (of a military force) retreat from an enemy or an attacking position.
      ‘lack of numbers compelled the cavalry to retire’
      • ‘The great black dragon was forced to retire from the fight.’
      • ‘To the north of Ypres the Germans, by employing a large quantity of asphyxiating bombs, the effect of which was felt for a distance of a mile and a quarter behind our lines, succeeded in forcing us to retire.’
      • ‘There was a short skirmish with enemy cavalry near Taliaferro's Mill, but they quickly retired.’
      • ‘Allies advance in big counter-attack - ‘French troops had to retire overwhelmed by fumes,’ says Sir J French’
      • ‘Yermati led a tactical retreat and the elves retired to their kingdom.’
      retreat, withdraw, pull back, fall back, pull out, disengage, back off, give way, give ground, flee, take flight, turn tail, beat a retreat, beat a hasty retreat
      View synonyms
    4. 2.4with object Order (a military force) to retreat.
      ‘the general retired all his troops’
      • ‘From a military point of view, when you get into those situations, it makes sense to retire, withdraw, tactically or strategically, in order to reshape the war in a way that you can win it.’
  • 3Economics
    with object Withdraw (a bill or note) from circulation or currency.

    • ‘Their issues of paper currency were retired at their original purchasing-power values; depreciation was not a serious problem.’
    • ‘Instead, Congress cranked up the printing press and called on the states to levy taxes to retire the bills.’
  • 4Finance
    Pay off or cancel (a debt)

    ‘the debt is to be retired from state gaming-tax receipts’
    • ‘After the war ended in 1816, these taxes were repealed and instead a high tariff was passed to retire the accumulated war debt.’
    • ‘But many students are unable to retire their credit card balances before they enter the working world.’
    • ‘When your clients are running late on their payments, it is unlikely that they will be able to retire the entire balance in one payment.’
    • ‘Most discussions of the surplus involve retirement of the publicly held debt, but once this debt has been retired, the surplus has to be redirected elsewhere.’
    • ‘If they feel it is advantageous for them to retire their current bonds and secure a lower rate by issuing new bonds, they may call their bonds.’

Origin

Mid 16th century (in the sense ‘withdraw to a place of safety or seclusion’): from French retirer, from re- ‘back’ + tirer ‘draw’.

Pronunciation

retire

/rəˈtaɪ(ə)r//rəˈtī(ə)r/

Main definitions of retire in English

: retire1retiré2

retiré2

noun

  • A movement in which one leg is bent and raised at right angles to the body until the toe is in line with the knee of the supporting leg.

    • ‘The orchestra stopped, and she continued to stay on pointe; sometimes moving from retiré into a la seconde, sometimes from retiré into arabesque.’
    • ‘Put your hands on your shoulders or hips and just turn from the force of pushing up out of the demi plié and the working leg turning out as you place it into retiré and begin the turn.’

Origin

French, literally ‘drawn back’.

Pronunciation

retiré

/rəˌtēˈrā/