Definition of ressentiment in English:



  • A psychological state arising from suppressed feelings of envy and hatred that cannot be acted upon, frequently resulting in some form of self-abasement.

    • ‘No doubt there is ressentiment, but it is ressentiment with a multitude of reasons that we need to understand, if not accept.’
    • ‘The revolt in social ethics begins when ressentiment turns creative and gives death to values-the ressentiment of beings who, deprived of the direct outlet of creativity, compensate by an all too real vengeance.’
    • ‘Such objections can reveal the objectors' ressentiment, but they can also contain some truth.’
    • ‘‘The man of ressentiment is characterised by the invasion of consciousness by mnemonic traces, the ascent of memory into consciousness itself’.’
    • ‘Rousseau's return to nature, he affirms, reeks of reactivity, self-loathing and ressentiment against the aristocratic culture.’


Via German (used by Nietzsche in this sense) from French ressentiment ‘feeling’.