Definition of respondent in English:

respondent

noun

  • 1Law
    A defendant in a lawsuit, especially one in an appeals or divorce case.

    • ‘The first respondents to the appeal must pay the appellant's costs of the application.’
    • ‘The statutory amendments shift the evidential burden of proof to the respondent if the complainant proves what he or she is required to prove at the first stage.’
    • ‘The appellant's second ground of appeal is that the respondents are not suitable to be the donor's attorneys.’
    • ‘Whether the respondents cross petition against the petitioners was demurrable and should be struck out.’
    • ‘Very well, and these other affidavits, I take it, are affidavits filed by the respondent.’
    litigator, opponent in law, opponent, contestant, contender, disputant, plaintiff, claimant, complainant, petitioner, appellant, party, interest, defendant, accused
    View synonyms
  • 2A person who replies to something, especially one supplying information for a survey or questionnaire or responding to an advertisement.

    • ‘Among the questions, respondents were asked to name their top three business role models.’
    • ‘At two years follow up we sent a postal questionnaire to those respondents who had been free of forearm pain at baseline.’
    • ‘We did not question respondents about why they did not use the internet, and so can say little on this issue.’
    • ‘The respondents requested information on a number of occasions; this was not forwarded to them.’
    • ‘The first part contains questions designed to collect basic demographic information regarding the respondent.’
    • ‘Each respondent answered three questions, of which only the last concerned Mars.’
    • ‘The research team administered the questionnaires verbally to each respondent.’
    • ‘With the information thereby obtained, a main respondent was designated, who then completed a household questionnaire.’
    • ‘Always be clear about how you want respondents to indicate their replies when answering closed questions.’
    • ‘Almost one fourth of the respondents replied that it was cheaper than they expected.’
    • ‘A few respondents thought they might be missing out on potentially interesting information.’
    • ‘The questioning also includes queries about how prepared the respondent would be to pay extra in order to speed up improvements to the water network.’
    • ‘Much remains to be learned about how respondents go about answering written questionnaires.’
    • ‘The cover letter explained that there were no codes that could be used to link a completed questionnaire to a particular respondent.’
    • ‘The questionnaire invited respondents to comment on each of the 31 indicators.’
    • ‘The first question asks the age at which respondents believe old age begins.’
    • ‘After you finish question 12, thank the respondent for their time and offer them the info sheet that explains more about this study.’
    • ‘Each respondent then dropped the questionnaire into the store's ballot box.’
    • ‘Completion of the questionnaire constituted informed consent from the respondent.’
    • ‘Denominators vary because not all respondents answered all questions.’

adjective

  • 1Law
    In the position of defendant in a lawsuit.

    ‘the respondent defendant’
    • ‘It was submitted by Counsel for the respondent party that not to decide a matter referred to him for his decision amounted to giving a decision in excess of the jurisdiction of the adjudicator.’
    • ‘Now, of course, none of the respondent defendants were parties to that action.’
    • ‘It is the respondent mother's position that she was coerced into accepting the revised support.’
    • ‘But if he is named as a respondent, he is a respondent party to the proceedings, is he not?’
    • ‘The position of the respondent husband may also be briefly stated.’
  • 2Replying to something, especially a survey or questionnaire.

    ‘the respondent firms in the survey’
    • ‘Analysis included comparison between and within respondent groups.’
    • ‘The unequal sample sizes in the four respondent groups were noted.’
    • ‘The most disturbing respondent narrative came from a female runner.’
    • ‘Thus the actual levels of perceived social support cannot be discriminated by respondent category.’
    • ‘What are the primary learning needs of fathers from the perspective of both respondent groups?’
  • 3Psychology
    Involving or denoting a response, especially a conditioned reflex, to a specific stimulus.

    • ‘The first two, habituation and respondent learning are specific to behaviors called reflexes.’
    • ‘The results demonstrated that the sociality of a situation potentiates respondent laughter.’
    • ‘Suppose a student cannot correctly state the distinction between operant and respondent behavior but can shape the lever press.’
    • ‘The kind of behavior that is correlated with specific eliciting stimuli may be called respondent behavior, and a given correlation a respondent.’

Origin

Early 16th century (in respondent (sense 2 of the noun)): from Latin respondent- ‘answering, offering in return’, from the verb respondere (see respond).

Pronunciation

respondent

/rəˈspɑndənt//rəˈspändənt/