One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A defendant in a lawsuit, especially one in an appeals or divorce case.
litigator, opponent in law, opponent, contestant, contender, disputant, plaintiff, claimant, complainant, petitioner, appellant, party, interest, defendant, accusedView synonyms
- ‘The first respondents to the appeal must pay the appellant's costs of the application.’
- ‘The statutory amendments shift the evidential burden of proof to the respondent if the complainant proves what he or she is required to prove at the first stage.’
- ‘The appellant's second ground of appeal is that the respondents are not suitable to be the donor's attorneys.’
- ‘Whether the respondents cross petition against the petitioners was demurrable and should be struck out.’
- ‘Very well, and these other affidavits, I take it, are affidavits filed by the respondent.’
2A person who replies to something, especially one supplying information for a survey or questionnaire or responding to an advertisement.
- ‘Among the questions, respondents were asked to name their top three business role models.’
- ‘At two years follow up we sent a postal questionnaire to those respondents who had been free of forearm pain at baseline.’
- ‘We did not question respondents about why they did not use the internet, and so can say little on this issue.’
- ‘The respondents requested information on a number of occasions; this was not forwarded to them.’
- ‘The first part contains questions designed to collect basic demographic information regarding the respondent.’
- ‘Each respondent answered three questions, of which only the last concerned Mars.’
- ‘The research team administered the questionnaires verbally to each respondent.’
- ‘With the information thereby obtained, a main respondent was designated, who then completed a household questionnaire.’
- ‘Always be clear about how you want respondents to indicate their replies when answering closed questions.’
- ‘Almost one fourth of the respondents replied that it was cheaper than they expected.’
- ‘A few respondents thought they might be missing out on potentially interesting information.’
- ‘The questioning also includes queries about how prepared the respondent would be to pay extra in order to speed up improvements to the water network.’
- ‘Much remains to be learned about how respondents go about answering written questionnaires.’
- ‘The cover letter explained that there were no codes that could be used to link a completed questionnaire to a particular respondent.’
- ‘The questionnaire invited respondents to comment on each of the 31 indicators.’
- ‘The first question asks the age at which respondents believe old age begins.’
- ‘After you finish question 12, thank the respondent for their time and offer them the info sheet that explains more about this study.’
- ‘Each respondent then dropped the questionnaire into the store's ballot box.’
- ‘Completion of the questionnaire constituted informed consent from the respondent.’
- ‘Denominators vary because not all respondents answered all questions.’
In the position of defendant in a lawsuit.‘the respondent defendant’
- ‘It was submitted by Counsel for the respondent party that not to decide a matter referred to him for his decision amounted to giving a decision in excess of the jurisdiction of the adjudicator.’
- ‘Now, of course, none of the respondent defendants were parties to that action.’
- ‘It is the respondent mother's position that she was coerced into accepting the revised support.’
- ‘But if he is named as a respondent, he is a respondent party to the proceedings, is he not?’
- ‘The position of the respondent husband may also be briefly stated.’
2Replying to something, especially a survey or questionnaire.‘the respondent firms in the survey’
- ‘Analysis included comparison between and within respondent groups.’
- ‘The unequal sample sizes in the four respondent groups were noted.’
- ‘The most disturbing respondent narrative came from a female runner.’
- ‘Thus the actual levels of perceived social support cannot be discriminated by respondent category.’
- ‘What are the primary learning needs of fathers from the perspective of both respondent groups?’
Involving or denoting a response, especially a conditioned reflex, to a specific stimulus.
- ‘The first two, habituation and respondent learning are specific to behaviors called reflexes.’
- ‘The results demonstrated that the sociality of a situation potentiates respondent laughter.’
- ‘Suppose a student cannot correctly state the distinction between operant and respondent behavior but can shape the lever press.’
- ‘The kind of behavior that is correlated with specific eliciting stimuli may be called respondent behavior, and a given correlation a respondent.’
Early 16th century (in respondent (sense 2 of the noun)): from Latin respondent- ‘answering, offering in return’, from the verb respondere (see respond).
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