Definition of reproduction in English:



  • 1The action or process of making a copy of something.

    ‘the cost of color reproduction in publication is high’
    • ‘For one thing, there is the concern that some visitors might mistake the color reproduction for an original and thus be confused or even cheated as paying clients.’
    • ‘The transfer is amazing, with perfect color reproduction.’
    • ‘If the marginal cost of reproduction of a digital good is near zero, that means almost everyone should have it for almost no charge.’
    • ‘The color reproduction is accurate, and the cinematography does a wonderful job of capturing the various points in the journey.’
    • ‘The video is very good, with a small amount of dirt on the print and good reproduction of color and black levels.’
    • ‘Color reproduction is bright and realistic, without bleed or muddiness.’
    • ‘Intentional color issues aside, this is a great transfer of a low-budget movie, with apparently faithful color reproduction and no grain or edge enhancement to detract from the picture.’
    • ‘If no single system or solution works best, it is time, in this age of digital reproduction, to revisit the options for original collections.’
    • ‘The color reproduction seems all right, but it's hard to tell since the entire palette consists of browns and grays (with the occasional spurt of red).’
    • ‘First, the costs of reproduction are subsidised by the state, meaning that employers do not have to consider increasing wages in order to ensure that their female employees can afford childcare.’
    • ‘No longer are the costs of color reproduction prohibitive.’
    • ‘This will be more comprehensive including latest trends in layout and design which will take participants through the entire process from the drawing board to the phase were the publication is ready for reproduction and printing.’
    • ‘Benjamin asked questions about the continued value of art and of individual genius in an age when mechanical reproduction was becoming increasingly accurate and widely available.’
    • ‘Technological advances have been slow, she says, particularly when it comes to color reproduction.’
    • ‘The only photograph taken was by Sinn Fein's PR officer, who had control of its subsequent reproduction and distribution.’
    • ‘Philosophically, the term suggests an organic wholeness in stark opposition to the age of mechanical reproduction.’
    • ‘People often say painting died in the modern world, that the age of mechanical reproduction made it a relic, of value only to conservative fetishists of fine art.’
    • ‘So much so that nowadays any deficiency in colour reproduction is far more likely to be a consequence of faulty photography (or badly stored photographs) than of careless printing.’
    • ‘It looks back to the pre-industrial even as it embraces modern mechanical reproduction.’
    • ‘Broad reach, favorable demos, zoning capabilities, improved color reproduction, and streamlined ordering and billing are just a few.’
    copying, duplication, duplicating, replication, replicating
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    1. 1.1The production of offspring by a sexual or asexual process.
      • ‘Engendering in intimacy is not confined to biological reproduction or economic production.’
      • ‘But Farnsworth's usual sense of humor, while not entirely absent, gave way here to a more somber aura of serious contemplation as she explored feminine desire for biological reproduction.’
      • ‘As the quotation marks indicate, transcendence in these terms would not be Christian transcendence, nor would fecundity be synonymous with biological reproduction.’
      • ‘Therefore Foucault is concerned with issues like health, sexuality and reproduction and how these relate to the administration of management of populations.’
      • ‘Breeding gilts after they attain physical and body compositional maturity will help to ensure that they will have sufficient body nutrient stores to meet the metabolic challenges of reproduction.’
      • ‘There is much speculation but little direct evidence for a specific role of secondary metabolites in the growth and reproduction of the organisms that produce them.’
      • ‘She attributes this, at least in part, to a rural acceptance of natural processes of birth, reproduction, death and decay.’
      • ‘The Duke's attempt to regulate sexual behaviour and reproduction is inspired less by religion than by fear of the consequences unrestricted fornication would have for the political and social order.’
      • ‘Vitamins are essential nutrients that affect economically important performance traits of dairy cows, including milk production, reproduction, and udder health.’
      • ‘In Oreo, the cultures of old worlds are destroyed or remixed in the making of Americans, as the impure offspring ultimately chooses between reproduction or extinction of the patrilineal heritage.’
      • ‘This phenomenon can also be observed in the sexual revolution, where reproduction was removed from sex, ultimately resulting in the liberation from sex itself.’
      • ‘Freud's name invokes a world to a large extent determined by sexuality and reproduction, and a world of psychological miseries locked up in childhood or passed down from parents and ancestors.’
      • ‘It's interesting that if only one larva penetrates a snail, it can multiply into tens of thousands of larvae through asexual reproduction.’
      • ‘Ectoplasmic production seems to overcome the medium, as if internal systems, such as respiration, reproduction, and digestion, are forcing excretions out of the body's orifices.’
      • ‘The limited data available indicate that vitamin A levels considered optimal for other functions such as reproduction and health will support high levels of milk production.’
      • ‘By the early decades of the nineteenth century, Levy explains, consistent pressure on women's reading habits had caused cultural and biological reproduction to become intertwined.’
      • ‘The study of dietary effects on reproduction could help lead to year-round production of beneficial insects and their eggs.’
      • ‘Bovine reproductive diseases and conditions result in economic losses caused by decreased production and delayed reproduction as well as increased treatment and preventative measurement costs.’
      • ‘In nature clones are found in organisms capable of asexual reproduction, that is, in certain plants and bacteria.’
      • ‘When that course entails the social regulation of her sexual life in reproduction, the young woman's entry into intellectual life will necessarily be seen as transgressive.’
      breeding, producing young, procreation, multiplying, propagation, proliferation, spawning
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    2. 1.2A copy of a work of art, especially a print or photograph of a painting.
      • ‘These he mixed with reproductions of old group portraits, of militias and the governors and governesses of charitable institutions.’
      • ‘To mark the occasion, Harley released a limited number of licensed print and sculpture reproductions while keeping the originals.’
      • ‘The best-quality reproductions come from lithographic prints, which contain blocks of solid color.’
      • ‘Sales of reproductions of the image have generated funds to benefit veterans, their families and their communities.’
      • ‘These photographic reproductions of paintings, backed by aluminum and preserved under Plexiglas, sell in multiples.’
      • ‘If you want to have an original piece of art for a reasonable price and want to decorate your home with it, then go for late prints and reproductions.’
      • ‘The pages are richly illustrated with old photographs, reproductions of paintings, engravings and sketches - all in black and white.’
      • ‘Many galleries also sell art prints and reproductions, which are often are purchased wholesale from…’
      • ‘Fastened to the wall around the mirror are copies and reproductions of works of art by Poussin, Le Sueur, Rembrandt and others.’
      • ‘Museum Print Editions is currently working on portfolios of reproductions from other museums.’
      • ‘As a result, photographic reproductions have come to mediate the experience of the ‘authentic’ Ise.’
      • ‘An easily-found Easter egg reveals a nice collection of poster reproductions and production artwork.’
      • ‘For the part of the decorative border not available she substituted full-color photographic reproductions set into place on the floor.’
      • ‘Contemporary reproductions of vintage photographs don't qualify as vintage prints.’
      • ‘Less than 200 pages long, the book is peppered with monochromatic reproductions of old photographs and John's paintings, drawings and jottings.’
      • ‘The paintings themselves were generally not for sale, but reproductions of them sold in vast quantities.’
      • ‘Both are fully illustrated, but Hofmann's lavish reproductions, in larger format and often with details enlarged still further, are the most useful.’
      • ‘These sheets then had reproductions of his works printed on them and were sold to the gullible as ‘limited edition’ original prints.’
      • ‘The CD sleeve sports reproductions of Ivo's paintings.’
      • ‘As for the fidelity of the reproductions, Roe said the prints have even fooled auction house experts.’
      print, copy, reprint, duplicate, replica, facsimile, carbon copy
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    3. 1.3[as modifier]Made to imitate the style of an earlier period or of a particular artist or craftsman.
      ‘reproduction French classical beds’
      • ‘Now, 45 years later, Abe Munn Picture Frames has become an authority in the field of historically accurate antique reproduction picture frames.’
      • ‘Is the handle a chrome lever or a reproduction brass handle with a hand-engraved escutcheon?’
      • ‘She adds new color choices to a longtime hot-selling commodity - for example, a $4 reproduction French ceramic latte bowl that sells by the thousands each week.’
      • ‘Watch out for furniture descriptions such as ‘seventeenth century style’ which means it is made in that style, but is usually a reproduction piece.’
      • ‘To the right off the hall is a family room with a reproduction antique fireplace as well as a ceiling centrepiece and cornice.’
      • ‘Silver is still regarded by many as unfashionable: the stigma of poor-quality mid-to-late-twentieth-century reproduction silver has been hard to shake off.’
      • ‘A graduate of Liverpool Central College, Russell began his apprenticeship in Britain for a reproduction furniture company selling to Harrods.’
      • ‘Other employment opportunities were in the ukiyo-e reproduction business.’
      • ‘There are also photos from the recording sessions, plus reproductions of numerous items of Puccini-related memorabilia.’
      • ‘Handcrafted reproduction frames and exclusive original designs in all styles with an experienced staff to advise you.’
      • ‘To add to the experience, the museum provides reproduction instruments that patrons can pick up and strum themselves.’
      • ‘Oppici said that the company offers a line of replica and reproduction buttons for ‘history buffs’ and collectors and also works with movie companies to develop special products.’
      • ‘Now Collectors Editions is expanding its entertainment art mission to include reproduction editions of concept pieces by Salvador Dali created when he was working at Disney in the 1940s.’
      • ‘Also off the hallway is a sitting room with an antique reproduction fireplace.’
    4. 1.4The quality of reproduced sound.
      ‘the design was changed to allow louder reproduction’
      • ‘It was in the late 1970s when the label released Kunzel's first 1812, and a whole new era of sound reproduction was born, thanks to cannon-fire that could blow you out of your living room and into next week.’
      • ‘Sound reproduction has gone as far as it can with an analogue system.’
      • ‘The production is first rate too, from the sets and camera work to the sound reproduction, which is vivid though not up to the standards of the finest efforts today.’
      • ‘The radio's sound reproduction was good, but reception on the medium-wave and long-wave bands was unusually poor for a Ford.’
      • ‘We think that this new processor is indeed a kind of quantum leap in computer sound reproduction, whether for listening to music, screening video of all kinds, or playing games.’
      • ‘The sound reproduction is very good and the overall comfort of the product is a plus.’
      • ‘I will be the first person to admit, however, that I think DTS is superior method of sound reproduction, and Pitch Black does nothing to change my mind.’
      • ‘No defects in the source material or the digital reproduction appear anywhere.’
      • ‘Here, Polyansky is given about the best sound reproduction the symphony has yet enjoyed and his orchestra isn't bad, either.’
      • ‘VHS video is far more like the yet-to-be-vanquished audio cassette - sure there are other formats out there which offer higher quality sound reproduction.’
      • ‘It's no secret that the classical music world has traditionally been a leader in embracing innovations in sound reproduction.’
      • ‘The sound reproduction is quite good, too, in spite of some odd balances: certain brass instruments are pushed back too far, while the clarinet and other less voluminous instruments are well up front.’
      • ‘Too bad he was sabotaged by sound reproduction that highlighted that damned bass drum almost as though it were a solo instrument in the score.’
      • ‘The orchestra plays splendidly under the incisive leadership of Patrick Fournillier, too, and the sound reproduction is vivid and fully state-of-the-art.’
      • ‘By the same token, some PCs serve as a TV, Stereo, and DVD player all in one, and therefore require incredible sound reproduction.’
      • ‘I found the overall sound quality to be quite surprisingly good; with the right files CD quality sound and reproduction is available.’
      • ‘In the process, they create works that subvert the Utopia of corporate musicianship, which advertises the fantasy of a seamless computer-aided sound reproduction.’
      • ‘If it is too low, a bass sound is likely to come out of the subwoofer and the speakers at the same time, or out of the speakers alone, which is not good for quality sound reproduction.’
      • ‘When EMI engaged her these qualities were enhanced, particularly with the advent of superior sound reproduction, for series of recordings that coincided with her reputation at home and abroad.’
      • ‘Pretty subtle stuff, but it's exactly this attention to detail that makes the Sigma 6.2's sound reproduction precise in so many ways.’