Definition of renounce in English:

renounce

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Formally declare one's abandonment of (a claim, right, or possession)

    ‘Isabella offered to renounce her son's claim to the French crown’
    • ‘As a consequence, Francis renounced his claims to Italy, his possession of the duchy of Burgundy and his feudal suzerainty over Flanders and Artois.’
    • ‘In 1843 French missionaries arrived at the island, and it was claimed for France, but on British representations the claim was renounced.’
    • ‘I am therefore prepared to renounce my claim on the strip of land in question.’
    • ‘Thus, when his tightfisted mother, who had married Brand's father for his money, is dying, he refuses to go to her unless she renounces her wealth.’
    • ‘Since these rights were renounced on divorce, a spouse should be entitled to a ‘more generous allocation’ of the total assets, which should be assessed at the date of trial, rather than separation.’
    • ‘I want to I want to renounce my rights as heir.’
    • ‘A bill is discharged if, at or after its maturity, the holder expressly and absolutely renounces his rights against the acceptor either in writing or by delivering the bill to him.’
    • ‘He has never renounced his claim to the throne of a kingdom which no longer exists.’
    • ‘In the Moscow Treaty of July 12, 1920, Russia recognized Lithuanian independence and renounced all previous claims to it.’
    • ‘She renounces her claim to the estate and chooses Felix.’
    • ‘You must sign here stating that you formally renounce your title as Princess of Sicily and hand the throne over to your cousin.’
    • ‘Officially, Japan does not lay claim to the Spratly archipelago as it renounced such claims under the San Francisco Treaty, but it expresses concern over the situation in the area.’
    • ‘In 1947, Italy signed the Treaty of Paris, renouncing all its colonial claims.’
    • ‘Alexander at one time had toyed with the idea of renouncing his rights to the succession and going with his wife to live an idyllic life on the banks of the Rhine.’
    • ‘In Japan, he has also expressed his wish to renounce his U.S. citizenship.’
    • ‘In 1946, after the death of dictator Benito Mussolini, the reconstituted Italian government renounced its claims to its African colonies.’
    • ‘Charlotte was married off to a suitable French count shortly thereafter and she eventually renounced her rights to the Monegasque crown in favor of her son - the man we remember today as the late Prince Rainier III of Monaco.’
    • ‘In Japan, he has also expressed a wish to renounce his U.S. citizenship.’
    • ‘Italy renounced all claims in 1947 and the country was declared independent by a UN resolution in 1951.’
    • ‘I am ready to renounce all claims to this house and this room.’
    reject, refuse to abide by, refuse to recognize, repudiate
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    1. 1.1 Refuse to recognize or abide by any longer.
      ‘these agreements were renounced after the fall of the czarist regime’
      • ‘There was a change in import prices, but only with the countries with which Lithuanian had to renounce its former free trade agreements, such as Ukraine.’
      • ‘Peru recently renounced its earlier recognition of the Court's jurisdiction.’
      • ‘Can a newly minted American renounce his allegiance to Germany but retain his allegiance to Bavaria?’
      • ‘He took an oath to absolutely entirely renounce all allegiance to a foreign power.’
      • ‘Many of them wept openly when he publicly renounced Tibet's claim to full independence.’
      reject, refuse to abide by, refuse to recognize, repudiate
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Declare that one will no longer engage in or support.
      ‘they renounced the armed struggle’
      • ‘Few states considering themselves influential players on the world stage would publicly renounce peacekeeping.’
      • ‘They will tell you that all religions teach us to value life, to refrain from harming others, and to renounce selfishness.’
      • ‘The prime condition is that returning Muslims must renounce their faith and convert to Hinduism.’
      • ‘In 1968, he renounced painting, but in the 1980s returned to art-making with a series of black drawings on folded tracing paper.’
      • ‘Before renouncing the habit, the former drug czar noted that losing large sums of money on slots and video poker hadn't ‘put my family at risk.’’
      • ‘They have renounced those habits, and they too must somehow be incorporated into the new army.’
      • ‘The way you leave the Catholic Church is by renouncing your faith.’
      • ‘Well, repentance means to have a hearty, thorough, change of mind and it includes the idea of rejecting and renouncing the sinful, filthy lifestyle you've been living.’
      • ‘When she turned pro, she renounced alcohol and cut off friends and every other distraction.’
      • ‘She has also received death threats and has renounced the Islamic faith.’
      • ‘She now knew how reprehensible stealing the free will of others was, and she renounced her selfish ways.’
      • ‘By 2008, I'm hoping that their contribution to the household economy will have been to renounce reading and take up computer games, instead.’
      • ‘The Home Secretary would add that the organisation retains its capacity for terrorist acts and has not renounced terrorism.’
      • ‘On the other hand, it is not appealing enough to motivate one to renounce the supremacy of personal judgment.’
      • ‘The idea was for Arab states to pressure Palestinian authorities into renouncing violence.’
      • ‘It isn't surprising that so many intelligent men and women seem to have renounced passionate commitment, opting instead for the single life.’
      • ‘Some academics eventually renounced their hostility to subject disciplines.’
      • ‘I now plan to permanently renounce skulking for all time.’
      • ‘But why did the IRA not renounce violence in 1998?’
      • ‘We give you one last chance: will you renounce your old ways and join the west island's cause?’
      repudiate, deny, discard, reject, give up, forswear, abandon, wash one's hands of, turn one's back on, have nothing more to do with, have done with
      abstain from, give up, go without, do without, desist from, refrain from, swear off, keep off, eschew, reject, cease to indulge in
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 Reject and stop using or consuming.
      ‘he renounced drugs and alcohol completely’
    4. 1.4Law [no object] Refuse or resign a right or position, especially one as an heir or trustee.
      ‘there will be forms enabling the allottee to renounce’
      • ‘The legal right share has priority over all other bequests in the will and, unless renounced, must be dealt with as a priority.’
      • ‘Further, there is no reason why a legatee cannot effectively renounce his entitlement to shares without executing a deed.’
      • ‘In those circumstances it could not be said that the unit holder had surrendered or renounced a beneficial interest in any particular property; merely a discretionary power had been exercised in its favour.’
      • ‘A further argument is that if D renounces before the harm is caused, this may show that the threat of the criminal sanction has had a deterrent effect.’
      give up, relinquish, abandon, resign, abdicate, surrender, sign away, waive, forgo
      View synonyms

Phrases

  • renounce the world

    • Completely withdraw from society or material affairs in order to lead a life considered to be more spiritually fulfilling.

      • ‘They encouraged men and women to seek holiness not in the traditional way by renouncing the world, but by remaining in the world and consecrating their everyday lives to God's service.’
      • ‘Feeling, in his youth, the desire to consecrate his life to God, by renouncing the world, he decided to become a monk on Mount Athos and set out on his journey towards the monastery.’
      • ‘The tenth-century west was a lively religious landscape, featuring dramatic conversions of the powerful who put their armour upon the altar and renounced the world.’
      • ‘Abhorring theological speculations, he did not commend renouncing the world and living the life of a recluse.’
      • ‘Franciscan writings, elaborating on the old ascetic exhortation to ‘follow naked the naked Christ’ by renouncing the world, frequently used nakedness as a metaphor for poverty.’
      • ‘And does it make sense to renounce the world in search of eternal truth?’
      • ‘Only by renouncing the world entirely, by giving up all flawed activity, can one escape from this awesome mechanism into the ‘unborn, unageing, undiseased, and deathless’.’
      • ‘He then changes into a simple robe, renounces the world, and takes his vows as a monk.’
      • ‘At a young age he renounced the world and undertook a seeking journey to the hills of the mystic Himalayas in search of spiritual life.’
      • ‘Accordingly, at the age of thirty one he renounced the world and took up a life of austerity, spreading the doctrine in order to help the beings immersed in an ocean of misery and suffering.’
      become a recluse, become a hermit, turn one's back on society, retreat, withdraw, cloister oneself, hide oneself away, shut oneself away, shut oneself off, cut oneself off
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Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French renoncer, from Latin renuntiare protest against from re- (expressing reversal) + nuntiare announce.

Pronunciation:

renounce

/rəˈnouns/