Main definitions of relay in English

: relay1relay2

relay1

noun

  • 1A group of people or animals engaged in a task or activity for a fixed period of time and then replaced by a similar group.

    ‘the wagons were pulled by relays of horses’
    ‘gangs of workers were sent in relays’
    • ‘In 1997 they were part of a 20-strong all-woman expedition which reached the North Pole in relays - a 600-mile marathon which was a first for an all-woman team.’
    • ‘In relays, eight divers went to the bottom to lay ‘red cord’ (an explosive line) across the three previously identified devices.’
    • ‘Ministry officials are hoping the slaughter and removal of the livestock will be carried out as smoothly as possible, with lorries carrying carcasses in relays to the rendering plant.’
    • ‘Breakfast was cooked in relays, and we finally took off about 9.30 a.m.’
    • ‘Stowed below deck with 1,600 other PoWs, he was forced to exist in a space so cramped they had to lie down to sleep in relays.’
    • ‘All modes of transport was used to make the journey while many walked in relays of 1/2 mile trips of the 9 mile trek.’
    • ‘The ushers therefore had to work in relays, so that one team would be packing up after a royal visit while another was ready to receive the Queen at the next venue.’
    • ‘The competition drew to a close as teams raced the length of the sports hall in relays to collect their questions and deliver their answers.’
    • ‘Mr Routh-Jones said 16 firefighters wearing breathing apparatus worked in relays to fight the flames from the inside of the building.’
    • ‘Firefighters did the walk in relays, taking over from one another when the air in their breathing apparatus ran out.’
    • ‘There are still times available on both evenings between 4pm and 8pm and teams of up to six people are required to swim in relays for one hour.’
    • ‘But at York Crown Court, Judge John Swanson kept his nose so hard to the grindstone, the court staff had to work in relays to keep up with him.’
    • ‘The large wooden cross was carried in relays, mostly by boys and ladies volunteering to bear the burden.’
    • ‘The international effort, led by a York University academic, will see a fleet of aeroplanes working in relays above the Atlantic Ocean to analyse the air.’
    • ‘A safety boat and an onshore support team will be with the swimmers, who will swim in relays for around 12 hours each day.’
    • ‘Nick Wood is organising two teams of ten to ride the machine in relays to Christchurch over the August bank holiday weekend.’
    • ‘Even at this hour there were usually at least two secretaries at hand to take down the words in relays.’
    • ‘We have teams of engineers working in relays splicing the fibre optic cables and repairing the damage.’
    • ‘Loading time therefore decreed that in combat Texans fire in relays, half the men always carrying charged rifles to prevent being overrun.’
    • ‘A horse relay, Gwinn believed, would halve the time required to deliver mail and convince Congress that the central route deserved the federal contract.’
    1. 1.1[usually as modifier] A race between teams usually of sprinters or swimmers, each team member in turn covering part of the total distance.
      ‘a 550-meter relay race’
      • ‘The next day she reported that she qualified for the 400-meter relay team.’
      • ‘As well as the marathon there was a relay team race, a fun run and a walk, all taking place in bright sunshine and warm weather.’
      • ‘Just behind the row of buildings where they're parked is Central Park - where we held relay races around the park's gravel path.’
      • ‘In 1998, at 18, he was part of a world-record-setting 200-meter freestyle relay team.’
      • ‘He competed in relays, hurdles, athletics and cycling.’
      • ‘The distance medley relay team of McGregor, Daniel, Szirony, and Jackie Smith won bronze.’
      • ‘The most exciting races could come in the relays, especially the 4x100 freestyle.’
      • ‘In the men's 4 x 200-metre relay team, he finished seventh.’
      • ‘James also performed superbly in some track events and led his team to victory in the relay races, as well.’
      • ‘Dillard won a second gold in the 400m relay.’
      • ‘His best world championship performance was 16th in the relay in 2009.’
      • ‘The Scots' 200-meter medley relay team placed second with a 2: 13.88 clocking.’
      • ‘On Sunday, the team will paddle for glory in the single craft relay race at the junior championships to put their newly-acquired skills to the test.’
      • ‘The group of eight runners also grabbed solid finishes in the 200m and 400m dash relays and the 800m run relay.’
      • ‘Her Olympic silver medal came in Los Angeles in 1984 as a member of the Canadian 4x400-metre relay team.’
      • ‘Congratulations to Patrick O'Reilly and Martin Davis who won gold medals in the relay.’
      • ‘Indeed the Newry squad won all eight relays, including six with personal best times.’
      • ‘Of particular note are four members of the Liberian national men's track and field 100-meter relay team.’
      • ‘A series of inter-club juvenile relay races is also on the programme.’
      • ‘As often as once a week, teams of relay runners compete in a long race that may begin far out on the plain, ending with a dash into the village.’
  • 2An electrical device, typically incorporating an electromagnet, that is activated by a current or signal in one circuit to open or close another circuit.

    • ‘Multiple samples of components may be needed to perform destructive tests (transformers, relays, plastic enclosures, motors, etc.).’
    • ‘When relays on a control panel failed to work Revechon bought replacements in Leeds but they were bigger and rewiring had to take place to make them fit the box.’
    • ‘The power transmitter, shown below, looks a bit like a cannon, but it's just a box for the flexible suspension of the carbon current collectors which transport power from the relays to the copper contacts on the side of the robot.’
    • ‘At the heart of AEP's response were a small army of relays - devices designed to trip or cut off power in the event of a sudden surge of electricity or load imbalances.’
    • ‘That's why each component is protected by relays - essentially, circuit breakers - that open to remove the line or plant from the grid.’
    • ‘You specify the type and locations for electrical control components such as switches, relays, motors, and so on, and you specify routing locations.’
    • ‘But this could someday replace transistors in computers, just as transistors replaced vacuum tubes and vacuum tubes replaced electromagnetic relays before them.’
    • ‘We have done in-house upgrades on some equipment to replace old relays with a programmable controller.’
    • ‘At this, there are several loud clicking sounds, as of relays closing their circuits.’
    • ‘If rodent damage is found, clean and repair or replace damaged wiring, relays, and other electrical equipment.’
    • ‘It can be used in conjunction with thermocouples or solid-state relays in addition to thermistors and RTD sensors.’
    • ‘They can strip insulation from wires for nest material and their urine sometimes causes corrosion on relays and other electrical components.’
    • ‘The robot smoothly activated, lights gradually blinking on, the rising hum of servomotors spinning up to speed, relays switching to new configurations.’
    • ‘To jumper the connection, we took off the port shoulder panel above the wing, removed a cannon plug from the safety relay, and connected it to a jumper placed in the cross-country kit.’
    • ‘If rodent damage is found, clean and repair or replace damaged wiring, relays, and other components and seal over openings that allowed rodent entry.’
    • ‘Kienan Ademetria brushed his long chestnut braid off of his shoulder as he continued to work on the circuit relay.’
    • ‘Roryatkin worked quietly, taking out the fiber-optic cables and their relay nodules and replacing them.’
    • ‘It has two relays on a circuit board, and both can be connected as normally open or normally closed relays.’
    • ‘It is now necessary to activate the relay circuit selector switch.’
    • ‘The electrical component involved the supply and installation of new numerical protection relays which replaced the old static and electro mechanical relays.’
  • 3A device to receive, reinforce, and retransmit a broadcast or program.

    • ‘It had been planned originally to operate a transmitter serving Pembrokeshire with a relay serving the Lleyn Peninsula.’
    • ‘The warfighter will utilize organic wide-band digital radio relays to extend connectivity as required to subordinate units.’
    • ‘You could then set up a relay radio every one - 15 miles and stretch that network out infinitely.’
    • ‘Transmission relays will also be deployed to provide range extension for users when BLOS systems are not available.’
    • ‘It took ten years for additional low-power relays to only partially solve this problem, and even today houses as far south as Cambridgeshire can be seen with two antennas, one pointing at Sandy and the other - usually - at Belmont.’
    • ‘An optical relay provides the image of the gunner's sight to the commander.’
    • ‘A group of engineering students built an assembly of an audio amplifier, relays, a telephone connection - and a tape recording of a cuckoo clock.’
    • ‘The FM relay ensures this part of Malawi can enjoy the same high quality FM sound as its neighbours in Lilongwe and Blantyre.’
    • ‘The new transmitter has been built on the same site as the Penicuik UHF television relay station close to the village of Howgate and began test transmissions on 28 September 2005.’
    • ‘Listeners in the United Arab Emirates will have the opportunity to hear a wider range of BBC World Service programmes when two FM relays revamp their schedules to include BBC programmes in English.’
    • ‘Transmission indicates a relay, carriage, waves, material carried from one form to another, one place to another.’
    • ‘The central core also acts as the structural support for the metal tower designed to receive the antennae oriented towards the relay stations at the Dole and Mt Pelerin.’
    • ‘Using this system the relay / retrans is able to charge from the 3KW generator or directly from the vehicle's alternator.’
    • ‘Everything from napalm components to green berets, from gunsights to whiskey, from radio relays to rocket warheads, were provisioned.’
    • ‘Because ‘brute force’ disconnects were not covered in the checklist, we relied on the radio relay for the procedure.’
    • ‘The dishes send and receive signals off an orbiting network relay, which transmits messages to and from a central data center.’
    • ‘His early experiments building a mechanical computer were based on telephone relays: the most widely available and reliable ‘yes/no’ devices available to him at the time.’
    • ‘The mission control station will have a secure satellite relay and line-of-sight communications link.’
    • ‘However, all of the relay transceivers are blocked by the storm.’
    • ‘From there, signals are sent to a radio and a solar-powered relay station 11,000 feet up a mountain, tied to a tree.’
    1. 3.1 A message or program transmitted by a relay.
      ‘a relay of a performance live from the concert hall’
      • ‘It makes sense having radio relay stations operate in the meter waveband.’
      • ‘This led to a running battle between the BBC, who demanded the right to control what was available over the wires, and the relay companies, who wanted to offer their customers a range of services.’
      • ‘Digital relays change the game completely, says Dolezilek.’
      • ‘It's easy to test mail setups for open relays - so do it before someone else does!’
      • ‘The BBC launches the service on three new FM relays - in Konduz, Faizabad and Pol e Khomri which open this week.’
      • ‘Users question the effectiveness of the measure, which they argue is the wrong way of dealing with the problems open mail relays pose in the overall spam problem.’
      • ‘Malin Head Radio broadcast a Mayday relay to all shipping.’
      • ‘Televised music usually consisted of a studio concert or a relay of a prestigious public concert.’
      • ‘Microwave relay and troposcatter communication facilities are not used in the course of troop deployment or combat action, especially in urban areas.’
      • ‘The channel has followed closely the example of a Canadian network and provides mostly live relays of ITV programmes from the UK.’
      • ‘There will be a live big screen relay of the competition direct from St David's Hall to the Coal Exchange.’
      • ‘In Rwanda, BBC Swahili will broadcast its coverage on the BBC relay in Kigali on 93.9 FM in Swahili.’
      • ‘For the past 16 years, the Royal Opera House has screened live relays to the Covent Garden piazza, reaching thousands of fans and passers-by.’
      • ‘His breakfast programme will be live from the city centre as last minute preparations are made for the relay and the station will have a team of commentators along the route.’
      • ‘Radio relay, developed out of a requirement for mobility, became one of the outstanding developments of WW II.’
      • ‘We were monitoring a little bit of your communication relays to Earth earlier today.’
      • ‘On 16 July, as the relay moves on towards the Midlands, BBC Radio Oxford's Drivetime presenter Dominic Cotter will be running with the baton in Banbury.’
      • ‘Bystanders and passers-by, and even those out for an evening stroll, joined the ranks of those who had gathered in front of shop windows to watch the television sets showing the live relay of the match.’
      • ‘In Tanzania, the Swahili coverage of the FA Cup final can be heard on the BBC relays, 94.1 FM in Zanzibar and 93.5 FM in Pemba.’
      broadcast, transmission, programme, communication, telecast, show, feed, livestream
      View synonyms

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Receive and pass on (information or a message)

    ‘she intended to relay everything she had learned’
    • ‘Eventually, like a rippling effect, pieces of information were being relayed as to the reason for such a security operation.’
    • ‘He encouraged the pupils to continue their efforts, raising awareness and relaying the message to minimise waste and recycle.’
    • ‘Inside the kiosk, a special camera relays images of passers-by alongside recorded shots of famous local TV and film celebrities.’
    • ‘If they raise sufficient concerns he relays the information to the police, including the email address of the suspect user.’
    • ‘A printed report reduces the confusion often caused by relaying such information verbally or through the camper.’
    • ‘There are special telephone numbers on which such information may be relayed.’
    • ‘Information you provide is relayed to the ambulance crew.’
    • ‘That message could be relayed to the driver's seat, which could alert the driver with a tap on the back.’
    • ‘Consequently, our scan shifted to copying and relaying the information to the controllers in back.’
    • ‘Road safety messages will be relayed and older children will be given tips on safe driving.’
    • ‘You newshounds won't be able to resist relaying the latest entertaining information, complete with added theatrical effects and generous artistic license.’
    • ‘National advertising can be a strong conduit for relaying your multicultural message.’
    • ‘Information is relayed, where available, on where and how the objects were collected.’
    • ‘I mean, I just was told by one of my commanders that the information has been relayed.’
    • ‘This information is then being relayed to interested third parties.’
    • ‘Edey recognizes that keeping informed and relaying the facts are necessary to stabilize relationships with students.’
    • ‘No I didn't, because I didn't want to relay him any incorrect information, and I didn't know exactly what was going on myself.’
    • ‘In the days before phones were commonplace, they relayed many messages and telegrams from family members overseas.’
    • ‘Don't flat out tell Mom her boyfriend is an idiot - but calmly and maturely relay to her specific instances of when you've felt ignored or unfairly blamed.’
    • ‘A strong message was relayed by the ex-UN Human Rights High Commissioner to the governments of the world.’
    pass on, hand on, transfer, repeat, retail, impart, communicate, send, transmit, broadcast, feed, disseminate, make known, publish, spread, circulate
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Broadcast (something) by passing signals received from elsewhere through a transmitting station.
      ‘the speech was relayed live from the White House’
      • ‘Whenever England visited Australia, Radio Ceylon relayed the live commentaries of Radio Australia.’
      • ‘Stations there picked up and rebroadcast the analog signals relayed by satellite from the Netherlands.’
      • ‘All are equipped with complex camera systems that can peer into mountain ravines or terrorist compounds, instantly relaying images back to safely situated ground stations.’
      • ‘Such cameras relay live images across the internet.’
      • ‘These receive signals from the homes and relay them to larger broadcast towers for processing.’
      • ‘But it ruled that radio stations could relay the two-way debate, so stations can broadcast it simultaneously.’
      • ‘This relays a signal which is picked up by mobile phone transmitters along the rail route.’
      • ‘A special wireless transmitter receiver will relay the data to the computer and it's hoped that the information will assist in treating patients with spinal and nerve problems.’
      • ‘A computer relays those signals to the brakes, motor, and steering system.’
      • ‘A dramatised sequence shows a malingering worker suffering from a bad conscience as the radio relays Harris' request for one last spurt of effort.’
      • ‘Some servers are shipped from the factory with software preset to relay e-mail messages automatically.’
      • ‘For example, many systems are outfitted with repeaters, which receive and relay signals.’
      • ‘A registration map interconnects two different maps and relays activity from one to the other.’
      • ‘In 2002, it was the first regional station in Ireland to relay the celebration from Lourdes.’
      • ‘An antenna on the Claife Heights mast relays broadband to two antennas on the Queen's Hotel in Ambleside, which in turn links via airwaves to a receiver box mounted outside a house or business premises.’
      • ‘The wireless signal between video player and monitor is relayed via two copper plates a metre apart.’
      • ‘The buoy contains a GSM unit and picks up the signals which it then relays down the wire to the phone.’
      • ‘Instead of ringing 20 lads, a simple text message is sent to a number, which relays the message to all on the list.’
      • ‘If the film is to be watched immediately, the telecast will commence at once, thanks to a direct-to-home satellite dish that receives and relays high-fidelity signals.’
      • ‘Anonymous hubs are special computers on the Internet which relay information between a user and a web site that a user is visiting.’

Origin

Late Middle English (referring to the provision of fresh hounds on the track of a deer): from Old French relai (noun), relayer (verb), based on Latin laxare slacken.

Pronunciation:

relay

/ˈrēˌlā/

Main definitions of relay in English

: relay1relay2

relay2

(also re-lay)

verb

  • [with object] Lay again or differently.

    ‘they plan to relay about half a mile of the track’
    • ‘Newcastle relaid their pitch this season and Liverpool last year - but that is nothing compared with Dutch club Ajax who have had 26 surfaces in recent years, replacing their pitch up to five times a season.’
    • ‘‘There were a few accidents with people tripping up on the flag stones, but this really doesn't look nice and I think it would have been better if the flags had been relaid,’ he said.’
    • ‘Even the pitch, relaid by the same company who did the Amsterdam Arena before Rangers' 3-1 win against Ajax, was the rich emerald hue of years gone by.’
    • ‘Too far apart, the gaps are filled with ugly black tar: what a shame the job wasn't done by the people who relaid Foss Bridge in York with such care last year.’
    • ‘Mr Rix said: ‘The developers agree that Market Way will be relaid because there has been cracking which results in hazards for users.’’
    • ‘Flower beds which border the entrance to the park on Bolton Road will be replanted and damaged footpaths will be relaid to attract visitors back to the park.’
    • ‘Council contractors provided fencing to keep the area secure and the surface will now be relaid.’
    • ‘When Smithfield's 400,000 cobblestones were being lifted, cleaned and relaid by hand as part of regeneration, the fair temporarily relocated to Grangegorman.’
    • ‘I understand there is a provision now to make the contractors concerned responsible for any repairs within a specified period after a road has been relaid.’
    • ‘The damage caused by the Berkshire train crash is so bad that the whole section of track will have to be relaid.’
    • ‘It was not long ago that, at enormous expense, the pavement was relaid and now we have Tarmac extensions!’
    • ‘The front drive was too steep, so had to be relaid at a cost of €145,000, and the pool was a nightmare to build,’ he says.’
    • ‘It's a fantastic stadium and I recall Bolton had just relaid their pitch.’
    • ‘Claudio Caniggia had started brightly on the right flank but, 16 minutes into the game, a body check by Sutton had sent him sprawling to the newly relaid Hampden turf.’
    • ‘First, he wiped out their debt, then he tidied up the ground, relaid the pitch and went full-time with a host of players from higher divisions.’
    • ‘The corner of the gardens beside the river that leads through to South Esplanade has been relaid with new York stone paving and, near Skeldergate Bridge, the first drainage channels have been cut into the riverbank.’
    • ‘The 23-year-old said the newly relaid Interlagos track was awash with rivers of water after being hit by a torrential downpour.’
    • ‘The pitch at Old Trafford has not been relaid since 2003, and only nine square inches of turf have needed replacing this season.’
    • ‘Roads should be relaid properly and not allowed to get into the disgraceful state which Bradford roads currently find themselves.’

Pronunciation:

relay

/ˈrēˌlā/