Definition of relapse in English:



  • 1 (of someone suffering from a disease) suffer deterioration after a period of improvement.

    • ‘It was reported some patients relapsed within days to months after the reserpine treatment.’
    • ‘In the nortriptyline-lithium group, only one patient relapsed after five weeks of medication.’
    • ‘And she didn't have that at that point, so she's relapsing.’
    • ‘The patient had relapsed 1 year prior to the current presentation and was treated with 2-clorodeoxyadenosine.’
    • ‘He has apparently given up drugs on three or four occasions, but he has relapsed.’
    • ‘Ten patients relapsed after the completion of treatment.’
    • ‘He ended up relapsing and he also ended up dying on the street.’
    • ‘When people relapsed despite the aversions, the researchers asked them a lot of questions about what happened.’
    • ‘They have relapsed back into their old ways, the revival already forgotten.’
    • ‘All patients were cured ultimately and no patients relapsed during six months of follow up.’
    • ‘One patient relapsed upon discontinuation of clarithromycin therapy but has since responded to re-initiation of treatment.’
    • ‘This finding is clinically significant since it explains why many patients relapsed after being directly switched from clozapine to risperidone.’
    • ‘If patients relapsed, they were crossed over to the other treatment regimen.’
    • ‘Tell them I've relapsed if you have to, but please don't tell them what I've been doing.’
    • ‘However, when light therapy was discontinued, patients quickly relapsed, whereas patients on tryptophan had a slower relapse rate.’
    • ‘Thirteen patients relapsed after positive response to therapy and developed tumors at pre-existing or new sites within the body.’
    • ‘Two of the 11 patients relapsed on valproic acid.’
    • ‘Ten out of the eleven patients relapsed after discontinuing MPA against medical advice.’
    • ‘We offered endoscopy to patients who relapsed.’
    • ‘Anyone who has familiarity with chemical dependency treatment knows of circumstances where leaders have relapsed or not been honest about their recovery.’
    get ill again, get worse again, have a relapse, suffer a relapse, worsen, deteriorate, degenerate, take a turn for the worse, sicken, weaken, fail, sink
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    1. 1.1Return to (a less active or a worse state)
      ‘he relapsed into silence’
      • ‘This turns out to be a great strain after some time, and it relapses into its bad ways again.’
      • ‘Bankura superintendent of police Anil Kumar said that the family members had relapsed into sullen silence, refusing to speak to anyone.’
      • ‘Let it be hoped that we can refrain from relapsing into the bad old habits once the dreaded epidemic is over, so a new Shanghai with a new outlook will emerge in the long run.’
      • ‘He would have stable periods in a relationship and then relapse into physical abuse.’
      • ‘Despite claims she has relapsed into her old eating habits, Mary-Kate's spokesman said it was something all patients had to do when they were released..’
      • ‘He calls it a blip and likens it to a reformed alcoholic relapsing into a 24-hour binge.’
      • ‘Burma, so beautiful and prosperous 50 years ago, has relapsed into barbarity.’
      • ‘As for Hodge, there is little doubt that he will relapse into his traditional scapegoat role today in the eyes of the Scottish rugby public.’
      • ‘The main goal of this intervention is to keep him motivated and to avoid a relapse into a less active lifestyle.’
      • ‘He had lost the employment through no fault of his own, rowed with his girlfriend and the combination led him to relapse into drinking and taking too many pills.’
      • ‘At home, however, he relapsed into his shakahari ways.’
      • ‘Different people relapse into silence for different reasons.’
      • ‘We're spending a whale of a lot of money to try to do that, and we'd prefer that it not relapse into becoming another haven or sanctuary for terrorists that go around the world killing people.’
      • ‘Doctors do not know how many relapsed into mental listlessness or took the extreme step.’
      • ‘The Lords sought to change the legislation to make it apply to people who had suffered debilitating depression and had recovered but then relapsed into further bouts.’
      • ‘Careful checks are made on how people fare after the help and very few relapse into this type of problem.’
      • ‘For many of the respondents, living on the streets meant relapsing into drug use.’
      • ‘But after three decades of lull, it has started relapsing into anarchy and violence.’
      • ‘Two clients relapsed to abusive drinking, and one of those clients was charged with a third driving-under-the-influence citation.’
      • ‘If that's true, then a former inmate who already has what it takes to clean up his act isn't likely to relapse into a life of crime just because he can't cast a ballot.’
      revert, lapse
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  • A deterioration in someone's state of health after a temporary improvement.

    ‘he suffered a relapse of schizophrenia after a car crash’
    • ‘In salmonella infections relapses of enteritis or bacteraemia are common.’
    • ‘During follow up some of them had a bacteriological relapse of the disease within one and a half years.’
    • ‘During the treatment period, the drug significantly reduced new lesions in the brain and reduced the number of patients suffering relapses.’
    • ‘The drug reduced the rate of clinical relapses in MS patients by up to 66% and was slowing the development of brain lesions.’
    • ‘In all patients with relapses of the disease this biochemical parameter shows its importance.’
    • ‘Discrimination may bring on loss of job, home, or friendship, precipitating a depressive episode or relapses of schizophrenia.’
    • ‘Lower doses of metronidazole are often effective in invasive disease but may fail to eliminate the intraluminal infection, allowing clinical relapses to occur.’
    • ‘Patients with frequent relapses often exhibit new lesions after enhancement with gadolinium, indicating focal breakdown of the blood-brain barrier.’
    • ‘Systemically administered steroids have been shown to decrease hospital admission rates and prevent asthma relapses.’
    • ‘In the first placebo controlled trial conducted in rapid cycling disorder, lamotrigine improved the overall relapse rate.’
    • ‘In view of these considerations, the selection of empirical treatment regimens for patients with relapses should be based on the prior treatment scheme.’
    • ‘The measure of the sterilizing activity of a regimen is reflected by the relapse rate after successful treatment.’
    • ‘Despite initial immunological or pharmacological control, remote relapses of intracellular leishmanial infections are well recognised.’
    • ‘However, once treatment was stopped, there were no differences in the rates of relapses and new brain lesions between the two groups.’
    • ‘The primary endpoint at one-year was the reduction in the rate of clinical relapses.’
    • ‘A small proportion of patients with mucosal disease will have repeated relapses.’
    • ‘Many of these patients also experienced a relapse of their psychotic illness after the pregnancy.’
    • ‘These agents offer shorter treatment courses, higher cure rates and fewer relapses.’
    • ‘The secretary fills such crucial roles as mapping patient response to drug therapies aimed at reducing relapses and resulting disability, a relatively new dimension in MS care.’
    • ‘She emphasised she had a realistic plan to try and avoid a relapse into the cycle of drug use and crime which has had her in its grip for the past five years.’
    deterioration, worsening of someone's condition, turn for the worse, setback, weakening
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Late Middle English: from Latin relaps- slipped back from the verb relabi, from re- back + labi to slip Early senses referred to a return to heresy or wrongdoing.