Definition of reinforcement in English:



  • 1The action or process of reinforcing or strengthening.

    • ‘Sometimes reinforcement of floors, walls or ceilings may be needed, as may be cladding of exposed surfaces and corners to prevent self injury.’
    • ‘The reinforcement of policing in key areas, especially at bus stops, cinemas, etc., is the need of the hour.’
    • ‘Tile and slate roofing is very heavy, sometimes requiring structural reinforcement.’
    • ‘Fibers frequently are added to increase the plaster's strength, provide reinforcement and reduce or eliminate cracking.’
    • ‘Most walls can be constructed simply by stacking the blocks up, while others that will be tall or have to restrain heavy loads may require special reinforcement.’
    • ‘Should a reinforcement of its structure through greater unification be promoted in the short to middle term?’
    • ‘The moulding is another area where reinforcement may be required.’
    • ‘Cast-in hardware can be positioned for structural reinforcement or to facilitate installation.’
    • ‘Today's custom homes will accommodate most luxury tubs, but floor joists may require reinforcement in older homes if the tub is oversized especially whirlpool baths.’
    • ‘Railtrack engineers worked around the clock to re-open the line - but a 20 mph limit will remain for at least three months as a £5m reinforcement of the embankment takes place.’
    • ‘In April, Russia's atomic energy minister said the cement encasing is collapsing and urgently needs reinforcement.’
    • ‘I would like to set them immediately to overseeing the wall's reinforcement.’
    • ‘In our retrospective long-term study, the area of partial rupture did not require reinforcement in most cases.’
    • ‘Lightweight garage doors require reinforcement with a 2 x 4 board at least 6 feet in length.’
    • ‘Several concrete components of the dam will also be upgraded and strengthened by adding concrete for reinforcement.’
    • ‘The weight of the unit required reinforcement of the ramps.’
    augmentation, increase, supplementing, boosting, swelling, building up, build-up, topping up
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    1. 1.1The process of encouraging or establishing a belief or pattern of behavior, especially by encouragement or reward.
      • ‘All owners will be told how to correct the dog's behaviour and how reinforcement of good behaviour will pay more dividends than punishment.’
      • ‘My fear is that we are setting ourselves up for a vicious circle where family breakdown is perpetuated by the reinforcement and extension of behaviours which make it all the more likely.’
      • ‘Use positive reinforcement instead of criticism.’
      • ‘It is essential to teach and model desired behaviours, and the benefits of positive reinforcement are well established.’
      • ‘Positive reinforcement for desirable behavior will reduce reliance on punishment.’
      • ‘Although verbal praise was mentioned least often, several of the parents appeared to be aware of the need to increase this type of reinforcement.’
      • ‘Positive reinforcement can strengthen your child's self-esteem and foster a sense of independence.’
      • ‘Teachers are often unaware that they encourage inappropriate behavior through reinforcement.’
      • ‘A good dog training program will focus on allowing the dog to learn just what is expected of it, and will use positive reinforcement to reward desired behaviors.’
      • ‘Some parents find that positive reinforcement helps to encourage the child throughout treatment.’
      • ‘The best way to reduce misbehavior is to provide abundant positive reinforcement for good behavior.’
      • ‘However, some will need continued encouragement and positive reinforcement from parents and teachers for this good start not to become swamped by schoolyard attitudes.’
      • ‘Seeking guidance and reinforcement on how to cope with the mounting fear of failure and the loss of self, we turn to the media, which is in most cases represented by television.’
      • ‘Spouses attend all the sessions and are instructed in basic behavior modification techniques, especially giving positive reinforcement and avoiding criticism.’
      • ‘You get there together through a chain of cooperation, support, reinforcement and a willingness to share talents and gifts with others.’
      • ‘In addition, parents were trained in providing support and positive reinforcement and assistance as their adolescent began using the skills being taught.’
      • ‘Family role models, media and literature images, and social reinforcement also help develop the attitudes and beliefs that underlie abusive behaviour.’
      • ‘Finally, he said, as professors try to maximize the likelihood of student success, they may resort to using positive reinforcement for successful behavior.’
      • ‘On the other hand, reputation also locks people into particular patterns of collaboration and interaction through reinforcement.’
      • ‘Formal policies and guidelines are the starting point here, but they need to be backed up by training, enforcement and reinforcement to prevent behavioral lapses.’
    2. 1.2Extra personnel sent to increase the strength of an army or similar force.
      ‘a small force would hold the position until reinforcements could be sent’
      • ‘The reinforcement and para-military forces was rushed to the spot.’
      • ‘The first move of the Navy Department was to send available reinforcements to European waters.’
      • ‘The hard-pressed British garrison called for army and air force reinforcements.’
      • ‘Throughout the day, Grant rode through his command rallying the force in spite of the lateness of reinforcements.’
      • ‘He explained that by the time the police reinforcement arrived, a team had entered the building and confronted the robber.’
      • ‘With reinforcements, the force at the base numbered about 50 soldiers that night.’
      • ‘They will retreat, and return to the main army for reinforcements.’
      • ‘Military reinforcements had to engage in bloody street fighting in order to restore government authority.’
      • ‘In a few minutes, the SS men blasted into the building, but reinforcements from the windowless room held them off.’
      • ‘The Black Sea Fleet brought reinforcements and supplies to forces of the Caucasian and Romanian fronts.’
      • ‘When Navy aircraft reported that enemy reinforcements were moving in rapidly, the partisans began a wild run to the beach.’
      • ‘They remain on station, but report that the intruders may send reinforcements, and they cannot hold if that is the case.’
      • ‘In September 1863 the Union wanted to send reinforcements from the Army of the Potomac to eastern Tennessee.’
      • ‘The Army sent in reinforcements to the town.’
      • ‘If the reinforcements are required, the Pakistan army will send more reinforcement.’
      • ‘They held them off until reinforcements arrived.’
      • ‘McNaughton failed to find reinforcements, and his army commanders in Canada were increasingly rebellious.’
      • ‘He had already called the department asking them to send the reinforcements.’
      • ‘They attack pre-selected targets and withdraw before enemy reinforcements can arrive.’
      • ‘By the end of 1938, the arrival of large military reinforcements meant that resistance was largely subdued.’
      additional troops, fresh troops, additional police, supplementaries, auxiliaries, reserves
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    3. 1.3The strengthening structure or material employed in reinforced concrete or plastic.
      • ‘Their protruding bits of pipe suggest plumbing or wiring or structural reinforcement.’
      • ‘The aqueduct, built from concrete and containing 529 tonnes of steel reinforcement, is part of the £12m Semington bypass project.’
      • ‘Embedding flax fibers into composite materials and nonwoven sheets provides strength and reinforcement to the goods.’
      • ‘Now, after 40 years of damaging pedestrians and vehicles as the tiny tiles became unstuck, and allowing water to corrode the concrete's steel reinforcement, the building's owner has decided to act.’
      • ‘The works will include breaking out areas of defective concrete and replacing with concrete repair mortar and sacrificial anodes, which will help to prolong the life of the embedded steel reinforcement.’
      • ‘Some 115 tonnes of reinforcements were used to strengthen the bank's strong rooms.’
      • ‘In the construction of the works, the contractor has imported 30,000 tonnes of concrete and 1,500 tonnes of steel reinforcement.’
      • ‘Stiffening and reinforcement could take the building higher, but not without adding considerable expense.’
      • ‘Ordinary galvanized barbed wire can be used between the tubes to provide reinforcement, and to make the structures resistant to earthquakes.’
      • ‘There was a loud explosion and cracks appeared in the roof, revealing concrete nine inches thick, with steel reinforcement, but several more charges were detonated before the roof finally collapsed and the walls crumbled in.’
      • ‘Cross-wire reinforcement of the mortar joints can be included to strengthen the panel, providing as much mechanical strength against break-in as a brick wall.’
      • ‘Structure, enclosure and finishes are achieved in a single operation, with reinforcement bars simply threaded through the brick joints.’
      • ‘So what you have is a small, metallic case with plastic reinforcements at the corners, a little bit like a shockproof watch.’
      • ‘Two layers of horizontal steel reinforcement were introduced at 7.5 cm from top and bottom of footing slab.’
      • ‘Elli tries to avoid plastics with glass-fiber reinforcement that doesn't flow easily through long, thin-wall mold features.’
      • ‘Structural welded wire reinforcement is produced by more than a dozen companies throughout North America.’
      • ‘While download is typically very similar between a one-story and a two-story deck, the higher deck may require a larger foundation, additional bracing or other reinforcement.’
      • ‘The steel reinforcement begins to carry significant load only after the concrete cracks.’
      • ‘Tubing reinforcement often involves many layers of different materials.’
      strengthening, fortification, bolstering, shoring up, propping up, buttressing, underpinning, bracing, stiffening, supporting, holding up
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