One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
nounIrish English, Regional, Scottish
Any of various parts of a plough; specifically †(a) the share-beam (obsolete); (b) a mouldboard; (c) a piece of wood or iron fixed beneath a mouldboard.
verbShetland, Orkney, Scottish
1with object To dry or cure (herring, bacon, etc.) by means of heat or smoke. Formerly also in extended use: to subject (a person) to heat or smoke, especially as a punishment.
2no object To become smoke-dried.
verbIrish English, English Regional, Scottish, Northern
1with object To bring to a halt; to arrest the motion or action of (a person, an animal, etc.).
2no object Of a horse, etc.: to stop suddenly and refuse to proceed; to baulk, jib.
Old English; earliest use found in Corpus Glossary. Cognate with (with varying suffixation) Middle Dutch riester, reester mouldboard (Dutch rister), Old Saxon rioster plough handle, share-beam (Middle Low German riester), Old High German riosta plough handle, share-beam, riostar ploughshare, share-beam, plough handle, riostra plough handle, share-beam (Middle High German riester, German Riester), probably from the same Germanic base as Old High German riuten to root out, probably ultimately from the same Indo-European base as ripe and reif<br>early 16th century; earliest use found in William Dunbar (?1460–?1530), poet and courtier. Origin uncertain; probably related to early modern Danish røste to cook on a grill over a fire, to grill, broil (Danish riste), cognate with Norwegian riste, Swedish rista, in the same sense, probably ultimately representing a borrowing of Middle Low German rōsten, rȫsten to roast: see roast<br>late 18th century; earliest use found in Songs from David Herd's Manuscripts. Originally a variant of rest, now usually distinguished in form in the senses below. Earlier currency is probably implied by reesty.
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