Definition of red in English:

red

adjective

  • 1Of a color at the end of the spectrum next to orange and opposite violet, as of blood, fire, or rubies.

    ‘her red lips’
    ‘the sky was turning red outside’
    • ‘She just loves the dramatic ruby red colour and the fresh raspberry taste.’
    • ‘Dark red blood spilled from her arm and gathered in a pool on the ground.’
    • ‘The wallet was dark red cord and the diary green and blue in colour.’
    • ‘She gave him a slight peck on the cheek, her ruby red lips leaving the smallest of imprints.’
    • ‘The dark red blood forms a glaring contrast to the sickly green of the flesh.’
    • ‘Dark red blood was running down the furry arm, and the hunter advanced again.’
    • ‘She walked up to a mirror and painted the creamy dark red lipstick over her lips.’
    • ‘There was dark red blood dribbling down his chin, contrasting starkly with the rest of his blanched white face.’
    • ‘She had dark red lipstick across her lips and her eyelashes looked longer and she bat them often.’
    • ‘He opened his mouth slightly trying to say something, but he only coughed out more dark red blood.’
    • ‘She was a blond with a sparkling pair of rare violet eyes and pouty red lips.’
    • ‘Her verdict was a delicious avocado and an interesting salad, including red cabbage with fresh orange and rice with caraway seeds.’
    • ‘Her ruby red lips were grinning slyly as she placed her arms around her lover's neck.’
    • ‘Her face was pale and her lips were large and carefully lined with a dark red lip liner.’
    • ‘Men with splendid handlebar moustaches sport glorious orange or red turbans.’
    • ‘He'd stood up and his back was to her, his dirty blond hair was matted with dark red blood.’
    • ‘Eyewitnesses saw two men on a red motorcycle open fire with automatic weapons outside a cafe and then speed away.’
    • ‘When we came back, we could just see a great cloud of smoke and in the evening the red glow of fire still burning.’
    • ‘A dark red patch of blood marked the spot where the first intruder had fallen.’
    scarlet, vermilion, ruby, ruby-red, ruby-coloured, cherry, cherry-red, cerise, cardinal, carmine, wine, wine-red, wine-coloured, claret, claret-red, claret-coloured, blood-red
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    1. 1.1 (of a person or their face or complexion) flushed or rosy, especially with embarrassment, anger, or a healthy glow.
      ‘there were some red faces at headquarters’
      • ‘His face was very red, but Pegasus couldn't tell if it was anger or embarrassment.’
      • ‘His face was still red, he could feel his cheeks burning with the embarrassment.’
      • ‘The man yelled in her face, spit was falling everywhere and the man's face was red with anger.’
      • ‘I knew by the time his eyes reached my chest area my face was embarrassingly red.’
      • ‘Her face was red with anger and her eyes were still wet as tears flowed freely down her cheeks.’
      • ‘Many people's faces in the audience were red and sweaty because of the heat.’
      • ‘The inhibitions disappear and the red face is a result of happy exertion rather than excruciating bashfulness.’
      • ‘My ankles often collapsed underneath me, leaving me with grazed hands and ankles and a red face.’
      • ‘He let go of her hand and hugged me hard, burying his red face in my neck.’
      • ‘His body was shaking and his own face was red in anger and shame.’
      • ‘Nicole's face was red with heat and she and I leaned on one another to get to the downstairs group room.’
      • ‘But I pull myself together, puffy red face and all, and go back to the station to fix my mistake.’
      • ‘The red faces say it all, they're exhausted but glad to have made it.’
      • ‘The man's face was red from anger and he was about to carry on his yelling fit, but Ali began a coughing fit.’
      • ‘His face was red with anger, and he looked rather like a handsome tomato.’
      • ‘Her face was red and she grimaced more from the pain than the bitter cold.’
      • ‘She was red in the face, partly from embarrassment and partly from being rushed off her feet - the inn was unusually busy.’
      • ‘Oshino's face was red with anger and embarrassment and he stormed off angrily.’
      • ‘It reassured me that everything was okay between us but I was still red with embarrassment.’
      • ‘She was panting hard and her face was really red, like she was embarrassed to be late.’
      flushed, reddish, pink, pinkish, florid, high-coloured, rubicund, roseate
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    2. 1.2 (of a person's eyes) bloodshot or having pink rims, especially with tiredness or crying.
      ‘her eyes were red and swollen’
      • ‘Her eyes were red and puffy, her cheeks pink, her hair a mess, actually she in general was a mess.’
      • ‘My eyes were red and puffy and my eyelashes were stuck together by my tears.’
      • ‘My eyes were red and I was holding a scrunched up tissue in my hand.’
      • ‘His eyes were red and swollen and he looked taller and older than she remembered.’
      • ‘Her eyes were red and swollen, something I hadn't noticed earlier because of the way her hair shielded her face.’
      • ‘Jasmine, whose eyes were red and puffy and bloodshot, stood up, wiping her nose with the tissue in her hand.’
      • ‘When Sara finally lifted her head, her eyes were red and tear-stained.’
      • ‘She raised her head to look at him, her eyes were red, puffy, and filled with fear.’
      • ‘My eyes were red and stinging by the time my crying spell passed, and Julius was asking for a walk.’
      • ‘I opened my eyes and saw that her eyes were still red and wet, but she looked absolutely beautiful.’
      • ‘I wept every night, sometimes so long, that in the morning, my eyes were still red.’
      • ‘She looked at me, sitting in my desk frozen, and her eyes were red and teary.’
      • ‘His eyes were red and there were circles underneath them when at last he woke, very early in the morning.’
      • ‘His eyes were red, but his behavior was perfectly normal, as though it were just an ordinary day.’
      • ‘Her eyes were red and puffy from all the crying she had done all night.’
      • ‘Rosalie had her hair was in a long single messy braid, and her eyes were red and bloodshot.’
      • ‘She was still trying to hide her face, for her eyes were red and swollen from all the crying.’
      • ‘Her mother's wide brown eyes were red and puffy and an ugly black bruise was swelling on her cheek.’
      • ‘His eyes were red and bloodshot and he looked worn and tattered with emotion.’
      • ‘Her eyes were still red and swollen, though she still had a brightening smile over her face.’
      bloodshot, red-rimmed, inflamed
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    3. 1.3 (of hair or fur) of a reddish-brown or orange-brown color.
      ‘her long, red hair’
      ‘his hair was red’
      • ‘She has gorgeous long, red hair that I love to run my fingers through.’
      • ‘Rusty whipped around, and his red hair curled around his head like a wet mop.’
      • ‘She was last seen with bright red hair, but has been blonde in the past and could have dyed her hair a dark colour.’
      • ‘She was braiding my long, red hair just the way I like it and we were talking.’
      • ‘She was a short, plump woman with flaming red hair that cascaded down her back.’
      • ‘I had bright red hair as a child, but it has progressively darkened to its current brown.’
      • ‘Mark is described as white, six-feet one inch tall, of a slim build, with short wavy red hair.’
      • ‘She was born after a quick labor and has a coating of bright red hair on her little head.’
      • ‘There in front of her stood a large man with flaming red hair and large pale green eyes.’
      • ‘She was a skinny girl with flame red hair and a million freckles.’
      • ‘She reached down and tenderly pushed a few strands of dirty rusty red hair out of Tom's eyes.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, the color of my face was only intensified by my flame red hair.’
      • ‘His flame red hair was unruly, but his attempts to check that unruliness were evident.’
      • ‘She had wild, flaming red hair that went down to her shoulders, and her eyes were almost a fiery purple.’
      • ‘Up close he could see she was quite pretty with flaming red hair and reddish brown eyes.’
      • ‘A tall punk with flaming red hair had his arm slung tightly around her waist in a possessive manner.’
      • ‘She looked to be in total bliss as her flaming red hair blew in the wind.’
      • ‘She spotted a woman with flaming red hair walking slightly in front of her.’
      • ‘I looked at his red hair and his muscular, hairy legs and decided I wasn't attracted to him.’
      • ‘Coral, her red hair tied back in a pony tail, came through the door with Nat by her side.’
      reddish, flaming red, flame-coloured, auburn, titian, chestnut, carroty, ginger, sandy, foxy
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4dated, offensive (of a people) having or regarded as having reddish skin.
    5. 1.5 Of or denoting the suits hearts and diamonds in a deck of cards.
      • ‘As the rules stand both red and even numbered cards are being eliminated.’
      • ‘Only three cards are needed, two from a black suit, and one from a red suit.’
      • ‘Bonuses for red threes, canastas and so on cannot be counted towards meeting the minimum.’
      • ‘If you do not have the necessary sambas or canastas to end the game, for every melded red three you receive 100 penalty points.’
      • ‘By agreement, if the card turned up to start the discard pile happens to be a wild card or a red three, it may be put back into the stock pile and another card turned up.’
      • ‘If the card is red, the next player to the left turns over their card.’
      • ‘Each card is from a red suit but we do not know this: each of us sees only the suit of his own card.’
    6. 1.6 (of wine) made from dark grapes and colored by their skins.
      • ‘Use patience, a very sharp carving knife, and lots of red wine for your guests.’
      • ‘Yield of their red wine is down, but that's due to their replanting programme.’
      • ‘Where once Burgundy had the field to itself, other parts of the world are now making some gorgeous red wines from Pinot Noir.’
      • ‘To make a red wine, a vintner will let the juice of the grapes mix with the skins.’
      • ‘I enjoy red wine but as the only drinker in the house, I find that one bottle lasts too long.’
      • ‘They had come armed with plenty of local red wine and soon it was flowing fast.’
      • ‘Add the red wine, allow to bubble for a few minutes, stirring.’
      • ‘How cool you serve red wines on hot days is a question of taste.’
      • ‘These three grape varieties produce red wines which go lighter with age.’
      • ‘The red wines, which are always my favourite tipple, are outstanding.’
      • ‘One night early on, while we sat drinking red wine on the balcony off our room, a man in the adjoining room came out on his balcony too.’
      • ‘The best wine vinegar may be made from either white or red wine, the latter having an agreeable mellow taste.’
      • ‘For a long time red wine has been touted for its healthy effects on the heart.’
      • ‘The principal grape used in the red wines of this region is Syrah.’
      • ‘I seldom drink spirits, but I like a glass of red wine, sometimes a beer.’
      • ‘It is home to very luscious and exotic red wines, principally Cabernet Sauvignon.’
      • ‘The name also has been used generically in some countries to refer to a blended red wine.’
      • ‘Would I pour my water into my white wine glass, red wine into my port glass or the whole lot over the tablecloth?’
      • ‘As well as being the source of red Burgundy wines, it is also a backbone of Champagne blends.’
      • ‘Thirty minutes in a normal refrigerator for your red wines is all that is usually required on warm days.’
    7. 1.7 Denoting a red light or flag used as a signal to stop.
      • ‘When the vehicles stopped at red traffic lights the ambulanceman got out of his car and approached the van, along with another driver.’
      • ‘Cameras were installed but seem to do little except consistently fail to identify speeding motorists who disregard the red signal.’
      • ‘He grabbed red danger flags and special detonators, used to stop trains, and ran into the path of the train.’
      • ‘But drivers also fail to stop at red signals because they have misread a signal, or chosen to disregard it.’
      • ‘The train ahead is protected by a red signal, which will not change if the following train goes too fast.’
      • ‘A red signal stops action, and green alerts the player that the coach needs his or her attention.’
      • ‘We sit watching the glow of the red signal for what seems an eternity.’
      • ‘Finally, the red traffic light means stop, even if your car is expensive or has the word ‘taxi’ on the roof.’
      • ‘Buses maybe given a separate phase to travel through the intersection, while all other traffic is held on a red signal.’
      • ‘The driver around whom the dispute is centred was demoted after passing four red signals.’
      • ‘The effect of reducing the number of trains running red signals is clear.’
      • ‘Even they will stop at red traffic lights and pedestrian crossings.’
      • ‘If you can't even get people to stop at a red traffic light, then what's the point?’
      • ‘At traffic lights the rule is very simple: when the light is red you have to stop and when it's green you go.’
      • ‘You don't stop at a red traffic light, in case somebody hijacks your car.’
      • ‘The strike was to defend a driver who was demoted after passing red signals.’
      • ‘And in the centre of this ominous landscape is a street crossing with red traffic signals.’
      • ‘In Beijing, some traffic lights offer a countdown clock for both green and red signals.’
      • ‘There are several examples of drivers passing red signals simply because in their experience they expect it to be green.’
      • ‘This system automatically stops the train if it passes through a red signal.’
    8. 1.8 Used to denote something forbidden, dangerous, or urgent.
      ‘the force went on red alert’
      • ‘Under red alert, police personnel would not be permitted to take leave or go out of the city.’
      • ‘Morecambe Bay Hospitals have been put on red alert and operations have been cancelled for the second time this month.’
      • ‘I received a panic e-mail from my husband last week, marked red alert, after he made a phone call to our credit card company.’
      • ‘They are believed to be the work of terrorists and the usual agencies are put on red alert for an attack.’
      • ‘The bridge is bathed in red light as a red alert siren wails in the background.’
      • ‘He revealed that an email had been circulated amongst GPs by the primary care trust, informing them that a red alert had been posted.’
      • ‘Farmers in North Yorkshire were on red alert today after the first case of foot and mouth was confirmed within the county.’
      • ‘A senior Government vet says North Yorkshire should be on red alert to prevent an explosion of foot and mouth in the pig farming community.’
      • ‘She looked over at the wall to see that the red lights that usually flash when the red alert rings off were not on.’
      • ‘Police in Ramsbottom put fitness fans on red alert today after a jogger in a neighbouring district was attacked.’
      • ‘Hospital bosses said a continuation of the problems that triggered the first six-day red alert led to its renewal again on Tuesday.’
      • ‘They may fall and be injured as a result, and by pressing the red button, urgent assistance is on hand in a very short time.’
      • ‘The hospital has been put on red alert several times in the past few weeks, as winter ills make their presence felt.’
      • ‘The Met Office has put highways departments in the region on red alert - the highest warning in its traffic light system of alerts.’
      • ‘All the sudden, the red alert sounded and all the girls stopped playing cards in response.’
      • ‘Britain's countryside was placed on red alert yesterday as both city and rural dwellers were told to keep away from farmland.’
      • ‘Police have been put on red alert in other parts of India, including in Gujarat and in the capital New Delhi.’
      • ‘A First Bus spokesman said services are still on red alert and will be cut if the trouble continues.’
      • ‘A fifth of Essex's roads have been given a red alert and are in urgent need of repair.’
      • ‘Killarney is this week on a public health red alert following confirmation of two new cases of meningitis in the town.’
    9. 1.9 (of a ski run) of the second highest level of difficulty, as indicated by colored markers.
    10. 1.10Physics Denoting one of three colors of quark.
  • 2informal, derogatory Communist or socialist (used especially during the Cold War with reference to the Soviet Union)

  • 3literary, archaic Stained with blood, or involving bloodshed or violence.

    ‘red battle stamps his foot and nations feel the shock’

noun

  • 1Red color or pigment.

    ‘their work is marked in red by the teacher’
    ‘colors range from yellow to deep red’
    ‘the reds and browns of wood’
    • ‘The lighting in red, blue and warm yellow set the mood according to the emotion depicted.’
    • ‘All club supporters are asked to turn out and support these young boys in red.’
    • ‘There are earrings with precious stones in red, green and blue at another stall.’
    • ‘In addition to the usual acts of remembrance, London was illuminated in red from Thursday through to Sunday.’
    • ‘Brickfind Ltd sells reclaimed bricks in red, yellow and soft grey.’
    • ‘The three main colours of berry are red, orange and yellow.’
    • ‘Acidic conserved amino acids are shown in yellow and basic in red.’
    • ‘As the name implies, most of the Bar Rouge is decorated in red to create a striking visual effect.’
    • ‘After a week or so, they turn from the colours of capsicums - green, yellow or red - to the brown that we recognise.’
    • ‘Come here at sunset, when the colours flame in red and orange, bold and beautiful.’
    • ‘A Vote Labour leaflet in red and yellow is pinned to an upper window of his bungalow.’
    • ‘His blue eyes were rimmed in red, and large brown circles cried underneath them.’
    • ‘Bright green eyes lined in red blinked up at me and my stomach dropped as I pulled my baby stepbrother into a hug.’
    • ‘Delhi is a city of magnificence and desolation, grandeur and history, all seeped in red and purple.’
    • ‘The links to the useful posts were formerly in the area outlined in red.’
    • ‘The restaurant creates varied kinds of curries in red, yellow, green, black and white.’
    • ‘The impressive hall and stairway are decorated in red and yellow with an attractive black and white tiled floor.’
    • ‘I started with obnoxious colours, brown and red mainly, and worked from there.’
    • ‘In the image, however, the shortest wavelengths are represented as blue, while the longest are coloured in red.’
    • ‘Presumably this is to encourage us to stop ignoring any bill not coloured in red.’
    1. 1.1 Red clothes or material.
      ‘she could not wear red’
      • ‘We did primary colours, we did school-kid uniforms, we did St. Valentine's and all wore red.’
      • ‘Oprah wore red, but everyone else was in white-tie formal for her big bash over the weekend.’
      • ‘To note one example, when a mother comes to understand her son better near the end of the film, she is wearing red.’
      • ‘Tomorrow somebody may say that I shouldn't wear khaki to work and should only wear red.’
      • ‘It is hard to get away from the fact that she has worn red on most episodes.’
      • ‘The groom wore red and the bride looked elegant in an old-fashioned riding habit.’
      • ‘The colour blue was chosen to distinguish the police from the British military, who then wore red and white.’
      • ‘Cardinals wear red, and other ranks are noted by their style of dress and rings.’
      • ‘The club always wore red and white but black has now replaced the white.’
      • ‘His own transport is a Hummer and, at his £100,000 wedding staged in a Welsh castle, he wore red.’
      • ‘Ah, that we could all wear red so well and with no thought to clashing with our surroundings.’
      • ‘In front of the church police were questioning some young men wearing red.’
      • ‘To make a really great photo, they need lots of people to come along, wearing as much red as possible.’
      • ‘You could always tell who was from where because we wore blue and they wore red.’
      • ‘Their daughter, Molly, wore a white dress and all her bridesmaids wore red.’
      • ‘The voice belonged to a young woman dressed in bright red, a white scarf around her head, a bowl of water in her hands.’
      • ‘I leaned down from my saddle and snatched a shield from a corpse wearing red.’
      • ‘The bride will wear red to maintain the festive spirit and regulars will share a full turkey dinner followed by mince pies and Christmas pud.’
      • ‘If we did go out, we were not to wear red, smile, let it be known that we were Jewish, or eat in public.’
      • ‘Perhaps it's because I was wearing bright red on a cold, grim rainy day.’
  • 2A red thing.

    ‘which dress - the black or the red?’
    • ‘"They have this decent Spanish red for only 70 kuai a bottle," I called out from the living room.’
    • ‘I tried all the house reds.’
    • ‘They were "caning reds" according to the fishermen, because they could get their bait to the bottom.’
    • ‘In most frames the reds were scattered round the table in the course of disjointed play and long bouts of safety.’
    • ‘The making of a merlot Duckhorn continues string of impressive reds.’
    • ‘Penedes in the north east led the planting of French grape varieties and now makes dry white wine and well-flavoured reds with these and traditional grapes.’
    • ‘This appellation is undergoing much-needed revival but old vintages suggest that the potential for long-lived, concentrated reds is there.’
    • ‘However, several missed reds proved vital in the next two frames and O'Sullivan recorded his first win of this year's £205,000 event.’
    • ‘A more recent recruit to my list of reds for this time of year, South African Shiraz, came as a huge surprise.’
    • ‘It is an honest, everyday red with a nice, clean finish.’
    • ‘If you ask me, it should be an automatic red.’
    • ‘There is usually some producer somewhere in the world deliberately fashioning light reds in this style to be consumed chilled.’
    • ‘Concentrated, full, rich and velvety, this nicely structured, complex red has cherry, cloves, vanilla, pepper and aniseed in abundance.’
    • ‘A sunny, dry season had growers excited for that year's reds.’
    • ‘Mendoza is the most important region, particularly for reds.’
    • ‘A litre of house red has made my memories fuzzy but I'm sure the meal was lovely.’
    1. 2.1 A red wine.
      • ‘Screwcaps are ok for young, zippy whites and reds, but are they right for fine wines?’
      • ‘There is a limited wine list, from which I only tried the house wines, both the red and the white were excellent and not expensive.’
      • ‘As U.S. wine sales grow, reds have overtaken whites.’
      • ‘Acidity is more of a taste factor in white wines than in reds.’
      • ‘The lighter, almost earthy reds can be good here, too, if the wine producer has aimed for concentration.’
      • ‘All the great white wines are made from Chardonnay, all the great reds from Pinot Noir.’
      • ‘The minute the mercury soars, red wines, especially big reds, start to turn volatile and taste soupy and mawkish.’
      • ‘Tartaric acid is what gives balance to sugars in white wines and tannins in reds.’
      • ‘Delicate reds, such as wines from France's Beaujolais and Chinon appellations, can often fulfil the role of a white wine, and vice versa.’
      • ‘We tasted a wide range of wines, from a sparkler to whites to reds to a very nice little semisparkler for dessert.’
      • ‘If I ventured from the reds, Chardonnays replaced the lighter, less fulfilling whites.’
      • ‘It favours a cool, climate but ripens earlier than other reds such as Cabernet.’
      • ‘Steer clear of excessively tannic reds, such as Cabernet Sauvignons.’
      • ‘And what Sauvignon Blanc does for white wines, Cabernet Sauvignon can do for reds.’
      • ‘Beaujolais is the perfect wine for people who like the soft fruity reds.’
      • ‘Some people regard white wines as something to rinse the palate with before they move on to some reds, but these two wines are worth a few minutes' pause.’
      • ‘You don't have to stick with sweet wines, some dry reds can make suitable chocolate partners as well.’
      • ‘And the thick bottle and handsome label make it an excellent gift wine for a lover of big reds.’
      • ‘It goes without saying that Bordeaux is better known for reds but this wine certainly doesn't let the side down.’
      • ‘Wine by the glass business is strong, too, he reports, and the bar offers eight white wines and seven reds.’
    2. 2.2 A red ball in billiards.
      • ‘However, several missed reds proved vital in the next two frames and O'Sullivan recorded his first win of this year's £205,000 event.’
      • ‘Another highly tactical frame, and the longest in the match so far, as Williams and Doherty reach just 36 points between them with 11 reds potted.’
      • ‘Hunter led by four points when he found himself snookered on the last red.’
      • ‘Even after clambering on the table, he could not get a good enough shot at the three reds clustered near the cushion.’
      • ‘Doherty opened the scoring with a break of 44 but, bridging awkwardly, missed a red to a middle pocket.’
      • ‘Three reds remain but Hendry surprisingly concedes to leave his opponent just one frame from victory.’
      • ‘He potted 13 reds and 12 blacks before losing position on the colour.’
      • ‘Hamilton looked in control of the next frame until a bad contact on the cue ball resulted in him missing a simple red.’
      • ‘Stevens looks to be heading to level the match, but his 45 break falters when he misses a red.’
      • ‘Williams cleared up to win the first after King had missed a simple red into the bottom corner.’
      • ‘He was once known to have conceded a frame with 13 reds on the table.’
      • ‘Another simple red is missed and O'Sullivan goes 48 points up with the remaining reds all on the cushion.’
      • ‘In this instance, that meant the pink had to be returned to the centre of a group of reds with just enough room to fit the ball in the middle.’
      • ‘The 2002 British Open champion sank 14 reds before missing the penultimate black in the final frame of the day.’
      • ‘The world number one played a simple safety shot to leave the white ball on the bottom cushion and Doherty played the ball deadweight into the pack of reds.’
      • ‘Wood gained four points from a snooker on the last red which left him ideally positioned for a clearance.’
      • ‘Williams scored first, but it was Hunter who made the frame and championship winning contribution as he cleared a sizeable cluster of reds.’
      • ‘Henry takes full advantage with the reds well split, and boosts his confidence with a stylish break of 89 to win the opening frame.’
      • ‘He led 53-8 with two reds left in the 16th frame but snookered himself on the second last red.’
      • ‘The reds are open though, so whoever pots first will be in pole position.’
    3. 2.3 A red light.
  • 3informal, derogatory A communist or socialist.

    • ‘Never one to underestimate or understate her own judgements, she feels that China is communist and calls a red a red.’
    • ‘Hoover made an index of 450,000 people he considered to be dangerous reds.’
    • ‘The fact is, fighting anarchists, reds and labor organizers played a very important part in developing modern forms of identification and police power.’
    • ‘Anton Denikin was a Russian general who fought for the Whites during Russia's civil war against the reds - Lenin's Bolsheviks.’
    • ‘Traditionally, spies revolt against Labour governments because they fear the party is made up of unpatriotic reds.’
    communist, marxist, socialist, left-winger, leftist, bolshevik, revolutionary, anti-capitalist
    View synonyms
  • 4the redThe situation of owing money to a bank or making a loss in a business operation.

    ‘the company was $4 million in the red’
    ‘small declines in revenue can soon send an airline plunging into the red’
    ‘they would have been struggling to keep their businesses out of the red’
    • ‘This paper last week reported that the average household is £24,000 in the red, excluding mortgages.’
    • ‘That rating was assigned in 1999, when we were in the red on our short-term liquidity.’
    • ‘All other hospital trusts in West Yorkshire are also in the red.’
    • ‘He said more than five farms had been liquidated and the balance sheets of the remaining farms were in the red.’
    • ‘Sometimes, the startup costs are high, and for a few years the business will run in the red.’
    • ‘They struggled out of the red this year to post modest profits of NZ $6 million.’
    • ‘However, a mistake in applying for European funding meant it was immediately £165,000 in the red.’
    • ‘Towards the end of the month however, Joe tends to slip into the red by up to £300.’
    • ‘The proposals have been given a mixed response by consumer groups as new research highlights how far UK consumers have fallen into the red.’
    • ‘The organisers were already in the red, even before the start of the event.’
    • ‘Secondary schools in the area which are in the red have debts on average more than three times those of similar schools elsewhere.’
    • ‘Both Trusts have a joint management structure and financial recovery plan to get them out of the red over the next three years.’
    • ‘If you find that you regularly go into the red each month, then you must be living beyond your means, which means spending more than you earn.’
    • ‘When heretired in 1988, the company plunged into the red.’
    • ‘So, within a few days of my pay going into my bank account, I always was back in the red again.’
    • ‘A film with a budget of this size but without stars to lure moviegoers is unlikely to stay out of the red.’
    • ‘This is the first time the company has been in the red, after previously churning out profits in its operations.’
    • ‘Other banks charge daily or monthly ‘overdraft management’ fees when you're in the red.’
    • ‘Wilsden Primary has been left £54,000 in the red by crippling budget cuts.’
    • ‘Of course, the best way to deal with debt is never to get into the red in the first place.’
    • ‘A 2% gain in December wasn't enough to lift the company out of the red.’

Phrases

  • better dead than red (or better red than dead)

    • A cold-war slogan claiming that the prospect of nuclear war is preferable to that of a communist society (or vice versa)

      • ‘This was particularly true during the McCarthy era of the 1950s when anti-Communist hysteria - ‘better dead than red ‘- reached great heights, especially in Catholic circles.’’
      • ‘Ever notice how that kind of rhymes with ‘better dead than red?’’
      • ‘Having quite happily countenanced that MAD idea myself - better dead than red - I feel bound in conscience at least to give today's extremists the benefit of the doubt.’
  • red as a beet

    • (of a person) red-faced, typically through embarrassment.

      • ‘As soon as he saw me he grew red as a beet, and glared at me furiously.’
      • ‘Tony suddenly grew angry and his face turned as red as a beetroot.’
      • ‘To my left, Mildew was red as a beetroot, and Trent looked like he was going to keel over at any second.’
      • ‘When I opened the door, his face was a red as a beetroot and I thought he was going to explode.’
      • ‘When she re-emerged to the sounds of chortling, her face was red as a beet with mortification.’
  • red in tooth and claw

    • Involving savage or merciless conflict or competition.

      ‘nature, red in tooth and claw’
      • ‘A well-functioning bench represents the ultimate triumph of the forces of civilizations over the rule of nature, red in tooth and claw.’
      • ‘We must celebrate the real world, the rough world, the natural human and human nature red in tooth and claw.’
      • ‘They decided not to be red in tooth and claw and instead all drink peacefully at the same waterhole - to be complementary rather than competitive, to share ideas.’
      • ‘It's capitalism, red in tooth and claw, and it isn't pretty.’
      • ‘Moreover, if left on their own, millions upon millions of animals would die more brutal deaths at the hands of a nature red in tooth and claw.’
      • ‘It is a war of each against all, nature red in tooth and claw.’
      • ‘But of course the owls, along with the centre's other creatures, are hunters red in tooth and claw, and far from suitable as cuddly pets.’
      • ‘Both literally and figuratively, theirs was a marriage red in tooth and claw.’
      • ‘Nature has always been a battle, red in tooth and claw.’
      • ‘While they destroy smaller traders by uncompetitive means, the superstores' relations with each other are not quite as red in tooth and claw as their advertising suggests.’
  • the red planet

    • A name for Mars.

  • a red rag to a bull

    • An object, utterance, or act that is certain to provoke someone.

      ‘the refusal to discuss the central issue was like a red rag to a bull’
      • ‘This will be like a red rag to a bull - why stir things up?’
      • ‘His abstention on the Iraq vote was really a red rag to a bull.’
      • ‘This makes the ‘knee jerk’ reaction to cancel his booking because he is a ‘racist’ all the more surprising and is a red rag to a bull for people who are concerned about censorship.’
      • ‘That was like a red rag to a bull, so I learned off the rule book, took the exam and passed it.’
      • ‘Like a red rag to a bull, the needlessly conceded goal sparked Dulwich back into life and the two-goal cushion was swiftly restored as James completed his hat trick.’
      • ‘The subject of public sector pensions is like a red rag to a bull for those working in private industry.’
      • ‘Now there's a red rag to a bull, if there ever was one.’
      • ‘This was like a red rag to a bull for the IMF, which rose to the bait last week.’
      • ‘To many of the form critics the very word ‘biography’ was like a red rag to a bull.’
      • ‘Davidson's tongue is hanging out which is like a red rag to a bull to Simon Cowell as he grabs hold of it with both hands.’
  • see red

    • informal Become very angry suddenly.

      ‘the mere thought of Peter with Nicole made her see red’
      • ‘Why he was suddenly seeing red over the same man he'd been berating all week, he didn't know.’
      • ‘Well, the topic of Christmas greenery has residents in one Florida county seeing red.’
      • ‘But when I see money being spent (and natural resources depleted) to make people more miserable, it just makes me see red.’
      • ‘And a new financial crisis has police in St. Bernard Parish seeing red.’
      • ‘They are reading things like this and seeing red.’
      • ‘Allotment holders are seeing red after burglaries and raids by vandals left their gardens in a mess.’
      • ‘It's far too soon to know if there will be any takers, but at first brush France still appears to be seeing red.’
      • ‘Recent damage in local woodlands to hides on a lake, and to equipment on the playing field, plus damage to a lamppost opposite the village hall has made councillors see red.’
      • ‘Protesters wore red to the rally to symbolise that the community was seeing red over the issue.’
      • ‘These are the thoughts that have pro-war conservatives seeing red.’
      become very angry, become enraged, go into a rage, lose one's temper
      View synonyms
  • the red, white, and blue

    • informal The US national flag.

      ‘learning respect for the red, white, and blue’
      • ‘Send your answers in and Andy Serwer will wave the red, white, and blue as we read them on the air next week.’
      • ‘When Confederates surrendered, the same flag presided over the loyalty oaths that brought rebels back into a national community of the red, white, and blue.’
      • ‘Thanks to recent legislation, it's actually beneficial for immigrants to fight under the red, white, and blue.’
      • ‘Tin Pan Alley composers, often the sons and grandsons of immigrants, found popular success by exploiting the red, white, and blue, especially in periods of national emergency.’
      • ‘I, for one, like to see the red, white, and blue getting international exposure in a positive light.’
      • ‘It turned the red, white, and blue of the rule of law into what has since become known as Red and Blue America.’

Origin

Old English rēad, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch rood and German rot, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin rufus, ruber, Greek eruthros, and Sanskrit rudhira ‘red’.

Pronunciation

red

/rɛd//red/