Definition of recidivist in English:

recidivist

noun

  • A convicted criminal who reoffends, especially repeatedly.

    • ‘The families of recidivists have been characterised by greater conflict and less organisation.’
    • ‘It's a logical response of a system which becomes frustrated with recidivists.’
    • ‘James A. Johnston, the prison's first warden, believed that egoism was the chief failing of recidivists.’
    • ‘Drug offenders also seem to be the most likely recidivists, and represent the greatest threat of failure on probation and parole.’
    • ‘Most paedophiles are, as the child abuse expert Dr W F Glaser of the University of Melbourne argues, ‘long-term recidivists.’’
    • ‘The sample population upon which actuarial assessments of risk are based, includes among the recidivists both those who have received treatment and those who have not.’
    • ‘Most of us would rather spend that on health or education, but at the moment and in the short term the only way to keep offenders and recidivists off the streets is longer sentences.’
    • ‘The long-term recidivists shouted long and loud about the invasion of personal freedom, about how life's little pleasures were quite rapidly being taken away.’
    • ‘Sometimes prisoners never seem to get free of the prison system and they become what society now refers to as recidivists.’
    • ‘Only a handful of recidivists and unrepentant individuals convicted of major crimes against the faith were put to death.’
    • ‘People who come out of jail and can't get jobs do become recidivists and can't get married.’
    • ‘Yet it is at least as likely that many of those sentenced were recidivists who were threatening the good order and discipline of their armies in a time of national crisis.’
    • ‘Youths in the treatment group were significantly less likely to be recidivists.’
    • ‘‘It just isn't accurate to say none of them show remorse and that they are all recidivists,’ she said.’
    • ‘It is unlikely they would be lenient with someone they view as a recidivist.’
    • ‘Keep quiet about the 4,000 recidivists who run city streets, committing crimes with increasing bravado and little fear of punishment.’
    • ‘Most people convicted of driving while disqualified are recidivists.’
    • ‘The men, all recidivists, would continue their violent behavior for 20, 30, or 40 years.’
    • ‘Also, should prisoners who repeatedly commit crime spend a longer time behind bars simply because they're recidivists?’
    • ‘‘Their crimes,’ Chekhov remarks, looking at these supposedly hardened recidivists, ‘were no more clever and cunning than their faces.’’

adjective

  • 1Relating to recidivists.

    ‘the third lowest recidivist rate in the country’
    1. 1.1Denoting a person who repeatedly reoffends.
      ‘recidivist male prisoners’
      ‘women are rarely recidivist’
      • ‘Compulsory fitting of the alerting system was deemed acceptable, but only for new vehicles or recidivist speeders.’
      • ‘It means that if a recidivist parolee is given a 10-year sentence by the court, for instance, he or she will actually have to serve a 15-year sentence.’
      • ‘The forecasts show that recidivist offenders are now more likely to be convicted, taken off the streets, and kept off the streets.’
      • ‘But its problems with boy racers, recidivist teenage car thieves, drugs and child abuse made it as good a choice as any other provincial centre for the launch.’
      • ‘In conclusion, the main change that this bill introduces is the power to place recidivist child sex offenders under extended supervision for up to 10 years.’
      • ‘We support anything that tries to get recidivist drink-drivers off the road.’
      • ‘The most promising indications regarding the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs have been for those interventions that have focused primarily on recidivist drink drivers.’
      • ‘A non-custodial sentence, by definition, is regarded as something that is imposed when the person is not a serious or recidivist offender.’
      • ‘The police have gone out and caught the recidivist burglars.’
      • ‘In addition, there could well be people whom the police are aware are recidivist offenders but, as it so happens, have not been caught for or convicted of an offence for 7 years.’
      • ‘Firstly, this Government passed the Sentencing Act 2002, which states that a recidivist child sex offender can receive preventive detention and be locked up, if necessary, for life.’
      • ‘What evidence does he have that new sentencing laws are providing greater protection to the community from serious and recidivist offenders?’
      • ‘The service's team manager, Juliet Yolland, said recidivist truants were typically missing between 60-80 percent of the 186-day school year.’
      • ‘However, last time we were there, she proved unexpectedly recidivist.’
      • ‘A recidivist drink-driver was up on another set of serious drink-driving charges, and the case was dismissed because of delays in the justice system.’
      • ‘There are very good organisations like Safe Network in Auckland, run by John McCarthy, which deals with trying to rehabilitate and run programmes for recidivist sex offenders.’
      • ‘Much of the public support grew out of sympathy for Polly Klaas, a young girl who was kidnapped and murdered in California by a recidivist criminal.’
      • ‘I want to see these young, recidivist offenders locked up, as they should be.’
      • ‘New South Wales has a lot of recidivist bank robbers.’
      • ‘The number of remand prisoners was double the level of 9 years ago, because of the passage of the Bail Act, which is tougher on recidivist offenders who continue to offend while on bail.’
      • ‘Violent recidivist criminals should be permanently removed from society, perhaps by being put to work on an outlying New Zealand island.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from French récidiviste, from récidiver fall back based on Latin recidivus falling back from the verb recidere, from re- back + cadere to fall.

Pronunciation:

recidivist

/rəˈsidəvəst/