Definition of recess in English:

recess

Pronunciation /rəˈses//ˈrēˌses/

noun

  • 1A small space created by building part of a wall further back from the rest.

    ‘a table set into a recess’
    • ‘With its metal projections and angles, wooden recesses and thin walls it has a serendipitous quality.’
    • ‘The sheltered space with its stone wall and paving offers small recesses with seats, and some carved stone tablets from the old building have been re-used, preserving its memory.’
    • ‘He walked to a corner, and grabbed a metal pipe that was leaning in a recess in the wall.’
    • ‘This recess in a dining room wall - furnished with a comfy cushion and colorful throw pillows - serves as a cozy spot to sit and read.’
    • ‘In addition, lifesize models of raggedly clothed families huddle enclosed behind glass in darkened recesses in the walls.’
    • ‘They provide a luminescent quality to the interior, reflecting light into the recesses of the room.’
    • ‘Grabbing me by the arm he pushed me into a recess in the wall and then pressed himself against me flattening us into the wall.’
    • ‘The bed mechanisms can also be built into recesses framed into a wall.’
    • ‘Or it could be the illusion of a recess in the wall, like the traditional statue in an alcove.’
    • ‘In the dark recesses of the stone walls, they found old toys and junk collected by the old woman while she lived here, but they also found older furniture and antiques that had obviously been here for some time.’
    • ‘Santiago quickly turned my attention to a recess in the wall to the right side of the doors.’
    • ‘In each of the four walls there is a recess, although only that to the west survives in anything like its original state.’
    • ‘The library has shelves built into the inner recesses of the walls to house the king's collection of books.’
    • ‘He hit one last button and a beam of light appeared in a small recess on the wall.’
    • ‘The door was set in a deep recess within an inner wall of the keep, at about the level of the street outside.’
    • ‘Across from this there is a recess in a wall and the entire face of it is covered with scribbles, painted and sprayed on.’
    • ‘Soft breathing came from the recesses in the walls, where the mattresses were.’
    • ‘Four computers and chairs, with the keyboards sliding out on a shelf, are housed in a recess along a wall which once held an aquarium of tropical fish.’
    • ‘Alcoves - small recesses opening off a room or hallway - add character and extra functionality to a home.’
    • ‘At the far left side of the main wall is a blackened recess.’
    1. 1.1 A hollow space inside something.
      ‘the concrete block has a recess in its base’
      • ‘The material feature of this claim is that the ball should have such a diameter that it projects above the recess in which it sits but can move freely inside the recess.’
      • ‘The second recess has an opening through which waste can be deposited into the container.’
      • ‘Place the hinge leaf in the mortise and position the self-centering tool in the countersink recesses of the hinge.’
      • ‘You don't want to drill into the recoil lug recess.’
      • ‘A recess is formed in the silica layer that is aligned with an active area within the semiconductor substrate.’
      • ‘This bar went into the slots or recesses on the first plate.’
      • ‘It is as smooth as the outside, and the only machining marks I can find are deep in the recess around the base pin hole.’
      • ‘The head of the tool fits in the screw head recess in the hinge to ensure the pilot hole will be centered.’
      • ‘Bolt locking lugs are lapped for full contact in their locking recesses.’
      alcove, bay, niche, nook, corner, inglenook
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2usually recesses A remote, secluded, or secret place.
      ‘the recesses of the silent pine forest’
      figurative ‘the dark recesses of his soul’
      • ‘Deep down, in the recesses of his folk memory, Angus knew all of that.’
      • ‘Enter former FBI profiler Frank Black, a man delving headfirst into the dark recesses of the human soul, shining light on the horrors that men and women do.’
      • ‘By 1900, artists attempted to penetrate the deep recesses of the unconscious mind.’
      • ‘Some actors are born to play the hero and others exist to illuminate the darker recesses of the human soul.’
      • ‘What we know in the secret recesses of our hearts is that the story of scarcity is a tale of death.’
      • ‘Words began flowing out of him, as if from the recesses of his heart.’
      • ‘Then one night, 14 months after I moved to Jerusalem, I had a dream where, in the recesses of my subconscious mind, I put to rest this last remaining issue.’
      • ‘He was on the verge of voicing the rest of the questions he had stored in the recesses of his mind when the sudden approach of footsteps drew both their attentions to the doorway opposite the one to the garden.’
      • ‘There are all kinds of heroes, working silently in remote recesses of our country.’
      • ‘She advises her clients to revisit their histories and face experiences and feelings that they have blocked in the recesses of their minds.’
      • ‘As I sat in bed and futilely attempted to sleep, I noticed a deep rumbling sound emanating from the hollow recesses of my cavernous stomach.’
      • ‘They fled to pray at the various altars or hide in the dark passages and recesses of the crypt or seek refuge up the stairs in the arched chambers of the roof.’
      • ‘He sighed as he slipped back into the recesses of his memory.’
      • ‘Maybe in that deep, dark recess of my soul, I just want to be able to dream again.’
      • ‘It saves us from peering into the darkest recesses of our own hearts.’
      • ‘From deep within the recesses of his brain, Joel attempts to escape the procedure.’
      • ‘Capitalism is all about maximization of profits and if that requires appealing to the lowest instincts and the darkest recesses of human nature, so be it.’
      • ‘Peer into the dark recesses of America's heart and this, apparently, is what you'll find.’
      • ‘Setting down his empty plate Willard catalogued these new developments in the recesses of his brain.’
      • ‘Many things have changed since then; sadly, the cultural shift has not penetrated into the darkest recesses of some areas of employment.’
      innermost parts, innermost reaches, remote places, secret places, dark corners, heart, inner sanctum, interior
      View synonyms
  • 2A period of time when the proceedings of a parliament, committee, court of law, or other official body are temporarily suspended.

    ‘talks resumed after a month's recess’
    ‘the Senate was in recess’
    • ‘Then this court is in recess until 11:00 tomorrow when we'll hear closing arguments.’
    • ‘I wish to conclude by also paying my respects to the memory of the two other former senior members of Parliament who passed away while the House was in recess.’
    • ‘Court is in recess until further evidence comes to light.’
    • ‘He has so far rejected demands for a recall of parliament, currently in recess.’
    • ‘When they emerged in open court, Judge Dellucci announced court was in recess.’
    • ‘Parliament resumed on February 12 after a recess of four months and the re-election of the Liberal-National Coalition to a third term in office.’
    • ‘The industrial action is scheduled to be held a day before the House of Commons and the House of Lords break for the summer recess.’
    • ‘After all, Congress has been in recess for over a month.’
    • ‘Parliament is currently in recess, but resumes next Tuesday.’
    • ‘The Court took a short recess before hearing the submissions on the Charter motion.’
    • ‘The 20-minute meeting took place shortly after the six-party talks decided to break for a recess.’
    • ‘That difference led to the latest round of talks breaking for a recess.’
    • ‘The Senate completed work on three bills before the recess.’
    • ‘Even before Parliament went into recess on July 21, an unparalleled degree of cross-party unity had been established.’
    • ‘As Parliament is currently in recess, now is a good time to contact me should you have any federal issues you may wish to discuss.’
    • ‘The courts are now in recess for the holidays and the Supreme Court will not be sitting again until October.’
    • ‘His lawyer, John D. Mills, asked the court for a brief recess.’
    • ‘It starts in August when Parliament, like football, is in recess, the law courts go to sleep and a lot of us are on holiday.’
    • ‘While the court was in recess Jon walked over to our family.’
    • ‘That process, used when the Senate is in recess, puts a judicial nominee temporarily on the bench without being confirmed.’
    1. 2.1North American A break between school classes.
      ‘the mid-morning recess’
      • ‘Fights broke out daily - not just during recess or bathroom breaks but also in the middle of lessons.’
      • ‘I also used the opportunity to see if I might ask the kids what they liked and disliked about recess; I needed their insights to flesh out my reflections.’
      • ‘They gave up several recesses over the next few weeks to glue, color and do whatever was necessary to complete the mural.’
      • ‘School classes break for outdoor recess every forty-five minutes.’
      • ‘In the 5th grade, we will have peer mediators promoting conflict resolution, primarily on the playground, during lunchtime recesses.’
      • ‘Students, faculty and staff should be encouraged or required to wear hats when outdoors during physical education classes, recess and field trips.’
      • ‘Current studies challenge the idea that limiting recess will benefit children's academic performance, however.’
      • ‘At recess one day her teacher taught the class how to play hopscotch on the cement basketball court outside.’
      • ‘Clearly, breaks are helpful, both for attention and for classroom management, whether or not the breaks are in the form of recess.’
      • ‘At that same moment the class bell rang and recess was over.’
      • ‘The bell went, ending recess and starting class.’
      • ‘He tells her to hold out her hand, and he hits it several times, then makes her stand in front of the class until recess.’
      • ‘Some people were dancing near the DJ on the stage but it looked more like the playground as recess in elementary school than a high school dance.’
      • ‘During recess, children are learning the things that they need to know now and in the future.’
      • ‘In fact, I was pretty sure that the latest romances were the major topics of the staffroom at recesses and lunchtime breaks.’
      • ‘At the same time, I was becoming increasingly concerned about the growing number of schools doing away with recess in the search for higher test scores.’
      • ‘Ask any elementary-school teacher what would happen if he were to let his entire fifth-grade class out for recess unattended.’
      • ‘Additionally, during physical education classes and recess, children actually spend very little time engaged in physical activity.’
      • ‘School-aged children are told that they have to refrain from gym class and recess for three weeks postoperatively.’
      • ‘Classes were also observed during recess, in the cafeteria, and in the library.’
      adjournment, break, interlude, interval, rest, intermission, respite, temporary closure, temporary cessation of business
      View synonyms

verb

  • 1often as adjective recessed[with object] Attach (a fixture) by setting it back into the wall or surface to which it is fixed.

    ‘recessed ceiling lights’
    • ‘Double sliding doors between the drawing room and dining room have been recessed into the dividing wall.’
    • ‘With the rise of private Masses, chapels began to bulge out from the laterals of the church and altars began to be recessed against the walls.’
    • ‘I have seen one nuclear blast shelter, at the bottom of a very steep escalator in a Pyongyang subway station, where three gigantic blast doors, each about two feet thick, are recessed into the wall.’
    • ‘The kitchens have recessed downlighting, granite worktops and stainless steel extractor fans.’
    • ‘Among the gadgetry featured in the room are four giant plasma-screen televisions and DVD players which are recessed into the walls.’
    • ‘A narrow bed lined one wall of the tiny area; a small monitor that showed the essentials of the security system was recessed into the wall above that.’
    • ‘He also reoriented the stair and recessed upper kitchen cabinets into the walls to expose views from every corner.’
    • ‘Its en suite bathroom has recessed lighting, a timber floor and white tiled walls.’
    • ‘A coal-effect gas fire has been fitted into the original cast iron fireplace and there is recessed lighting.’
    • ‘The kitchen has dark slate flooring, exposed ceiling beams, recessed spot lights and a central island with cooker and gas hob.’
    • ‘The room also has part-tiled walls and recessed ceiling lighting.’
    • ‘Push buttons can be recessed or surrounded by a raised collar.’
    • ‘Toilets for the female prisoners were recessed into the wall, but as you can see, offered no privacy.’
    • ‘At night recessed lights reflect in the pool's still waters.’
    • ‘She chose a set that was relatively inexpensive, but told him that she had chosen it because the diamonds were small and deeply recessed into white gold bands that seemed a close match to his own.’
    • ‘The guest bedroom with a deep, recessed window to the front also benefits from en suite facilities and a fitted wardrobe.’
    • ‘Additional features include recessed ceiling lighting and a bay window with a built-in sitting area.’
    • ‘A well placed light fixture recessed in the wall illuminated the area perfectly.’
    • ‘There is recessed spot lighting in the room, the walls of which are partly tiled.’
    • ‘This type of lighting is usually provided by ceiling fixtures, which can be recessed.’
    • ‘The group huddled around a small table with keyboards and screens recessed in the top.’
    • ‘The yellow-walled kitchen is bright and airy and features recessed ceiling lighting.’
  • 2North American [no object] (of formal proceedings) be temporarily suspended.

    ‘the talks recessed at 2:15’
    • ‘At 9.20 am the court recessed to await the doctor's arrival.’
    • ‘Attorney General Jim Hood told reporters after court recessed that prosecutors would ask the judge to allow the jury to consider a lesser charge of manslaughter in the case.’
    • ‘The latest round of talks involving the two Koreas, China, Japan, the United States and Russia recessed after three days of talks in November.’
    • ‘The fourth round of talks recessed in Beijing earlier this month.’
    • ‘Philippine government chief negotiator Jesus Dureza said talks, which will recess for two days, could last until Aug.3.’
    adjourn, be suspended, suspend proceedings, pause, break off, take a break
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1[with object] Suspend (such proceedings) temporarily.
      • ‘The judge recesses the trial, sending the jury off to deliberate.’
      • ‘California's Legislature is due to recess its two-year session Aug.31.’
      • ‘The six-party talks have been recessed and are scheduled to restart next week.’
      • ‘The talks were recessed upon news of the death of North Korean President Kim Il Sung, then resumed in August.’
      • ‘The tournament was recessed so everyone could rest and eat.’
      • ‘Because, here you have a judge recessing a trial, right in the middle of trial, and saying it could be exculpatory evidence.’
      • ‘He filed an Affidavit sworn by him on July 6, 2001, while the Court was recessed for the summer vacation.’
      • ‘Then things come to a crashing halt and court is recessed.’
      suspend, break off, discontinue, interrupt, postpone, put off, put back, defer, delay, hold over, hold in abeyance, shelve, pigeonhole, stay, prorogue, dissolve, terminate, bring to an end, halt, call a halt to
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2 (of an official body) suspend its proceedings for a period of time.
      • ‘And the sooner this grand jury recesses the sooner she can get home.’
      • ‘To be sure, the D.C. initiative remained on the table as Congress recessed for Thanksgiving.’
      • ‘In the final days before Congress recessed for the national elections, we were still unsure what debt-relief funding Congress would agree to.’
      • ‘On Friday, the House of Representatives recessed until September with the debate over those lower-income families still unresolved.’
      • ‘No specific decisions were made before Congress recessed and went home for the holidays in late October.’
      • ‘Congress was scheduled to recess this weekend to allow members to return home for the final weeks before the general election November 2.’
      • ‘That legislation lapses Nov. 19, and Congress recessed before the House could consider a Senate bill to extend the rules.’
      • ‘His actions allowed a vote to occur before the 95th Congress recessed.’
      • ‘The Committee has just recessed, but a vote is still expected later today.’
      • ‘They'll probably recess early, and then will begin deliberations on Thursday.’
      • ‘To mark the occasion, President Washington made a ceremonial visit to Newport when Congress recessed in August.’
      • ‘‘It could be that the Senate will need to take up that resolution and vote on it before we recess,’ he said.’
      • ‘The President is urging Congress to approve his economic stimulus package before lawmakers recess for the year.’
      • ‘By the time legislature recessed in late March, more than 150 bills had been filed and countless efforts made to close access to government by amending other bills.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, the state's legislature has recessed until October 7, still with no solution in sight.’
      • ‘He would bring him to his office after the Senate recessed and ply him with drinks until the inebriated Kentuckian would agree to anything Johnson wanted.’
      • ‘No compromise could be reached before Congress recessed, forcing lawmakers to pass a stopgap measure to continue funding at current levels.’
      • ‘As you know, Congress is about to recess for the Thanksgiving break.’
      • ‘On March 16, before recessing for Easter break, the House passed a bill that was broader in scope than the bill eventually signed into law.’
      • ‘The president urges Congress to act before lawmakers recess for the November elections.’
      adjourn, suspend proceedings, take a recess, break, stop, take a break
      knock off, take five, take time out
      View synonyms

Origin

Mid 16th century (in the sense withdrawal, departure): from Latin recessus, from recedere go back (see recede). The verb dates from the early 19th century.

Pronunciation

recess

/rəˈses//ˈrēˌses/