Definition of receive in English:

receive

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Be given, presented with, or paid (something)

    ‘she received her prize from the manager’
    ‘most businesses will receive a tax cut’
    • ‘Anyone who earns money or receives income should pay taxes and the truth is, everyone does pay taxes.’
    • ‘German convicts work at real jobs while incarcerated - and even receive four weeks of paid vacation each year!’
    • ‘Eid is a favourite among Muslim children, as they receive lots of presents!’
    • ‘Each person will also receive a present courtesy of the organisers.’
    • ‘The award winner receives a medallion presented in an attractive protective pouch and a certificate.’
    • ‘Teenagers in Blackburn and Darwen will receive an extra birthday present this year as part of a mayor's plan to encourage young people to vote.’
    • ‘Winners will receive garden vouchers as prizes, which will be presented at the Horticultural Show on July 16.’
    • ‘Sir - I was saddened to read the story in last week's Western People about people who abandon pets after receiving them as Christmas presents.’
    • ‘He was a prizewinner in 1988 at the Leipzig International Bach Competition in Spain, also receiving the special virtuoso prize for the most outstanding performance of the event.’
    • ‘Both employees received an all-expenses paid holiday to Barbados as a reward for their efforts.’
    • ‘After a burst of thunderous applause, the children received a lot of presents.’
    • ‘Members of the Royal Family receive hundreds of presents, often from people they have never met.’
    • ‘At present, farmers receive nine pence from every 36p pint of milk sold.’
    • ‘The office is giving increased scrutiny to international tax arrangements, reflecting the rising number of individuals and businesses receiving overseas income.’
    • ‘We always receive thank-you cards and presents from guests who have stayed with us and that gives me such a buzz.’
    • ‘In addition, she received an apology for any injustice occasioned to her.’
    • ‘Her claim is that she received an unequivocal assurance that the property was structurally sound.’
    • ‘The historic buildings which will receive grants in the present allocation are from right across the country.’
    • ‘Boys and girls also receive different numbers of presents, although the amount of money spent on their gifts is the same.’
    • ‘I pointed out that most people had received their TVs as presents.’
    • ‘Big business has received huge tax cuts over the last ten years.’
    • ‘I never kept a diary when I was growing up but I did receive them as Christmas presents and loved the idea of documenting my daily and dull doings.’
    be given, be presented with, be awarded, collect, accept, have conferred on one
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Take delivery of (something sent or communicated)
      ‘he received fifty inquiries after advertising the job’
      • ‘Completed ballot papers must be received by the Council by 10 pm on Thursday, June 10.’
      • ‘You might have noticed it when sending and receiving Christmas cards last month.’
      • ‘I send and receive most of my parish communications by e-mail.’
      • ‘Most e-mail users send and/or receive one to five messages a day, and they check their mails at least once a day.’
      • ‘The appellant never received an acknowledgement of his application.’
      • ‘Entry forms for the forthcoming Community Games should have been received by now.’
      • ‘Ballot papers need to be received by returning officers no later than 10 pm on Thursday June 10.’
      • ‘These are my ideas so far, but any further contributions will be gratefully received.’
      • ‘It is my honorary responsibility to receive donations, subscriptions and offerings sent to the group.’
      • ‘Residents and businesses have been receiving important letters - containing vital documents such as cheques, contracts and airline tickets - days late or not at all.’
      • ‘More than 450 submissions had been received by inquiry commissioner Kevin Sproats.’
      • ‘Do you think that employers should be allowed to read the e-mails of their employees sent from or received by the computers of the company?’
      • ‘Any contributions from you will be gratefully received and replied to.’
      • ‘The news has been gratefully received by Mr Harris, who called him on Saturday night to check on his old buddy.’
      • ‘Any information you might have would be gratefully received.’
      • ‘You get a confirmation of the sent fax emailed back to you and naturally, any faxes sent to you are received via your e-mail.’
      • ‘The volume of the communications that we send and receive has multiplied tremendously.’
      • ‘Scotland was top in 12 out of a total of 13 areas including the number of businesses making and receiving payments online and the quality of ICT advice available.’
      • ‘A letter confirming the ballot paper would be sent out was also received yesterday.’
      • ‘Royal Mail have assured me that papers received today will be delivered tomorrow.’
      • ‘So frustrated have the members become that they have now decided to offer the map for sale, and already one inquiry has been received.’
      • ‘This allows phones to send and receive much longer messages, which will remove the need for the shorthand familiar to every teenage texter.’
      be sent, be in receipt of
      be told, be informed of, be notified of, be made aware of, hear, discover, find out, find out about, learn, gather, get wind of
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Consent to formally hear (an oath or confession)
      ‘he failed to find a magistrate to receive his oath’
      • ‘He provided two reliquaries on which to receive their oaths - one for his magnates, splendidly fabricated of crystal and gold, but entirely empty, the other for the common herd, plainer and enshrining a bird's egg.’
      • ‘I will allow this evidence to be received as its probative value clearly outweighs its prejudicial effect.’
    3. 1.3 Buy or accept goods in the knowledge that they have been stolen.
      ‘a man convicted of receiving stolen property’
      • ‘Police Captain Blackie Swart confirmed that a scrapyard employee was to appear in court today for receiving stolen property.’
      • ‘Measures will also be taken to catch people who receive stolen goods - particularly those who use second-hand outlets and car boot sales.’
      • ‘The 42 others were charged with robbery, theft, receiving and concealing stolen goods and wrongful damage to property.’
      • ‘Clark was charged with robbery of a motor vehicle, theft by unlawful taking or disposition, and receiving stolen property, all felonies.’
      • ‘It means that museums can receive stolen goods, something which is illegal for everyone else.’
      • ‘The 35-year-old was charged with receiving stolen goods but failed to appear in court.’
      • ‘A 53-year-old man and a 38-year-old woman were last night charged with receiving stolen property in connection with the robbery.’
      • ‘He has received stolen goods and keeps a secret store of them in his den.’
      • ‘Within a year of his return he was sentenced to hard labour at Newcastle for receiving stolen property.’
      • ‘He also admitted receiving stolen goods, having no licence and having no insurance.’
      • ‘He was twice sentenced to jail - once for disorderly conduct and once for receiving stolen property - but each time the sentence was suspended.’
      • ‘Detective Chief Inspector Paul Fountain, of West Yorkshire Police, said it was important to realise receiving stolen goods perpetuated the criminal market.’
      • ‘A former Chiswick man charged with receiving stolen goods from a house in Chiswick and breaking bail conditions appeared at Feltham court last week.’
      • ‘Gibson is charged with receiving stolen property, resisting arrest, firearms violations and drug charges.’
      • ‘But hang on, there is no doubt that he must have either stolen or received them.’
      • ‘Five men, aged between 18 and 22, face multiple charges including burglary, theft, and receiving stolen goods.’
      • ‘He was charged with receiving stolen goods (a Mercedes four wheel drive) on August 3, 2003.’
      • ‘He pleaded guilty to receiving stolen goods, the £89 trainers.’
      • ‘If we buy the land we are receiving stolen goods.’
      • ‘It also was common for the women to offload received stolen goods upon their relatives.’
  • 2Suffer, experience, or be subject to (specified treatment)

    ‘the event received wide press coverage’
    ‘she received only cuts and bruises’
    ‘he received an eight-year prison sentence’
    • ‘He is now out of prison and receiving treatment for alcoholism.’
    • ‘Those investigating the case say they won't rest until the person responsible receives a prison term.’
    • ‘The Church was shocked by the hostile press treatment it received following a campaign to save the home.’
    • ‘Mathematics, traditionally a subject that receives little attention, is gaining popularity among students choosing college courses.’
    • ‘The press coverage the event receives is invaluable, she said, but she suggested the industry also consider the strength of the subliminal message.’
    • ‘Rural and farming life also received more attention, in situ.’
    • ‘The 35-year-old cabbie from Wakefield walked grinning from the city's magistrates court after receiving the fine and a six-month driving ban.’
    • ‘And staff members also receive further training to acquaint them with technological developments.’
    • ‘Even though we have therapies, many people continue to experience pain despite receiving treatment.’
    • ‘News of his sudden death was received with much sadness in his home parish.’
    • ‘Here the inmates received the most dehumanising treatment from warders and other prisoners.’
    • ‘Women who receive prompt treatment appear to suffer no long-term harm from the condition.’
    • ‘After group discussions each person receives coaching on which attitudes need to change to support progress.’
    • ‘As well as suffering from asthma, she is receiving medical treatment for anorexia.’
    • ‘They are also to receive counselling for the emotional effects of their ordeal.’
    • ‘The union said helpline staff had also received more training.’
    • ‘In all countries where such programs are available, a user who has been receiving treatment outside the prison setting can continue doing so inside.’
    • ‘But she was found guilty by a jury at Basildon Crown Court and received a two-year conditional discharge.’
    • ‘People love it, we have only received positive feedback so far.’
    • ‘Soldiers seeking course enrollment must first receive counseling from an Educational Services Specialist.’
    • ‘But he claims the Morans received much better treatment than he ever has from Victoria Police.’
    experience, sustain, undergo, meet with, encounter, go through, be subjected to, come in for
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Respond to (something) in a specified way.
      ‘her first poem was not well received’
      • ‘It's a great idea and hopefully will be received well by all ages, especially the youngsters.’
      • ‘The producers apparently had little idea of how the movie would be received.’
      • ‘Not only was the idea well received, Clinton found that it was his biggest applause line on the stump.’
      • ‘News of her passing was received with regret by her friends in the area.’
      • ‘So far the project, now entering its second year, has been received with enthusiasm.’
      • ‘The news of her death was received with deep and widespread regret throughout the parish.’
      • ‘The introduction of the new bylaws has been received with different reactions.’
      • ‘While you may believe your ideas have been well received, it may only appear that way.’
      • ‘Enthusiastically receiving the rules and given free rein to be as chauvinistic as they like, the five men meet in the pub to think up some new rules of their own.’
      • ‘Although Ohm's work strongly influenced theory, it was received with little enthusiasm.’
      • ‘News of her death was received with much regret in the town.’
      • ‘News of his passing was received with sadness by family members and old neighbours.’
      • ‘Mr Topp came up with the idea but had no idea how it would be received.’
      • ‘Even the Duchy quarterly The Cornish Banner received the book enthusiastically.’
      • ‘It encompasses not only ideas that are favourably received but also those that offend shock or disturb.’
      • ‘Violin solos by Mr Jenkins and solos by other instrumentalists were enthusiastically received.’
      hear, listen to
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2 Meet and have to withstand.
      ‘the landward slopes receive the full force of the wind’
      • ‘For example, each barrier island has a shoreline that faces the sea and receives the full force of waves, tides, and currents.’
      • ‘The outer edge of the reef receives the full force of breaking waves, protecting the inner Australian shoreline.’
      • ‘Richardson, who was on the front seat of the vehicle beside the driver, received the full force of the collision.’
      get, be given, be sent, obtain, acquire, procure, come by, take receipt of
      View synonyms
    3. 2.3 Meet with (a specified response or reaction)
      ‘the rulings have received widespread acceptance’
      • ‘What intrigued me about Florida's current publicity tour is the uncritical adulation his ideas seem to be receiving in much of the Australian media.’
      • ‘It seems to be universal in its appeal judging by the reactions I have received.’
      • ‘Did you ever think the film would receive such a great reaction?’
      • ‘In my first time overseas I am receiving a completely different reaction to my nationality than my seasoned traveller friends told me to expect.’
      • ‘Hopefully now the song will become available to buy in the shops and all going well, at least according to the reaction we have been receiving, it's going to be a massive hit.’
      • ‘The idea has already received support from the people chosen to head the scheme.’
      • ‘I did receive a few positive reactions from mainly Dutch and German managers.’
      • ‘Jane went on to tell of the fabulous reaction Shaylyn received from the people who attended the show.’
      • ‘The idea has received a mostly positive reception at the Forum.’
      • ‘She looked down at her food, embarrassed by the reaction her question had received.’
      • ‘Ms Selby has received a very positive reaction from the vast majority of employers she has encountered.’
      • ‘Plans for the redevelopment of a public house in Chiswick were unveiled last week and received an almost unprecedented reaction.’
      • ‘My mother did know who my father was, but she was too afraid to tell anyone for fear of the reactions she would receive.’
      • ‘The company says that it may well offer both colours in the future, but that it received a better customer reaction from a black and silver finish.’
      • ‘Before making its last performance in Taipei, the university's orchestra and chorus had toured in Taichung and Pingtung, receiving passionate audience responses.’
      • ‘The android looked clearly stunned, not expecting to receive such a reaction from a normally pleasant woman.’
      • ‘The only thing I can ask for is to receive this type of response and enthusiasm with the next story I have planned.’
      • ‘One could see that they liked dancing with each other and that they were very glad that the performance received such a good reaction.’
      • ‘I received some unexpected negative reactions as a result of this language difference.’
      • ‘When he voiced his suspicions to Sandy, he did not expect to receive such a violent reaction.’
      • ‘The press pumps up many, but few receive such widespread public reverence.’
      hear, listen to
      View synonyms
    4. 2.4as adjective received Widely accepted as authoritative or true.
      ‘the myths and received wisdom about the country's past’
      • ‘As we saw in section 5.3.1, the supreme exercise of power exists in received assumptions about what is appropriate.’
      • ‘But then, overdosing on received wisdom and political correctness does tend to result in irony deficiency.’
      • ‘At least New South Wales Premier Bob Carr challenged the received wisdom.’
      • ‘But clearly the received opinion was that they'd rather be seeing the actual band.’
      • ‘Or was this a wry post-modernist conceptual take on our received notions of the picture postcard?’
      • ‘Giotto's place in the history of Western art is more complex than the received tradition allows.’
      • ‘We're programmed to accept this received opinion as the god-honest truth.’
      • ‘In doing so, it re-examines many of the received opinions on the Thatcher years.’
      • ‘Critical ventures should not be bound by received wisdom or apparent common sense.’
      • ‘The same is true of the latest piece of received wisdom, that all our problems would be solved if we adopted the baccalaureate.’
      • ‘To say that they are inferior is to go with received opinion.’
      • ‘Again this suggests the shortcoming of the received approach to these general epistles.’
      • ‘At least, that's the received knowledge, and it's pretty much true.’
      • ‘It fundamentally questioned all of my received notions of what was good about music.’
      • ‘As a matter of fact, I did, but it came as quite a shock to discover that I was just as guilty of accepting received wisdom as fact as the next man.’
      • ‘They appear to leave in their wake both the received theory and prevailing paradigms of the time.’
      • ‘Others, however, will embrace ephemeral educational fashions as the received wisdom.’
      • ‘The author reads them as narratives of resistance to the received wisdom of the health educators.’
      conventional, mainstream, conformist, accepted, approved, received, recognized, correct, proper, established, well established, authorized, authoritative, traditional, traditionalist, prevailing, prevalent, common, popular, customary, usual, normal, regular, standard, canonical, doctrinal, unheretical, conservative, unoriginal, derivative
      View synonyms
  • 3Greet or welcome (a visitor) formally.

    ‘representatives of the club will be received by the Mayor’
    • ‘I went to receive him at the airport as he was visiting the town for a lecture.’
    • ‘Heads of State on official visits to France, mayors of major cities and prominent figures are received at the City Hall by the Mayor and the Council of Paris.’
    • ‘On his recent visit to New Zealand, he was received by our government officials.’
    • ‘Not until 1600 did Elizabeth consent to receive him at court.’
    greet, welcome, say hello to, show in, usher in, admit, let in
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 Be visited by.
      ‘she was not allowed to receive visitors’
      • ‘She described the large house, trimmed hedges, her uniform, and the mother who dressed elegantly to receive and visit friends for lunch.’
      • ‘Pierre noted that St Lucia receives some 700,000 visitors a year and it is important to produce goods visitors can enjoy.’
      • ‘It receives some 800 visitors a day all year round.’
      • ‘She has lost contact with her family and receives no other visitors.’
      • ‘She loved people and she was always most welcoming in receiving visitors into our home.’
      entertain, be at home to
      View synonyms
    2. 3.2 Admit as a member.
      ‘hundreds of converts were received into the Church’
      • ‘According to Catholic custom, they receive a special name and are received into the Church.’
      • ‘With Newman's guidance, he was received into the Roman Catholic Church in 1866.’
      • ‘Those who are to be received into the communion of the Church of England stand before the president to make this declaration.’
      • ‘After she recovered, she was received into the Catholic Church.’
  • 4Form (an idea or impression) as a result of perception or experience.

    ‘the impression she received was one of unhurried leisure’
    • ‘The impressions one receives are of the weariness of a traveler who must convince himself by convincing others that what he has seen and experienced is as real as his own skin.’
    • ‘We receive the impression that belief in the existence of God is based entirely upon these proofs.’
    • ‘Of course the impression the observer receives from a photograph is, in the final analysis, always subjective.’
    • ‘It can only generate new ideas by receiving new impressions.’
    • ‘This is why I only have to open my eyes and paint the impressions that I receive.’
    • ‘In the stimulus-drawing approach, the images take the place of words as the source for receiving and expressing ideas.’
    • ‘I would like to record some initial impressions I received from the encounter.’
    • ‘Simple things should not be ignored, such as the first impression you receive when entering the agent's office.’
    • ‘He concentrated, focusing his thoughts on the strange impressions he was receiving.’
    • ‘The eye receives an impression in a very minute fraction of a second.’
    • ‘That is certainly the impression one receives from the memoir of Gustave Folcher.’
  • 5Detect or pick up (broadcast signals)

    ‘Turkish television began to be received in Tashkent’
    • ‘Current and future Sky subscribers will continue to receive all BBC services.’
    • ‘Current and future Sky subscribers will still be able to receive all the BBC's services.’
    • ‘As transmitters are switched on and new areas receive BBC digital radio broadcasts the postcode checker on the website will also be updated.’
    • ‘A closer look reveals unusual devices on its roof - satellite antennas to receive signals from space.’
    • ‘There are four ways to receive a digital television broadcast.’
    • ‘Receivers in aircraft or helicopters will typically be able to receive the signals at distances up to about five miles.’
    • ‘In a few years, PDAs will probably be able to function as televisions by receiving terrestrial digital signals, says Hinze.’
    • ‘Scares about mobile phones have centred on two areas - the handsets and the base stations, whose antennae receive and broadcast signals.’
    • ‘These systems work by comparing time signals received from different satellites.’
    • ‘Listeners will continue to receive BBC World Service programmes in English from 21.00 to 05.00.’
    • ‘Listeners will also be able to receive the BBC local service, Radio Devon, which is already available on DAB.’
    • ‘There is a minute electrical current induced in the antenna by the radio signal it receives.’
    • ‘Some handsets are available that can receive free analog terrestrial broadcasts but these pictures tend to break up when transmitted to a moving device.’
    • ‘A station on the earth's surface sends the signal to the satellite, which receives the signal and rebroadcasts it to other places on the earth.’
    • ‘Many African countries still do not have universal radio or TV services capable of being received in all parts by all people.’
    • ‘There are now estimated to be 10 million homes in the UK which can receive all of the BBC's digital services.’
    • ‘For a fee private subscribers could also be hooked up to receive the time signal.’
    • ‘Listeners will continue to receive a further 15 hours of programming in Arabic on both frequencies.’
    • ‘Listeners will need a DAB digital radio to receive the BBC's digital radio broadcasts.’
    • ‘Kagan had already been there, and the screen showed the list of navigation buoys whose signals they were receiving and their approximate distances.’
  • 6Serve as a receptacle for.

    ‘the basin that receives your blood’
    • ‘The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, holding, carrying, or delivering anything.’
    • ‘Each tube received an aliquot of 100 ml of sodium fluoride solution (20 mg/l) and was sealed and shaken in a bath maintained at 298 K for 3 hours.’
    1. 6.1 Provide space or accommodations for.
      ‘three lines are reserved for special vehicles, and the remaining lines receive the general rolling stock’
      • ‘A second connector housing is provided for receiving a second optical fiber plug.’
      • ‘The front of the housing is open, while the rear of the housing has a rear wall with a slot that receives the contact unit.’
      accommodate, lodge, take in, put up, house, billet, quarter, harbour, provide shelter for, shelter, give a bed to, give someone a roof over their head, make room for, give accommodation to
      View synonyms
  • 7(in tennis and similar games) be the player to whom the server serves (the ball)

    • ‘Unlike other racquet sports like squash or racquetball, in tennis, a point can be made by the server or by the player receiving the serve.’
    • ‘Their opponent stands diagonally opposite, ready to receive the ball.’
    • ‘In also receiving the ball, a tennis player, in order to return the ball effectively, must ascertain the type of spin which has been imparted to the ball so as to be able to compensate in the return stroke for the spin or rotation of the ball in flight during trajectory.’
    • ‘The player served to is the only player allowed to receive the serve.’
  • 8(in Christian services) eat or drink (the Eucharistic bread or wine)

    ‘he received Communion and left’
    • ‘So why should openly pro-choice politicians get to receive Jesus in the sacrament of Holy Communion?’
    • ‘He had ignited a controversy over the Eucharist, claiming the right for the laity to receive both the bread and the wine at Mass.’
    • ‘But we must recall that in approaching the altar we receive our Lord, body and blood, soul and divinity.’
    • ‘It also states that as the two churches share the same beliefs about the presence of Christ in communion, Anglicans should not be excluded from receiving the Roman Eucharist.’
    • ‘Ten percent said ‘you are receiving bread and wine, in which Jesus is really and truly present.’’

Phrases

  • be at (or on) the receiving end

    • 1informal Be the person to whom a telephone call is made.

      • ‘Those that have been on the receiving end of calls say the scam is being performed very professionally.’
      1. 1.1Be subjected to something unpleasant.
        ‘she found herself on the receiving end of a good deal of teasing’
        • ‘As somebody who has been at the receiving end of a libel writ, I am acutely aware of the costly and time-consuming nature of libel trials.’
        • ‘They are just plain bad and unluckily, we were at the receiving end.’
        • ‘I was at the receiving end of vicious bullying by individuals and groups, and it screwed me up big time.’
        • ‘But for women who have been at the receiving end of sexual harassment in the work place, it is enough to shatter their sense of self.’
        • ‘But I also know that if I wasn't a white male who has never been at the receiving end of racism I might see it differently.’
        • ‘And we've been at the receiving end of $62 million worth of attacks.’
        • ‘At these times, he could pretend that Dr. Morris, or even General Powell was at the receiving end of his blows, taking everything he'd always wanted to give them.’
        • ‘We can hope that having been at the receiving end of a lot of human rights violations, they'll know first hand the value of respecting those human rights.’
        • ‘Most of us have been at the receiving end of an injustice at some time in our lives.’
        • ‘Mr Ahern's Government was at the receiving end of the fiercest broadside from Sinn Féin since the Good Friday Agreement.’

Origin

Middle English: from Anglo-Norman French receivre, based on Latin recipere, from re- ‘back’ + capere ‘take’.

Pronunciation

receive

/rəˈsēv//rəˈsiv/