Definition of reality in English:

reality

noun

  • 1The world or the state of things as they actually exist, as opposed to an idealistic or notional idea of them.

    ‘he refuses to face reality’
    ‘Laura was losing touch with reality’
    • ‘But for him, history was still the history of ideas, reality was secondary.’
    • ‘Unfortunately though, this only seems to be a good idea, instead of reality.’
    • ‘It happens in stock markets when they lose touch with reality.’
    • ‘It has kept all of us in touch with reality as it exists in Tokyo and Japan along with a better understanding of what Tokyo and Japan are all about.’
    • ‘In a play that makes play with ideas about art and reality, one of the more stimulating paradoxes occurred offstage.’
    • ‘She said that the students are slowly losing touch with reality.’
    • ‘It is so easy for prime ministers to lose touch with reality.’
    • ‘In reality Maddy had no idea if he'd actually slept with her, but it wasn't her business to ask or even know.’
    • ‘But this new theology is vulnerable because it has long since lost any touch with reality.’
    • ‘You see, a long time ago, some academic came up with the idea that reality doesn't actually exist.’
    • ‘I started perceiving the world in terms of wishes as opposed to reality.’
    • ‘Although it sounds glamorous and fun, Caldwell says there is a danger you can lose touch with reality.’
    • ‘Recognition and acceptance of truth and reality replaces false ideas.’
    • ‘Will a love of knowledge and the written word lead to me lose touch with reality and normal society and decide that there is no longer any need for me to wash?’
    • ‘For many though, the idea of getting beyond reality is not such a scary prospect.’
    • ‘It was clear to me that I would soon lose touch with reality unless I did something that mattered.’
    • ‘The above is one development of the idea that reality is socially constructed.’
    • ‘Such details spice up the account of a wartime dictator losing touch with reality.’
    • ‘No other nation has ever been quite so obsessed by defining what it is, or troubled by the idea that reality might not measure up to the ideal.’
    • ‘One of our biggest problems is perception as opposed to reality.’
    the real world, real life, actuality
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A thing that is actually experienced or seen, especially when this is grim or problematic.
      ‘the harsh realities of life in a farming community’
      ‘the law ignores the reality of the situation’
      • ‘Anywhere outside you will experience the reality of traffic going forwards - in quantity, at speed.’
      • ‘We have met before and the reality of personal experience is very different.’
      • ‘Soon experience told them to look at the realities of life and how the laws of nature work.’
      • ‘The reality of her mother dying sank in deep as she saw the look of fear in her mother's eyes.’
      • ‘None has been so determined to finesse the difficult realities of the post-cold war world.’
      • ‘Some of these children have their own first-hand experience of the realities of war.’
      • ‘But when image is your concern, the unpleasant realities of war present big problems.’
      • ‘I have no problem with teaching our children the realities of life and war in the past.’
      • ‘I had been invited to experience the reality of front line policing in the town by joining the Swindon response team for the night.’
      • ‘The reality of motherhood is trainers, a fleece, a worry list and a mobile phone.’
      • ‘The reality of this truth was manifested at the last election.’
      • ‘It is clear that that may be difficult to enforce against the realities of everyday domestic life.’
      • ‘It wants to make sure it cannot actually focus on the realities of family life.’
      • ‘The above point reflects a deep tendency in Western societies to deny the reality of life as a biological reality.’
      • ‘This language is so personal that the reader cannot be drawn to the reality of the experience.’
      • ‘No one on this campus wants to diminish the reality of the horrible experience of sexual assault.’
      • ‘This is part of the reality of women's experience in today's Ireland.’
      • ‘When faced with the reality of these experiences, part of the problem is doubt as to whether they are real or imagined.’
      • ‘The reality of the child's early experience may or may not be known.’
      • ‘When a big issue is on, do we want someone who might be prepared to fudge the realities of truth in order to meet his or her own ends?’
      fact, actuality, truth, verity
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A thing that exists in fact, having previously only existed in one's mind.
      ‘the paperless office may yet become a reality’
      • ‘Economic unification is still a dream, not a reality.’
      • ‘This fear thankfully has not become a reality, in fact trade in this area is up.’
      • ‘Thomas Watson's dream became a reality when he bestowed a magnificent gift on the town by giving Howard House to be site for the new hospital.’
      • ‘A disagreement in private is a division in theory - once exposed in public it becomes a reality, a fact to which others are compelled to respond.’
      • ‘Iran were safely accounted for and the dream became a reality.’
      • ‘Lia shivered at the chill in the air and at the fact that her dream might become a reality.’
      • ‘But it took nearly thirty years to make that dream a reality.’
      • ‘Both men also had a special word of gratitude for all those who willingly gave so much of their free time over the years to help the complex dream to become a reality.’
      • ‘To date, broadband is rolling out faster in Ireland than in any other country in Europe, so perhaps this dream could become a reality.’
      • ‘But a York research team is at the forefront of a project which aims to make this previously far-fetched dream a reality.’
      • ‘She had always wanted to be a nurse and turned her childhood dream into a reality when she signed up for nurse training at Leicester Hospital 13 years ago.’
      • ‘When we were Middlesex teammates, he vowed that he wanted to play for England, and he was ready to listen, learn and put in the hard work to turn his dreams into a reality.’
      • ‘Young skaters in Solva had also worked hard to try to make their dream a reality, raising over £5,000 to help finance the scheme.’
      • ‘The legislation to make co-housing a reality in Sydney already exists in the form of the Community Titles Act.’
      • ‘It was left to the Bentham community to raise a further £10,000 in matched funding to prove its commitment and make the dream a reality.’
      • ‘You strive to make the ideal in your mind become a reality on the canvas of Time.’
      • ‘You guys have turned an old man's dream into a reality; in fact, you've made history.’
      • ‘Champagne wishes and caviar dreams became a reality onboard the Concorde.’
      • ‘THE UK is a nation of aspiring entrepreneurs, but nearly half have no clue as to how to make their dream a reality, according to research.’
      • ‘However, many barriers exist for exotic dancers to make their dreams a reality.’
    3. 1.3 The quality of being lifelike or resembling an original.
      ‘the reality of Marryat's detail’
      • ‘Harsh reality is created with striking clarity throughout the collection, leaving the reader both awed and dismayed.’
      • ‘All of that combines to work against the sense of immersion and reality created by the graphics and large gameworld.’
      • ‘Only when films regain the sparks of creativity, originality and reality, will we see crowds in cinema halls again.’
      • ‘He loved acting and the people that were in it and that could produce and create moments of great reality.’
      verisimilitude, authenticity, realism, fidelity, faithfulness
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4as modifier Relating to reality TV.
      ‘a reality show’
      • ‘And they said, how would you like to host the first reality television program?’
      • ‘The irony is that a reality television programme made headlines for becoming just a little too real, a little too authentic.’
      • ‘Within the reality television genre itself, new strains and amalgamations have emerged.’
      • ‘If networks run out of ideas for reality shows before the viewers get sick of them, then they'll return to a scripted program format.’
      • ‘Think of all the reality television shows where most confrontations are between the men.’
      • ‘Bear in mind, though, that premium rate numbers are also used legitimately for chat lines and for voting on some popular reality television shows.’
      • ‘But it is this producer who takes the programme beyond the usual reality television dross.’
      • ‘The show explores the 15 minutes of fame bestowed on the participants of reality television.’
      • ‘There can be no doubt that the reality television format is producing increased corporate earnings.’
      • ‘Channel Five's reality television extravaganza is back on our telly screens.’
      • ‘I am sure it will prove to be another one of the more quality reality shows out there.’
      • ‘This is the original reality television; people are being killed, young men are putting their lives at risk to defend what they believe in.’
      • ‘Would you watch a reality television show based around a celebrity footballer?’
      • ‘It only goes to show how wrong your perceptions can be, even given all the advantages of the reality television format.’
      • ‘It is no use complaining about reality television on the grounds that it's too real.’
      • ‘This is real reality television, because it could actually really happen to you!’
      • ‘But this is no gameshow - this is not gratuitous reality television.’
      • ‘That is very different from reality television or commercial porn sites, where the machines are owned and steered by a company.’
      • ‘Unlike more infamous reality television programming, there are no contests to play, no prizes to be won.’
      • ‘Walsh is determined to distance the group from its reality TV-based roots.’
  • 2The state or quality of having existence or substance.

    ‘youth, when death has no reality’
    • ‘In those cases the House in effect decided that the substance or reality of the composite transactions was to be considered free of any artificial steps.’
    • ‘Is there reality without observation, existence without consciousness?’
    • ‘It's when we pretend that the mirage is reality that we create a dangerous situation, one that everyone knows is there but no one will talk about.’
    • ‘It was emphasised once again that it was the function of the courts to determine the true nature of the substance and reality of the transaction.’
    • ‘A film is a highly manipulative exercise using sound, image and time to create the illusion of reality.’
    • ‘In both films, there is the savage horror of brief, brutal bursts of carnage; the quivering fear of death; the grim reality of war.’
    • ‘One of them is childhood sexuality; another is recognition of the physical reality of death.’
    • ‘It is a hollow, empty show, utterly devoid of substance and reality.’
    • ‘All these elements help hide the very manufactured TV show, which seems to lack any substance of reality.’
    • ‘This is the premise upon which the revenue claim the high ground of substance and reality.’
    • ‘I know, because I've witnessed the stunning reality of daily existence in the North.’
    • ‘This statement on creating emotional reality affords me the opportunity I've been looking for.’
    • ‘There is a quality of immediacy and reality in what writing is taken to be.’
    • ‘One cannot ignore the enormous influence of advertising and media in creating reality in this era.’
    • ‘Rather it will remain as an empty shell of formal jurisdiction, without any substantive reality.’
    • ‘Not only that, the filmmakers created a provocative action film that ponders the essence of reality and identity.’
    • ‘It purifies our thoughts that we might know that God is the Source and Substance of all reality.’
    • ‘However what will be decisive will be the substance and reality of the language creating the offence rather than its form.’
    • ‘Kunzru is unable to give his India any sense of substance or reality, trading instead in cliché and stereotype.’
    • ‘When survivor stories are told, history moves from mythic quality to reality.’
    1. 2.1Philosophy Existence that is absolute, self-sufficient, or objective, and not subject to human decisions or conventions.
      • ‘No, I'm saying there is no ultimate reality, no objective existence, no ontology at all.’
      • ‘We accept a parallel subordination of subjective appearance to objective reality in other areas.’
      • ‘It appears to suggest that some kind of moral objective reality is necessary for ethical functioning.’
      • ‘It is again the same end effect, but the perspective is fundamentally different as it is based upon a subjective rather than objective reality.’
      • ‘Language for these philosophers is not a transparent window into a universal, objective reality.’

Phrases

  • in reality

    • In actual fact (used to contrast a false idea of what is true or possible with one that is more accurate)

      ‘she had believed she could control these feelings, but in reality that was not so easy’
      • ‘We like to think our media are free, but in reality they often dance to another's tune.’
      • ‘In fact, in reality, the cottage's location turned out to be even better than that!’
      • ‘Interest rates appear to be more affordable than at any previous time, but in reality they are very high.’
      • ‘I appreciate that many people go to the movies to escape reality, but in reality there is no escape.’
      • ‘He may be amused by the idea but in reality it would never suit a man with such unabashed ambition.’
      • ‘They seem so remote, although in reality civilisation is never very far away.’
      • ‘Initially they may seem excellent to admire but, in reality, some can be of very dubious quality.’
      • ‘While this might appear to be a dispute about a material fact, in reality it is not.’
      • ‘It is tempting to suggest nothing has changed, but in reality everything has.’
      • ‘Everyone has their fantasies but in reality very few men actually fulfill them.’
      in fact, in actual fact, in point of fact, as a matter of fact, actually, really, in truth, if truth be told
      View synonyms
  • the reality is —

    • Used to assert that the truth of a matter is not what one would think or expect.

      ‘the popular view of the Dobermann is of an aggressive guard dog—the reality is very different’
      • ‘While everyone in the policy world is talking about the rising problem of racism, the reality is almost the opposite.’
      • ‘Well, the reality is if you are an experienced buyer you will always get what you want at a competitive price.’
      • ‘We should not be giving special treatment to someone purely on the strength of their spending power but the reality is that we have to.’
      • ‘Three and a half years after the promises, the reality is that one in nine people now work more than 60 hours every week.’
      • ‘But the system is far from fallible and the reality is somewhat disgusting.’
      • ‘On the other hand, the reality is that Japan simply cannot afford such an expensive gamble.’
      • ‘Some people expect it to be dynamic and aggressive but the reality is that it's slow.’
      • ‘It does not matter when it was; the reality is that that was what was in place.’
      • ‘Maybe people are suspicious of me, but the reality is that I'm spending most of my time looking at how we make the club game work.’
      • ‘But the reality is that in a competitive world people seek out the brands.’

Origin

Late 15th century: via French from medieval Latin realitas, from late Latin realis ‘relating to things’ (see real).

Pronunciation

reality

/rēˈalədē//riˈælədi/