Definition of Reading in English:


proper noun

  • 1A town in southern England, on the Kennet River near its junction with the Thames River; population 142,300 (est. 2009)

  • 2An industrial and commercial city in southeastern Pennsylvania, on the Schuylkill River; population 80,506 (est. 2008)

Definition of reading in English:



  • 1The action or skill of reading written or printed matter silently or aloud.

    ‘suggestions for further reading’
    ‘the reading of a will’
    [as modifier] ‘reading skills’
    ‘a cursory reading of the minutes’
    • ‘And reading is a skill just like playing tennis, or playing rugby or playing the piano.’
    • ‘The test covers the skills of reading, writing, listening and speaking.’
    • ‘One in ten pupils are leaving school in the Blackburn and Darwen area without basic reading and writing skills.’
    • ‘A child with a learning disability may have goals in the areas of improving reading and math skills.’
    • ‘And did you find that your reading and writing skills improved once you came here?’
    • ‘This will be followed rapidly by early reading and counting skills.’
    • ‘As an academic I would argue that reading is one of the most basic skills needed to achieve academically.’
    • ‘A country of ten-year-olds should concentrate on their reading and comprehension skills.’
    • ‘More than just reading skills are impaired, you can count on it.’
    • ‘He has courageously promised to drive up student test scores in core skills such as reading and math.’
    • ‘The acquisition of reading and writing skills was a socially selective process.’
    • ‘Tutored children were assessed on several measures of basic reading and spelling skills.’
    • ‘Like many of their colleagues, they say the centre has greatly improved their reading and writing skills.’
    • ‘The perception of irony reveals the gap between narrative memory and linear reading.’
    • ‘It seems that the brain takes sides in promoting the skills necessary for proficient reading.’
    • ‘Paired reading can improve language skills as well as help motivate students to read on their own.’
    • ‘Something else Seamus discovered was the lack of basic reading and writing skills among the prison population.’
    • ‘This necessitates somewhat cursory reading at times and I don't catch everything.’
    • ‘His reading and writing skills have also dramatically changed.’
    • ‘The teens were hampered by poor reading and research skills and were more prone to leave a site after encountering difficulties.’
    perusal, study, scan, scanning, scrutiny
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Written or printed matter that can be read.
      ‘his main reading was detective stories’
      ‘his file certainly makes interesting reading’
      • ‘His books are not easy reading; he saw writing as a form of action, paragraphs as a hail of bullets.’
      • ‘To promote the transition from dictionary articles to such further reading is no mean achievement.’
      • ‘This makes fascinating reading, at least for a biologist like myself with a different specialisation from theirs.’
      • ‘These full accounts of her extraordinary career make fascinating and inspiring reading.’
      • ‘The music is exhilaratingly presented; detailed liner notes make excellent reading.’
      • ‘An outsider's account of the machinations involved makes fascinating reading.’
      • ‘Also on that page is some fascinating reading about how earthquakes prove that the Earth is hollow.’
      • ‘This fine set of essays is very good reading as we head into the presidential elections.’
      • ‘It's not like they're books someone would normally want to read for light reading!’
      • ‘Your CV on the Department of Education's website makes for fascinating reading.’
      • ‘Maybe their map reading or compass reading is not very good.’
      • ‘In fact, most of the letters make depressing reading, so I'll move on!’
      • ‘Personal insults aside, it makes for fascinating reading - do peruse it, if you've got time.’
      • ‘These biographies make fascinating reading filled with personal memories.’
      • ‘Early works covering Norfolk ornithology make fascinating reading.’
      • ‘Other people do, and sometimes they make fascinating reading.’
      • ‘Coursework aims at the development of technical and conceptual skills through readings, homework, group projects, and lectures.’
      • ‘A quick trawl through the record books makes depressing reading.’
      • ‘The diary entries and letters in this collection make for fascinating reading.’
      • ‘He can read only functional reading, he can read train stops, things like that.’
    2. 1.2[usually with adjective]Knowledge of literature.
      ‘a man of wide reading’
      • ‘The role of wide reading and the centrality of LITERATURE in language development were also emphasized.’
      • ‘Inevitably this book is a work of synthesis based on wide reading in secondary sources.’
      • ‘He combines this collective biography with extensive reading of the popular literature.’
      • ‘It is very very uncommon for me to be in the company of people who seem to be educated and who have knowledge due to their reading and gatherings.’
      • ‘The book is peppered with numerous brief illustrations drawn from the author's experience and wide reading.’
      • ‘Their thinking cannot be based on wide reading or a deep and sustained engagement with issues.’
      • ‘By avid reading of the literature, I already knew half of the material, so I excelled.’
      • ‘This is a very good book, in which Mr Ackroyd deploys his enormously wide reading to great effect.’
      • ‘Caldwell's book is based on wide reading, but I did note a few errors.’
      • ‘These are the fruit of her intense and wide reading in primary literature.’
      • ‘Yet it is no surprise that the man who emerges in these pages should be so broadly intelligent, with a wide reading and knowledge of the arts.’
      • ‘Much of what Orme tells us is familiar, though he brings the fruits of very wide reading to enrich the discourse.’
      • ‘It is my firm belief, based on experience and fairly wide reading, that they are wrong.’
      • ‘His book is based on wide reading, numerous interviews, and extensive archival research.’
      • ‘Flanagan supplemented his history classes at high school with a considerable amount of wide reading.’
      • ‘This notion he argues with great verve, based on extensive reading in original literature.’
      learning, book learning, scholarship, education, erudition
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3An occasion at which poetry or other pieces of literature are read aloud to an audience.
      • ‘One afternoon was filled with poetry readings, theatrical performances and dance numbers.’
      • ‘As in most areas of show business, the audience for readings is as important as the performer.’
      • ‘When I do a public reading I often swap words around from how they appear on the page.’
      • ‘There were other events there on the weekdays, such as poetry readings and open mic nights.’
      • ‘The singer showed off the book's colourful illustrations to the youngsters, but ended her reading after five minutes.’
      • ‘These include poetry readings, concerts of romantic music, films, street theatre and special masses at St Valentine's church for engaged couples and wedding anniversaries.’
      • ‘Poetry readings cannot help being a little self-conscious, and the audience's guffaws seemed a rather apt reflection upon the event.’
      • ‘These stories cast an enduring spell on Clarke, who will appear in Seattle for two readings this week.’
      • ‘As a result, the museum decided to improve amenities such as the store and restaurant, and to host events including poetry readings, recitals, and concerts.’
      • ‘We arrived in Manhattan two days before the ceremony for some readings and other promotional appearances.’
      • ‘They also gained wider audiences through public readings in both poetry and prose.’
      • ‘Have you ever gotten up in front of a crowd for anything like karaoke, poetry readings, or open-mic stand-up comedy?’
      • ‘They assured us we had caused no problem and continued to tell us about their open-mic nights for poetry readings every Monday.’
      • ‘Other events will include a Victorian picnic cricket match, concerts and poetry readings, horse-drawn carriage rides, guided walks and a rowing club regatta.’
      • ‘Kathleen Jamie is the latest in a line of present-day poets who are attracting large audiences to the Grasmere readings.’
      • ‘My best friend Larry and I were attending weekly open mic poetry readings at one of the local watering holes.’
      • ‘She was an accomplished reader of her own verse, and found a new young audience at the poetry readings which flourished in the 1960s.’
      • ‘One of the reasons his novel had been such a hit was because he had appeared at several readings during Jewish Book Month.’
      • ‘But over the past twenty years there has been a fundamental change in the role poetry readings play in literary culture.’
      • ‘The poetry readings, lunchtime concerts, museum exhibits and jam sessions add to this week of swing in the spring.’
      • ‘A collection of poetry readings read to a background of traditional Irish airs and classical music was launched in Sligo last week.’
      • ‘All fifteen will then read from their work at an open public reading at 3pm.’
      • ‘Hence, perhaps, her later insistence on singing to the captive audiences at her poetry readings.’
      • ‘The scholarship provides free entry to all lectures, poetry readings, exhibitions and concerts during the week of the Summer School.’
    4. 1.4A piece of literature or passage of scripture read aloud to a group of people.
      ‘readings from the Bible’
      • ‘There was seven weeks of Scripture readings and the children showed a genuine interest and appreciation towards the course.’
      • ‘After breakfast, there are readings of scripture and meditation and after that each embarks on the chore which he has been given responsibility for.’
      • ‘In addition to the seven devotions, the CD has Scripture readings, prayers, hymns and church information.’
      • ‘Today, I need to put aside the Scripture readings appointed for today.’
      • ‘This story never appears in our church's assigned cycle of Sunday readings.’
      • ‘The combined choirs will sing the traditional carols of the Christmas season and in addition there will be readings from Sacred Scripture.’
      • ‘Fr. Walsh also spoke of the high regard in which she was held within the family circle and this was clearly reflected in the readings at Mass by her young relatives.’
      • ‘I have often read these words from my book at public readings, but now I am no longer the author reading them.’
      • ‘There are many ways, but today let's focus on two, both of which are related to the Scripture readings we will hear at Mass.’
      • ‘There the famous chants are sung, interspersed with Scripture readings and periods of silence.’
      • ‘Each service includes short scripture readings, petitions regarding mourning, suggestions for reflection, and room for journaling.’
      • ‘After the Gospel is read, the priest delivers a homily based on the Scripture readings.’
      • ‘In this short reading, Dempster read five of his poems from his recent book.’
      • ‘This week's scripture readings clearly chart the Epiphany theme, that of Jesus drawing all of humanity into a living relationship with God.’
      • ‘Over the next hour or so, speeches and waiata, a reading and another prayer revisit the same themes.’
      • ‘Ken and Mary recited the readings from scripture with real feeling.’
      • ‘This makes the course particularly appropriate for people who do the Scripture readings in their local church.’
      • ‘Both will respond to activities such as poetry read aloud, choral readings with repetitious phrasing, and intentional changes of voice.’
      • ‘This year's service was without a sermon, but the prayers and scripture readings provided all the spiritual inspiration required.’
      • ‘Services could include requested pieces of music, readings or poetry, and range from being simple, quiet affairs to New Orleans-style funerals complete with jazz band.’
      passage, lesson
      View synonyms
  • 2An interpretation.

    ‘feminist readings of Goethe’
    ‘his reading of the situation was justified’
    • ‘An honest reading of the document shows that the Vatican is simply banning gays.’
    • ‘On an absolutely literal reading, your Lordships' liberty to apply does not apply to past expenses if there are future expenses.’
    • ‘A more literal reading relates us directly to the pattern of the cosmos, with its insistence on the separation of categories.’
    • ‘I do not wish to suggest that our reading of these narratives can be closed or definitive.’
    • ‘Some people sneer at a metaphorical reading of scripture and Tolkien himself was opposed to allegory as a rhetorical form.’
    • ‘How your own perceptions color your reading of those comments may be another story.’
    • ‘It also means that everyone's experience of the book will be different - the order in which the stories are read will change readings of the book as a whole significantly.’
    • ‘The article gives an intriguing and powerfully written reading of the ironic positioning of such films.’
    • ‘Perhaps readers will disagree with the Professor's comparative reading.’
    • ‘A close reading of the document suggests, however, that the threat has been exaggerated.’
    • ‘That view is a tendentious reading of the legal materials, as a quick glance at Article I reveals.’
    • ‘That's an utterly inaccurate reading of the great documents of the founding of this nation.’
    • ‘In Nina's case, however, a literal reading would have given any security man grounds for anxiety.’
    • ‘This is a pure absurdity, as any fair reading of the pages we have devoted to such matters can demonstrate.’
    • ‘However, I also think that a careful reading of the document shows the bishops were not saying this.’
    • ‘He isn't as fast as Cole, but has tremendous skill and reading of the game.’
    • ‘Also, a naive reading would imagine that this knowledge on the fringe is the easiest to change.’
    • ‘McLeish believes it is the combination of strength, skill and also his reading of the game which makes him so difficult to play against.’
    • ‘So this will hopefully prepare for a more sympathetic reading of the translated article below.’
    • ‘It won't be a perfect fit, any more than modern feminist readings of the Bible are a perfect fit, but it will do for the time being.’
    interpretation, construal, understanding, account, explanation, analysis, Construction
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  • 3A figure or amount shown by a meter or other measuring instrument.

    ‘radiation readings were taken every hour’
    • ‘To reduce measurement error, this instrument takes three readings and computes an average.’
    • ‘You are told to beware of persons coming to your house under the pretext of selling or repairing things, conducting meter readings, etc.’
    • ‘He appeared to be drunk and a breath test gave a reading of 125 micrograms of alcohol in 100 millilitres of breath.’
    • ‘Knob positions and meter readings are easily seen from a distance.’
    • ‘The variant readings have been reduced to seven, each of which is regarded as equally valid.’
    • ‘The instant new information is entered, the appropriate dashboard readings are updated companywide.’
    • ‘We will also be offering to provide quarterly meter readings.’
    • ‘It had been a year, and the meters were giving normal readings across the board for air quality and temperature.’
    • ‘The data to be traded includes numerical instrument readings, high-resolution x-rays, and audio/video discussions.’
    • ‘Whichever type of thermometer you choose, be sure you know how to use it correctly to get an accurate reading.’
    • ‘Distances still refer to yards or miles, weights are in pounds and ounces, and temperature readings are in Fahrenheit.’
    • ‘Lavelle gave a blood sample at the scene which gave a reading of 188.The legal limit is 80.’
    • ‘The readings we measure therefore reflect upper torso movement.’
    • ‘Even frequent meter readings provided information about energy use after the fact, not allowing actions to be taken to reduce energy use or energy demand.’
    • ‘The bottom figure, the diastolic reading, is the pressure when your heart is filling (diastole).’
    • ‘This appears to be the message from the first opinion poll readings since hostilities broke out.’
    • ‘If there is a large discrepancy between the water meter readings and the amount of water shown on the bill, a specialist is sent to investigate the problem.’
    • ‘Fig. 11 indicated that the clip gauge transducer produced a linear relationship between the diameter change and the strain meter readings.’
    • ‘It is evident from different reports that many of the meters are giving erratic readings.’
    • ‘There will still be a 10-15 per cent variation between readings on meters and lab values.’
    record, figure, indication, read-out, display, measurement
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  • 4A stage of debate in a parliament through which a bill must pass before it can become law.

    ‘the bill returns to the House for its final reading next week’
    • ‘The Green Party supports this bill and will do so through to the final reading.’
    • ‘On Friday, the Hong Kong Bar Association said it deplores any decision to resume the final readings of the bill next Wednesday.’
    • ‘The bylaw passed three readings and needs final adoption by council in likely a couple of weeks before becoming enforceable.’
    • ‘By 316 votes to 311, the government's education bill passed its second reading in parliament.’
    • ‘He said he expects the Bill to have a bumpy ride as it goes through further readings and committee stages.’
    • ‘I have not spoken during the previous readings of the bill, because I wanted to hear all sides and to come to a considered decision.’
    • ‘Heavyweight hitters went down swinging against federal Bill C - 2, which had its final readings in the Senate this week.’
    • ‘This bill still awaits the final reading and approval by Parliament.’
    • ‘Rather than go through lengthy readings and committee stages, the laws would be a voted on in both houses of parliament after a 90-minute debate.’
    • ‘Tung's sudden change of position came after the business-oriented Liberal Party refused to back the bill's final readings at the legislature Wednesday.’
    • ‘Once that has been done, council can choose to add the smoke-free question to the fall election ballot instead of passing the bylaw on final readings.’
    • ‘Mr Robson's bill passed its first reading in Parliament 78 votes to 41.’
    • ‘If MPs approve the bill at its third and final reading in Parliament next week it will be passed for Royal Assent and become law.’
    • ‘I am happy to be here to support the third reading of this bill.’
    • ‘It is with pleasure that I stand in the House to speak to the final reading of this bill.’
    • ‘Parliament approved their final reading on April 3 after much controversy.’
    • ‘It must pass two more readings in coming weeks before it is final.’
    • ‘Come the final readings of these bills, the Government flip-flops.’
    • ‘All the ministers, as well as the Financial Secretary, spoke in supporting the need for the bill, which received its three readings and finally passed unopposed.’
    • ‘Indeed, only a provision of the rules which interprets an abstention as a vote in favour in the event of a tie saw the bill past its final reading.’