Definition of raw in English:



  • 1(of food) uncooked.

    ‘raw eggs’
    ‘salsify can be eaten raw in salads or cooked’
    • ‘Both dishes were marvellous; fine raw ingredients cooked to juicy, succulent perfection and allowed to stand for themselves without the need for endless sauces and marinades.’
    • ‘To avoid illness, travellers are advised not to eat shellfish or raw foods such as salad that have been washed in unboiled or unclean water.’
    • ‘She stood there in flip-flops and an orange silk blouse, cooking soy-sauced strips of raw beef.’
    • ‘Do not eat foods with raw or undercooked eggs, such as Caesar salad and raw cookie dough, or drink eggnog.’
    • ‘Our mothers cooked real food from raw ingredients, making magical meals out of very little.’
    • ‘Pregnant women should avoid foods made with raw or partially cooked eggs, like egg nog and hollandaise sauce.’
    • ‘Hands should also be washed frequently while preparing foods, especially between handling raw and cooked food.’
    • ‘Perishable food, such as raw or cooked meat and poultry, must be kept cold or frozen at the store and at home.’
    • ‘Keep raw and cooked foods separate and use different plates and utensils for them.’
    • ‘Place cooked meats and raw items for the barbecue, as well as items more likely to be used last, on the bottom of the cooler close to the cooling source.’
    • ‘He's thinking about opening another shop, and perhaps a restaurant where you could choose your slab of raw meat for cooking.’
    • ‘Joey had bought a packet of sausages for them, at the greengrocer's nearby, and together they cooked the raw meat over the fire.’
    • ‘When raw meat is cooked, the outside turns brown and the brown colour gradually spreads inwards.’
    • ‘Fresh raw beans have a crunchy sweetness; when cooked, they are rich and creamy.’
    • ‘Avoid uncooked food, such as raw fruits and vegetables, instead sticking to cooked veggies and meats.’
    • ‘Avoid fruit juices, raw vegetables, salads, and any raw or undercooked eggs, meat, and seafood.’
    • ‘Keep the kitchen clean, especially when preparing raw meat, eggs, and poultry.’
    • ‘Eating diets that consist of only raw, uncooked foods is a small but influential trend.’
    • ‘Don't use raw eggs in food that will not be cooked, such as chocolate mousse or homemade mayonnaise.’
    • ‘Eat only cooked foods and not raw, which are harder to digest.’
    uncooked, fresh
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    1. 1.1 (of a material or substance) in its natural state; not yet processed or purified.
      ‘raw silk’
      ‘raw sewage’
      • ‘The bride looked stunning in an ivory and gold raw silk dress of Irish design and carried a bouquet of delicate cream roses.’
      • ‘Large shipments of raw silk, tea, and coffee, as well as the traditional pepper and spices, also came from Asia.’
      • ‘One thing you should remember - unless you have gone rustic and want to play with stone and raw wood - building materials come in standard sizes.’
      • ‘The London Assembly has launched an investigation into why 600,000 tonnes of raw sewage was pumped into the Thames last month, killing thousands of fish.’
      • ‘Similar in texture and appearance to paint, these materials can be applied to almost any building material, including raw wood, drywall and steel.’
      • ‘Usually the water mixes with the raw sewage, clogging up the drainage system.’
      • ‘There'll always be a huge demand here for raw wool from Australia, provided we can keep the spindles here spinning wool and keep them away from spinning synthetics.’
      • ‘The bride, given in matrimony by her father Tom, looked very elegant in a gown of white raw silk, perfectly adorned with diamanté stones and full length train.’
      • ‘There were urban myths of two-headed, glow-in-the-dark fish, but even the added presence of raw sewage in our local harbour was not enough to deter us from swimming and fishing there.’
      • ‘I found a pink raw silk jacket with covered buttons, a soft leopard vest and a cream wool shell covered with opalescent sequins and beads.’
      • ‘The bride, given in marriage by her father Frank, looked radiant in an ivory raw silk dress with diamanté detail and long train.’
      unprocessed, untreated, unrefined, crude, natural, unmilled, unprepared, unfinished
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    2. 1.2 (of information) not analyzed, evaluated, or processed for use.
      ‘there were a number of errors in the raw data’
      • ‘The net result is that using statistical analysis on raw primary sequence data sometimes leads to rather unlikely results.’
      • ‘Traditional empiricists thought that perception was a two-step process: raw perception and interpretation of it.’
      • ‘Annotation is the process of converting raw DNA sequence data into biological knowledge.’
      • ‘In some studies, new analyses were performed from raw data supplied by the principal investigators.’
      • ‘Here, we discuss some of more interesting preliminary findings garnered from a descriptive statistical analysis of the raw data.’
      • ‘All x-ray scans are raw data with no processing of any kind.’
      • ‘The unique relationship between analysis and raw information is essential to producing useful intelligence.’
      • ‘Besides presentation of the data in the form of diverse graphs, evaluation of the raw data is also possible.’
      • ‘An article was judged as empirical if it manipulated some type of raw data in its analysis.’
      • ‘Our raw web statistics show 3.5 million visits for March.’
      • ‘Figure 4 summarizes the test system, which includes the data processing software to process the raw data.’
      • ‘Sometimes it is justifiable to go beyond raw statistics.’
      • ‘I wanted to get beyond the raw statistics, the charts and the predictions.’
      • ‘I therefore wrote to a large range of other users of the questionnaire and asked for copies of their raw data so that I could carry out the requisite analyses myself.’
      • ‘With so much raw data and so many things you can do with that data, coupled with a big random element, you are going to get lots of patterns.’
      • ‘I'm a bit cloudy on the dates, so I'll leave those out and just go with the raw facts.’
      • ‘The raw data is then processed through layers of neurons.’
      • ‘The questionnaire and raw data are available on request.’
      • ‘The results from analyses of the raw data are available upon request from the author.’
      • ‘The raw data are analysed by the team's DNA analysts, put into a proper format, and entered into the DNA databases.’
  • 2(of a part of the body) red and painful, especially as the result of skin abrasion.

    ‘he scrubbed his hands until they were raw’
    figurative ‘Fran's nerves were raw’
    • ‘She rubbed her skin, it was raw and ached at the touch.’
    • ‘I scrubbed until my skin was raw.’
    • ‘Stiff muscles and raw skin make basic movements extremely difficult.’
    • ‘I was still furiously wiping at my eyes with my sleeve, and my skin was raw from the friction.’
    • ‘‘She hit me,’ he said, his voice subdued as he raised his hand up to his face, rubbing the raw skin.’
    • ‘Some grazes only take off the surface layer of skin leaving a raw tender area underneath, some are much deeper.’
    • ‘It tore at his skin, ripping it raw and re-opening his chapped lips so they bled painfully.’
    • ‘She pleaded, wincing as she rubbed her raw skin.’
    • ‘Gingerly flexing my wrists, I see the skin underneath is raw and blistered.’
    • ‘Riders were getting their raw and ripped skin attended to by the St John's volunteers and others were getting more serious injuries like broken bones assessed by doctors on the scene.’
    • ‘Without looking, Otto knew the skin was open and raw underneath.’
    • ‘Annie removed the towel from his injury exposing the raw pink skin underneath.’
    • ‘After scrubbing down so hard that my skin was raw I finally got out.’
    • ‘The wounds were still too raw and painful for the fragile bandages to be removed.’
    • ‘He scrubbed his skin until it was raw and red, stopping to look down at a tattoo on his right upper arm.’
    • ‘This potent grease-cutting chemical melts away the first few layers of skin on my hands, leaving them dry, cracked and painfully raw.’
    • ‘Mischa scooped out some creamy-white ointment and carefully applied it to the raw, bloody skin on Hazel's right leg and foot, gently rubbing it into the sore skin.’
    • ‘My hands still bleed if I move my fingers too quickly, but the doc says the raw skin and general tenderness will gradually go away.’
    • ‘Washing your hands so often that that your skin is raw and bleeding - that I can see too.’
    • ‘He picked himself up, his hands were raw and skinned.’
    sore, red, inflamed, painful, sensitive, tender
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  • 3(of an emotion or quality) strong and undisguised.

    ‘he exuded an air of raw, vibrant masculinity’
    • ‘It is the intensity of her vision, the raw emotion, that is so impressive.’
    • ‘If you don't know by now that you're going to get a lot of raw emotion here, then you're never going to figure that out.’
    • ‘Suddenly, the potential of reality TV and its raw emotions are revealed in this wonderful, bewitching, heart-warming documentary.’
    • ‘Well, you know, the emotions are still raw in this city, even a couple of years later.’
    • ‘The emotions are so raw for so long that you wonder whether you can handle any kind of involvement.’
    • ‘I saw his anger, his hurt and his pain so bare and so raw.’
    • ‘I loved it, so much style and the raw emotion at the moment of the revelation is spectacular.’
    • ‘These pieces were sharp and biting, making no apologies for being unedited and written on the fly while emotions are still raw.’
    • ‘Sports bring out intense feelings sometimes and my raw emotions came out.’
    • ‘If passion, poetry and raw emotion are lacking in the current scene, there's something to be said for learning from the masters.’
    • ‘The emotion was raw, the anger was genuine and the agony was heartfelt.’
    • ‘Conveying more raw emotion than some songs with vocals, this song has soundclips of an old man accepting his fate and a gospel singer singing with guitar and keyboard.’
    • ‘Outwardly I cope well with these situations but inwardly, so much raw emotion and intensity I find hard to deal with at times.’
    • ‘Reading about it obviously brought a lot of raw emotions and memories to the forefront of people's minds.’
    • ‘He stated that the raw feeling of the emotions that brought him to tears is what startled him the most.’
    • ‘But she says she is careful to reflect the grief and raw emotion of both sides equally.’
    • ‘Given a second chance to prove himself, he finally allows all the raw emotion to express itself through the intensity of his rap lyrics.’
    • ‘The fast footwork, rhythmic clapping and haunting singing radiate an atmosphere of passion and raw emotion.’
    • ‘It would be a shame, this team has worked so hard all year and the passion and raw emotion with which they play is something this competition needs desperately.’
    • ‘The event is expected to be a supercharged night of high emotion and raw nostalgia when one of the greatest adventure stories of all time will be told by the men who made it happen.’
    strong, intense, passionate, fervent, vehement, powerful, violent, acute
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    1. 3.1 Frank and realistic in the depiction of unpleasant facts or situations.
      ‘a raw, uncompromising portrait’
      • ‘The result is the most raw and real portrayal of how a rock group works and how it sometimes doesn't.’
      • ‘This is perhaps what makes his music so raw and honest - the fact that it is a base celebration of everything that's wrong in popular culture today.’
      • ‘The result is raw confrontation, sometimes unpleasant in its intensity.’
      • ‘They're brutal stories, raw, poignant, desperate; we can feel the character's pain, see it in the shades and contours of Miller's skewed and bulbous art.’
      • ‘In contrast, Louis's work had a clear subject, was raw, simple, direct, earnest.’
      • ‘She felt Adam was getting the raw end of the situation.’
      • ‘Some of the poems are pretty raw, but, hopefully they will help others to realise they are not alone.’
      • ‘Each of the three tracks on the EP convey a sense of raw realism.’
      • ‘Some revel in the appearance of perfection, but he was raw, gritty and damn funny.’
      • ‘It's a little ironic that the star once known for his raw and uncompromising comedy, has appeared in two PG-rated films this summer.’
      • ‘What I found within many of the entries was a totally uncut style of writing - writing which was personal, direct, bold, raw.’
      • ‘The result the book offers up a very raw portrait of her as she confronts dark family secrets and the postpartum depression of fame.’
      • ‘It's a wise tactic, and one that helps keep her performances honest, raw and real.’
      • ‘His raw, blunt style appeals to the disaffected, the outcast, the romantic, the loner and the apolitical, and it always will.’
      • ‘Like the label itself, the music is often raw, uncompromising, rebellious, and experimental.’
      • ‘The stories have a raw texture that lays bare the rather bleak emotional life of her repressed, and repressive environment.’
      • ‘I don't think anyone could entirely grasp who I am from watching the show, but what was shown was very raw and honest.’
      • ‘Here is something raw, as yet uncompromised, and engaged with some sort of reality.’
      • ‘They can be raw, honest, even emotional, but not stylish, and never beautiful.’
      • ‘People might say they are calm but the way we've cut up the landscape here is raw, brutal, hillsides of houses brushing right up against the forest.’
      realistic, true to life, unembellished, unvarnished, gritty, naked, bare, brutal, harsh
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    2. 3.2US informal (of language) coarse or crude, typically in relation to sexual matters.
      • ‘Her fans may be shocked by the raw language in the film.’
      • ‘It was moving and it was funny, and her language is beautiful and raw and brutal.’
      • ‘The dialogue between the characters, while littered with profanities and raw language, is verbose and prosaic.’
      • ‘He's learned through experience that his lyrics are too raw for many ears.’
      • ‘Be warned, that many of these excerpts are raw and crude.’
      • ‘It's got raw music, raw sensitivity, raw vocals, and raw lyrics.’
      • ‘His language is raw and delivery raucous, but his intelligent and insightful material will make you think.’
      • ‘People offended by raw language, and even rougher depictions of street life, should steer clear.’
      • ‘But aside from the odd moment, the album gets lost amid its pumped-up ethos of hard, hard beats, raw language and stereotypical outlook.’
      • ‘The language was on the raw side with the four letter word getting great mileage.’
      • ‘On the contrary, the raw and prolix language of his novels is unabashedly unpoetic and polemical.’
      • ‘What impact do the raw and explicit lyrics in hip-hop music and provocative images of women in the videos have on our girls?’
      • ‘The author masterfully captures the narratives by using humor, raw language and thought-provoking descriptions.’
      • ‘Her raw lyrics and range of styles are hard-hitting and addictive.’
      unsophisticated, crude, rough, unpolished, unrefined, undeveloped
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  • 4(of the weather) bleak, cold, and damp.

    ‘a raw February night’
    • ‘A climb out of the woods brought the shock of the raw, cold, outside world, and a bracing but easy track back.’
    • ‘Saturday morning was hideous - the raw wind nearly took you off your feet and the cold rain cut right through my thin jacket.’
    • ‘The cloying heat of the cottage was replaced by the raw coldness of the night.’
    • ‘Luckily, while the weather was cold - 30 to 36 degrees - it wasn't a raw cold.’
    • ‘The dreary skies and raw weather suggested November, not mid-May.’
    • ‘They gathered on a raw February night to learn the secrets of war.’
    • ‘It was raw, damp, dark, and dismal; the clouds were as muddy as the ground; and the short perspective of every street and avenue, was closed up by the mist as by a filthy curtain.’
    bleak, cold, chilly, chilling, chill, freezing, icy, icy-cold, wintry, bitter, biting, piercing, penetrating, sharp, keen, damp, wet
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  • 5(of a person) new to an activity or job and therefore lacking experience or skill.

    ‘they were replaced by raw recruits’
    • ‘The modest brick building at the heart of Europe's biggest military base has become refuge to thousands of raw recruits.’
    • ‘They raised a force of 6,000 to join the army - raw recruits, including many London apprentices.’
    • ‘These were exceptions largely brought about by incompetent leadership, raw recruits, a disdain for the enemy, and involving an element of tactical surprise.’
    • ‘He was a little annoyed by the fact that his team were raw recruits; they jostled each other and joked about in a way that he found most irritating and unprofessional.’
    • ‘These reservists are not raw recruits: they include among their ranks a deputy brigade commander and a fighter pilot.’
    • ‘It populated the battalion partly with soldiers who had gone through basic training elsewhere as tank destroyer crewmen and partly with raw recruits.’
    • ‘His raw skills and competitiveness make him a terrific prospect, but the learning curve will continue to be steep.’
    • ‘Earlier this week I went to a catering college in West London to meet my latest batch of raw recruits and train them up in just four days to cook in a busy London restaurant.’
    • ‘Almost half of today's Army is married - some of them raw recruits.’
    • ‘The unit has the raw talent and experience to compete with anyone and appears to have the best chemistry of any grouping.’
    • ‘His skills were raw, and he had difficulty defending the run and getting a push up the middle on passing downs.’
    • ‘He has good hands, but he is raw, needs experience and must work on his route running.’
    • ‘As skilled workers become more scarce, employers must provide more training to promising but raw recruits.’
    • ‘Owners with money don't really need to evaluate raw talent, just buy players who are greedy.’
    • ‘All I remember is that his skills were very raw, but that he was a very, very strong man who hit hard.’
    • ‘Brigadier Monro's staff of 600 Army personnel and 200 civilians will help to turn raw recruits into trained soldiers.’
    • ‘His skills are raw, but he progressed enough to start on the right side by the end of his rookie season.’
    • ‘They had gone from raw recruits to men of honor in a year, and so had he.’
    • ‘The troops were raw, lacked combat experience, and were inadequately trained’
    • ‘We were raw recruits, all looking alike, equally uncomfortable in their new outfits.’
    inexperienced, new, lacking experience, untrained, unskilled, unpractised, untried, untested, unseasoned, untutored, unschooled
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  • 6(of the edge of a piece of cloth) not having a hem or selvage.

    • ‘Showcase a variety of fabrics on the one side, featuring curved piecing and bias bars covering all raw edges.’
    • ‘Simply make the vest in fabric, then again in lining, sandwich the wrong sides together and bind all outer edges to finish the raw edge.’
    • ‘Stitch again within the seam allowances, or serge or zigzag the raw edges.’
    • ‘The raw edge will be tucked away inside the first fold, unexposed on either the outside or inside, and therefore won't fray.’
    • ‘Serge-finish the raw edges and seam with a straight stitch.’
    • ‘To machine-stitch a blind hem, fold up the hem, then turn back the garment just below the hem raw edge.’
    • ‘Wrap the fabric to the seat bottom, tuck under raw edge, and staple every inch or so.’
    • ‘With right sides together, place one back panel on an appliquéd front panel, aligning the raw edges on one short end.’
    • ‘Work on a protected surface and place a piece of waxed paper over the fabric, exposing just the narrow raw edge.’
    • ‘For a fine finish on short-haired furs, finish the raw edge with seam binding and secure the hem with double catch-stitching as noted above.’
    • ‘Make sure the loop stitching on the underside is covering the hem raw edge.’
    • ‘Beginning on the T-shirt neckline wrong side and on the right shoulder seam, place the elastic on the neck opening, aligning the raw edges.’
    • ‘Line up the left edge of the zipper tape with the raw edge of the left seam allowance and pin in place through the seam allowance only.’
    • ‘Fold the pressed edge over the opposite raw edge and stitch down the entire length.’
    • ‘Make a small diagonal clip through both the hem allowance and facing at the corner where the two raw edges intersect.’
    • ‘Baste the folded trim strip to the fabric band, matching the long raw edges.’
    • ‘It has a two-way full-zip front and raw edge stitch styling.’
    • ‘Sew the short ends together to form a circle then fold it in half with wrong sides together so the raw edges meet.’
    • ‘If you have a taste for the couture side of sewing, try a Hong Kong finish on all raw edges.’
    • ‘Serge or zigzag the raw edges with matching thread.’


  • in the raw

    • 1In its true state; not made to seem better or more palatable than it actually is.

      ‘he didn't much care for nature in the raw’
      • ‘For nature in the raw, push inland to the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary.’
      • ‘I switched off the telly and settled down to what I thought would be half an hour of savage nature in the raw!’
      • ‘Nothing is staged, nothing is acted, life is shown in the raw, like it really is.’
      • ‘Like mud, diamonds - which look like dull pebbles in the raw state, and only reveal their beauty when cut and polished - attracted very little attention when first discovered by early man.’
      • ‘She told us very early on that we were all diamonds in the raw and that we needed refining.’
      • ‘Experiencing nature in the raw can gave us all a better sense of perspective.’
      • ‘Those of us who can't or won't brave nature in the raw should never underestimate the power of the local swimming pool, in providing that vital link with our ancestral past.’
      • ‘He was the sole doctor for several hundred square miles and experienced all forms of medicine in the raw.’
      • ‘Such wild areas, like the Lake District and the Scottish Highlands, far from being examples of nature in the raw, were the products of a high level of human intervention and invention.’
      • ‘It's a moment of open savagery, nature in the raw.’
    • 2(of a person) naked.

      ‘I slept in the raw’
  • a raw deal

    • informal A situation in which someone receives unfair or harsh treatment.

      • ‘Counsel for the Member of Parliament yesterday attempted to guillotine the judgement passed on the appellant suggesting that his client had been given a raw deal.’
      • ‘Finally, anyone who feels they received a very raw deal by being sold the endowment in the first place may be able to claim compensation.’
      • ‘Gloucestershire education chiefs say they have been given another raw deal following the government's latest round of education funding.’
      • ‘Women academics continue to get a raw deal.’
      • ‘She warns that even if the December text is agreed to, it still offers a raw deal to developing countries, and would result in a ‘host of legal and bureaucratic red tape’.’
      • ‘Are we getting a rough deal from our energy providers?’
      • ‘There are a variety of reasons why these farmers and growers feel they are being given a rough deal.’


Old English hrēaw, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch rauw and German roh, from an Indo-European root shared by Greek kreas ‘raw flesh’.