Definition of range in US English:



  • 1The area of variation between upper and lower limits on a particular scale.

    ‘the cost is thought to be in the range of $1-5 million a day’
    ‘it's outside my price range’
    • ‘Use these skills and experiences to place yourself in the higher end of the salary range for your position.’
    • ‘Acceptable settlements may fall within a broad range of upper and lower limits.’
    • ‘Adults will be told to take ‘personal responsibility’ for ensuring they stay within a healthy weight range.’
    • ‘Even upscale areas with few or no apartments usually have some single-family houses for rent - and not just in the lower price ranges.’
    • ‘They estimate that mortality from the famine was in the range of four to six million deaths.’
    • ‘The shutter speeds you should try should be in the range of 0.5 seconds through to about 8 seconds.’
    • ‘East London is way outside your price range.’
    • ‘Her smallest sale so far that year had been in the range of half to three-quarters of a million dollars.’
    • ‘The bonds that recorded trades had yields to maturity in the range of 22 to 44 per cent.’
    • ‘Unbelievably to him, there were no single-family houses in those areas in his price range.’
    • ‘The age range varied from 18 to 92 years of age.’
    • ‘Accordingly, there is wide variation in the range of sentences for this offence.’
    • ‘Thus, I would assess the time required to process the case in the Ontario Court Of Justice to be in the range of five to six months.’
    • ‘Residential densities should be in the range of 30 to 50 dwellings per hectare.’
    • ‘We've shopped for boats and campers and they appear to be in the same price range.’
    • ‘It should say ‘distilled’ gin on the label, and is usually found in the middle price ranges.’
    • ‘The second apartment I looked at was just within my range and I was expecting a raise in the next few months.’
    • ‘The entrance hole should be placed about one inch above the floor and have a diameter in the range of two to two and a quarter inches.’
    • ‘The figures fell within the normal range of 30 to 50 fires per day, a spokesman said Tuesday.’
    • ‘There is a general decrease in rainfall and an increase in the range of temperatures experienced as one moves away from the coast.’
    span, scope, compass, radius, scale, gamut, reach, sweep, extent, area, field, orbit, ambit, province, realm, domain, horizon, latitude
    vary, fluctuate, differ
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The scope of a person's knowledge or abilities.
      ‘he gave some indication of his range’
      • ‘Since then, she has gained a vast range of knowledge in all things equine.’
      • ‘‘My experience suggests that the ranges and medians of scientific intelligence and ability are comparable in men and women,’ he says.’
      • ‘Both started out with a narrowly defined fictional territory, and both have tried to extend their range.’
      • ‘The acting also showed that the cast has range beyond their usual witty quips and fight scenes.’
      • ‘In range and scope and significance we are not likely to see another like her.’
      • ‘Few scientists can match the range, depth and scope of his biodiversity knowledge.’
      • ‘The play shows her range and ability as a serious actor.’
      • ‘By doing these films back-to-back, Spielberg emphasizes his range as a director.’
      • ‘Like most artists he has had to learn his craft, extend his range and gradually arrive at a mature understanding of his own gifts.’
      scope, latitude, liberty, licence, freedom, indulgence, free rein, release
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    2. 1.2 The compass of a person's voice or a musical instrument.
      ‘she was gifted with an incredible vocal range’
      • ‘It is agile yet able to be easily heard over the entire orchestra, with secure pitch and an incredible range.’
      • ‘He has what is possibly one of the best male voices and ranges in the pop music world at the moment.’
      • ‘The source of this parallel intoning of liturgical melody may be traced to the natural range of the human voice.’
      • ‘The last movement is a brilliant virtuoso movement that uses the whole range of the keyboard.’
      • ‘Moreover, the range of these scores almost always exceeds that of the pianist's hand.’
      • ‘The best singers started their song at a low pitch to suit the range with which their voices are able to cope, and did not try songs which required them to reach high notes.’
      • ‘All of her songs lacked harmonies in the higher voice ranges, and I spent much of the concert wondering why anyone ever really played these songs on the radio in the first place.’
      • ‘She has a good vocal range, but her voice lacks passion and has a nasal quality that grates after a while.’
      • ‘Benny and Bjorn were amazing songwriters and the girls had wonderful voices with great ranges.’
      • ‘It's scored for four tenors and two basses - which confines the vocal range of the work to a mere two octaves.’
      • ‘The range of your voice and the emotion you can express is really astounding.’
      • ‘For the most part, the vocal ranges are narrow and would be suitable for all voice parts.’
      • ‘He does a superb job of showing off his vocal range as well as the softer side of his voice.’
      • ‘They should perform a song that best shows their range of voice and must bring sheet music or their own backing track.’
      • ‘She opened on acoustic guitar with a beautiful ballad, showing the full range of her warm voice.’
      • ‘Her voice is attractive and even throughout its range, and she has tremendous agility and control.’
      • ‘Her deep, powerful voice has quite a range and she knows how to sell a song.’
      • ‘The majority of the tunes have a range of one octave plus an extension of a third or a fourth.’
      • ‘Her voice has a tremendous range, yet never managed to coincide with the note she was trying to hit.’
      • ‘Its musical range spans about four octaves, and the sound has some similarities to that of a Western violin.’
    3. 1.3 The extent of time covered by something such as a forecast.
      • ‘The accuracy of the method varies within reasonable limits depending on the time range of the forecast for different conditions.’
      • ‘The economy had reached a turning point, and during the forecast's range, it would end up in an economic recovery phase.’
    4. 1.4 The area or extent covered by or included in something.
      ‘an introductory guide to the range of debate this issue has generated’
      • ‘The range of Walker's mathematical research was quite impressive.’
      • ‘Between them, these two stories give an indication of the range in which his creative genius worked.’
      • ‘He takes pains to limit the range and reach of his case against censorship.’
      • ‘Some doctors seek to widen their professional remit to cover the entire range of human experience.’
      • ‘If she appears restless today, it's because the 44-year-old is on a mission to extend the range of work she takes on.’
      • ‘Many of these changes take a long time to complete and may never cover the entire range of a ‘language’.’
      • ‘The range of discourse and debate in news media, though woefully constricted, is still meaningful.’
    5. 1.5Mathematics The set of values that a given function can take as its argument varies.
      • ‘The graph window automatically sizes itself to fit the ranges of values of x and f that occur.’
      • ‘It varies in a rather simple way with the length of the sequence of primes in the selected range of whole numbers.’
      • ‘The following commands are useful in understanding the ranges of values of p for which a given strategy is best.’
      • ‘You also have to assign the core terms numerical values or ranges.’
      • ‘We ran multiple simulations of the model using parameter values sampled randomly from ranges defined by available information.’
  • 2A set of different things of the same general type.

    ‘the area offers a wide range of activities for the tourist’
    • ‘The menu covers a range of Italian style dishes, offering a choice of 23 pizzas and a variety of pasta options.’
    • ‘Seven of the people were taken to Daisy Hill Hospital with a range of spinal, back and head injuries.’
    • ‘The new savings schemes will offer a range of different investment options.’
    • ‘They're also extremely knowledgeable about their vast range of whiskies.’
    • ‘Young York musicians have received a major boost with the donation of a range of musical instruments.’
    • ‘The term trawler covers a vast range of ship sizes and designs.’
    • ‘The centre has a wide range of classes and activities to choose from for both adults and children.’
    • ‘We believe in independent living and we provide a whole range of services for disabled people.’
    • ‘Next to the play area is a café for adults to refuel with a range of hot and cold refreshments.’
    • ‘Nearby mountains and lakes offer a full range of outdoor activities.’
    • ‘The bus would provide a whole range of services to the community.’
    • ‘A small sample of hair is sent for testing to a lab, where it is screened for traces of a range of drugs, including cannabis and heroin.’
    • ‘Fleets like to deal with manufacturers that have a large range of vehicles.’
    • ‘Most universities provide a range of courses, some general and others highly focused.’
    • ‘The bank can offer a full range of products, including trade finance, securities trading and foreign exchange.’
    • ‘This room overlooks the back garden, which is mostly in lawn with a decked patio and a range of plants and shrubs.’
    • ‘He is set to release his own range of luxury cars.’
    • ‘The club is open to people of all ages and abilities, has a strong junior section and attends a range of competitions.’
    • ‘The nature of Robert's work requires him to carry a phenomenal range of equipment with him each day.’
    • ‘His performance showcases his ability with a range of instruments and a diversity of styles.’
    assortment, variety, diversity, mixture, collection, array, set, selection, choice, pick
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  • 3The distance within which something can be reached or perceived.

    ‘something lurked just beyond her range of vision’
    • ‘I noticed that she was keeping her voice down and I figured that Gillian was within hearing range.’
    • ‘The selected respondent should not have been within hearing range of any previous respondents.’
    • ‘He sat down on a chair beyond my range of vision.’
    • ‘Not wanting to have another confrontation with her, he called out when he was within hearing range of her.’
    • ‘When I had left the sight range of Harold I opened the map and began to study it.’
    • ‘Play this album and everybody within hearing range is guaranteed to gasp at some point " ooh, I love this one".’
    • ‘The people on the camels seemed to be waving to them, so they waited until they were within hearing range.’
    • ‘Helen looked around us, making sure no one was following us or within hearing range of what she was about to say.’
    • ‘Bees and butterflies can see ultraviolet rays, and bats and porpoises can hear sounds two octaves beyond our range.’
    • ‘Players can see right up to the vanishing point where objects are out of range of the human eye.’
    • ‘Holding up her skirts, Pearl ran up the steps until she was within hearing range of both men.’
    earshot, hearing distance, hearing range, carrying range, range of one's voice, auditory range, sound
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    1. 3.1 The maximum distance to which a gun will shoot or over which a missile will travel.
      ‘these rockets have a range of 30 to 40 miles’
      ‘a duck came within range’
      • ‘He was too far out of range for the shots to be effective.’
      • ‘This second generation missile improved both range and reaction time.’
      • ‘The maximum range of those rockets was just over five miles.’
      • ‘No further details, including the range of the missile's new version, were provided.’
      • ‘Ten percent of the facilities are within the range of non-strategic ballistic missiles.’
      • ‘Correspondents say this is a substantial addition to the previously announced range of the country's missiles.’
      • ‘They were developing ground-to-ground missiles with a range of thousands of kilometres.’
      • ‘The missile has a range of 27 km with an effective ceiling of 15 km, the sources said.’
      • ‘It was therefore within the two kilometre range of these rockets.’
      • ‘The maximum effective range of the main tank gun is less than two miles.’
      • ‘The maximum range of a long bow was 400 metres but at this distance, it was far less effective.’
      • ‘It seemed only moments before the natives withdrew to just outside rifle shot range.’
      • ‘The missile has a range of 700 km.’
      • ‘The drop-ship was now in range of the missile and began to lower for the cruiser.’
      • ‘Recovered guns and cannons had ranges of up to a mile.’
      • ‘The ammunition used will also affect the maximum range.’
      • ‘The test of what is believed to have been a short-range missile took place Sunday.’
      • ‘The rate of fire was below average, but it had very good range and each shot was quite powerful.’
      • ‘The minimum and maximum ranges of the missile are 5km and 130 km.’
    2. 3.2 The maximum distance at which a radio transmission can be effectively received.
      ‘planets within radio range of Earth’
      • ‘Sligo Community Radio has a transmission range of approximately 17 miles radius of Sligo town.’
      • ‘Look for us calling in once we get back into radio range in a few days.’
      • ‘The receiving range is determined largely by site noise and interference factors.’
      • ‘The coastguard remains unaware of their plight because the boat radio has a working range of 6ft.’
      • ‘Wi-Fi's strength as a broadband access technology has always been offset by its poor range.’
      • ‘He was almost in radio range, but he decided to take a break at the Hangman's Pit.’
      • ‘Sometimes two different logging roads are close enough to be within radio range.’
      • ‘They were able to bounce radio waves off an aircraft out to a range of seven miles.’
      • ‘Often truck convoys and support units were out of range of each other's radios.’
      • ‘About 60 per cent of Europe's population already lives within range of a mobile phone transmitter.’
      • ‘Range drops with battery power too, so you might go past the edge of radio range without expecting to.’
      • ‘This is an impressive range for a VHF radio network, and is remarkable technology.’
      • ‘You will also need to activate the infrared service on the telephone and place it within range of the receiver on the Notebook.’
      • ‘Each system has a base unit which enables you to page the handset of a user, so long as they are in range.’
    3. 3.3 The distance that can be covered by a vehicle or aircraft without refueling.
      ‘the vans have a range of 125 miles’
      • ‘The new lifeboat will have a range of 250 nautical miles and will carry a crew of six.’
      • ‘This prototype car has a range of 500 kilometers.’
      • ‘Triton has a top speed of 20 knots and a maximum range of 3000 nautical miles at a speed of 12 knots.’
      • ‘The Gazelle could carry a maximum of four people, and had a top speed of 168 knots with a range of 300 nautical miles.’
      • ‘They warned that by 1948 increased enemy aircraft ranges would permit the extension of these attacks.’
      • ‘The truck's range is great, with the fuel light coming on at around 360 miles.’
      • ‘The vehicle has a range of 214 miles with a maximum speed of 40mph.’
      • ‘As any pilot knows, flying trips to the limits of an airplane's range requires precise calculations.’
      • ‘The more limited range of electric vehicles is less problematic when most trips are within the urban area.’
    4. 3.4 The distance between a camera and the subject to be photographed.
      • ‘Its cameras tend to have the highest optical zoom ranges.’
      • ‘I tried a few photos just for the record, but at 500m range it wasn't that great.’
      • ‘Matters are not helped by the fact that the cameras have a range of only 20 yards.’
      • ‘I was almost in range for the shot I wanted when my over-enthusiastic buddy stormed in above me and scared the fish away.’
      • ‘Don't go past the camera's optical zoom range, or you'll be sorry!’
      • ‘Characters are shot at longer range, and with a less intimate, less confrontational lens.’
    5. 3.5Surveying The horizontal direction and length of a survey line determined by at least two fixed points.
      • ‘If his direction should lie between any two of the above points, as for example, between the north and the west, he may call the range of the line north-west.’
      • ‘Then measure GD and HD, observing, in measuring HD, to have the range of the line carefully defined.’
  • 4A line or series of mountains or hills.

    ‘the coastal ranges of the northwest’
    • ‘The Pennines are a range of mountains running up the middle of the northern half of England.’
    • ‘Mountain ranges also play a large part in local wind formation.’
    • ‘Through Montana the railroad goes between two ranges of foot hills.’
    • ‘He points left to face the closest mountain range and says that the mountains are in Ethiopia.’
    • ‘Mountain ranges are created by diverse tectonic processes, including convergence of plates and volcanic activity.’
    • ‘Eastwards the ridge opened out in a series of bumps, dips and peaks, more like a small range of mountains than one single hill.’
    • ‘There are a few ridges and ranges in the distance.’
    • ‘The entire forested mountain range is now completely protected as part of a large World Heritage area.’
    • ‘Mountain ranges and oceans both provide barriers for the migration of plants.’
    • ‘As the sun sank behind the mountains, they entered the foothills of a broad range of peaks.’
    • ‘Mount Winnipeg was the tallest mountain in the range, and it was always the first to be capped with snow.’
    • ‘Causey nosed his mount into the meadow and headed for the low range of mountains in the east.’
    • ‘Inland the ground rises quickly, to two ranges of high mountains, where there is much winter frost and snow.’
    • ‘Ministers face legal action by a local authority for excluding a range of mountains from the Cairngorms National Park.’
    • ‘By midafternoon they had reached the summit of the first range of mountains, and stopped to rest the horses.’
    • ‘This range of hills was impassable for early settlers and stopped westward expansion.’
    • ‘They successfully conquered East Anglia, but were thwarted by the first range of hills.’
    • ‘On a clear day, the snow-capped range of the Atlas Mountains hangs above Marrakesh like some silvery curtain.’
    • ‘To their left was a range of threatening mountains, and to their right was nothing - just endless fields.’
    • ‘In the opposite direction was a range of pink-brown mountains.’
    row, chain
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    1. 4.1US A series of townships extending north and south parallel to the principal meridian of a survey.
      • ‘Ranges numbers extend from 42 West at the Colorado border all the way to 19 East at the Missouri River.’
      • ‘Constructing a map and identifying the location of a tract in the township-range system is much easier than in the metes-bounds system used in many of the older states.’
      • ‘There is a new map site online that shows the townships, ranges and meridians for Saskatchewan in the early 1900s.’
    2. 4.2Nautical A line defined by landmarks or beacons, used to locate something offshore, especially a navigable channel or a hazard.
      • ‘The center of the navigable channel under each span will be marked by a range of two green lights.’
      • ‘The appropriate nautical chart must be consulted when using ranges to determine whether the range marks the centerline of the navigable channel.’
  • 5A large area of open land for grazing or hunting.

    • ‘Cattle mutilations generally occur where cattle are raised and kept in quantity on ranges or in pastures.’
    • ‘Ranchers have to be careful not to put too many cattle on these ranges because overgrazing can lead to erosion.’
    • ‘The owner of the range sold out, but he bought new land to open a replacement range.’
    • ‘Back when the old American west was untamed, and the ranges were open and free, there lived an unassuming cowboy named Gritts.’
    • ‘By the mid-19th century, the stocking of desert grassland ranges with cattle, sheep, and goats was progressing at a phenomenal rate.’
    • ‘In the 1880s, as cattle herds spread onto northern ranges, cowboys and cattlemen congregated in Cheyenne.’
    • ‘Russian knapweed is a problem in ranges and pastures in the western United States, where it grows up to 4 feet tall and takes over otherwise productive land.’
    • ‘After 1900, droughts became more frequent, and grass cover on heavily grazed ranges declined by up to 70 percent.’
    • ‘The year before, a neighbor had returned a doe after finding her out on the range, alongside his cattle.’
    • ‘First, deer herds on many ranges are overpopulated, often with too many does.’
    pasture, pasturage, pastureland, grass, grassland, grazing land, ley, paddock, croft
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    1. 5.1 An area of land or sea used as a testing ground for military equipment.
      • ‘In Arizona, a large bombing and aerial gunnery range was located between Yuma and Gila Bend.’
      • ‘The Defence Minister said that there was no movement of missile components to the test range.’
      • ‘A range was opened near Le Havre on the Normandy coast to test long-range guns, and more workshops were built nearby.’
      • ‘To this day locals need permission to go to the missile test range.’
      • ‘Sentries are posted well before any serial start time to ensure there are no members of the public on the range.’
      • ‘All the U.S. military services use the range at one time or another for a variety of training needs.’
      • ‘They awoke from a short nap and upon hearing dull thuds, attributed the noise to a nearby naval gunnery range.’
      • ‘A Tory MP has demanded an urgent inquiry after a leaked document revealed radioactive materials were tested at Shoebury's military ranges in the 1940s and 1950s.’
      • ‘Although tungsten bullets are more expensive to manufacture, it is believed that the extra cost will be more than saved in cleanup costs for Army training and testing ranges.’
      • ‘Both on the ranges and in the classroom, the Special Forces Soldiers learned from the Service Rifle Team how to read and correct for the wind, range estimation and reading the mirage.’
      • ‘Soldiers can still take care of firing ranges and training areas, but the rest can be farmed out.’
      • ‘Scattered on ranges throughout the desert in the U.S. Central Command region for the past two weeks, the Marines refined their battle skills at the small unit level.’
      • ‘The experiment has been carried out since July on the vast military firing range at Dundrennan.’
      • ‘In their civilian jobs, they work for a contractor clearing weapons ranges of unexploded munitions.’
      • ‘The U.S. military left firing ranges in the Panama Canal Zone littered with thousands of unexploded rounds.’
      • ‘Poland, for example, has large training grounds and ranges not subject to the civilian encroachment or heavy regulations that have bedeviled U.S. forces in Germany.’
      • ‘Commanders have finite time, money, fuel, ammunition, and access to ranges and training areas needed to train units.’
      • ‘The days of sitting in a prepared foxhole on a range and shooting targets at known distances is over.’
      • ‘At many U.S. military target ranges, petroleum products and heavy metals used in bombs and bullets contaminate the soil and groundwater.’
    2. 5.2 An open or enclosed area with targets for shooting practice.
      • ‘They allow the student to hear range commands over the gunfire of other students.’
      • ‘I want to buy a shotgun and start going to the range.’
      • ‘The gun club has some of the best target ranges in the world but has been forced to use a wartime prefab as an office and clubhouse.’
      • ‘He was out on the firing range and after 275 shots at the target, he hadn't hit it.’
      • ‘This person has the title of ‘Field Captain’ and controls the shooting on the range.’
      • ‘He had once gone down to the practice ranges to mock her archery skills when she'd first begun to learn.’
      • ‘Their benefit is that we can carry on a normal conversation or hear range commands but still preserve our hearing.’
      • ‘Every gun was proof tested and sent to the range for at least a dozen rounds of tuning before being sent out.’
      • ‘However, time spent on known distance ranges will give the individual shooter an understanding of where his shots fly, something ignored by most until now.’
      • ‘Three new target greens have been added to the range, which is covered so that players can practice in all weathers.’
      • ‘The wind is ripping away at the netting that covers the range, making sure unshot clays don't smash into us.’
      • ‘Reliability in the field or on the range can be improved by maintaining a clean shotgun.’
      • ‘Belt holsters worn on the range for practice are easy to access, but there is often a lack of concealment or security.’
      • ‘Too often these days, I see shooters at the range practicing with their hunting rifles from a bench rest.’
      • ‘Learn the mechanics of one-hand shooting, and do a few drills when range time permits.’
      • ‘Shooters are taking these fine old guns out to the range for a shot or two just to try to absorb a little of the gun's history.’
      • ‘None of these tiny revolvers are going to win medals at the target range.’
      • ‘I took a good buddy of mine to the local range to shoot my new Smith & Wesson revolver.’
      • ‘Nathan was sitting and thinking over a cup of tea, while Sean was blasting targets in the range.’
      • ‘He was at the archery range.’
    3. 5.3 The area over which a plant or animal is distributed.
      • ‘There are 16 subspecies whose range spreads from India as far as southern China and the Philippines.’
      • ‘On both sides of the mountains, the winter range varies with food sources.’
      • ‘The pine barrens of New Jersey is the northernmost range of 109 southern plant species.’
      • ‘Another option is to look at creating corridors between protected lands as a way of expanding the animals' ranges.’
      • ‘With the clearing of forests and the spread of farming, the cowbird's range expanded north and east.’
      • ‘These routes used by migratory birds for passage between wintering and breeding ranges are called flyways.’
      • ‘All populations of Lincoln's Sparrows are migratory, although some summer and winter ranges overlap in New Mexico and Northern California.’
      • ‘They do shift and adapt their breeding range to take advantage of new habitat.’
      • ‘There are currently thought to be 19 species, their range extending from France to the Caucasus.’
      • ‘With dying lawns in the south and new plants extending their ranges northwards it sounds as though our gardens will be looking rather different in years to come.’
      • ‘Most Spruce Grouse do not migrate, but some do move short distances between separate summer and winter ranges.’
      • ‘Its range extends from Portugal to China, with the largest numbers found in Spain and Russia.’
      • ‘They leave northern breeding areas for winter ranges farther south or at lower elevations.’
      • ‘Panda range once extended from eastern and southern China into North Vietnam and Myanmar.’
      • ‘A glance at a thrush distribution map reveals that summer range extends as far north as the birch scrub zone on the Kola peninsular.’
      • ‘Most populations of White-throated Sparrows are migratory, although there is some overlap of breeding and wintering ranges.’
      • ‘Why the natural ranges of plants differ and what has led each species to its current distribution pattern have always been focal questions in biogeography.’
      • ‘As a result, their breeding ranges have spread until several of them overlap.’
      • ‘Males are found in the northern end of the range and migrate south for breeding.’
      • ‘Washington is at the extreme northern edge of the breeding range of the Acorn Woodpecker.’
  • 6An electric or gas stove with several burners and one or more ovens.

    • ‘I remember clearly my mother's kitchen with a coal range and the hot water cylinder alongside with a tap on it for hot water.’
    • ‘The kitchen has an Aga range, wooden shelves and storage spaces throughout.’
    • ‘A fire roared in the kitchen range and sides of ham hung from a ceiling for smoking.’
    • ‘It was good to be sitting in the kitchen of an old Welsh cottage again, close by the range and the open door to the garden.’
    • ‘They've installed oil-fired ranges and stoves.’
    stove, cooking stove, kitchen stove
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  • 7Building
    A course of masonry extending from end to end at one height.

    1. 7.1 A row of buildings.
  • 8archaic The direction or position in which something lies.

    ‘the range of the hills and valleys is nearly from north to south’
    • ‘Direct all the other Stakes according to the Range of the first.’
    • ‘There are in these strata many faults or irregularities, by which the due range of the strata is thrown out of course.’


  • 1no object, with adverbial Vary or extend between specified limits.

    ‘patients whose ages ranged from 13 to 25 years’
    • ‘On the main floor the ceiling ranges in height from 12 to 25 feet, allowing daylight to fill the space.’
    • ‘Annual precipitation ranges from 8-14 inches, and in the recent drought that has become 5-10 inches.’
    • ‘Estimates of the total population of Turkish Americans vary widely, ranging from 100,000 to 400,000.’
    • ‘Estimates range from a low of several hundred up to as high as 2,400.’
    • ‘The 115 residential units vary in size and in price level, ranging from about $750 to $1750 a month.’
    • ‘The plants ranged in height from five centimetres to over a metre.’
    • ‘Prices ranged from £25 for a proof of age card to £240 for a set of fake exam qualifications.’
    • ‘There are three featurettes that range in length from 15 to about 30 minutes.’
    • ‘Their mature height ranges from 39 inches to 4 feet, making them an excellent choice for containers.’
    • ‘The equipment ranges in size from 36 inches to 12 feet across.’
    • ‘Elevation ranges from 492 m along the Craig Creek drainage to 1378 m at Mountain Lake.’
    • ‘The incubation period ranges from one to 12 days.’
    • ‘Sample sizes of individual studies varied, ranging from 39 to 220, but tended to be larger than those used in previous work.’
    • ‘Estimates range anywhere from 35 million to 98 million people going online to find health-care information.’
    • ‘Most charge an initial set-up charge (typically ranging from £100 to £500).’
    • ‘The subjects ranged in age from 20 to 60 years old.’
    • ‘Nest height ranges from a few centimeters above the ground to 10 to 30 meters.’
    • ‘The sum you may have to borrow can vary greatly, ranging from as little as €50,000 up to €300,000.’
    • ‘Temperature ranged from a minimum of 22°C to a maximum of 30°C (day).’
    • ‘The cost of mattress covers ranges from $12 to $100, depending on the size and material.’
    vary, fluctuate, differ
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  • 2usually be rangedwith object and adverbial Place or arrange in a row or rows or in a specified order or manner.

    ‘a table with half a dozen chairs ranged around it’
    • ‘Inside, 102 red plush seats are ranged on a raked floor and the walls are cushioned with carpeting (which is now getting rather grey).’
    • ‘The job will be done soon, my text and poetry books unpacked and ranged along new shelves where I can get at them once more.’
    • ‘We ranged ourselves decoratively across the stairs.’
    • ‘The percussionists are ranged round the auditorium, the seats within being arranged to face several different ways.’
    • ‘The security cameras, which are ranged right around the stadium, provide surveillance of all access points.’
    • ‘He collects just about anything - on a nearby shelf dozens of shell jewellery boxes are ranged, and a whole series of old bound magazines fill his library.’
    • ‘After she'd gone he had drawn up a scorecard, ranging her qualities on one side - her intellectual gifts and vivid, racy conversation - and on the other all the vicious things she'd said.’
    • ‘Set deep into one wall is a blazing fire, all around which have been ranged deep-seated leather armchairs and settees.’
    • ‘Cheaper hotels are mainly ranged around the Piazza Garibaldi, though the accommodation can be basic.’
    • ‘On the left are ranged the presidents of the US, on the right the royal line of Ur and Babylon.’
    • ‘The witnesses are ranged along the front benches, behind them the jury, then the journalists, a few photographers.’
    line up, align, draw up, put in order, set in order, order, place, position, arrange, dispose, set out, array, rank
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    1. 2.1no object, with adverbial of direction Run or extend in a line in a particular direction.
      ‘he regularly came to the benches that ranged along the path’
      • ‘The lines of people ranged all the way down the long hallway.’
      • ‘A curvy center corridor links the public rooms that range along Apollon Deck.’
      • ‘Time to stop a moment here, maybe, and reflect that you are who you are only in relation to the people ranged around you.’
      • ‘Mellow lights appeared in the old white villas ranged along the beach.’
      • ‘Generally, stinging mechanisms found around the mouth parts of marine creatures are used offensively, while stinging parts ranged along the back and tail are defensive in origin.’
      • ‘The buildings, ranged along a street, are simple stone structures with only one room.’
      extend, stretch, reach, continue, go
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  • 3no object, with adverbial of direction (of a person or animal) travel or wander over a wide area.

    ‘patrols ranged thousands of miles deep into enemy territory’
    with object ‘nomadic tribesmen who ranged the windswept lands of the steppe’
    • ‘While he continued to live at home, he ranged over Upper Austria selling oil products, locating sites for petrol stations, and setting them up.’
    • ‘Of the species he examined, most ranged over distances larger than any proposed no-fishing zone.’
    • ‘Our ancestors may have ranged across large distances in the heat of the African savanna in relatively short spurts of long-distance running, as well as by walking.’
    • ‘In 73 he defeated two Roman commanders and ranged over southern Italy.’
    • ‘The bird has extremely acute vision, ranges widely in search of prey, protects its territory without compromise and remains aloft for long periods of time.’
    • ‘Anywhere between 30 and 70 million bison once ranged over the plains of North America.’
    • ‘Larger than Siberian tigers, cave lions once ranged throughout the Northern Hemisphere.’
    • ‘Small parties of excited youths were ranging the streets outside, shouting and cheering.’
    • ‘There were regular casualties to the foxes which ranged over the rough hills.’
    • ‘Mosquitoes breed in static water and the emerging adults can range up to two miles.’
    • ‘While some 100,000 elephants ranged across the country at the beginning of the 20th century, less than 5,000 domesticated and wild elephants survive today.’
    • ‘Twenty-five thousand people, armed to the teeth, were ranging the city in utter and ruthless defiance of law and righteousness.’
    • ‘At one time they ranged over most of southern California's deserts, and probably existed at population densities of thousands per square mile.’
    • ‘During the year turkeys may have ranged over more than 2,000 acres of woodlots and fields.’
    • ‘They will range a considerable distance in search of food.’
    • ‘Chickens and turkeys ranged freely across the fields.’
    • ‘This species once ranged over an enormous area.’
    • ‘Some species range mostly offshore, others are more often found in coastal waters.’
    • ‘The good relations we have developed with the people who hunt on our land each year are in sharp contrast to nine years ago, when hordes of mostly unknown folks dressed in orange ranged over our property.’
    • ‘He knew that the cat had once ranged throughout the Southwest.’
    roam, rove, traverse, travel, journey, wander, stray, drift, ramble, meander, amble, stroll, traipse, walk, hike, trek, backpack
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    1. 3.1 (of a person's eyes) pass from one person or thing to another.
      ‘his eyes ranged over them’
      • ‘He let his eyes range freely up and down her body, lingering particularly on her legs.’
      • ‘My eyes range over the familiar faces and I receive nods and smiles from every direction.’
      • ‘She noticed his eyes ranging over her body.’
      • ‘The supervisor was often located above the workshop floor, sometimes with a small porthole window to allow his eyes to range over his charges.’
      • ‘A group of people are outside - but before my eyes can range over their faces, one of them steps forwards.’
    2. 3.2 (of something written or spoken) cover or embrace a wide number of different topics.
      ‘tutorials ranged over a variety of subjects’
      • ‘His four books, which ranged over local lore, geology and topography, became standard reading for lovers of the Lake District.’
      • ‘His writings were many and ranged over such subjects as diverse as slaty cleavage, metamorphic rocks, plutons, and Pleistocene glaciation in the Isle of Skye.’
      • ‘His remarks were by no means limited to military matters, but ranged over every major issue of domestic and foreign policy.’
      • ‘In his wide ranging address, the chairman ranged over the activities of 2003.’
      • ‘The discussions ranged over a wide variety of subjects, but it was the philosophy of medicine that attracted the largest numbers.’
      • ‘As we walked, the conversation ranged over ground provisions and market life, and then as we passed through steep fields of bushes with shiny, crinkled, dark green leaves, it turned to coffee.’
      • ‘The debate ranged over many emotive ethical issues and in doing so lost sight of what was of benefit to the area as required by the statute.’
      • ‘The hour's conversation ranged over a number of political persons and topics, culminating in the statement, ‘Peggy, never trust a man.’’
      • ‘As usual, the conversation at the Sunday lunch table ranged over a variety of disparate subjects.’
      • ‘She meandered through an interminable speech ranging through topics from sick children and warfare to the superficiality of film.’
      • ‘This book, containing a large number of mostly short essays ranging over the entire breadth of the oeuvre, centers on the multiple roles of language within it.’
      • ‘The discussion has ranged over a number of subjects and viewpoints.’
      • ‘Also, the conversations with my workmates, which ranged over all areas of philosophy, science, religion and politics, were wonderful.’
      • ‘Our discussion ranged over a huge array of topics.’
      • ‘After the meal, they had sat in the front room and the conversation had ranged over a wide variety of topics.’
      • ‘Many of the lecturers ranged over very broad canvases.’
  • 4no object Obtain the range of a target by adjustment after firing past it or short of it, or by the use of radar or laser equipment.

    ‘radar-type transmissions which appeared to be ranging on our convoys’
    • ‘The ROI weapon station incorporated a low-cost day/night fire control system with laser ranging and ballistic computation.’
    • ‘The gunner then ranges the target, decides the round, and communicates this to the loader.’
    • ‘The time between laser ranging the target and firing is approximately two seconds.’
    • ‘Flash-to-bang time, laser ranging, and map estimation cannot be used.’
    • ‘Since artillery is not being used much, do the fire support teams still have the ground-laser teams used for ranging and target identification?’
    1. 4.1with adverbial (of a projectile) cover a specified distance.
      • ‘The missiles are capable of ranging over 8000 meters.’
      • ‘Prithvi II is the air force version and Prithvi III the naval version of the missile ranging up to 250 and 750 km respectively.’
    2. 4.2with adverbial (of a gun) send a projectile over a specified distance.
      • ‘A 12" gun can range past 30000 yards.’
      • ‘The gun can range to about 23km.’


  • at a range of

    • With a specified distance between one person or thing and another.

      ‘a bat can detect a moth at a range of less than 8 feet’
      • ‘This high-power radar was capable of detecting targets at a range of over 110 miles.’
      • ‘Infrared cameras only work at a range of about 20 feet.’
      • ‘The ray, which proved effective at a range of 160 feet in testing in early July, projects from an antenna that can be mounted on the roof of police cruisers.’
      • ‘The missiles can theoretically hit a target up to a height of 10,000 ft and at a range of up to five miles.’
      • ‘One of the most exciting events was the biathlon, which combines cross-country skiing with shooting at targets at a range of 50m.’
      • ‘It lets you connect gadgets without cables or cords, at a range of up to 30 feet.’
      • ‘Marines still have to learn how to accurately shoot an rifle at a range of 500 yards.’
      • ‘He fired from the hip at a range of 20 yards.’
      • ‘Bluetooth allows mobile devices to communicate with one another, at a range of about 30 feet.’
      • ‘Heavy artillery, hitherto used only for siege work, was being rendered mobile by rail and road, and could engage targets at a range of over twenty-five miles.’


Middle English (in the sense ‘line of people or animals’): from Old French range ‘row, rank’, from rangier ‘put in order’, from rang ‘rank’. Early usage also included the notion of ‘movement over an area’.