Definition of quench in US English:



[with object]
  • 1Satisfy (one's thirst) by drinking.

    • ‘A friendly efficient staff is happy to help you quench your thirst by bringing you a drink from the fully stocked bar.’
    • ‘After we had quenched our thirst, we headed off back for Swinford.’
    • ‘He felt so grateful for the simple taste of a few gulps of water that he sat back to enjoy the way it had quenched his thirst.’
    • ‘You could drink it, but it doesn't quench thirst in the least, and it has a slightly bitter taste.’
    • ‘On the way back, we stopped at that McDonald's, just to get frozen drinks to quench our thirsts.’
    • ‘On Saturday night, the visitors paid a visit to a traditional Irish music session in Clancy's Pub on Leinster Street, where, after their long walk they quenched their thirst with pints of Guinness and Irish malt.’
    • ‘But the rest of you, squandering money to quench your thirst with a drink more expensive than petrol, you're just weak-willed and wet.’
    • ‘The cast of Frasier were rebuked for ‘consuming very large ice cream cones’ and drinking alcohol to quench their thirst after exercise.’
    • ‘But with high chances of dehydration in this hot and dry weather, which will only continue to intensify in March and April, these refreshment stalls are a quick fix to quench your thirst.’
    • ‘The sizzling sunshine made it a bumper day for the publicans and stallholders with horse traders rushing to quench their thirst at regular intervals.’
    • ‘We walked under deep blue skies, quenched our thirst from mountain streams and lakes, fought off horses that thought they had more right than us to our lunch, collected herbs and revelled in the magnificent scenery.’
    • ‘He no longer quenches his thirst by drinking sodas.’
    • ‘Harvard School of Public Health professor Grace Wyshak recently found that ninth and 10 th-grade girls who sipped soda were three times more likely to break bones than those who quenched their thirsts with other drinks.’
    • ‘A few glasses of the juice quenches thirst and satisfies hunger, said Elis.’
    • ‘Two deer had come to drink, one keeping watch while the other quenched its thirst.’
    • ‘Lying outside the hurricane belt, it receives little rain and must rely on the largest desalination plant in the world to quench the thirst of its population of 150,000.’
    • ‘It leaves your mouth so coated that nothing quenches your thirst, and your fingers so oily that you dare touch nothing of value for hours.’
    • ‘We moved back to the bar joking and laughing, and ordered drinks to quench our thirst.’
    • ‘But once we've quenched our thirst, having just ended a cross-town walk, we're more interested in food than booze.’
    • ‘Give people great drinks that quench their thirst and spark their imagination.’
    fulfil, gratify, meet, fill, serve, provide for, supply
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    1. 1.1 Satisfy (a desire)
      ‘he only pursued her to quench an aching need’
      • ‘When he could not quench his academic thirst here, he went to Darul Uloom Deoband, the biggest Islamic Centre of learning in India and studied there for four years.’
      • ‘This is the enduring challenge facing libraries and museums: to create experiences that quench our desire for inquiry and community.’
      • ‘People try various ways to quench their spiritual thirst and to satisfy their soul's hunger and thirst.’
      • ‘The desire for a better life is not easily quenched.’
      • ‘To quench the thirst for power, Datang Power has applied to raise up to 6 billion yuan by selling one billion A shares to fund expansion of 10 power plants.’
      • ‘The ladies were spotted at El Tiempo, where Sharon quenched her Tex-Mex cravings, and at Trellis Spa at the Houstonian, where they indulged in massages.’
      • ‘At this stage - after five trophies the year before last, and a second-placed, 80-point finish last season - only one trophy can fully quench the local thirst.’
      • ‘Whatever happens, she's with me now, and her gentle touch quenches the wild fires burning within me.’
      • ‘Later, a trip alongside the Black Sea helped quench Sorokin's inexhaustible desire to travel.’
      • ‘With these books, her uncle hoped to quench her desire for adventure, but he only increased it.’
      • ‘The chasteberry (also called vitex) fruit was used for centuries to quench sexual desire, particularly in monks.’
      • ‘That was 30 years ago and strangely enough it didn't quench my thirst for Indian meals and I've had many since then - but never as hot as that vindaloo.’
      • ‘The then Preston manager, David Moyes, made sure that was possible, taking him to Deepdale, where he quenched his thirst for further development.’
      • ‘To quench her thirst for knowledge, Dai Yanqin, who has eight years of administrative experience in the East China Bureau of General Administration of Civil Aviation of China, is preparing for further study.’
      • ‘We need time to indulge in the things that we like doing purely for our own gratification once in a while to remind us that we, too, exist and need to quench certain desires.’
      • ‘Human taste requires variety and something should be done to quench this yearning for variety in the desert they are wandering in.’
      • ‘I was in love you see, that dizzy, heady, heart wrenching type of love that has a tendency to afflict youths and cause them to go to great lengths to quench their desire and possess that which they crave.’
      • ‘The São Paolo crash did not quench Hellé's racing ambitions.’
      • ‘Enroute, he quenched his thirst for academics by acquiring a doctorate degree in Industrial Management from IIT-M.’
      • ‘Then at least I could get angry, and that might have helped quench this burning desire.’
      satisfy, slake, sate, satiate, gratify, relieve, assuage, take the edge off, appease, meet, fulfil, indulge
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  • 2Extinguish (a fire)

    ‘firemen hauled on hoses in a desperate bid to quench the flames’
    • ‘Neighbouring houses weren't in danger, according to the Fire Service, but it did take a long time to quench the flames, which had ravaged through the whole house.’
    • ‘Many years ago, my father told me that at the English College in Rome, young would-be priests were told about the pagan legend of the Salamander - the mythical lizard that walked into fire and quenched the flames by the power of its virtue.’
    • ‘The brave Kiltegan man grabbed jugs of water and eventually quenched the chip-pan fire which had threatened to reduce the house to ashes.’
    • ‘The fake emergency appeared almost real as fires were quenched and passengers brought to safety but thankfully the whole exercise was staged to ensure that the crews would be prepared should a disaster occur in the future.’
    • ‘It happened almost every night, the neighborhoods too poor to pay for the fire teams to quench the flames, one at a time the last refuges of squatters were being cleared out.’
    • ‘The intense thunderstorm will quench the fires before they become wildfires and will dislodge the weaker numbers and prepare them for the next fire.’
    • ‘On Tuesday the Fire Brigade were called to quench two fires which had been relit from the previous night.’
    • ‘Sasha's father was one of the 70000 conscripts ordered in to bring in sand to quench the belching nuclear fires.’
    • ‘The fire, which broke out in a house close to the new Fossa GAA headquarters, was quickly brought under control and the unit returned to the scene at Gattabawn to continue the efforts to quench the forest blaze.’
    • ‘Lives have been lost not because of the gravity of the infernos but because of lack of facilities to quench the flames, and generally due to inadequate safety measures.’
    • ‘A crew from Acomb - also in uniform - arrived promptly to quench the flames before anyone was hurt.’
    • ‘‘I am so sorry, Lauren,’ Alan said to her as they watched a team of firefighters quench the flames.’
    • ‘Accompanied by the local Fire Brigade, the Gardaí promptly arrived in Luí na Gréine and after a short period of time, members of the Fire Brigade managed to quench the flames.’
    • ‘The couple used domestic fire extinguishers to quench the flames in the Georgian house on the Lee Road.’
    • ‘He did not recall the incident referred to but would have advised people regularly at the time to quench cigarettes as the prohibition on smoking had been introduced about that time.’
    • ‘Betacarotene helps to quench the chemical fires started by free radicals, and helps to protect the skin from sunburn.’
    • ‘Workers reacted quickly, calling the fire brigade, although the fire was quenched using extinguishers, before the fire officers arrived.’
    • ‘The solution thus lies in a national programme to equip all fire stations countrywide so that these men and women who have to contend with fires to what they are paid to do - quench fires, protect property and save lives.’
    • ‘The fire fighters could not use the mains water to quench the flames because Mayo County Council had switched off the main supply due to a shortage in the area.’
    • ‘With the sea flowing around it and finally quenching its flames, the simple cairn takes on a metaphorical significance linking mankind to the elemental with a real sense of pathos and mutability.’
    extinguish, put out, snuff out, smother, douse, dampen down
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    1. 2.1 Stifle or suppress (a feeling)
      ‘fury rose in him, but he quenched it’
      • ‘If the new constitution doesn't quench that passion, the framers will have done their job.’
      • ‘There are no easy games at this level and as Dom Corrigan searches for inspiration to quench the disappointment of two defeats at the hands of Laois and Down, supporters are wondering if this is to be the year of our demise at league level.’
      • ‘Of course I merely suggested it to quench your curiosity.’
      • ‘Ineffective efforts to quench anger may be due to the fact that other emotions are fueling its fire, so ask questions about what lead up to the child's anger and investigate anger's accomplices.’
      • ‘In the worst of storms and in the rush of floodwaters, even the strongest faith can be tested, yet the scriptures assure us many waters cannot quench love, neither can the floods drown it.’
      • ‘I could think over what I felt towards him, to try and find a way to quench those irritating feelings that nagged consistently at my mind.’
      • ‘But not even that realization could quench the outrage blazing at his core, and he stared at Sir Charrow, trapped between obedience, shame, and the fury which would not release him.’
      • ‘By exciting false hopes of an ill-defined peace, we only inflame passions we cannot quench.’
      • ‘Even the terrifying thought of Max's hatred didn't quench her hopes.’
      • ‘You can't quench and suppress the human spirit and the desire for freedom forever.’
      • ‘And as she engrained scientific research upon so many students, she was able to continually quench her lifelong curiosity in scientific research through her program.’
      • ‘The insistence that hate could be entirely quenched was earlier explained as the flip side of loving your neighbor.’
      • ‘But it would take more than a technical hitch to quench the Winkelman enthusiasm.’
      • ‘Neither the substance of this world nor the swelling floods of death could quench our Saviour's love for us.’
      • ‘Any hope of a recovery by Sligo Warriors was quickly quenched when they were held scoreless for almost the first four minutes of the last period.’
      • ‘You arrived confused, anxious to quench your curiosity at one of South Eastern Connecticut's top liberal arts colleges.’
      • ‘Try being humble - quench the temper and keep in mind the wise advice of Confucius: Be nice, go far.’
      • ‘I felt my anger rising and tried vainly to quench it, the flames tickling me, begging to be let loose upon the man I now hated most.’
      • ‘He prefers to settle down after having quenched his curiosity.’
      • ‘Even more surprising is the way we quench our feelings of guilt.’
  • 3Rapidly cool (red-hot metal or other material), especially in cold water or oil.

    • ‘After being annealed, the work metal is quenched in water to free it from particles of the salt mixture.’
    • ‘Certain alloys that are relatively insensitive to cooling rate during quenching can be either air cooled or water quenched directly from a final hot working operation.’
    • ‘The parts were pulled from the 1,400-degree mix after soaking up the heat for up to an hour and then quenched in cold water.’
    • ‘She made a synthetic rock like the meteorite, heated it to 200°C, then quenched it in water.’
    • ‘For many years, a simple press heat treatment has been practiced, in which the hot working served as the solution treatment and the hot worked product had to be rapidly quenched.’
    • ‘All material was solution treated at 1000°F, and quenched in cold water.’
    • ‘If red hot steel is quenched in a hot decoction of mullein that preparation is useful for treating bleeding dysentery as well as increasing urination.’
    • ‘The values given below have been obtained on tensile test specimens that were oil quenched from 830°C and tempered at 250°C.’
    • ‘When cast steels are quenched and tempered, the range of strength and of toughness is broadened.’
    • ‘After holding them for predetermined times at various temperatures they are finally quenched in water.’
    • ‘In some instances the edge is time quenched; then the remainder of the tool is oil quenched for partial strengthening.’
    • ‘The aluminum is heated to 550 degrees Celsius and must be quenched with water.’
    • ‘The parts come out red hot and are quenched in a water bath.’
    • ‘The steel is then quenched to the martensitic state and tempered at an appropriate temperature.’
    • ‘After holding for selected periods of time, the specimens are withdrawn from the bath and rapidly quenched in cold water.’
    • ‘The subject parts can then be oil quenched to obtain a deeper effective and thus harder case than would have resulted from the carburizing process alone.’
    • ‘Many of these are supported on folded steel plates which, like all the other visible steel in the building, have been oil quenched.’
    • ‘It is possible to quench similar steels from 1050°C to form a low carbon martensite or with lower carbon content, acicular ferrite followed by tempering to give higher properties.’
    • ‘When steel is quenched these volume changes occur very rapidly and unevenly throughout the specimen.’
    • ‘Gray iron is usually quenched in salt, oil, or lead baths at 230 to 425°C for austempering.’
    1. 3.1Physics Electronics Suppress or damp (an effect such as luminescence, or an oscillation or discharge).
      • ‘It was proposed that the sulfur atoms would quench the fluorescence of these tryptophan residues, which appears to be the case.’
      • ‘These studies relied on the ability of both halothane and chloroform to effectively quench the fluorescence of W15 located in the hydrophobic core of the four- [alpha] helix bundle.’
      • ‘Stimulated emission with a beam that is red-shifted with respect to the excitation wavelength can quench the fluorescence of the excited molecules.’
      • ‘Binding of chelatable Fe gradually quenches fluorescence until a steady state level of fluorescence is reached.’
      • ‘Although they cannot be distinguished in the absorbance spectra, the lower exciton states provide an efficient way to deactivate the upper singlet state and to quench fluorescence.’


  • An act of quenching something very hot.

    • ‘A large number of small part ides are able to form during the quench from the solution-treating temperature and on the subsequent low-temperature precipitation heat treatment.’
    • ‘The front end of the tank features a quench chamber to precool the tubing and seal the vacuum compartment, and a vacuum sizing sleeve is mounted on the entrance within a water well to provide a film of water on the tube as it enters the tank.’
    • ‘Similar structures are often observed in lower carbon steels as quenched, as a result of the formation of Fe 3 C during the quench.’
    • ‘A combination of quench rate and the presence of subgrains or hot working structure can influence strength.’
    • ‘Decay rates were obtained from counting rates by using an external standard and a quench calibration curve.’
    • ‘The ‘colors’ come during the quench process and while they may not add to the functional utility of the rifle, they add greatly to its appeal.’
    • ‘It should be noted, however, that this is not altogether advantageous, since the direction, as well as the magnitude, of the stress existing after the quench, is important in relation to cracking.’
    • ‘The other way for classifying tool steels is according to the type of quench required to harden the steel.’
    • ‘Combinations of elements can be chosen so that the volume change is reduced and also the risk of quench cracking.’
    • ‘If maximum properties are required, the heat treatment consists of a solution treatment at high temperature followed by a quench and then natural or artificial aging.’
    • ‘The magnet was then slowly but steadily trained upward in field strength until, after 13 quenches, it reached 11.14 Tesla.’
    • ‘Counts were standardized with a quench curve and expressed in dpm.’
    • ‘When high hardness and wear resistance are the ultimate aim of this treatment, the temperature of the quench bath is usually held between 230 and 290°C.’
    • ‘The effectiveness of the quench will depend primarily on two factors: the geometry of the specimen, and the composition of the steel.’
    • ‘Gases flow from the secondary combustion chamber through the quench chamber, and then through air pollution control devices to remove acid gases and particulates.’
    • ‘‘Congratulations Alex,’ Torik told her as he fished the cooled casting mold out of the quench bucket.’


Old English -cwencan (in acwencan ‘put out, extinguish’), of Germanic origin.