Main definitions of pupil in US English:

: pupil1pupil2

pupil1

noun

  • A student in school.

    • ‘I have been in academic life now, pupil, student and teacher, for over half a century.’
    • ‘Teachers are seen by pupils not to teach but as a way they can justify themselves at the next inspection.’
    • ‘A former sixth form pupil at Ulverston Victoria High School is returning as head teacher in September.’
    • ‘The teachers also taught the pupils to sing one or two songs in a different language.’
    • ‘He told delegates the primary school pupil had attacked four teachers.’
    • ‘A good third of Hartman's helpers were high school pupils and university students.’
    • ‘Reports of abuse by gangs of students on both fellow pupils and teachers occur daily.’
    • ‘Her killing has shocked teachers and pupils at her old school Southlands High, in the town.’
    • ‘Lancaster University is offering dozens of school pupils a taste of student life this summer.’
    • ‘Former pupils and teachers joined together to mark the closure of a school.’
    • ‘A school is teaching pupils the importance of hand washing following an outbreak of ringworm.’
    • ‘The relation of master and apprentice was very close, not at all like the relation of pupil and teacher today.’
    • ‘One in every five secondary school pupils plays truant, according to Whitehall.’
    • ‘When I teach school pupils I make sure they have fun as well as know basic co-ordinated moves.’
    • ‘The individual schools, pupils and teachers involved are not identified in the programme.’
    • ‘It also has four primary schools and one high school, meaning good pupil to teacher ratios.’
    • ‘Many students and school pupils returned home due to their teachers being on strike.’
    • ‘Over a quarter of all secondary school pupils in Rochdale played truant last year.’
    • ‘In the second school, pupils were taught in bare rooms at the top of a narrow, stone staircase.’
    • ‘Both teachers and pupils are looking forward to the new school term and all its challenges.’
    student, schoolchild, schoolboy, schoolgirl, scholar
    disciple, follower, learner, student, protégé, apprentice, trainee, mentee, probationer, novice, recruit, beginner, tyro, neophyte
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense ‘orphan, ward’): from Old French pupille, from Latin pupillus (diminutive of pupus ‘boy’) and pupilla (diminutive of pupa ‘girl’).

Pronunciation

pupil

/ˈpyo͞opəl//ˈpjupəl/

Main definitions of pupil in US English:

: pupil1pupil2

pupil2

noun

  • The dark circular opening in the center of the iris of the eye, varying in size to regulate the amount of light reaching the retina.

    • ‘He says he has been prescribed pills which reduce the blurring by reducing the size of his pupil but he says he cannot drive at night now.’
    • ‘The procedure involved displacing the lens from the pupil into the vitreous cavity.’
    • ‘Staff in eye clinics often warn people whose pupils have been dilated not to drive home.’
    • ‘The pupil shrinks with age, allowing smaller amounts of light to filter into the eye to assist with vision.’
    • ‘The tests will dilate the pupils and make it impossible to drive or do close work for several hours afterwards.’
    • ‘If the glint appears right in the centre of the pupil then it means the person is making eye contact.’
    • ‘The pupils do not change size when a bright light is projected into them.’
    • ‘Perhaps I did not observe closely enough the reaction of his pupils to light and accommodation.’
    • ‘Muscles controlling the iris change the size of the pupil according to light conditions.’
    • ‘It varies the size of the pupil and the thickness of the lens of the eyes to adjust for brightness and for distance.’
    • ‘It is held to the eyes and uses a green flashing light to scan the pupils.’
    • ‘The cornea is hazy because of oedema, and the pupil is semidilated and fixed to light.’
    • ‘If the pupil is not dilated, the inflamed iris will stick to the lens, which can lead to scarring.’
    • ‘Calmly I went in and looked in the mirror only to find that my left pupil was grossly dilated, the right one being normal and reacting.’
    • ‘The pupils should be dilated and the fundus examined in a darkened room.’
    • ‘The cornea is the clear part of the outer layer of the eye that covers the iris and the pupil.’
    • ‘Look at the eyes again, concentrating on the light reflex in the iris and pupil.’
    • ‘Her pupils responded by dilating to a bright light.’
    • ‘His pupils were dilated, and there was mild local swelling at the bite site.’
    • ‘It was not necessary for us to agonise over the state of the retina or retinal vessels through a small undilated pupil.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French pupille or Latin pupilla, diminutive of pupa ‘doll’ (so named from the tiny reflected images visible in the eye).

Pronunciation

pupil

/ˈpyo͞opəl//ˈpjupəl/