Definition of proxy in English:



  • 1The authority to represent someone else, especially in voting.

    ‘they may register to vote by proxy’
    • ‘If you're away, register to vote by post or by proxy.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, fairly or unfairly, the way this has been done has created the impression in some minds that the President is running for a fourth term by proxy.’
    • ‘They maintained that the state agents had not been charged with violating any federal law, but the New York state law that permitted soldiers to vote by proxy.’
    • ‘His awards for outstanding set design, actor in a lead role, and production of a play were accepted by proxy, as he was unable to attend the ceremony.’
    • ‘She told me that I would have to vote by proxy, nominating one of my parents to vote for me in their riding.’
    • ‘Dicker said those people who were living away from the community were able to send a vote by proxy.’
    • ‘It is no surprise then, that Mr Howard today met constituents in Adelaide's northern suburbs, keeping the campaigning by proxy in full swing.’
    • ‘Under the current system foreigners can only buy Gazprom's stock by proxy, through American depositary receipts that trade at a premium and are equal to 10 domestic shares.’
    • ‘You may also vote by proxy, radio or satellite phone, special ballot or during the mobile poll.’
    • ‘The law passed by the New York legislature required soldiers to vote by proxy - that is, to mail their ballots home rather than cast them at polls in the field.’
    • ‘People may also vote by proxy, and, as in the past, those whose names don't make it onto the voters' registry may vote if they fill out a form at the polling station on election day.’
    • ‘For example, the House of Delegates met and voted by proxy on the AORN Position Statement on Correct Site Surgery in February.’
    • ‘For any such deal to be agreed, however, there has to be a majority above 75 per cent of the value of the creditors either attending the meeting or voting by proxy.’
    • ‘The voting was 85, 945 in favour and 125, 870 against, with most of the votes being cast by proxy.’
    • ‘There were fears about the Singapore government's control by proxy of HKT if SingTel won the bidding.’
    • ‘The de-merger proposal was approved by the sheer weight of proxy votes - 97 per cent of big and small investors voting by proxy gave the plan the thumbs up.’
    • ‘It is common for great powers to try to fight wars by proxy, getting smaller powers to fight for their interests.’
    • ‘In turn they are funders by proxy, having been delegated by the Arts Council to allocate lottery funding for film in Northern Ireland.’
    • ‘Voters who are unable to vote can also vote by proxy.’
    • ‘To win the day, Woollard must secure the support of 75% of the members who vote in person or by proxy.’
    deputy, representative, substitute, delegate, agent, surrogate, stand-in, attorney, ambassador, emissary, go-between, envoy, frontman
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A person authorized to act on behalf of another.
      • ‘If ministers and their minions will just stop pursuing their petty vendettas through their proxies in the press, then the successes of this government should get through.’
      • ‘The letter was handed over by Peter Brown, himself an accountant and auditor, who was attending the meeting as a proxy on behalf of a shareholder.’
      • ‘But that doesn't mean Goss is above dispatching a proxy to fight for him.’
      • ‘With this vast grant of constitutional power, electors have chosen to become merely the faithful proxies of the people.’
      • ‘The AFN election marked one of the largest turnouts for an annual general meeting with 576 chiefs and proxies registered to vote.’
      • ‘Rather than lose all information on that patient, someone else (a family member or health professional) may be asked to act as a proxy or surrogate.’
      • ‘After a family feud led him to sacrifice his brother Chumpol as education minister in 1998, Banharn ran the portfolio through a proxy.’
      • ‘She was ill during hustings and had to send a proxy to make speeches on her behalf in the run up to polling day.’
      • ‘But, of course - they're too smart for this - this is why they use our sons and daughters as proxies to advance their agenda without risking their own blood.’
      • ‘Some sources say that a proxy worked on his behalf none other than would-be powerbroker and Industry Minister Ian Macfarlane.’
      • ‘In this mythology the preservation of the body after death was important for the survival of the deceased in the afterlife, but if the body was damaged, a proxy could be used in place of the dead person.’
      • ‘But you'd have to win both of the state's congressional districts to get the other two electors who are proxies for the state's House members.’
      • ‘In theory it is possible for competent adults to appoint a proxy to act on their behalf by granting them a power of attorney.’
      • ‘Elections Ontario has advised students to choose a proxy, that they know and trust, in order to cast their ballots according to their selection.’
      • ‘The men, this time joined by independent TD Tony Gregory, will again seek proxies to try and pass the motion.’
      • ‘Work from the United States has shown that advance directives have no effect in improving the accuracy of substituted judgments by proxies (friends or relatives).’
      • ‘You can still include others, but only when you use a proxy and are not signed in, and then you would also not get rewarded for signing up others.’
      • ‘There are so many law students and so many employers out there that employers tend to rely on proxies to to determine which law students will make the best attorneys.’
    2. 1.2 A document authorizing a person to vote on another's behalf.
      • ‘It should be noted that Mr. Mihalcea was one of the three people holding multiple proxies.’
      • ‘The notice of meeting reveals that the board will be voting open proxies against Joy Buckland but there is a grey area here.’
      • ‘However, recent changes in SEC guidelines require managers to report back to their investors and let them know how they vote their proxies, Aase said.’
      • ‘Rupert can't vote his own stock, but he can vote the undirected proxies on a deal where he has a large related party transaction as part of the gig.’
      • ‘Rupert was naughty in that he voted undirected proxies and he didn't answer the question when Crikey asked that he not do this given that he had a conflict of interest and wasn't voting his own stake.’
  • 2A figure that can be used to represent the value of something in a calculation.

    ‘the use of a US wealth measure as a proxy for the true worldwide measure’
    • ‘‘EVA is really a proxy for the discounted value of the future cash flow,’ he explains.’
    • ‘Price measures of value provide a proxy for the particular form that the extraction of surplus value takes in particular contexts.’
    • ‘If productivity declines represent a loss of ten to fifteen percent of average sales, then we can use this percentage as a proxy for the unobservable productivity figure.’
    • ‘The binary variable is a proxy to account for differences in cost due to location of the firm and human capital intensity.’
    • ‘We use three alternative proxies for the dependent variable.’


Late Middle English: contraction of procuracy.