Definition of provision in English:



  • 1The action of providing or supplying something for use.

    ‘new contracts for the provision of services’
    • ‘The contract will include provision of hardware, software, infrastructure and service level agreements for the next three to five years.’
    • ‘The brief includes affordable and disabled-friendly housing, parking provision and a commitment to retaining historic buildings.’
    • ‘Services include provision of information on cancer, counselling and reflexology and massage therapies.’
    • ‘However, the telcoms regulator stopped short of extending the USO to include the mandatory provision of broadband and mobile services.’
    • ‘The Iraqi government must be free to set their own tax rates and decide over the nature of contracts and provision of services within Iraq.’
    • ‘REPORTS OF protests regarding service delivery and the provision of much-needed housing have resounded across the nation in the last two weeks.’
    • ‘He pledged to continue negotiations with the Health Service Executive on the issue of extending the centre and provision of special sheltered housing.’
    • ‘To improve their return on investment, they would include a number of value-added products, which could include provision of security services, cleaning and even broadband access.’
    • ‘Even in overcrowded tenements and illegal settlements, the densities are rarely too high to pose problems for the cost effective provision of infrastructure and services.’
    • ‘The report's findings suggest that measures beyond the mere provision of housing are required to address the needs of family groups facing a housing crisis.’
    • ‘A Gravesham Council spokesman said it is investigating low-cost security systems for taxis and holds regular meetings to highlight issues and provision of taxi services.’
    • ‘The provision of housing for the poor and needy is the responsibility of the NHA or whichever new body has taken over from it and I would have preferred to see help for Lynch come from this quarter.’
    • ‘Direct services include referrals, provision of information, mental health counselling, advocacy work and financial assistance.’
    • ‘The CEO went on to detail interim measures which include the provision of ten extra beds at Carlow District Hospital.’
    • ‘He added the key objective of the service is the effective provision of the out-of-hours for urgent cases, which will be prioritised.’
    • ‘The provision of 8,000 social and affordable houses per annum would go a long way in addressing the ever increasing Local Authority housing waiting lists.’
    • ‘Chiluba said although the backbench was cardinal to ensure delivery of services and provision of checks and balances to the executive, they should bear in mind that they could not exist in isolation.’
    • ‘The Government's provision of a limited amount of more money is welcome.’
    • ‘Allbaugh said he was helping private companies, including his clients, cut through federal red tape to speed provision of services and supplies to the storm-wracked region.’
    • ‘He had discovered it on the internet and he said that it seemed to shed considerable light on the issue of provision of services at local hospitals.’
    supplying, supply, providing, purveying, delivery, furnishing, equipping, giving, donation, allocation, distribution, presentation
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    1. 1.1Financial or other arrangements for future eventualities or requirements.
      ‘farmers have been slow to make provision for their retirement’
      • ‘Meanwhile, financial advisers should be urging clients to make provision for long term care now ahead of an anticipated explosion in demand for nursing home places, Capaldi said.’
      • ‘He said the initial simple idea of a bridge had been further complicated and made more expensive by the requirements to make provision for cyclists, horse riders and disabled people.’
      • ‘When will international companies make provision for those employed now to have a future when the mine closes down in 10 years' time?’
      • ‘But Standard Life fears that any more confusion in the market place will have an adverse affect on savers, causing more people to spurn making proper financial provision for their future.’
      • ‘We are electrifying the system as we go to make provision for future developments, Mr Lalor said.’
      • ‘But it is the duty of government to make provision for the future and to keep its citizens equipped to compete in a globalised market.’
      • ‘But a new site for the spacious museum will have to be found as the development plans do not make provision for it as it currently stands.’
      • ‘The Victorian statute and the Tasmanian statute are the only ones that make provision for financial loss.’
      • ‘To make provision for such an eventuality the replay is going to have to have a very early start, possibly as early as 12.30.’
      • ‘Some discussed their desire to ‘plan’ and make provision for their death.’
      preparations, plans, planning, prearrangement, arrangements, precautions, precautionary measures, precautionary steps, contingency
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    2. 1.2An amount set aside out of profits in the accounts of an organization for a known liability, especially a bad debt or the diminution in value of an asset.
      • ‘In a good year, a firm will set aside a large amount of provisions so that profits don't increase too much - and reach a level that it may struggle to match the following year.’
      • ‘He also warned against taking the company's bad debt provisions at face value.’
      • ‘The biggest risk to this is a sudden and unexpected rise in bad debts and provisions for anticipated future bad debts.’
      • ‘However, in lean years, when interest rates are high, their profits can quickly collapse as provisions for bad debts hurt their bottom lines.’
      • ‘It is not surprising, given the number of high profile bankruptcies, that investors are noticeably worried about bad debt provisions.’
  • 2An amount or thing supplied or provided.

    ‘low levels of social provision’
    • ‘Very often contracting out public service provision works badly if it works at all.’
    • ‘Housing advice provision is presently uncoordinated leading to disparities within the district.’
    • ‘Even now social provision remains at a considerably higher level than in most of the rest of Europe.’
    • ‘Consistent with this principle, we should avoid payroll taxes and employer mandates in favor of social provision based on general revenues.’
    • ‘The topics covered in the report, which compares its main findings with those from previous surveys, include service provision, policing priorities and fear of crime.’
    • ‘For example, we have high social provision, particularly in health and welfare, which is funded by taxation, unlike the USA's private medical system.’
    • ‘Cori said the budget should give priority to tackling the rich/poor gap as well as providing major investment for infrastructure and social provision.’
    • ‘The official response is that the fund is also designed to ensure the level of social welfare provision for all Irish citizens in the longer term.’
    • ‘Community services and specialist education provision could be delivered much more efficiently if planning was informed by accurate and ongoing data about the health status of the target population.’
    • ‘In the shadow of the Great Depression and chastened by the horror of war, Western societies sought to redefine social provision and the notion of public good.’
    • ‘As well as the issue of maternity service provision, members at the AGM voiced real concerns over the status of the planned new hospital in Downpatrick.’
    • ‘North Yorkshire County Council is already more generous on transport provision than most authorities - spending about £1m a year.’
    • ‘It was, as usual, a virtuoso performance, showing not only the Chancellor's command of economics and finance but also his rock-solid commitment to social justice and public provision.’
    • ‘It places income redistribution at the heart of service provision and delivery, and taxes citizens according to ability to pay.’
    • ‘We need drastic improvements in all modes of transport without setting one against another, and a recognition that inadequacies in public transport provision are not the fault of individual car users.’
    • ‘The scheme is also fully supported by the Wigan and Bolton Health Authority, with whom the hospice has a contract for service provision.’
    • ‘Individual savings cannot substitute for social provision, and should not be seen as a way of absolving the state of its ultimate responsibility to provide security for all.’
    • ‘Subscription systems of financing formed the basis of pharmacy service provision through friendly society dispensaries across the country.’
    • ‘The Scandinavians have tended to favour high rates of taxation with correspondingly high levels of social provision.’
    • ‘In Bristol today the schools are crumbling, bus services are inadequate, public housing provision declines, and no one flies on Concorde.’
    facilities, services, amenities, equipment, arrangements, solutions
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    1. 2.1Supplies of food, drink, or equipment, especially for a journey.
      • ‘This shop dealt in provisions and supplies for ships.’
      • ‘In recent years China has supported the tottering North Korean regime, providing food provisions, oil, strategic supplies and economic aid.’
      • ‘It is, therefore, by no means surprising that it does not supply the inhabitants with provisions… The situation of the people in 1783 was deplorable.’
      • ‘After unpacking a few things we drove into the village which was just under a mile away and bought some provisions including bacon and sausages from the famous butchers there.’
      • ‘Enough supplies were stored to last 4,000 soldiers and 300 knights with their horses, equipment and provisions for up to a five-year siege.’
      • ‘Diego's limited supply of food was gone, leaving Royce's provisions as their only food source.’
      • ‘I know we have had experiences of Muslim officers at training school not being able to eat during the day, because they did not have the correct food provisions; that has been addressed.’
      • ‘Please be aware that you bring all your food and drinks, provisions will not be made.’
      • ‘It sources its own provisions and all food is freshly cooked.’
      • ‘There's just enough time to buy provisions for the journey before the long dormant sleeper train pulls up.’
      • ‘No provisions were made for food or much comfort for the journey.’
      • ‘They distribute food, clothing, provisions and other essential items for orphanages and destitute homes and uniform, books and notebooks for poor children.’
      • ‘Those who came with their carts looked prepared to camp the entire 10 days of the fair if needed and brought enough hay for their cattle and provisions to cook food.’
      • ‘Similar to Alexander, Napoleon's staff sent dispatches to cities along the proposed routes to secure provisions and supply the army along the way.’
      • ‘Trailer loads of supplies and provisions poured in from the rest of the country, offering food, water, anything that might be of use.’
      • ‘Thus, women refugees are denied independent access to necessary provisions including food, shelter, and medical supplies and services.’
      • ‘Bring supplies and provisions to last for the journey North.’
      • ‘With the ransom amounts obtained from his kidnapping ventures, he sourced his supplies of food and other provisions from villages on the fringe of the forest.’
      • ‘His ultimate ambition is to set up a chandler's shop, selling supplies for boats including provisions and provide pump-out facilities for canal boat toilets.’
      • ‘The pair then went across the street to buy food provisions and returned shortly afterwards to find smoke billowing from the caravan.’
      supplies, food and drink, food, stores, stocks, groceries, rations, iron rations, eatables, edibles, fare, daily bread, staples
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  • 3A condition or requirement in a legal document.

    ‘a key provision in civil rights law’
    ‘an appraisal under the provisions of the National Housing Act’
    • ‘But you cannot be a registered holder unless you are registered under the provisions of this deed as the holder of a unit.’
    • ‘Under the provisions of rule 49.10, the successful parties would ordinarily be entitled to substantial indemnity costs.’
    • ‘There was a hue and cry over her statement as the defence counsels brought to the notice of the judge that her rhetorics would invite legal actions under the provisions of the special Act.’
    • ‘There is no basis under the provisions of the Immigration Rules for him to be admitted here.’
    • ‘Mr Walsh said extending the labelling provisions to cover food service can be done without adding costs to the sector.’
    • ‘Under the provisions of the Family Law Act, section 36, he had no jurisdiction to make an occupation order.’
    • ‘At the end, it would be possible for Mr Young to apply for a further term under the provisions of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954.’
    • ‘Prior to the 8th January the facts in the public domain included that the boys were held under the provisions of section 53 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1933.’
    • ‘Veterans denied a pension and incapable of supporting themselves might seek charity under the provisions of the Poor Laws.’
    • ‘Just what that guarantee might be Airshow hasn't said, but it would likely include equipment buy-back provisions should Globalstar ever go off the air.’
    • ‘Dr. Klassen is required to disclose his report under the provisions of the rules.’
    • ‘Additionally, it made clear the judge had submitted a tax clearance certificate and a declaration, as required under the provisions of the Standards in Public Office Act.’
    • ‘If anything herein contained to be invalid or unenforceable under the provisions of said act such circumstances shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other part or term of this Bill of Lading.’
    • ‘There were 14 jurors empanelled, one of whom was discharged under the provisions of the Juries Act before the trial commenced.’
    • ‘The Bill also proposes to strengthen provisions relating to the supply of liquor to minors and to strengthen liquor advertising law.’
    • ‘He was told that he was not allowed to go there or to be there under the provisions of his parole conditions, but nothing was done.’
    • ‘He thereby became a reservist and for six years liable to recall as such under the provisions of the Reserve Forces Act 1996.’
    • ‘The Minister is the person who is liable to sue and be sued under the provisions of that statute.’
    • ‘Alstom submits that its obligation to proceed under the provisions of clause 2 was subject to two contingent conditions precedent neither of which were satisfied.’
    • ‘If you want me to proceed to trial in respect of Mrs. C then under the provisions of the Law Society guidelines I am required to notify you of my terms of business.’
    term, clause, requirement, specification, stipulation
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  • 4Christian Church
    historical An appointment to a benefice, especially directly by the Pope rather than by the patron, and originally before it became vacant.

    • ‘Even more insidious was the practice of papal provision, whereby the pope appointed his nominees, a number of them Italian, to clerical positions, particularly to prebends in cathedrals.’
    • ‘Let us take another medieval example, the case of papal provisions in medieval England.’


  • 1[with object] Supply with food, drink, or equipment, especially for a journey.

    ‘civilian contractors were responsible for provisioning these armies’
    • ‘The boat can be fully provisioned with food, if you request, so that all you need do is fly in, step on board and sail away.’
    • ‘The male partner will provision his mate with food but does not go into the maternity den.’
    • ‘It had left Chatham on the 28 th March having been partially provisioned for the long journey to Australia.’
    • ‘Incubating female robins received 40% less food from males, females left their nests more frequently to forage on their own, and nestlings were provisioned with less food in the small fragments.’
    • ‘The Commissariat was the primary means by which the British army was provisioned both in Ireland and wherever else it operated.’
    • ‘And the King had all the army dispersed all over the country among his vassals, and they provisioned the army each in proportion to his land.’
    • ‘His commercial activities are little evidenced, although he sold the borough 40s. worth of fish in 1358/59 to provision a community ship.’
    • ‘The remaining men are now very well provisioned, and for once there is a surplus of most supplies.’
    • ‘During their fieldwork with the monkeys there, investigators provisioned them with sweet potatoes, which a juvenile female named Imo soon began washing; she would bring her potatoes to a small river and clean them off before eating them.’
    • ‘His brother Joseph, who already provisioned the French army through Francois Poisson, financed the Military Academy which the marquise founded, in exchange for the right to administer a lottery and levy a tax on playing cards.’
    • ‘Samori provisioned his armies and administration by trading cattle and slaves for European arms.’
    • ‘Conrad's army did not provision itself well and was quickly short on water.’
    • ‘First we had to provision ourselves with the proper travel food.’
    • ‘Lipton's grocery business provisioned the Volunteer camps, which had become the Territorial Army.’
    • ‘They were normally kept fuelled and provisioned by supply ships, though Japanese island bases were used to refit and refuel some of them while Japan was still officially neutral.’
    • ‘Now they took responsibility for provisioning the cities with food and maintaining the city walls to protect the population from the increasingly frequent barbarian raids.’
    • ‘Within each seed is an amorphous embryo made up of just a few cells; unlike the embryos of most seed plants, the orchid embryo is not provisioned with a food source.’
    • ‘We found that females were more involved in direct care for the larvae and spent more time than did males provisioning the larvae with food.’
    • ‘The company will ship anything, whatever the quantity, to provision a yacht worldwide.’
    • ‘One group was given a food supplement, while the other group was deprived of part of the food provisioned by their parents.’
  • 2[no object] Set aside an amount in an organization's accounts for a known liability.

    ‘financial institutions have to provision against loan losses’
    • ‘Failure to provision for projects to be undertaken tomorrow can deeply compromise those future projects.’
    • ‘The goal of the audits, to extend into next year, is to flush out the bad loans, get them properly classified and provisioned, then start to crack down on chronic deadbeats.’
    • ‘Financial and banking systems, once cleaned up and properly provisioned and mutually supervised, will start to mesh throughout a wider European monetary region, so that even country risk will drop sharply.’
    • ‘Although banks have adequately provisioned for bad assets and written off some of their bad assets, new NPLs have emerged.’


Late Middle English (also in the sense foresight): via Old French from Latin provisio(n-), from providere foresee, attend to (see provide). The verb dates from the early 19th century.