Definition of proliferation in English:

proliferation

noun

  • 1Rapid increase in numbers.

    ‘a continuing threat of nuclear proliferation’
    • ‘The UN is a venue for seeking consensus on global issues from nuclear proliferation to poverty reduction.’
    • ‘As with the increasing proliferation of mobile phones, we now have an emerging doctrine of iPod etiquette.’
    • ‘The drug trade is also frequently implicated and is held responsible for the increasing proliferation of guns throughout society.’
    • ‘The failure of the conference makes nuclear proliferation more likely and nuclear disarmament a waning hope.’
    • ‘Join with allies and lead the world to crack down on nuclear proliferation.’
    • ‘Each of these five factors will become increasingly important as Internet proliferation continues in Russia.’
    • ‘Fears already raised about nuclear proliferation in so-called rogue states are what inspired this kind of defense system in the first place.’
    • ‘The risks to be managed are mainly those of nuclear proliferation.’
    • ‘Nuclear weapons safety and proliferation are expected to top the agenda.’
    • ‘This muteness increases the sense of proliferation in his art.’
    • ‘Treaties covering nuclear proliferation and nuclear testing helped to reinforce the feeling that the immediate danger of nuclear war was fading away.’
    • ‘He wants to stop nuclear proliferation with more nuclear proliferation.’
    • ‘The primary US interest is in checking nuclear proliferation.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, proliferation was increasing the danger of nuclear terrorism.’
    • ‘At every stop, Ms. Rice focused on U.S. determination to work with other nations to stem the threat from nuclear proliferation.’
    • ‘Would the second nuclear age be characterized by a rapid or slow proliferation of new overt nuclear weapon capabilities?’
    • ‘He also touts the CIA's record in helping to stop nuclear proliferation.’
    • ‘The threat of nuclear proliferation will abate as dangerous stockpiles of atomic weapons are quickly used up.’
    • ‘Stopping nuclear proliferation should be the goal of every country.’
    • ‘We need to end this hide-and-seek approach to containing proliferation of nuclear weapons.’
    increase, expansion, augmentation, multiplication, enlargement, amplification, mushrooming, snowballing, rise, escalation, build-up
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Rapid reproduction of a cell, part, or organism.
      ‘we attempted to measure cell proliferation’
      • ‘The increased numbers of alveolar macrophages in the smokers resulted only in part from increased proliferation.’
      • ‘These genes may lead to uncontrolled cell growth and tumor proliferation.’
      • ‘One of the characteristic effects of metal poisoning, observable at an early stage, is a reduction in cell proliferation and growth.’
      • ‘Cellular immune responses in higher eukaryotes entail specific acts of cell proliferation and differentiation.’
      • ‘The tumor cells showed no proliferation beyond the cyst wall.’
      • ‘The capillary grows by degradation of the extracellular matrix and proliferation of cells at the tip of the sprout.’
      • ‘Cell walls play a critical role in the mechanisms for growth, cell proliferation and differentiation.’
      • ‘We are most interested in identifying genes that restrict cell growth and cell proliferation.’
      • ‘In vitro experiments on cell proliferation, membrane properties, and ion channels are difficult to extrapolate to humans.’
      • ‘Previous reports suggest that cystic fibrosis airway epithelia may respond to injury by increasing proliferation.’
      • ‘The most distal cells undergo mitotic proliferation and serve as a stem-cell population.’
      • ‘Regulation of cell proliferation is essential for the viability of all organisms.’
      • ‘Target genes in this class may normally affect early germ cell proliferation or survival.’
      • ‘The results suggested that reactivation of the silenced transgene occurs with cell proliferation.’
      • ‘Our findings demonstrate increased tumor proliferation at the leading-edge and lepidic regions of tumors.’
      • ‘Oxygen plays a role in enzymatic and cellular metabolic reactions necessary for cell growth and proliferation.’
      • ‘Apoptosis is a ubiquitous process by which multicellular organisms are able to maintain a balance between cell proliferation and death.’
      • ‘Multicellular organisms grow through both proliferation and growth of their individual cells.’
      • ‘Thus, both may act to suppress the wing phenotype by influencing cell growth and proliferation.’
      • ‘These results invalidate the current concept of cell proliferation and offer a unified view of tumor development.’
    2. 1.2[in singular]A large number of something.
      ‘stress levels are high, forcing upon them a proliferation of ailments’
      • ‘The report found a proliferation of poor-quality offshore companies.’
      • ‘As a result, a proliferation of research elucidating many nuances of ethnic minority families has come to the forefront.’
      • ‘There we find regimes concerned about the poor and a proliferation of single-parent families.’
      • ‘We have a proliferation of information, and we have a dearth of resources to help process and assess that information.’
      • ‘Hopefully there will be a proliferation of English speakers from whom to order food, beds and train tickets, but if not then my trusty new phrase book will come in handy.’
      • ‘In recent years, Florida boaters have had to comply with a proliferation of no-wake zones and manatee sanctuaries.’
      • ‘Hence, the expansion of the number of countries led to a proliferation of currencies.’
      • ‘Today, Indian consumers have gone from little choice to a proliferation of offerings in just a decade.’
      • ‘With the Protestants, it manifests itself in a proliferation of denominations.’
      • ‘Smith said both resorts suffered from a proliferation of poor quality housing, especially old guesthouses filled by the homeless.’
      • ‘There is a proliferation of religious discourses centering on spirits, spirit possession, and witchcraft.’
      • ‘Galway City Council said it does not want a proliferation of satellite dishes on the front of houses.’
      • ‘These days where there is a proliferation of these missiles, they need to be defeated in another way.’
      • ‘As usual, there was a proliferation of cameras, and the night seemed to be lived through a lens.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from French prolifération, from prolifère proliferous.

Pronunciation:

proliferation

/prəˌlifəˈrāSH(ə)n/