Definition of proliferate in English:

proliferate

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1Increase rapidly in numbers; multiply.

    ‘the science fiction magazines that proliferated in the 1920s’
    • ‘As technology proliferated with the digital revolution, we gradually became more accepting of being under constant watch.’
    • ‘As contexts proliferate, objects accrue multiple layers of meaning, not all of which necessarily agree.’
    • ‘The literature on the work-family interface has proliferated in the last two decades.’
    • ‘Online support and discussion groups on every disease and health care topic have proliferated rapidly.’
    • ‘The number and kind of private joint-stock companies quickly proliferated.’
    • ‘Studies on escalating student debt will proliferate.’
    • ‘As stories like this proliferate, we become increasingly fearful for York's future.’
    • ‘In the last few years, technology parks have proliferated in the main industrial areas and near universities and R&D centers.’
    • ‘In recent years, these judge shows have proliferated at an astonishing rate.’
    • ‘The book is timely, because studies of mating behavior are rapidly proliferating.’
    • ‘There, non-governmental groups are proliferating as poverty increases and trade liberalisation undermines local economies.’
    • ‘Country fairs have proliferated to the extent that the season must be extended to fit them all in.’
    • ‘If standards slide as Asian clinics proliferate and competition increases, patients will suffer.’
    • ‘Many of their books, films, and other interpretive works have proliferated since the mid-1990s.’
    • ‘Multiple variations quickly proliferate into thousands of different model numbers.’
    • ‘The photo quickly proliferates among the residents of Springfield until Homer is catching giggles and glances from everyone.’
    • ‘Now, technology is burgeoning and proliferating, and again there is fear.’
    • ‘One advantage, the developers claim, is that only one remote control will be needed instead of the multiple controls now proliferating in the average household.’
    • ‘Moreover, as regulations proliferate, there is increased demand for exceptions that can sensitively accommodate religious needs.’
    • ‘Operating systems, application environments and hardware platforms for mobile devices are proliferating at an alarming rate.’
    increase rapidly, grow rapidly, multiply, become more numerous, mushroom, snowball, burgeon, escalate, rocket, run riot
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    1. 1.1 (of a cell, structure, or organism) reproduce rapidly.
      ‘the Mediterranean faces an ecological disaster if the seaweed continues to proliferate at its present rate’
      • ‘It seems as if viruses are proliferating more rapidly than ever.’
      • ‘Thus, eye disc cells continue to proliferate until an even larger ecdysone pulse occurs during the middle of the pupal period.’
      • ‘He found that the leukemic cells stopped proliferating in vitro when the drug was present.’
      • ‘These influences all contribute to an environment that allows hematopoietic progenitor cells to proliferate and differentiate normally.’
      • ‘Apoptosis is a normal and essential part of early development, when brain cells proliferate rapidly and some are killed off, but little is known about how apoptosis of growing neurons is regulated.’
      • ‘The cells remaining in the ruptured follicle proliferate rapidly and form the corpus luteum.’
      • ‘Sometimes, however, they can make them ‘immortal’ - transforming a normal cell into a cancerous cell that proliferates indefinitely.’
      • ‘If this process of self-protection does not work then the destructive cells can proliferate uncontrollably.’
      • ‘This work tests the novel notion that cancer cells co-opt cellular pathways that govern metabolism in order to proliferate beyond a cell's normal means.’
      • ‘If cloning by fission is viewed more generally as a form of tissue modeling seen in all metazoans, in which some cells proliferate and others die, knowledge from other organisms can suggest candidate genes.’
      • ‘Cytokines are secreted proteins that induce cells to proliferate and differentiate.’
      • ‘Satellite cells proliferate, differentiate, and fuse with existing myofibers.’
      • ‘Upon muscle injury, these cells undergo mitosis, proliferate, form syncytium and ultimately form new skeletal myocytes.’
      • ‘Several forms of cancer involve the inactivation of the apoptotic process, thus enabling the cancer cells to continue to proliferate.’
      • ‘If you have any cells with estrogen receptors and you put more estrogen into the body, you're going to stimulate those cells to proliferate and divide.’
      • ‘Stem cells are precursor cells that can proliferate, differentiate, and self-renew.’
      • ‘When active, the stem cells proliferate and expand, building up the follicle and producing cells that make new hair.’
      • ‘They also proliferate, multiplying to increase the response to the wound.’
      • ‘Under typical growth conditions, on the other hand, persisters hardly grow at all, while normal cells rapidly proliferate.’
      • ‘Inside of this zone, undifferentiated xylem cells without secondary walls proliferated through mitotic activity.’
      reproduce, multiply, breed, procreate, increase, spawn
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2with object Cause (cells, tissue, structures, etc.) to reproduce rapidly.
      ‘electromagnetic radiation can only proliferate cancers already present’
      • ‘In later life we are not supposed to continue to proliferate tissue at a rapid rate, grow, and accumulate mass, but rather to mature.’
      • ‘At the time, the notion that we could proliferate stem cells from an adult kidney, or any other organ for that matter, was hardly the conventional wisdom that it is today.’

Origin

Late 19th century: back-formation from proliferation.

Pronunciation

proliferate

/prəˈlifəˌrāt//prəˈlɪfəˌreɪt/