Definition of prolapse in English:

prolapse

noun

  • 1A slipping forward or down of one of the parts or organs of the body.

    ‘a rectal prolapse’
    • ‘The two groups of women were comparable at baseline and reported similar low incidence of urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse.’
    • ‘Pelvic floor exercises may limit the progression of mild prolapse and alleviate mild prolapse symptoms such as low back ache and pelvic pressure.’
    • ‘Uterine prolapse is associated with incontinence, vaginitis, cystitis and, possibly, uterine malignancy.’
    • ‘Mechanical problems with colostomies include herniation, prolapse, and stenosis.’
    • ‘Full-thickness rectal prolapse usually requires a resection of the bowel.’
    • ‘The commonest cause of true sciatica is prolapse of intervertebral discs.’
    • ‘Cord prolapse and trapped fetal parts are unpredictable complications.’
    • ‘Other causes include rectal prolapse, diarrheal states, radiation injury to the rectum and overflow fecal incontinence secondary to impaction.’
    • ‘Children may have high fever, rectal prolapse and convulsions.’
    • ‘In these cases there might be chronic bleeding, hemorrhoids, rectal prolapse and other diseases.’
    • ‘Sometimes people with mitral valve prolapse have symptoms, or feelings, that go along with this condition.’
    • ‘Patients with pelvic organ prolapse have three treatment options: nonsurgical approaches, surgical approaches, and observation.’
    • ‘Prolapse is sometimes evident only when he is seated.’
    • ‘The cord complications seen in their study were thrombosis, cord prolapse, umbilical vessel rupture, true knot, and cord encirclement with strangulation.’
    • ‘Her medical history was significant for mitral valve prolapse, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia.’
    • ‘Videodefecography is specifically designed to evaluate evacuatory disorders such as rectal prolapse and rectocele.’
    • ‘Protrusion of tissue through the anus may be due to hemorrhoids, mucosal prolapse, polyps or other lesions.’
    • ‘Other medical conditions commonly associated with anxiety include mitral valve prolapse, carcinoid syndrome and pheochromocytoma.’
    • ‘Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and mitral valve prolapse with valvular regurgitation are associated with moderately increased risk.’
    • ‘I returned to the neurosurgeon, who did computed tomography, pronounced that the prolapse had not recurred, and told me it would take more time.’
    1. 1.1 A prolapsed part or organ, especially a uterus or rectum.

verb

[NO OBJECT]usually as adjective prolapsed
  • (of a part or organ of the body) slip forward or down.

    ‘a prolapsed uterus’
    • ‘The efficacies of the tests do not relate to acute compromising events such as abruption or prolapsed umbilical cord.’
    • ‘However, right ventricular dysfunction was not always present in our series, and in patients with a right atrial thrombus, it was often seen to prolapse through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle.’
    • ‘Echocardiography revealed a thin, mobile mass at the level of the pulmonary valve that prolapsed through the valve during diastole.’
    • ‘The mass protruded from the mouth on crying and then prolapsed in the oral cavity.’
    • ‘He had a slightly prolapsed anus, though that could have been symptom, not cause.’
    • ‘His pain is the result of a prolapsed lumbar disc and sciatica caused by an injury he received in the army, when a supply lorry reversed into him.’
    • ‘Other portions of the vaginal vault may prolapse as well.’
    • ‘Polyps are visualized as pale, grapelike structures prolapsing into the nasal cavity from the middle meatus.’
    • ‘Fourth degree haemorrhoids are prolapsed and incarcerated.’
    • ‘Haemorrhoids that remain prolapsed may develop thrombosis and gangrene.’
    • ‘Internal hemorrhoids, because they start above the dentate line, are not painful even if prolapsed or thrombosed.’
    • ‘It strengthens energy, digestion and the respiratory system, easing fatigue, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, diarrhea and prolapsed organs.’
    • ‘He discovered, however, that she had a transverse lie and a prolapsed arm.’
    • ‘They usually arise in the cervical esophagus, near the region of the cricopharyngeus muscle, which accounts for their tendency to prolapse into the mouth and their ability to impinge on the larynx.’
    • ‘In these circumstances, the mucosa of the rectum or anal canal or the entire thickness of the rectal wall may have prolapsed into the anal outlet.’
    • ‘The uterus may hurt if there are fibroid growths, the uterus is tilted or if the uterus prolapses into the vagina.’
    • ‘Injury after childbirth usually involves all the pelvic floor and pelvic organ supports, although sometimes only one organ may prolapse.’
    • ‘Occasionally, an ileostomy or colostomy can prolapse or become narrowed, so blocking the passage of faeces.’
    • ‘The lesion moved with the pulmonary valve and prolapsed back and forth across the valve, suggesting a cardiac tumor.’
    • ‘He underwent surgery, which revealed a small cyst filled with yellow mucoid material and some fatty tissue prolapsing into the cyst.’

Origin

Mid 18th century: from Latin prolaps- ‘slipped forward’, from the verb prolabi, from pro- ‘forward, down’ + labi ‘to slip’.

Pronunciation

prolapse

/proʊˈlæps/