Definition of prolapse in English:

prolapse

noun

  • 1A slipping forward or down of one of the parts or organs of the body.

    ‘a rectal prolapse’
    • ‘Cord prolapse and trapped fetal parts are unpredictable complications.’
    • ‘Prolapse is sometimes evident only when he is seated.’
    • ‘The cord complications seen in their study were thrombosis, cord prolapse, umbilical vessel rupture, true knot, and cord encirclement with strangulation.’
    • ‘Patients with pelvic organ prolapse have three treatment options: nonsurgical approaches, surgical approaches, and observation.’
    • ‘Videodefecography is specifically designed to evaluate evacuatory disorders such as rectal prolapse and rectocele.’
    • ‘Mechanical problems with colostomies include herniation, prolapse, and stenosis.’
    • ‘Her medical history was significant for mitral valve prolapse, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia.’
    • ‘Pelvic floor exercises may limit the progression of mild prolapse and alleviate mild prolapse symptoms such as low back ache and pelvic pressure.’
    • ‘I returned to the neurosurgeon, who did computed tomography, pronounced that the prolapse had not recurred, and told me it would take more time.’
    • ‘The commonest cause of true sciatica is prolapse of intervertebral discs.’
    • ‘Uterine prolapse is associated with incontinence, vaginitis, cystitis and, possibly, uterine malignancy.’
    • ‘The two groups of women were comparable at baseline and reported similar low incidence of urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse.’
    • ‘In these cases there might be chronic bleeding, hemorrhoids, rectal prolapse and other diseases.’
    • ‘Other causes include rectal prolapse, diarrheal states, radiation injury to the rectum and overflow fecal incontinence secondary to impaction.’
    • ‘Full-thickness rectal prolapse usually requires a resection of the bowel.’
    • ‘Sometimes people with mitral valve prolapse have symptoms, or feelings, that go along with this condition.’
    • ‘Children may have high fever, rectal prolapse and convulsions.’
    • ‘Other medical conditions commonly associated with anxiety include mitral valve prolapse, carcinoid syndrome and pheochromocytoma.’
    • ‘Protrusion of tissue through the anus may be due to hemorrhoids, mucosal prolapse, polyps or other lesions.’
    • ‘Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and mitral valve prolapse with valvular regurgitation are associated with moderately increased risk.’
    1. 1.1A prolapsed part or organ, especially a uterus or rectum.

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • (of a part or organ of the body) slip forward or down.

    ‘a prolapsed uterus’
    • ‘The lesion moved with the pulmonary valve and prolapsed back and forth across the valve, suggesting a cardiac tumor.’
    • ‘The efficacies of the tests do not relate to acute compromising events such as abruption or prolapsed umbilical cord.’
    • ‘Echocardiography revealed a thin, mobile mass at the level of the pulmonary valve that prolapsed through the valve during diastole.’
    • ‘His pain is the result of a prolapsed lumbar disc and sciatica caused by an injury he received in the army, when a supply lorry reversed into him.’
    • ‘It strengthens energy, digestion and the respiratory system, easing fatigue, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, diarrhea and prolapsed organs.’
    • ‘In these circumstances, the mucosa of the rectum or anal canal or the entire thickness of the rectal wall may have prolapsed into the anal outlet.’
    • ‘Fourth degree haemorrhoids are prolapsed and incarcerated.’
    • ‘Internal hemorrhoids, because they start above the dentate line, are not painful even if prolapsed or thrombosed.’
    • ‘The uterus may hurt if there are fibroid growths, the uterus is tilted or if the uterus prolapses into the vagina.’
    • ‘He had a slightly prolapsed anus, though that could have been symptom, not cause.’
    • ‘The mass protruded from the mouth on crying and then prolapsed in the oral cavity.’
    • ‘They usually arise in the cervical esophagus, near the region of the cricopharyngeus muscle, which accounts for their tendency to prolapse into the mouth and their ability to impinge on the larynx.’
    • ‘He underwent surgery, which revealed a small cyst filled with yellow mucoid material and some fatty tissue prolapsing into the cyst.’
    • ‘Polyps are visualized as pale, grapelike structures prolapsing into the nasal cavity from the middle meatus.’
    • ‘Injury after childbirth usually involves all the pelvic floor and pelvic organ supports, although sometimes only one organ may prolapse.’
    • ‘Haemorrhoids that remain prolapsed may develop thrombosis and gangrene.’
    • ‘However, right ventricular dysfunction was not always present in our series, and in patients with a right atrial thrombus, it was often seen to prolapse through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle.’
    • ‘Other portions of the vaginal vault may prolapse as well.’
    • ‘Occasionally, an ileostomy or colostomy can prolapse or become narrowed, so blocking the passage of faeces.’
    • ‘He discovered, however, that she had a transverse lie and a prolapsed arm.’

Origin

Mid 18th century: from Latin prolaps- slipped forward from the verb prolabi, from pro- forward, down + labi to slip.

Pronunciation:

prolapse

/prōˈlaps/